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Baccoglu A.,Kirikkale University | Bakrtas A.,Gazi University | Oner Erkekol F.,Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital | Kalayc O.,Hacettepe University | Bavbek S.,Ankara University
Journal of Asthma

Abstract: Background: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is considered to be a well-tolerated, inexpensive, and effective medication for severe asthma exacerbations. We surveyed physicians who treat patients with asthma to evaluate the current knowledge and usage of MgSO4. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was e-mailed to members of the Turkish National Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and was distributed to participants of its annual congress. Results: Of the 456 respondents (mean age: 36.53 ± 9.11 years), 42.3% reported to use MgSO4 in asthma exacerbations in their practice, and 48.7% agreed that MgSO4 was included in asthma guidelines. The best known indication was that it was useful only in patients refractory to bronchodilators and systemic corticosteroids (67.7%). The two most common reasons to use MgSO4 were to shorten hospital stay (94.7%), and prevent admission to intensive care unit (80.3%). The respondents mostly used MgSO4 in the treatment of severe or life-threatening exacerbations. Thirty-nine percent believed that MgSO4 had no effect on discharge period, and 29% of them marked minor side effects. The most common reason for not using MgSO4 was inexperience (36.5%). Having an academic affiliation (OR = 3.20, p < 0.001), the number of asthmatic outpatients seen per month (OR = 1.82, p = 0.007), and more recent graduation from medical school (≤1991) (OR = 0.23, p < 0.001) were associated with the use of MgSO4 in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Even though the effect of MgSO4 in acute severe asthma is well known, only half of the physicians dealing with asthma patients have used it in their practice. Education and encouragement in this regard are necessary. © 2016 Taylor & Francis. Source

Cabuk A.K.,Tepecik Training and Research Hospital | Cabuk G.,Buca Seyfi Demirsoy State Hospital | Karamanlioglu M.,Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital | Uzel K.E.,Besni State Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi Arsivi

Objective: The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation is more effective at estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) than the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation, particularly in patients with mildly impaired renal function. Recent studies have demonstrated, using the Cockroft-Gault and MDRD formulas, a significant correlation between slow coronary flow (SCF) and normal to mildly impaired renal function. However, these studies had some limitations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between SCF and normal to mildly impaired renal function using the CKD-EPI equation. Methods: A total of 370 patients were included, 172 with normal coronary flow (NCF) and 198 with SCF. All participants had normal to mildly impaired renal function. Both the CKDEPI and MDRD formulas were used to calculated estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which was compared between groups. Results: No significant difference in mean values of eGFR was found between the NCF and SCF groups (CKD-EPI: 92.9±14.7 vs 92.7±14.2, p=0.72; MDRD: 89.5±19.5 vs 88.2±17.0, p=0.70, respectively). Among patients with eGFR(MDRD) ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2, mean eGFR levels were lower among patients with SCF (107.0±12.7 vs 102.7±10.0, p=0.02). Conclusion: No correlation was found between SCF and normal to mildly impaired renal function. © 2016 Turkish Society of Cardiology. Source

Yanik K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Guney A.K.,Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital | Karada A.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Erolu C.,Ondokuz Mayis University
Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni

We are grateful to Hatipoʇlu and Turhan [Mikrobiyol Bul 2014;48(1): 188-9] for their interest in our study published in Mikrobiyol Bul 2013;47(2): 382-4. As Hatipoʇlu and Turhan mentioned in their comment, ertapenem is more sensitive than other carbapenem antibiotics for the identification of New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1) producers among carbapenem-resistant strains being studied. However, its low specificity [Dortet et al. Biomed Res Int 2014;2014:249856] makes it equal with other carbepenems. Since all the isolates in our study were not tested for ertapenem susceptibility, we used the susceptibility data for three carbapenems to increase the sensitivity of our study regarding isolate selection. We agree Hatipoʇlu and Turhan about the Modified Hodge Test (MHT) and we did not use MHT at all in our study. However we couldn't understand how they came to a conclusion that we used MHT and didn't mention in Material and Methods section. ZnSO4 supplemented MHT which was recommended by the authors [Dortet et al. Biomed Res Int 2014;2014:249856] has a sensitivity rate of about 85%. Thus we used molecular methods instead of MHT not to miss any single isolate. Hatipoʇlu and Turhan mentioned about previously reported four NDM-1 positive isolates without any international relation in Turkey. However, since this mentioned study [Alp et al. J Hosp Infect 2013;84(2):178-80] was published after the appeal, acceptance and publication of our study, eventually we didn't have the opportunity to discuss the data of Alp's report. In the same study authors stated that NDM-1 producing isolates were isolated from pediatric patients and had no connection with patients from Indian peninsula. At the same time Poirel et al. [Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2014;58(5):2929-33] reported in their study that NDM-1 producing isolates from pediatric patients had clonal relation with Enterobacter cloacae strains and subject to an outbreak. The evaluation of the previous reports about NDM-1 indicated that NDM-1 was initially originated from foreign sources before exhibiting endemicity in a country. Thus the situation in our region was not an exception. In conclusion, medical facilities taking care of foreign patients should pay particular attention to identification of NDM-1 isolates and establishment of appropriate control measures. Source

Karli A.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Paksu M.S.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Karadag A.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Belet N.,Ondokuz Mayis University | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of colistin therapy in pediatric patients with severe nosocomial infections in pediatric intensive care unit.Methods: The medical records of patients treated with colistin at a 200-bed university children hospital were reviewed.Result: Thirty-one patients (male/female = 22/9; median age, 3 years; range, 3 months-17 years) received forty-one courses of colistin. The average dose of colistin was 4.9 ± 0.5 mg/kg/day and average treatment duration was 19.8 ± 10.3 days. Three patients who received concomitant nephrotoxic agent with colistin developed nephrotoxicity. Colistin treatment was well tolerated in other patients, and neurotoxicity was not seen in any patient. Favourable outcome was achieved in 28 (68.3%) episodes. Twelve patients died during the colistin therapy. Six of these patients died because of primary underlying disease. The infection-related mortality rate was found 14.6% in this study.Conclusion: In our study, colistin therapy was found to be acceptable treatment option for the severe pediatric nosocomial infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. However, the use of concomitant nephrotoxic drugs with colistin must be avoided and renal function test should be closely monitored. © 2013 Karli et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Akpinar E.E.,Ufuk University | Akpinar S.,Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital | Ertek S.,Ufuk University | Sayin E.,Ufuk University | Gulhan M.,Ufuk University
Tuberkuloz ve Toraks

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has extrapulmonary effects that seems to be related with systemic inflammation. The relationship between metabolic syndrome which is an important determinant of systemic inflammation in general population and COPD is still not clear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency of metabolic syndrome and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, as a marker of systemic inflammation in stable COPD patients with different severity levels and in age and sex matched control group. Patients and Methods: Ninety-one stable COPD patients and 42 control subjects were included in the study. The severity level in patients with COPD were determined according to GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) criteria. ATP III (The National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III) was used in diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. Hs-CRP levels were measured in venous samples of patients and control subjects. Results: The frequency of metabolic syndrome was found higher in patient group than control subjects, especially in GOLD stages I, II (p= 0.004). Abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia components of metabolic syndrome were significantly more prevalent in patient group (p< 0.0001). Increased CRP levels were higher in control and patient groups in all GOLD stages, with metabolic syndrome than without metabolic syndrome (p= 0.047, p= 0.217, p< 0.001, p= 0.05, p= 0.467). Conclusion: The study showed that frequency of metabolic syndrome was higher in stable COPD patients than control subjects and general Turkish population. Abdominal obesity, hypertension and hyperglycemia were significantly more prevalent in patient group. Systemic inflammation was more intense in COPD patients with metabolic syndrome than without metabolic syndrome. Source

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