Allan E.K.,University of Glasgow |
Holyoake T.L.,University of Glasgow |
Craig A.R.,ChemGenex Pharmaceuticals |
Jorgensen H.G.,University of Glasgow
Leukemia | Year: 2011
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is maintained by a rare population of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-insensitive malignant stem cells. Our long-term aim is to find a BcrAbl-independent drug that can be combined with a TKI to improve overall disease response in chronic-phase CML. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate, a first in class cetaxine, has been evaluated by clinical trials in TKI-insensitive/resistant CML. Omacetaxine inhibits synthesis of anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family, including (myeloid cell leukaemia) Mcl-1, leading to cell death. Omacetaxine effectively induced apoptosis in primary CML stem cells (CD34 38 lo) by downregulation of Mcl-1 protein. In contrast to our previous findings with TKIs, omacetaxine did not accumulate undivided cells in vitro. Furthermore, the functionality of surviving stem cells following omacetaxine exposure was significantly reduced in a dose-dependant manner, as determined by colony forming cell and the more stringent long-term culture initiating cell colony assays. This stem cell-directed activity was not limited to CML stem cells as both normal and non-CML CD34 cells were sensitive to inhibition. Thus, although omacetaxine is not leukaemia stem cell specific, its ability to induce apoptosis of leukaemic stem cells distinguishes it from TKIs and creates the potential for a curative strategy for persistent disease. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source
ChemGenex Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2011-08-11
The present disclosure provides oral dosage forms comprising a cephalotaxine and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier selected from protein, carbohydrate and lipid, an oral dosage form comprising cephalotaxine and a second active agent, as well as methods of treating subjects with such oral formulations.
Ivax International Gmbh and ChemGenex Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2013-01-15
Pharmaceutical preparations for the treatment of leukemia, dispensed in liquid or vial form for administration by subcutaneous injection.
ChemGenex Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2011-07-05
The present invention provides methods for dosing patients with naphthalimides, including amonafide, amonafide salts, and analogs thereof based on N-acetyl transferase genotyping. The invention also provides methods for dosing the amount of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) used in combination with naphthalimide to prevent or modulate leukocytopenia.
ChemGenex Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2010-04-15
A method of treatment of a host with a cellular proliferative disease, comprising contacting the host with a cephalotaxine and an antiproliferative agent, each in an amount sufficient to modulate said cellular proliferative disease, is described. In some embodiments, the cephalotaxine comprises homoharringtonine (cephalotaxine, 4-methyl-2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy-4-methyl pentyl)butanediocate ester). Antiproliferative agents of the invention comprise alkylating agents, intercalating agents, metal coordination complexes, pyrimidine nucleosides, purine nucleosides, inhibitors of nucleic acid associated enzymes and proteins, and agents affecting structural proteins and cytoplasmic enzymes.