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Dakar, Senegal

Cheikh Anta Diop University , also known as the University of Dakar, is a university in Dakar, Senegal. It is named after the Senegalese historian and anthropologist Cheikh Anta Diop and has an enrollment of over 60,000. Wikipedia.

Vella S.,Istituto Superiore di Sanita | Schwartlander B.,Evidence | Sow S.P.,Cheikh Anta Diop University | Eholie S.P.,Treichville Hospital University of Cocody | Murphy R.L.,Northwestern University
AIDS | Year: 2012

HIV/AIDS not only represents the most severe epidemic in modern times, but also the greatest public health challenge in history. The response of the scientific community has been impressive and in just a few years, turned an inevitably fatal disease into a chronic manageable although not yet curable condition. The development of antiretroviral therapy is not only the history of scientific advancements: it is the result of the passionate 'alliance' towards a common goal between researchers, doctors and nurses, pharmaceutical industries, regulators, public health officials and the community of HIV-infected patients, which is rather unique in the history of medicine. In addition, the rapid and progressive development of antiretroviral therapy has not only proven to be life-saving for many millions but has been instrumental in unveiling the inequities in access to health between rich and poor countries of the world. Optimal benefits indeed, are not accessible to all people living with HIV, with challenges to coverage and sustainability in low and middle income countries. This paper will review the progress made, starting from the initial despairing times, till the current battle towards universal access to treatment and care for all people living with HIV. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Denton F.,Cheikh Anta Diop University
Climate Policy | Year: 2010

The tensions between adaptation and development are considered for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) of West Africa. Adaptation is development under uncertainty and involves implementing practices that will provide security and well-being to poor resource-dependent communities. Climate change impacts will very probably derail development deliverables, thus negating hard-won development gains. Encouraged by the mainstreaming of adaptation into development policy, there is a tendency to treat them as the same thing. However, this can lead to adaptation projects that neglect activities that do not typically fall under the remit of development. The main challenges to financing adaptation consist in the lack of sufficiently strong institutions to ensure behavioural change, and the lack of appropriate reliable sources of funding, as well as the strategies and processes to create resilient societies, make adaptation more sustainable, and facilitate knowledge-sharing and capacity-building. The best way to ensure appropriate adaptation is for there to be a burden-sharing mechanism that operates across West Africa, involving - and requiring the cooperation of - many extant institutions. Indeed, the introduction of energy and water considerations into the climate policies of LDCs provides an unprecedented opportunity to deal with the threat of climate change. The prospects of the Adaptation Fund in delivering adaptation and development are also discussed. © 2010 Earthscan. Source

Sarr R.,Cheikh Anta Diop University
Revue de Micropaleontologie | Year: 2015

This work summarizes biostratigraphic and paleogeographic data on Paleocene ostracods from the Senegalese-Mauritanian, West African and North African basins. In the Senegalese-Mauritanian basin, late Paleocene ostracods of high diversity suffered a mass extinction in the early Eocene. Comparison between Senegalese fauna. s and others of the Gulf of Guinea, Sahara and North African basins shows great similarities, with 10 common species identified: Bairdia ilaroensis Reyment and Reyment, Buntonia apatayeriyerii Reyment, B. fortunata Apostolescu, B. tichittensis Apostolescu, Cytherella sylvesterbradleyi Reyment, Dahomeya alata Apostolescu, Isohabrocythere teiskotensis Apostolescu, Phalcocythere vesiculosa (Apostolescu) Quadracythere lagaghiroboensis (Apostolescu) and Trachyleberis teiskotensis (Apostolescu). I. teiskotensis and P. vesiculosa are restricted to the upper Paleocene and are good stratigraphic markers for these basins. Faunal exchanges between West African, trans-Saharan and North African basins are highlighted. The directions of migration of some species are specified. Many West African species migrated to North Africa at the end of the Paleocene-Early Eocene. Migrations are related to climatic and paleobathymetric changes of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) that occurred during the Paleocene-Eocene transition. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Badiane F.A.,Cheikh Anta Diop University
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among 22 local cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties and inbred lines collected throughout Senegal were evaluated using simple sequence repeat molecular markers. A set of 49 primer combinations were developed from cowpea genomic/expressed sequence tags and evaluated for their ability to detect polymorphisms among the various cowpea genotypes. Forty-four primer combinations detected polymorphisms, with the remaining five primer sets failing to yield PCR amplification products. From one to 16 alleles were found among the informative primer combinations; their frequencies ranged from 0.60 to 0.95 (mean = 0.79). The genetic diversity of the sample varied from 0.08 to 0.42 (mean = 0.28). The polymorphic information content ranged from 0.08 to 0.33 (mean = 0.23). The local varieties clustered in the same group, except 53-3, 58-53, and 58-57; while Ndoute yellow pods, Ndoute violet pods and Baye Ngagne were in the second group. The photosensitive varieties (Ndoute yellow pods and Ndoute violet pods) were closely clustered in the second group and so were inbred line Mouride and local cultivar 58-57, which is also one of the parents for inbred line Mouride. These molecular markers could be used for selection and identification of elite varieties for cowpea improvement and germplasm management in Senegal. Source

Diouf D.,Cheikh Anta Diop University
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2011

After decades of research on cowpea, significant amount of omics datasets are available and useful in understanding the genetic relationship between Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata and other species belonging to the same genus as well as its genetic variation. Besides, the development of genetic map allowed the chromosome localization of molecular markers associated with disease resistance, seed weight, dehydrin, drought-induced genes, maturity and earliness, and the recent progresses made on cowpea genomic resources development and the availability of a genetic transformation protocol increased the chance to identify more genes and to study their expression. In addition, transcriptomic datasets suggested that many genes are expressed during drought, heating or in nitrogen deficiency conditions as well as during symbiosis and iron storage. Proteomic and metabolomic analyses revealed that the protein and metabolite fractions specifically accumulated in the embryogenic cell suspension and in manganese toxicity conditions, respectively. However, the integration of all these information will promote the improvement of cowpea production. © 2011 Academic Journals. Source

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