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PubMed | G Pulla Reddy Dental College, Director Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Center, Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Educare Institute of Dental science and Mahe Institute of Dental science and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine | Year: 2015

Predentin, the unmineralized organic matrix is important in maintaining the integrity of dentin. It is usually thick where active dentinogenesis occurs. A wide variation in its thickness is reported. Hence, we determined the variation in predentin thickness at various sites of different age groups.60 freshly extracted teeth (maxillary and mandibular first premolars) were divided into three groups with 20 teeth in each as, Group 1 - teeth with incomplete root formation (age <16 years), Group 2 - teeth with complete root formation (aged between 16 and 30 years), Group 3 - teeth of patients aged above 30 years. The teeth were fixed, decalcified and sections of 6 thickness were obtained, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The distance between the odontoblastic cell layers of the pulp to the border line of the dentin was considered for the measurement of the predentin thickness. A total of nine sites were considered for each specimen.The present study revealed varied mean predentin thickness at all nine sites in all three age groups. Maximum and minimum thickness was observed at the apex and pulp floor respectively in all three groups. There was a statistical significant difference in predentin thickness between groups 1 and 3 and 2 and 3.The predentin thickness in the first group gradually increased toward the growing end near the apex, while it was relatively constant in the second group and increased overall thickness at all the sites in the third group. A notable finding was a linear increase with age in width of the predentin and the thickness vary as a function of odontoblastic activity during different stages of tooth development.


PubMed | Belgaum Institute of Medical science, Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Desh Bhagat Dental College, Chattisgarh Dental College Research Institute and Dental Practitioner
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research | Year: 2015

Tooth impaction is a frequent phenomena and surgical removal of these teeth are the commonest of the dental surgical procedures. The debate over the removal of asymptomatic impacted third molars still continues. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of development of cysts and tumors around the retained and unerupted third molars in the Indian population.5486 impacted third molars of 4133 patients were studied through the panoramic radiographs for the presence of associated cysts and tumors. The ages of the patients ranged from 17 to 67 years, with a mean of 33.7 years. The results were evaluated using the Pearson chi-square test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant.There were 134 cysts (2.24%) and 63 tumors (1.16%) found that were associated with impacted third molars, of which 3 were malignant (0.05%). 143 patients had symptoms such as swelling or pain due to cystic or neoplastic lesions. The remainder 54 patients had no symptoms suggestive of pathology. The most common cyst was dentigerous cyst and the most common tumor was ameloblastoma.The results indicate that cysts and tumors do develop in a relatively small but still considerable minority of patients. The fact that a considerable number of patients had no signs or symptoms indicating pathology is certainly worth considering. Consultation should be sought from dental specialists if there are symptoms in the third molar region.


Patil S.,Al Jouf University | Al-Zarea B.K.,Al Jouf University | Maheshwari S.,Jodhpur | Sahu R.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2015

Aim: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a high risk premalignant condition predominantly seen in the Indian subcontinent. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of spirulina and aloe vera in the management of OSMF. Material and methods: 42 subjects with clinico-pathologically diagnosed OSMF were included in the study and divided equally in 2 groups, Group A (spirulina group) and Group B (aloe vera group). Group A was administered 500 mg spirulina in 2 divided doses for 3 months and Group B was given 5 mg aloe vera gel to be applied topically thrice daily for 3 months. Evaluation for different clinical parameters was done at regular intervals and data was analyzed using the Chi-square test. P-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The patients in Group A showed significant clinical improvement in mouth opening and ulcers/erosions/vesicles (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant improvement in burning sensation (p = 0.06) and pain associated with the lesion (p = 0.04) among the 2 groups. Conclusion: Both the drugs showed improvement in the condition; however spirulina can bring about significant clinical improvements in the symptoms like mouth opening and ulcers/erosion/vesicles. Thus, spirulina appears to be more promising when compared to aloe vera for the treatment of OSMF. © 2015 Craniofacial Research Foundation.


Patil S.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Santosh B.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Maheshwari S.,Jodhpur | Deoghare A.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Aim: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a high-risk premalignant condition predominantly seen in the Indian subcontinent. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of oxitard capsules in the management of OSMF. Materials and Methods: Total of 120 subjects with clinico-pathologically diagnosed OSMF were included in the study and divided equally in 2 groups; Group A (oxitard group) and Group B (placebo group). Group A was administered 2 oxitard capsules twice daily and Group B was given placebo tablets twice daily, for 3 months. Evaluation for different clinical parameters was done at regular intervals and data was analyzed using the Student′s paired t test and Chi-square test. P < 0.001 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Clinical improvements in mouth-opening and tongue protrusion were significant in the Group A (P < 0.001). Subjective symptoms of burning sensation (P = 0.0001), pain associated with the lesion (P = 0.000), difficulty in swallowing (P = 0.0003) and speech (P = 0.0005) also significantly improved in the Group A. There was a mild to moderate decrease in the size of the lesion. Conclusion: Though there is no definitive treatment for the condition; however, oxitard capsules can bring about significant clinical improvements in the symptoms like mouth-opening, tongue protrusion, burning sensation, difficulty in swallowing and speech and pain associated with the lesion, thereby improving the quality of life of the affected individuals.


Nayak S.K.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Nayak P.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Haemangiomas are the most common benign soft tissue tumor of the oral cavity. It often presents at birth or soon after, and appears as a soft and vascular swelling in lip, tongue, or buccal mucosa. This article reports a rare case of intra muscular haemangioma of the buccal mucosa in a 27-year-old female patient.


Choudhari P.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Pillai A.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Zade R.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Amirishetty R.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Shetty S.,Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

One of the most distressing aspects of periodontitis is the unesthetic appearance of maxillary and mandibular anteriors. The elongation of the crowns due to root exposure and increased interdental spacing results in unesthetic appearance. Surgical procedures for gingival recession coverage do not have acceptable results in cases of severe gingival recession. So nonsurgical methods like gingival veneers should be considered as a treatment modality in such cases. This article aims to revisit the gingival veneer: its uses, advantages, disadvantages, and its fabrication. The case discussed here highlight clinical situation where the gingival veneer prosthesis helped in achieving optimum esthetics and patient satisfaction thus proving to be a feasible and simple treatment modality in certain clinical cases. This may offer a good interim solution for patients who may wish to have time to consider their options of more advanced and complex treatment. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All right reserved.


PubMed | Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

One of the most distressing aspects of periodontitis is the unesthetic appearance of maxillary and mandibular anteriors. The elongation of the crowns due to root exposure and increased interdental spacing results in unesthetic appearance. Surgical procedures for gingival recession coverage do not have acceptable results in cases of severe gingival recession. So nonsurgical methods like gingival veneers should be considered as a treatment modality in such cases. This article aims to revisit the gingival veneer: its uses, advantages, disadvantages, and its fabrication. The case discussed here highlight clinical situation where the gingival veneer prosthesis helped in achieving optimum esthetics and patient satisfaction thus proving to be a feasible and simple treatment modality in certain clinical cases. This may offer a good interim solution for patients who may wish to have time to consider their options of more advanced and complex treatment.


PubMed | Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute and Dental Practitioner
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry | Year: 2014

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder of oral cavity, pharynx and upper digestive tract, characterized by progressive inability to open the mouth. Based on clinical and/or histopathological features, various classifications and grading systems have been put forth till date. The aim of the present study was to study the variance in cheek flexibility in OSMF patients, the observance of which led to the introduction of a new grading for the condition.The study included 412 patients with OSMF attending to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology during the period from December 2008 to June 2013. A detailed history and examination of the patients was performed with special emphasis on measuring cheek flexibility. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and p<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.The most common etiological factor was tobacco (73.3%). All the patients reported with burning sensation of the mouth and blanching of the mucosa. Malignancy was reported in only 4.6% patients. 60.4% patients showed cheek flexibility of 30mm and above, while 29.6% patients showed cheek flexibility between 20-30mm and 10% patients showed less than 30mm of cheek flexibility.The observations of the present study have led to the proposal of a new grading of OSMF based on cheek flexibility which could assist in the categorization of the condition by the clinicians. Key words:Cheek flexibility, oral submucous fibrosis, grading, areca nut.


PubMed | Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

Haemangiomas are the most common benign soft tissue tumor of the oral cavity. It often presents at birth or soon after, and appears as a soft and vascular swelling in lip, tongue, or buccal mucosa. This article reports a rare case of intra muscular haemangioma of the buccal mucosa in a 27-year-old female patient.


PubMed | Chattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Al Jouf University and Dental Practitioner
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research | Year: 2015

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a high risk premalignant condition predominantly seen in the Indian subcontinent. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of spirulina and aloe vera in the management of OSMF.42 subjects with clinico-pathologically diagnosed OSMF were included in the study and divided equally in 2 groups, Group A (spirulina group) and Group B (aloe vera group). Group A was administered 500mg spirulina in 2 divided doses for 3 months and Group B was given 5mg aloe vera gel to be applied topically thrice daily for 3 months. Evaluation for different clinical parameters was done at regular intervals and data was analyzed using the Chi-square test. P-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.The patients in Group A showed significant clinical improvement in mouth opening and ulcers/erosions/vesicles (p<0.05). However, there was no significant improvement in burning sensation (p=0.06) and pain associated with the lesion (p=0.04) among the 2 groups.Both the drugs showed improvement in the condition; however spirulina can bring about significant clinical improvements in the symptoms like mouth opening and ulcers/erosion/vesicles. Thus, spirulina appears to be more promising when compared to aloe vera for the treatment of OSMF.

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