CHC Bezanijska kosa

Belgrade, Serbia

CHC Bezanijska kosa

Belgrade, Serbia
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Macut D.,University of Belgrade | Bjekic-Macut J.,CHC Bezanijska Kosa
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2015

Androgen excess (AE) was approximated to be present in 7 % of the adult population of women. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent among them, followed by idiopathic hirsutism (IH), congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), hyperandrogenic insulin-resistant acanthosis nigricans (HAIRAN) syndrome, and androgen-secreting neoplasms (ASNs). Increased cardiovascular risk was implicated in women with AE. Serum testosterone independently increases risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and correlates even with indices of subclinical atherosclerosis in various populations of postmenopausal women. Hyperandrogenism in PCOS is closely related to the aggravation of abdominal obesity, and together with insulin resistance forming the metabolic core for the development of CVD. However, phenotypic variability of PCOS generates significant influence on the cardiometabolic risks. Numerous risk factors in PCOS lead to 5-7 times higher risk for CVD and over 2-fold higher risk for coronary heart disease and stroke. However, issue on the cardiometabolic risk in postmenopausal women with hyperandrogenic history is still challenging. There is a significant overlapping in the CVD characteristics of women with PCOS and variants of CAH. Relevant clinical data on the prevalence and cardiometabolic risk and events in women with IH, HAIRAN syndrome or ASNs are scarce. The effects of various oral contraceptives (OCs) and antiandrogenic compounds on metabolic profile are varying, and could be related to the selected populations and different therapy regiments mainly conducted in women with PCOS. It is assumed relation of OCs containing antiandrogenic progestins to the increased risk of cardiovascular and thromboembolic events. © 2014 Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE).


PubMed | University of Sfax, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Serbian Institute of Physiology, CHC Bezanijska kosa and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Hormones (Athens, Greece) | Year: 2016

There is a need for a simple and accurate method for the assessment of cardiovascular risk in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is based on the assessment of waist circumference and serum triglycerides that yield an estimation of lipid overaccumulation. We aimed to determine whether LAP is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Caucasian women with PCOS.We studied 222 women with PCOS who were diagnosed using the Rotterdam criteria. In all the subjects and controls, LAP was determined and the MetS was assessed using three different international criteria, NCEP-ATP III, IDF, and JIS. ROC curve and logistic regression analyses were performed to determine and analyze associations with the MetS.In the study population the prevalence of MetS was 16.2-19.4%. The cut-off value of 25.9 determined that LAP has the strongest association with MetS whichever international criteria are used, followed by HDL (NCEP-ATP III and JIS) and glucose (IDF).LAP is used as an independent clinical indicator for MetS in our PCOS women of Caucasian origin. The high diagnostic accuracy of LAP is superseding the need for the use of multiple clinical indicators for the assessment of lipid accumulation as a prerequisite for diagnosis of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in PCOS women.


MacUt D.,University of Belgrade | Simic T.,University of Belgrade | Lissounov A.,University of Belgrade | Pljesa-Ercegovac M.,University of Belgrade | And 8 more authors.
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes | Year: 2011

To get more insight into molecular mechanisms underlying oxidative stress and its link with insulin resistance, oxidative stress parameters, as well as, antioxidant enzyme activities were studied in young, non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Study was performed in 34 PCOS women and 23 age and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy controls. Plasma nitrotyrosine and malondialdehyde (MDA), representative byproducts of protein and lipid oxidative damage, were determined by enzyme immunoassay. Antioxidant enzyme activities, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) were studied spectrophotometrically. Insulin resistance was calculated using homeostasis assessment model (HOMA-IR). Plasma nitrotyrosine and MDA were increased, but only nitrotyrosine was signifi cantly higher (p < 0.05) in PCOS women compared to controls. Uric acid (surrogate marker of × antine oxidase) was also signifi cantly elevated in PCOS (p < 0.05). Both plasma SOD and GPX activity showed no statistically significant difference between PCOS and controls. Indices of insulin resistance (insulin and HOMAIR) were significantly higher in PCOS group and positively correlated with level of MDA (r = 0.397 and r = 0.523, respectively; p < 0.05) as well as GPX activity (r = 0.531 and r = 0.358, respectively; p < 0.05). Our results indicate that insulin resistance could be responsible for the existence of subtle form of oxidative stress in young, nonobese PCOS women. Hence, presence of insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia and oxidative damage are likely to accelerate slow development of cardiovascular disease in PCOS. © J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.


Nikolic M.,University of Belgrade | Macut D.,University of Belgrade | Djordjevic A.,University of Belgrade | Velickovic N.,University of Belgrade | And 6 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2015

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, visceral obesity and insulin resistance. We hypothesized that changes in glucocorticoid metabolism and signaling in the visceral adipose tissue may contribute to disturbances of lipid metabolism in the rat model of PCOS obtained by 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment of prepubertal female Wistar rats. The results confirmed that DHT treatment caused anovulation, obesity and dyslipidemia. Enhanced glucocorticoid prereceptor metabolism, assessed by elevated intracellular corticosterone and increased 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 mRNA and protein levels, was accompanied by glucocorticoid receptor (GR) nuclear accumulation. In concert with the increased expression of GR-regulated prolipogenic genes (lipin-1, sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, fatty acid synthase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase), histological analyses revealed hypertrophic adipocytes. The results suggest that glucocorticoids influence lipid metabolism in the visceral adipose tissue in the way that may contribute to pathogenesis of metabolic disturbances associated with PCOS. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Tepavcevic S.,Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences | Vojnovic Milutinovic D.,University of Belgrade | Macut D.,University of Belgrade | Zakula Z.,Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

It is supposed that women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are prone to develop cardiovascular disease as a consequence of multiple risk factors that are mostly related to the state of insulin resistance and consequent hyperinsulinemia. In the present study, we evaluated insulin signaling and glucose transporters (GLUT) in cardiac cells of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treated female rats as an animal model of PCOS. Expression of proteins involved in cardiac insulin signaling pathways and glucose transporters, as well as their phosphorylation or intracellular localization were studied by Western blot analysis in DHT-treated and control rats. Treatment with DHT resulted in increased body mass, absolute mass of the heart, elevated plasma insulin concentration, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. At the molecular level, DHT treatment did not change protein expression of cardiac insulin receptor and insulin receptor substrate 1, while phosphorylation of the substrate at serine 307 was increased. Unexpectedly, although expression of downstream Akt kinase and its phosphorylation at threonine 308 were not altered, phosphorylation of Akt at serine 473 was increased in the heart of DHT-treated rats. In contrast, expression and phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinases 1/2 were decreased. Plasma membrane contents of GLUT1 and GLUT4 were decreased, as well as the expression of GLUT4 in cardiac cells at the end of androgen treatment. The obtained results provide evidence for alterations in expression and especially in functional characteristics of insulin signaling molecules and glucose transporters in the heart of DHT-treated rats with PCOS, indicating impaired cardiac insulin action. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Tepavcevic S.,Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences | Milutinovic D.V.,University of Belgrade | Macut D.,University of Belgrade | Stanisic J.,Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes | Year: 2015

Abstract Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) and Na+/K+-ATPase are enzymes essential for regular functioning of the heart. Since both enzymes are under insulin and androgen regulation and since insulin action and androgen level were disturbed in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), we hypothesized that cardiac nitric oxide (NO) production and sodium/potassium transport would be deteriorated in PCOS. To test our hypothesis we introduced animal model of PCOS based on dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment of female Wistar rats and analyzed protein expression, phosphorylation or subcellular localization of endothelial NOS (eNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS) and alpha subunits of Na+/K+-ATPase in the heart. Obtained results indicate that DHT treatment significantly decreased cardiac eNOS protein level and activating phosphorylation at serine 1177, while inhibitory phosphorylation at threonine 495 was increased. In contrast to expression of eNOS, iNOS protein level in the heart of DHT-treated rats was significantly elevated. Furthermore, cardiac protein level of alpha 1 subunit of the ATPase, as well as its plasma membrane content, were decreased in rats with PCOS. In line with this, alpha 2 subunit protein level in fraction of plasma membranes was also significantly below control level. In conclusion, DHT treatment impaired effectiveness of NOSs and Na+/K+-ATPase in the female rat heart. Regarding the importance of NO production and sodium/potassium transport in the cardiac contraction and blood flow regulation, it implicates strong consequences of PCOS for heart functioning. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG.


PubMed | University of Belgrade and CHC Bezanijska kosa
Type: | Journal: Molecular and cellular endocrinology | Year: 2014

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, visceral obesity and insulin resistance. We hypothesized that changes in glucocorticoid metabolism and signaling in the visceral adipose tissue may contribute to disturbances of lipid metabolism in the rat model of PCOS obtained by 5-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment of prepubertal female Wistar rats. The results confirmed that DHT treatment caused anovulation, obesity and dyslipidemia. Enhanced glucocorticoid prereceptor metabolism, assessed by elevated intracellular corticosterone and increased 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 mRNA and protein levels, was accompanied by glucocorticoid receptor (GR) nuclear accumulation. In concert with the increased expression of GR-regulated prolipogenic genes (lipin-1, sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, fatty acid synthase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase), histological analyses revealed hypertrophic adipocytes. The results suggest that glucocorticoids influence lipid metabolism in the visceral adipose tissue in the way that may contribute to pathogenesis of metabolic disturbances associated with PCOS.


PubMed | Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, CHC Bezanijska kosa and University of Belgrade
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association | Year: 2015

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase are enzymes essential for regular functioning of the heart. Since both enzymes are under insulin and androgen regulation and since insulin action and androgen level were disturbed in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), we hypothesized that cardiac nitric oxide (NO) production and sodium/potassium transport would be deteriorated in PCOS. To test our hypothesis we introduced animal model of PCOS based on dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment of female Wistar rats and analyzed protein expression, phosphorylation or subcellular localization of endothelial NOS (eNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS) and alpha subunits of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase in the heart. Obtained results indicate that DHT treatment significantly decreased cardiac eNOS protein level and activating phosphorylation at serine 1,177, while inhibitory phosphorylation at threonine 495 was increased. In contrast to expression of eNOS, iNOS protein level in the heart of DHT-treated rats was significantly elevated. Furthermore, cardiac protein level of alpha 1 subunit of the ATPase, as well as its plasma membrane content, were decreased in rats with PCOS. In line with this, alpha 2 subunit protein level in fraction of plasma membranes was also significantly below control level. In conclusion, DHT treatment impaired effectiveness of NOSs and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase in the female rat heart. Regarding the importance of NO production and sodium/potassium transport in the cardiac contraction and blood flow regulation, it implicates strong consequences of PCOS for heart functioning.


Milosavljevic S.B.,General Hospital | Pavlovic A.P.,University of Prishtina | Trpkovic S.V.,University of Prishtina | Ilic A.N.,University of Prishtina | Sekulic A.D.,CHC Bezanijska Kosa
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2014

Results: Serum cortisol levels were significantly higher in the general anesthesia group compared to the spinal anesthesia group (p<0.01). Glycemia was significantly higher in the general anesthesia group (p<0.05). There was a statistically significant, positive correlation between serum cortisol levels and glycemia at all times observed (p<0.01). Systolic and diastolic AP did not differ significantly between the groups (p=0.191, p=0.101). The HR was significantly higher in the general anesthesia group (p<0.01). SpO2values did not differ significantly between the groups (p=0.081).Material/Methods: The study was clinical, prospective, and controlled and it involved 2 groups of patients (the spinal and the general anesthesia group) who underwent the same surgery. We monitored the metabolic and hormonal response to perioperative stress based on serum cortisol level and glycemia. We also examined how the different techniques of anesthesia affect these hemodynamic parameters: systolic arterial pressure (AP), diastolic AP, heart rate (HR), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). These parameters were measured before induction on anesthesia (T1), 30 min after the surgical incisions (T2), 1 h postoperatively (T3) and 24 h after surgery (T4).Conclusions: Based on metabolic, hormonal, and hemodynamic responses, spinal anesthesia proved more effective than general anesthesia in suppressing stress response in elective surgical patients.Background: The aim of the study was to determine the significance of spinal anesthesia in the suppression of the metabolic, hormonal, and hemodynamic response to surgical stress in elective surgical patients compared to general anesthesia. © 2014, Med Sci Monit.


PubMed | University of Prishtina, General Hospital and CHC Bezanijska Kosa
Type: | Journal: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research | Year: 2014

The aim of the study was to determine the significance of spinal anesthesia in the suppression of the metabolic, hormonal, and hemodynamic response to surgical stress in elective surgical patients compared to general anesthesia.The study was clinical, prospective, and controlled and it involved 2 groups of patients (the spinal and the general anesthesia group) who underwent the same surgery. We monitored the metabolic and hormonal response to perioperative stress based on serum cortisol level and glycemia. We also examined how the different techniques of anesthesia affect these hemodynamic parameters: systolic arterial pressure (AP), diastolic AP, heart rate (HR), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). These parameters were measured before induction on anesthesia (T1), 30 min after the surgical incisions (T2), 1 h postoperatively (T3) and 24 h after surgery (T4).Serum cortisol levels were significantly higher in the general anesthesia group compared to the spinal anesthesia group (p<0.01). Glycemia was significantly higher in the general anesthesia group (p<0.05). There was a statistically significant, positive correlation between serum cortisol levels and glycemia at all times observed (p<0.01). Systolic and diastolic AP did not differ significantly between the groups (p=0.191, p=0.101). The HR was significantly higher in the general anesthesia group (p<0.01). SpO2 values did not differ significantly between the groups (p=0.081).Based on metabolic, hormonal, and hemodynamic responses, spinal anesthesia proved more effective than general anesthesia in suppressing stress response in elective surgical patients.

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