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Li J.,Chengdu Heart Disease Research Institute | Wang Y.-L.,Chengdu Heart Disease Research Institute | Yu X.-Q.,Chengdu Heart Disease Research Institute | Wu J.,Chengdu Heart Disease Research Institute | And 6 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2012

Objective: To establish a community-based management model for heart failure patients under the professional guidance of upper first-class hospital staff. Methods: Two hundreds heart failure (New York Heart Function II - IV) patients aged from 35 to 85 in two communities of Chengdu city were divided into two groups by cluster randomization: the management group and the control group. The community hospital doctors were trained for the evaluation and management of heart failure according standardized guidelines by upper first-class hospital doctors, and responsible for the management of patients in the management group. Meanwhile, the management group patients also received self-care education. Patients in control group were treated by community doctors without special training. Data including the community hospital doctors' knowledge rate of heart failure, positive diagnosis rate, and the rate for standardized medication for heart failure; the patients' knowledge rate of heart failure, the rate of drug compliance, the rate of standardized drug taken for heart failure, the rate of self-care in daily-life, the quality of life, the incidence of cardiovascular events, hospitalization time and cost were compared between the two groups. Results: The community hospital doctors' knowledge rate of heart failure, the related knowledge for prevention and treatment on the causes of heart failure, the positive diagnosis rate, and the rate for standardized medication for heart failure [β receptor blocker 77.3% (17/22); angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors 63.6% (14/22)] were significantly higher than doctors in the control group (all P < 0.05). There were 96 in the management group and 97 in the control group. Data were similar between the two groups at baseline. After (18.5 ± 0.5) months, the patient's knowledge rate of heart failure [100% (96/96) vs. 71.1% (69/97)], the rate of drug compliance[78.1% (75/96) vs. 13.4% (13/ 97)], the rate of standardized drug taken for heart failure[β receptor blocker: 75.0% (72/96) vs. 8.2% (8/97); angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: 60.4% (58/96) vs. 10.3% (10/97)], and the rate of self-care in daily-life [salt and food restriction: 88.5% (85/96) vs. 29.9% (23/97); blood pressure monitoring: 83.3% (80/96) vs. 56.7% (55/97); weight monitoring: 78.1% (75/96) vs. 13.4% (13/ 97)] were all significantly higher in the management group than in control group. For patients with New York Heart Function III - IV, the score of the LiHFe questionnaire (43.7 ± 9.2 vs. 49.5 ± 11.3), the incidence of cardiovascular events [63.3% (19/30) vs. 90.3% (28/31)], the days of hospitalization [(8.2 ± 3.2)days vs. (13.9 ± 10.9) days], and the cost for hospitalization [(2873.3 ± 401.6) Yuan vs. (4525.8 ± 6417.8) Yuan] were all significantly lower in the management group (n = 30) than in the control group (n = 31) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: The community-based management model for heart failure patients in the community level is effective to improve the management and outcome in this cohort. Copyright © 2012 by the Chinese Medical Association.

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