Chen S.,Chemistry and Chemical Engineering SchoolInstitute of Physical ChemistryLingnan Normal UniversityZhanjiang |
Chen J.,Chemistry and Chemical Engineering SchoolInstitute of Physical ChemistryLingnan Normal UniversityZhanjiang |
Xu K.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Products Processing |
Pan R.,Chemistry and Chemical Engineering SchoolInstitute of Physical ChemistryLingnan Normal UniversityZhanjiang |
And 3 more authors.
Polymer Composites | Year: 2015
The objective of this study was to investigate three kinds of filler with completely different morphology on mechanical properties of natural rubber (NR). Coal gangue (CG) are derived from natural deposits are composed principally by illite and quartz. CG, carbon black (CB), and multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) were used as hybrid fillers in NR. CNTs were dispersed into NR latex by ultrasonic irradiation and then the mixed latex were coagulated to obtain the CNTs/NR masterbatch, then mechanical mixing method was employed to prepare the CG/CB/CNTs/NR composites. The addition of CG, CB, and CNTs to NR was varied with the total filler loading fixed at 35 phr. The mechanical properties of NR composites were studied in terms of tensile and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The results showed that the tensile strength and modulus 300% (M300) of all hybrid samples were higher than the composites only loaded CG; and the highest tensile strength of NR loaded with hybrid fillers achieved at sample of loading amount of CG 17.5, CB 15.5, and CNTs 2 phr, whose M300 and elongation at break was obviously higher than that of only CB loaded NR composites; The inclusion CG improves the tensile strength of NR without the sacrifice of its extensibility, while CB and CNTs brings together the enhancement in the ultimate strength and the reduction in the extensibility. DMA results revealed that the existence of CG can improve the dispersion of CB and CNTs in NR matrix. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers.