Chengdu Army General Hospital

Chengdu, China

Chengdu Army General Hospital

Chengdu, China

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Yang J.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province | Shen Y.,University of Sichuan | Liu B.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | Tong Y.,University of Sichuan
Lung Cancer | Year: 2011

Purpose: To investigate whether methylation of BRMS1 is associated with clinical outcomes in patients with NSCLC. Methods: Methylation status of BRMS1 was examined in 325 NSCLC patients who were treated with surgery. We analyzed associations between the methylation of BRMS1 genes separately and available epidemiologic and clinical information including smoking status, gender, age, and histological type, or the stage of the tumor. Results: In the cohort of 325 NSCLC cases, 152 samples were identified as methylated (46.77%). Promoter methylation of BRMS1 was present only in 6 specimens (8.42%) in adjacent non-cancerous tissues (P=2.257×10 -14). Patient smoking history had a positive correlation with methylation rate of BRMS1 (OR=2.508, 95%CI(1.516, 4.151)). Compared with unmethylated group, methylated group showed the lower level of BRMS1 mRNA (P=0.013). And patients with a high level of BRMS1 mRNA expression had significantly better overall survival than those with low expression (P=0.002). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis also showed that promoter methylation of BRMS1 was significantly unfavorable prognostic factors (hazard ratio, 1.912; 95% CI, and 1.341-2.726). Conclusions: These results provide clinical evidence to support the notion that BRMS1 is a NSCLC metastasis suppressor gene. Measuring methylation status of BRMS1 promotor is a useful marker for identifying NSCLC patients with worse disease-free survival. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Yang J.,CAS Chengdu Institute of Biology | Yang J.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province | Lan H.,Sichuan Academy of Medical science and Sichuan Provincial Peoples Hospital | Huang X.,Sichuan Academy of Medical science and Sichuan Provincial Peoples Hospital | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: It is controversial whether microRNA-126 is a tumor suppressive or oncogenic miRNA. More experiments are needed to determine whether microRNA-126 is associated with non-small cell lung cancer risk and prognosis. Methods: Over-expression of microRNA-126 was performed to evaluate the cell invasion and tumor growth in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and nude mouse xenograft model. Gain-of-function experiments and luciferase assays were performed to reveal the relationship between microRNA-126 and PI3K-Akt signal pathway in A549 cells. We analyzed the associations of the microRNA-126 expression between genetic variants within microRNA-126 and clinical information including smoking status, sex, age, and histological type and the tumor stage. Results: Over-expression of microRNA-126 in NSCLC cell lines decreased cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in the nude mouse xenograft model. And microRNA-126 repressed the activity of PI3K-Akt pathway by targeting binding sites in the 3′-untranslated region of PI3KR2 mRNA. The expression level of microRNA-126 was decreased in NSCLC lines and tumor tissues. The patients with low microRNA-126 expression had significantly poorer survival time than those with high microRNA-126 expression (means for survival time (month): 24.392±1.055 vs. 29.282±1.140, P = 0.005). However, there was no significant difference in the genotype and allele frequencies of the microRNA-126 variant (G>A, rs4636297) between cases and controls (P = 0.366). In addition, there was no association between SNP rs4636297 and survival time in NSCLC patients (P = 0.992). And microRNA-126 expression had no significant difference among the three genotype groups (P = 0.972). Conclusions: Our data indicate that microRNA-126 is a tumor-suppressor gene in NSCLC and low microRNA-126 expression is a unfavorable prognostic factor in NSCLC patients. However, the regulatory mechanism of microRNA-126 remains to be elucidated in different normal and malignant tissues. Therefore, further research is needed to explore the tumor suppressive functions of microRNA-126 in NSCLC. © 2012 Yang et al.


Zhao Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Fu X.,Chinese Institute of Basic Medical Sciences | Zhang G.,Chongqing Medical University | Li Y.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of receptor activity modifying protein 1 (RAMP1) overexpression on the expression and distribution of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR) in MG-63 cells. Our research also focused on whether RAMP1 overexpression enhanced the promoting effect of exogenous CGRP on osteogenic differentiation in MG-63 cells. We first constructed a eukaryotic expression vector containing human RAMP1 and stably transfected it into MG-63 cells. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to determine the expression levels of RAMP1 and CRLR mRNA and protein, respectively. Immunofluorescence analysis was employed to compare the distribution of CRLR in transfected cells. After treatment with CGRP, the extent of osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by simultaneous monitoring of alkaline phosphatase activity, the expression patterns of osteoblastic markers and mineralisation staining. We found that RAMP1 was more highly expressed in the transfected group compared with the control groups (P<0.01). The CRLR expression was significantly higher than that in the control groups (P < 0.05). In addition, after 7 days of CGRP treatment to induce osteogenic differentiation, the expression of collagen I mRNA was markedly increased in the transfected group (P < 0.05). The transfected group exhibited more granular precipitation in the cytoplasm with alkaline phosphatase staining after 7 and 14 days of differentiation. When stained with Alizarin Red, cells overexpressing RAMP1 were darker and formed many mineralised nodules with clear boundaries and calcium deposition typical of mineralised bone matrix structures at 28 days post-induction of differentiation. The CGRP-induced ALP activity in the RAMP1 overexpression group was significantly higher 3, 6 and 9 days after induction than that in the two control groups (P < 0.05). RAMP1 overexpression promotes CRLR expression, localisation on the cell membrane and enhanced CGRP-mediated differentiation of MG-63 cells. This study contributes to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing CGRP-induced MG-63 differentiation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Li T.,University of Sichuan | Zhou R.,University of Sichuan | Xiang X.,University of Sichuan | Zhu D.,University of Sichuan | And 4 more authors.
Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

This study was to investigate whether polymerized human placenta hemoglobin (PolyPHb) given before ischemia protects in vivo rat heart function against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Forty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided (n = 15 per group) into a sham group, control group (pretreatment with Lactated Ringer's solution), or PolyPHb group (pretreatment with 0.1gHb/kg PolyPHb). Rat hearts were subjected to 30-min ischemia by occlusion of left anterior descending, followed by 2-hr reperfusion. As compared to the control group, PolyPHb preserved cardiac function and reduced cardiac troponin-I release and histopathological changes. Therefore, PolyPHb pretreatment provided a profound cardioprotective effect on the in vivo rat heart. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Xu H.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | Xu H.,North Sichuan Medical College | Zhang X.,North Sichuan Medical College | Christe A.,University of Bern | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background:In past reports, researchers have seldom attached importance to achievements in transforming digital anatomy to radiological diagnosis. However, investigators have been able to illustrate communication relationships in the retroperitoneal space by drawing potential routes in computerized tomography (CT) images or a virtual anatomical atlas. We established a new imaging anatomy research method for comparisons of the communication relationships of the retroperitoneal space in combination with the Visible Human Project and CT images. Specifically, the anatomic pathways of peripancreatic fluid extension to the mediastinum that may potentially transform into fistulas were studied.Methods:We explored potential pathways to the mediastinum based on American and Chinese Visible Human Project datasets. These drainage pathways to the mediastinum were confirmed or corrected in CT images of 51 patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis in 2011. We also investigated whether additional routes to the mediastinum were displayed in CT images that were not in Visible Human Project images.Principal Findings:All hypothesized routes to the mediastinum displayed in Visible Human Project images, except for routes from the retromesenteric plane to the bilateral retrorenal plane across the bilateral fascial trifurcation and further to the retrocrural space via the aortic hiatus, were confirmed in CT images. In addition, route 13 via the narrow space between the left costal and crural diaphragm into the retrocrural space was demonstrated for the first time in CT images.Conclusion:This type of exploration model related to imaging anatomy may be used to support research on the communication relationships of abdominal spaces, mediastinal spaces, cervical fascial spaces and other areas of the body. © 2013 Xu et al.


Li T.,University of Sichuan | Zhu D.,University of Sichuan | Zhou R.,University of Sichuan | Wu W.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Sports Medicine | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) could protect the heart from intense exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 5-h intense prolonged running on treadmill with or without HBOC pre-treatment. Immediately after exercise, the heart rate (HR) and oxygen delivery capacity of the blood were measured. After 1 h of rest, echocardiography was performed to assess the post-exercise cardiac function. Then all the hearts were isolated and perfused using the Langendorff model for 1 h. Our results proved that pronged exercise caused significant LV dysfunction, while HBOC pre-treatment attenuated such a damage, as evidenced by the increased oxygen delivery, cardiac fractional shortening (FS), rate-pressure product (RPP), dp/dt and coronary flow rate (CF) and decreased myocardial necrosis. The releases of cardiac enzymes, including creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) were markedly reduced. No significant difference of cardiac infarct size was observed among groups. In addition, HBOC significantly elevated superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and decreased hydrogen peroxide (H formation, which indicated the exercise-induced cardiac oxidative damage was inhibited. In conclusion, HBOC pre-treatment showed a promising cardioprotective effect on prolonged exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction, which was probably associated with its ability to decrease myocardium oxidative stress.


Xiao X.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | Li Y.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | Zhang G.,Chongqing Medical University | Gao Y.,Chongqing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Oral Biology | Year: 2012

Objectives: Oral epidemiologic investigations in China western territory have showed that the immigrants in the plateau have a higher morbidity with periodontitis. To find the possible relationship between the pathogenesis of periodontitis and altitude hypoxia, we designed a periodontitis rat model via housed in low pressure oxygen chamber and investigated the bacterial diversity in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Design: Eighty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into CON-normal, CON-hypoxia, EXP-normal and EXP-hypoxia group, without or with periodontal induce, breeding in normal environment or altitude hypoxia environment. Periodontal parameters (including gingival index, GI, and tooth mobility, TM) were measured after 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks; periodontal samples were collected for histological analysis after rats were sacrificed at the 8th week. The 16S rDNA of bacteria in GCF was amplified by PCR at the 8th week, and separated by the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) approach. Results: EXP-hypoxia group's GI and TM showed later and more severe periodontal tissue damage than EXP-normal (p < 0.05 or 0.01). The histologic analyses did not find any pathologic difference between EXP-hypoxia and EXP-normal groups except for a slight difference on the lesion degree. By the DGGE analyses, the bacteria of five samples in the same group showed high concordance, but the bacteria in the different groups showed a great diversity. Conclusion: The course of periodontitis in altitude hypoxia environment is later than normal, but the degree of periodontal lesion was more severe and microbial community in GCF can be affected by the altitude hypoxia environment. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Yan L.,Chongqing Medical University | Yan L.,Chengdu Army General Hospital | Yinghui T.,Chongqing Medical University | Bo Y.,Chongqing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Cell Biology International | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects and regulatory mechanism of CGRP (calcitonin gene-related peptide) on NO (nitric oxide) production in osteoblasts. MOB (primary human mandibular osteoblasts) and osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) were either cultured with CGRP or co-incubated with inhibitors targeting eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase), iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase), nNOS (neuronal nitric oxide synthase) and [Ca 2+]i (intracellular Ca 2+). The NO concentration in cell culture supernatants was measured during the first 24 h using the Griess test; cellular NO was marked with the fluorescent marker DAF-FM, DA (3-amino, 4-aminomethyl-29,79-difluorescein; diacetate) and measured by fluorescence microscopy from 1 to 4 h after treatment. eNOS and iNOS mRNA expression levels were measured by quantitative RT-PCR during the first 24 h after treatment. CGRP-induced NO production in the supernatants was high between 1 to 12 h, while cellular NO was highest between 1 to 2 h after treatment and returned to basal levels by 3 h. Both in MG-63 cells and MOBs, the most effective CGRP concentration was 10 nM with a peak time of 1 h. CGRP-induced NO production decreased when eNOS activity was inhibited or when voltage-dependent L-type Ca 2+ channels were blocked at 4 h. CGRP was not able to induce changes in iNOS or eNOS mRNA levels and had no effect on the cytokine-induced increase of iNOS expression. Our results suggest that CGRP transiently induces NO production in osteoblasts by elevating intracellular Ca 2+to stimulate the activity of eNOS in vitro. © The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2011 Portland Press Limited.


PubMed | Chengdu Army General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2013

In past reports, researchers have seldom attached importance to achievements in transforming digital anatomy to radiological diagnosis. However, investigators have been able to illustrate communication relationships in the retroperitoneal space by drawing potential routes in computerized tomography (CT) images or a virtual anatomical atlas. We established a new imaging anatomy research method for comparisons of the communication relationships of the retroperitoneal space in combination with the Visible Human Project and CT images. Specifically, the anatomic pathways of peripancreatic fluid extension to the mediastinum that may potentially transform into fistulas were studied.We explored potential pathways to the mediastinum based on American and Chinese Visible Human Project datasets. These drainage pathways to the mediastinum were confirmed or corrected in CT images of 51 patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis in 2011. We also investigated whether additional routes to the mediastinum were displayed in CT images that were not in Visible Human Project images.All hypothesized routes to the mediastinum displayed in Visible Human Project images, except for routes from the retromesenteric plane to the bilateral retrorenal plane across the bilateral fascial trifurcation and further to the retrocrural space via the aortic hiatus, were confirmed in CT images. In addition, route 13 via the narrow space between the left costal and crural diaphragm into the retrocrural space was demonstrated for the first time in CT images.This type of exploration model related to imaging anatomy may be used to support research on the communication relationships of abdominal spaces, mediastinal spaces, cervical fascial spaces and other areas of the body.


PubMed | Chengdu Army General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC gastroenterology | Year: 2017

Individualized therapeutic regimen is a recently intensively pursued approach for targeting diseases, in which the search for biomarkers was considered the first and most important. Thus, the goal of this study was to investigate whether the UGT1A1, ERCC1, BRCA1, TYMS, RRM1, TUBB3, STMN1 and TOP2A genes are underlying biomarkers for gastric cancer, which, to our knowledge, has not been performed.Ninety-eight tissue specimens were collected from gastric cancer patients between May 2012 and March 2015. A multiplex branched DNA liquidchip technology was used for measuring the mRNA expressions of ERCC1, BRCA1, TYMS, RRM1, TUBB3, STMN1 and TOP2A. Direct sequencing was performed for determination of UGT1A1 polymorphisms. Furthermore, correlations between gene expressions, polymorphisms and clinicopathological characteristics were investigated.The expressions of TYMS, TUBB3 and STMN1 were significantly associated with the clinicopathological characteristics of age, gender and family history of gastric cancer, but not with differentiation, growth patterns, metastasis and TNM staging in patients with gastric cancer. No clinical characteristics were correlated with the expressions of ERCC1, BRCA1, RRM1 and TOP2A. Additionally, patients carrying G allele at -211 of UGT1A1 were predisposed to developing tubular adenocarcinoma, while individuals carrying 6TAA or G allele respectively at *28 or -3156 of UGT1A1 tended to have a local invasion.The UGT1A1 polymorphism may be useful to screen the risk population of gastric cancer, while TYMS, TUBB3 and STMN1 may be potential biomarkers for prognosis and chemotherapy guidance.

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