Duerr M.,Charlie Berlin |
Duerr M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin |
Glander P.,Charlie Berlin |
Diekmann F.,Charlie Berlin |
And 3 more authors.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2010
Background and objective: The clinical manifestation of angioedema ranges from minor facial edema up to life-threatening swelling of mouth and throat. Hereditary defects, drugs, and food allergies may play a role in the development of angioedema. We systematically investigated the incidence of angioedema in renal allograft recipients treated with mTOR inhibitors (mTORis). Design, setting, participants, & measurements: All patients in the authors' electronic database who had received mTORis (n = 309) between 2000 and 2008 were identified. Of these, 137 were additionally treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis). Results: Nine patients (6.6%, 3.8 per 100 treatment years) developed angioedema after a mean period of 123 days under combined therapy with mTORi and ACEi. Among the remaining 172 patients on mTORi, including 119 patients treated with angiotensin-receptor blockers, only two developed angioedema (1.2%, 0.5 per 100 treatment years, P = 0.01). In patients receiving mycophenolate and ACEi (n = 462), 10 instances of angioedema were found (2.1%, 0.8 per 100 treatment years, P = 0.004). Conclusions: This systematic investigation demonstrated a noticeable incidence of 6.6% angioedema under combined therapy with mTORi and ACEi in kidney transplant recipients. Treatment with either ACEi or mTORi alone resulted in a significantly lower incidence of angioedema, suggesting that this combination should be avoided. Copyright © 2010 by the American Society of Nephrology.