Charles Sturt University is an Australian multi-campus public university located in New South Wales, Victoria, and the Australian Capital Territory. Established in 1989, it was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt, a British explorer who made expeditions into regional New South Wales and South Australia.The university has campuses at Bathurst, Canberra, Albury-Wodonga, Dubbo, Goulburn, Orange, Port Macquarie, Wagga Wagga and Burlington, Ontario . It has specialist centres in North Parramatta, Manly , and Broken Hill. Courses are also delivered in conjunction with Study Group Australia in Sydney and Melbourne . CSU also has various course delivery partnerships with several TAFE institutions across the country. Wikipedia.
Lloyd A.,Charles Sturt University
Journal of Documentation | Year: 2010
Purpose: Information literacy is a rich and complex social information practice that is constructed according to specific practical understandings, rules and teleoaffective features which characterise a social site or setting. This paper aims to explore the philosophical and theoretical perspective of practice theory, in particular, the ontological work of Schatzki. These perspectives are to be used to frame an understanding of the features of information literacy as sociocultural practice. Design/methodology/approach: A theoretical perspective is introduced to examine the concept of information literacy practice by framing this analysis through a site ontology developed by Schatzki. Sociocultural and practice theory are employed in this exploration of information literacy as sociocultural practice and provide a framework for architecture of information literacy practice. Findings: Information literacy can be understood as a critical information practice which is organised and arranged through the site of the social, rather than as a reified and decontexualised set of skills. Research limitations/implications: Framing information literacy research through site ontology and the use of a practice perspective has implications for further research into information literacy and for the development of pedagogic practices related to information literacy instruction Originality/value: The paper offers an alternate way of framing information literacy by introducing the concepts related to practice theory. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Watson D.M.,Charles Sturt University
Emu | Year: 2011
The decline of woodland birds in southern Australia has motivated considerable research, identifying which species, habitats and regions are most affected, but the mechanisms driving these declines remain unclear. Applying findings from plant ecology, hydrology and soil science, I evaluate how availability of water and nutrients has been altered by agricultural development and how those changes have affected woodland food webs. Selective clearing of woodlands on fertile soils and overgrazing of remaining native vegetation have lowered productivity, whereas the storage of water has shifted from within the soil to surface reservoirs. I suggest that these changes have had a profound impact on below-ground decomposer communities, leading to fewer ground-dwelling invertebrate prey and reduced insectivore numbers. This productivity-based hypothesis is congruent with many previous findings, explaining the susceptibility of ground-foraging insectivores to changing land-use (via nutritional limitation), the sensitivity of southern woodlands (via summer drought stress), and the decreased resilience of eucalypt woodlands (via lower litter-fall and greater sensitivity to eutrophication). I detail six testable predictions extending beyond birds to microbial communities, plants, and other woodland-dependent animals. Finally, I explore the implications of this hypothesis, highlighting the value of remnant habitat on productive land to the long-term persistence of woodland bird populations. © Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union 2011.
Culas R.J.,Charles Sturt University
Ecological Economics | Year: 2012
International attention is focused on finding ways to reduce emissions from deforestation because of the emerging concerns over climate change. However the causes of deforestation are rooted in current economic and development paradigms. The causes of deforestation also vary across different geographical regions and have implications for the forest transition. Attempts to reach an international agreement on curbing deforestation have achieved little success despite over 30. years of UN negotiations. New initiatives from REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) could provide financial incentives to curb deforestation. Hence, alternative development paths for forest cover changes and forest transition are analyzed for the REDD policy within the framework of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for deforestation. The EKC models are estimated for geographical regions of Latin America, Africa and Asia. The results based on the panel data analysis of 43 countries, covering the period 1970-1994, provides evidence that an inverted U-shaped EKC fits for Latin America and Africa, while a U-shaped EKC applies to Asia. The results also indicate that strengthening agricultural and forestry sector policies are important for curbing deforestation. The EKC models' estimates could provide guidance for decisions on financing the REDD policy as specific to each region. © 2012 Elsevier B.V..
Lloyd A.,Charles Sturt University
Journal of Documentation | Year: 2012
Purpose: This paper aims to introduce a "people-in-practice" perspective which brings together previous theorisations of information literacy landscapes and practice. This perspective provides the framework to analyse the complex practice of information literacy from a sociocultural perspective. This perspective represents a shift in focus towards information literacy as a socially enacted practice, and away from the information skills approach that has dominated information literacy research and education. Design/methodology/approach: The empirical data that informs this work is drawn from a series of studies that have been conducted by the author in the workplace and in everyday settings since 2004. Findings from these studies have contributed to the development of the people-in-practice perspective that is presented in this article. Findings: Drawing from the author's empirical studies and from literature reporting socio-cultural research into information literacy, a people-in-practice perspective is described. Originality/value: The value of this paper lies in the attempt to marry together the author's previous work resulting in the introduction of a people-in-practice perspective. This perspective draws from socio-cultural and practice theory. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Robergs R.A.,Charles Sturt University
Sports Medicine | Year: 2014
Research into the rate of whole-body oxygen consumption (VO2) kinetics during exercise increments to low- to moderate-intensity steady-state exercise was originally based on the theory of linear first-order VO2 kinetics, implying that the VO2 response to steady-state exercise increments is a mono-exponential response of the same time constant (tau, π) across all steady-state intensities. Despite the acceptance of this theory for more than 30 years, early research from the 1980s documented an increasing π with increasing steady-state exercise intensity, and recent research has confirmed such results. Today, such evidence has led to retraction of the theory of linear firstorder VO2 kinetics. This history, revealing the premature acceptance of a theory, and subsequent scientific investigation using improved research design, instrumentation and data processing, has important implications for the fragility of scientific theories and the need for continual testing of theories in the search for facts and not prematurely accepted constructs. This review provides historical evidence for a critical reappraisal of the theory of linear first-order VO2 kinetics and presents data to show the need for changes in the data-processing 'standards' of the discipline to improve measurement of instantaneous VO2 kinetics and the time to steady state. For example, to date, no study of VO2 kinetics has quantified and statistically analysed the time to steady state. Furthermore, the instability of π across different exercise increments, and for the same increment from different baseline VO2 demand, prevents π from being a valid measure of VO2 kinetics for different exercise conditions. The concept of quantifying kinetics from a total non-linear response, when no other field of kinetics pursues this methodology, also raises concern for the methods and models used to interpret steady-state VO2 kinetics. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Hamilton C.,Charles Sturt University
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2010
The shift from production-based to consumption-based societies has seen consumption transformed from a means of meeting material needs to a method of creating a personal identity. Citizens of affluent countries increasingly seek a sense of self from their consumption activity instead of their workplace, class or community. Environmental appeals to change consumption behaviour implicitly ask people not merely to change their behaviour but to change their sense of personal identity. This can be threatening and makes more difficult the emergence of a new ecological consciousness, although the phenomenon of downshifting provides some grounds for optimism. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2012.1.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 1.72M | Year: 2013
Delivering European Renewal relies heavily on the advancement of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) that is, research and innovation which is: - is ethically acceptable, - is sustainable by avoiding significant adverse effects and - drives towards the common good, i.e. societal desirability. To achieve maximum impact where it is most needed, ProGReSS concentrates on the underexplored and least converging part of RRI, namely achieving societal desirability. The project will link existing international networks of RRI from all continents with European partners and policy-makers, policy-advisors, funders, industry and non-governmental organisations. In interactive discussions with relevant societal actors as well as innovators, we will move RRI debates from the national or regional to the global level and achieve the following objectives: 1. Link existing international networks of RRI with relevant societal actors on a global scale to focus innovation on societal desirability. 2. Complete a major fact-finding mission comparing science funding strategies and innovation policies in Europe, the US, China, Japan, India, Australia, and South Africa. 3. Advocate a European normative model for RRI globally, using constitutional values as a driver to inform societal desirability. 4. Develop a strategy for fostering the convergence of regional innovation systems at the global level.
Charles Sturt University | Date: 2014-11-20
A method for minimising or preventing the induction of stress-related or stress-induced inappetance or inanition in an animal selected for a marketing or management practice.
MEAT & LIVESTOCK AUSTRALIA Ltd and Charles Sturt University | Date: 2014-11-20
The invention described in this specification relates to the prevention and treatment of alkaloid-induced toxicosis in pasture grazing animals.
Loftus S.,Charles Sturt University
Medical Education | Year: 2012
Context Clinical reasoning lies at the heart of medical practice and has been the subject of scholarly inquiry and research for some decades. However, despite this, it is still poorly understood. This is largely because current theoretical models are limited in their explanatory power because they are based on particular assumptions of what constitutes clinical reasoning. Discussion A variety of ways of articulating and conceptualising clinical reasoning can provide us with richer means of understanding what is involved in clinical encounters. A dialogical approach to clinical reasoning is proposed. Dialogism provides a vocabulary that encourages us to integrate insights from different frameworks in ways that combine the strengths of each. Dialogism also puts a focus on the complex ways in which we use language in clinical reasoning to generate meaning. The complexity of language includes narrative, rhetoric and metaphor. Conclusions A dialogical approach does not require us to discard the findings of earlier theories about clinical reasoning, but provides us with a means of integrating what we know in ways that are more useful in the reality of clinical practice. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2012.