Chemicals R and nter

Seongnam, South Korea

Chemicals R and nter

Seongnam, South Korea
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Han D.,ENTECS Co. | Lee C.-Y.,Chemicals R and nter | Chang S.W.,Kyonggi University | Kim D.-J.,Hallym University
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2017

A continuous full scale thermophilic anaerobic digestion (AD) of wastewater sludge in conjunction with thermal pretreatment was developed for enhanced CH4 production as well as sludge stabilization and reduction. Continuous thermal sludge treatment obtained 45.5, 51.7, and 26.1% of hydrolysis based on TS, VS, and COD at 160°C for 30min. After AD, TS, VS, and COD removal efficiencies reached 54.7, 60.4, and 59.2%, respectively, at 3.50kgVS/m3·d. Maximum CH4 yield (0.35m3 CH4/kg VSadd) was obtained at 2.49kgVS/m3·d and less, and the yield decreased with increasing sludge load while net available energy production increased. Continuous thermal sludge treatment and thermophilic AD enhanced CH4 production and solids reduction and showed stable performance for full scale application. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.


Kim S.,Chemicals R and nter | Hong I.-K.,Dankook University | Lee S.,Dankook University
Polymer (Korea) | Year: 2013

In order to develop the blends with good long-term thermal stability and tensile elongation, the blends of polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) and 7 kinds of elastomer were tested. PPS/elastomer (90/10, 80/20, 70/30) blend samples were prepared by compression molding after twin screw extrusion or punching after sheet extrusion. Rheological, mechanical property and morphology of the blends were analyzed by capillary rheometer, UTM, impact tester, and SEM. For long-term thermal stability tests, the mechanical properties were measured again after the samples were stored in a convection oven for a week. The tensile strengths were almost same regardless of kinds of elastomer and the tensile elongation was the maximum for the PPS/m-EVA blend. As the content of elastomer increased, the elongation increased but delamination occurred at 30 wt% of elastomer content. The tensile strength increased but the elongation decreased seriously after thermal aging. Many problems related with PPS processing could be solved by adding a small amount of the elastomers partially compatibile with PPS and it would be applicable to develop various PPS grades.


Kim S.,Chemicals R and nter | Hong I.-K.,Dankook University | Lee S.,Dankook University
Polymer (Korea) | Year: 2013

The effect of compatibilizer types on the properties of polyphenylene sulfide (PPS)/polyethylene terephthalate (PET) blends was investigated. The blends were extruded by a single screw extruder attached with a Maddock mixing zone and their molded properties were examined. As a basic blend composition, a linear PPS/PET (40/60) blend was selected based on cost efficiency. Three types of compatibilizer, SEBS, modified SEBS, and modified PS were added to the basic blend to improve the properties. The thermal, rheological, mechanical properties and the morphology of the ternary blends were analyzed. The maximum mechanical properties of blends was found at 1 phr of m-SEBS or m-PS content, whose values were almost the same as the theoretical values of miscible blend system. It seemed to by the case that the partial reaction between compatibilizer and the basic blend caused the enhancement of compatibility between linear PPS and PET phases. These temaiy blends would be applicable as economic linear PPS alloys.


Kim S.,Chemicals R and nter | Hong I.-K.,Dankook University | Lee S.,Dankook University
Polymer (Korea) | Year: 2013

The effect of styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS) on the blend of polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was investigated. The blends were extruded by a single screw extruder equipped with a Maddock mixing screw, and their molded properties were examined. After the binary blends were prepared on the whole compositions of PPS/PET (80/20, 60/40, 40/60, 20/80), the thermal, rheological, mechanical properties and morphology of the blends were analyzed. The results showed the significant decline in the properties of the blends owing to the incompatibility between PPS and PET phases. As a basic blend composition, the PPS/PET (40/60) blend was selected by considering cost efficiency. To this basic blend, SEBS was added as a compatibilizer. With increasing SEBS addition, the mechanical properties were improved. From the domain size reduction observed in morphology, it might be due to the enhancement of compatibility between linear PPS and PET phases by addition of SEBS.


Hong S.W.,Hanyang University | Cho H.J.,Hanyang University | Kim S.H.,Chemicals R and nter | Yeo Y.K.,Hanyang University
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering | Year: 2012

Biodiesel fuel is one of the most attractive alternatives to the traditional diesel fuel derived from a petroleum refinery. Development of a reliable model for the biodiesel production process requires maximizing economics and enhancing safety in the commercial operation of biodiesel plants. We propose a model which represents effectively the non-catalytic biodiesel production reaction. In the modeling of the reaction, we employ a nonlinear programming scheme to estimate reaction kinetic parameters which minimize a specified objective function. The behavior of the methanol during the reaction is investigated both experimentally and numerically. Imperfect mixing in the liquid phase at the initial reaction stage causes a little discrepancy between the experimental data and results of simulations. Overall, the proposed model represents the biodiesel production reaction effectively. © 2011 Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea.

Loading Chemicals R and nter collaborators
Loading Chemicals R and nter collaborators