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Teng L.-S.,Zhejiang University | Jin K.-T.,Zhejiang University | He K.-F.,Zhejiang University | Wang H.-H.,Zhejiang University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the Chinese Medical Association | Year: 2010

Despite great efforts and resources being devoted to treatment, the incidence and mortality of numerous cancers have not decreased in recent decades. This is a result of the resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents and radio-therapy. The development of antiangiogenic agents that target vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) provides a new option for treatment of cancer. Major advances have been achieved with cancer therapy based on antiangiogenic VEGF-targeted agents in the past few years, and some of the recently approved therapies are now being used in daily clinical practice. A further challenge is finding a more efficacious combination of antiangiogenic VEGF-targeted therapies and conventional radio- and chemotherapies. This review outlines the current preclinical and clinical cancer treatments using optimized combinations of antiangiogenic VEGF-targeted agents and conventional radiochemotherapy and highlights that better scheduling for the combination of radiochemotherapy and antiangiogenic VEGF-targeted agents should be developed to achieve better treatment outcomes. © 2010 Elsevier. Source


Huang J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li X.,Southern Medical University | Li M.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li S.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 7 more authors.
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism | Year: 2012

Aims: KH902 is a fusion protein that can bind vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PlGF) through its binding ligand taken from the domains of VEGF receptor 1 and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). This study was to investigate the effects of intravitreal injection of KH902 on the retinas of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Methods: Two weeks after induction of diabetes, the left eyes of diabetic rats in each group received an intravitreal injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), Avastin or KH902 solution, respectively. Four weeks after intravitreal injection, retinal electrophysiological function and the integrity of inner blood retinal barrier (iBRB) were measured by electroretinogram and Evans blue perfusion. The protein levels of VEGF signal pathway were assayed by western blot. The expression and distribution of claudin-5 and occludin were analysed by double immunofluorescent staining under confocal microscope. The expression of VEGFR2 and PlGF was measured by immunohistochemistry. Results: Four weeks after intravitreal injection, KH902-treated rats had better retinal electrophysiological function, less retinal vessel leakage and lower levels of VEGFR2, PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, p-ERK and p-SRC than PBS or Avastin-treated rats. The distribution of claudin-5 and occludin in the retinal vessels of diabetic rats treated by KH902 was smoother and more uniform than those of diabetic rats treated by PBS or Avastin. The expression of PlGF and VEGFR2 in KH902-treated rats was decreased compared with those in PBS or Avastin-treated rats. Conclusions: KH902 could improve retinal electrophysiological function and inhibit the breakdown of iBRB by inhibiting the expression of VEGFR2, PlGF and PI3K, and the activation of SRC, AKT and ERK. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Li X.,Peking University | Xu G.,Fudan University | Wang Y.,Xijing University | Xu X.,Shanghai First Peoples Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Purpose To assess the safety and efficacy of multiple injections of 0.5 and 2.0 mg conbercept using variable dosing regimens in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design Randomized, double-masked, multicenter, controlled-dose, and interval-ranging phase 2 clinical trial divided into a 3-month loading phase followed by a maintenance phase. Participants Patients with choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD with lesion sizes of 12 disc areas or less and a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) letter score of between 73 and 24 were enrolled. Methods Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either 0.5 or 2.0 mg intravitreal conbercept for 3 consecutive monthly does. After the third dose, each group was reassigned randomly again to monthly (Q1M group) or as-needed (pro re nata [PRN] group) treatment without changing the drug assignment. Main Outcome Measures The primary end point was the mean change in BCVA from baseline to month 3, with secondary end points being the mean change in BCVA, mean change in central retinal thickness (CRT), and safety at month 12. Results We enrolled 122 patients. At the primary end point at month 3, mean improvements in BCVA from baseline in the 0.5- and 2.0-mg groups were 8.97 and 10.43 letters, respectively. At month 12, mean improvements in BCVA from baseline were 14.31, 9.31, 12.42, and 15.43 letters for the 0.5-mg PRN, 0.5-mg Q1M, 2.0-mg PRN, and 2.0-mg Q1M regimens, respectively. At month 12, mean reductions in CRT in the 4 regimens were 119.8, 129.7, 152.1, and 170.8 μm, respectively. There were no significant differences for the pairwise comparisons between all study groups. The difference in the number of injections between the 2 PRN groups was not statistically significant. Treatment with conbercept generally was safe and well tolerated. Conclusions The significant gains in BCVA at 3 months were the same or better at 12 months in all conbercept dosing groups of neovascular AMD patients. During the 12 months, repeated intravitreal injections of conbercept were well tolerated in these patients. Future clinical trials are required to confirm its long-term efficacy and safety. © 2014 by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Source


Wu Z.,Chengdu Kanghong Biotechnology Inc. | Zhou P.,University of Electronic Science and Technology of China | Li X.,Peking University | Wang H.,Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Conbercept is a genetically engineered homodimeric protein for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD) that functions by blocking VEGF-family proteins. Its huge, highly variable architecture makes characterization and development of a functional assay difficult. In this study, the primary structure, number of disulfide linkages and glycosylation state of conbercept were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, and capillary electrophoresis. Molecular modeling was then applied to obtain the spatial structural model of the conbercept-VEGF-A complex, and to study its inter-atomic interactions and dynamic behavior. This work was incorporated into a platform useful for studying the structure of conbercept and its ligand binding functions. © 2013 Wu et al. Source


Li H.,Chengdu Medical College | Li H.,Chengdu Kanghong Biotechnology Inc. | Lei N.,University of Sichuan | Lei N.,Chengdu University of Technology | And 4 more authors.
Experimental Eye Research | Year: 2012

Conbercept(KH902), a recombinant fusion protein in clinical trial II/III, shows good potential to treat the neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This investigation evaluated its ocular pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic profile in rabbits following intravitreal administration (IVT). Rabbits (n = 120) received single bilateral conbercept IVT administration or single IV administration. Conbercept concentrations in ocular tissues and serum were measured after dosing. VEGF concentration was also measured simultaneously. The results showed that conbercept rapidly distributed from vitreous into targeted tissues and lasted over 81 days. Clearance in ocular tissues was parallel and exhibited a terminal half of 2.5-4.2 days. The drug exposure in the retina was 1/4 to 1/5 of that in vitreous. Serum conbercept concentrations after IVT dosing were low and bioavailability was approximately 44%. And single intravitreal injection induced that ocular VEGF concentration declined over 60 days and serum VEGF concentration decreased for a short time but rebounded to higher level than baseline later. All these indicated conbercept good pharmacokinetic profile in rabbits, with good ocular tropism and systemic tolerance. Combined with the efficacy data from our earlier . in vitro and . in vivo studies, it should have a promising clinical application for AMD treatment. © 2011. Source

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