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Wagga Wagga, Australia

Charles Sturt University is an Australian multi-campus public university located in New South Wales, Victoria, and the Australian Capital Territory. Established in 1989, it was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt, a British explorer who made expeditions into regional New South Wales and South Australia.The university has campuses at Bathurst, Canberra, Albury-Wodonga, Dubbo, Goulburn, Orange, Port Macquarie, Wagga Wagga and Burlington, Ontario . It has specialist centres in North Parramatta, Manly , and Broken Hill. Courses are also delivered in conjunction with Study Group Australia in Sydney and Melbourne . CSU also has various course delivery partnerships with several TAFE institutions across the country. Wikipedia.


Culas R.J.,Charles Sturt University
Ecological Economics | Year: 2012

International attention is focused on finding ways to reduce emissions from deforestation because of the emerging concerns over climate change. However the causes of deforestation are rooted in current economic and development paradigms. The causes of deforestation also vary across different geographical regions and have implications for the forest transition. Attempts to reach an international agreement on curbing deforestation have achieved little success despite over 30. years of UN negotiations. New initiatives from REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) could provide financial incentives to curb deforestation. Hence, alternative development paths for forest cover changes and forest transition are analyzed for the REDD policy within the framework of an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for deforestation. The EKC models are estimated for geographical regions of Latin America, Africa and Asia. The results based on the panel data analysis of 43 countries, covering the period 1970-1994, provides evidence that an inverted U-shaped EKC fits for Latin America and Africa, while a U-shaped EKC applies to Asia. The results also indicate that strengthening agricultural and forestry sector policies are important for curbing deforestation. The EKC models' estimates could provide guidance for decisions on financing the REDD policy as specific to each region. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.. Source


Michelsen J.,Charles Sturt University
Veterinary Journal | Year: 2013

Elbow dysplasia is a common debilitating condition of large and giant breed dogs. Environmental factors and a complex genetic heritability play a role in predisposing dogs to elbow dysplasia with two aetiopathogeneses suggested for the development of the disease. Osteochondrosis was initially thought to cause elbow dysplasia, but more recent evidence has strongly supported various forms of joint incongruity as the most likely cause in most cases. Radioulnar length discrepancies and humeroulnar curvature mismatch have been implicated as the cause of medial coronoid disease and ununited anconeal process, but radial incisure incongruity and biceps/brachialis muscle forces could possibly play a role in some dogs.Treatment of elbow dysplasia should address articular pathology, such as fragmented coronoid process, osteochondrosis, cartilage damage and ununited anconeal process as well as any identified underlying causes. Finally, several palliative procedures have been developed to address more advanced elbow disease and might offer improved outcomes compared to conventional medical management. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Edwards S.H.R.,Charles Sturt University
Veterinary Journal | Year: 2011

The rationale behind developing sustained release microsphere formulations of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) administered via the intra-articular (IA) route is to minimise the systemic bioavailability and attendant side-effects associated with oral drug administration. Overall dose is reduced whilst therapeutic benefit within the joint is maintained. The potential benefits of IA therapy for osteoarthritis (OA) are not achieved using currently available medications and delivery vehicles due to the rapid clearance of therapeutic substances from the synovial space. There is a need for sustained release delivery systems if the potential of IA drug administration is to be realised.Rationally designed microspheres taken up by synovial macrophages offer a strategy to sustain drug delivery within the joint, and to deliver NSAIDs directly to pivotal inflammatory cells. The efficacy of microsphere candidates may be evaluated in large animal models of OA. The principles of IA microsphere drug delivery may also be applicable to other classes of drugs. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


The decline of woodland birds in southern Australia has motivated considerable research, identifying which species, habitats and regions are most affected, but the mechanisms driving these declines remain unclear. Applying findings from plant ecology, hydrology and soil science, I evaluate how availability of water and nutrients has been altered by agricultural development and how those changes have affected woodland food webs. Selective clearing of woodlands on fertile soils and overgrazing of remaining native vegetation have lowered productivity, whereas the storage of water has shifted from within the soil to surface reservoirs. I suggest that these changes have had a profound impact on below-ground decomposer communities, leading to fewer ground-dwelling invertebrate prey and reduced insectivore numbers. This productivity-based hypothesis is congruent with many previous findings, explaining the susceptibility of ground-foraging insectivores to changing land-use (via nutritional limitation), the sensitivity of southern woodlands (via summer drought stress), and the decreased resilience of eucalypt woodlands (via lower litter-fall and greater sensitivity to eutrophication). I detail six testable predictions extending beyond birds to microbial communities, plants, and other woodland-dependent animals. Finally, I explore the implications of this hypothesis, highlighting the value of remnant habitat on productive land to the long-term persistence of woodland bird populations. © Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union 2011. Source


Purpose: This paper aims to introduce a "people-in-practice" perspective which brings together previous theorisations of information literacy landscapes and practice. This perspective provides the framework to analyse the complex practice of information literacy from a sociocultural perspective. This perspective represents a shift in focus towards information literacy as a socially enacted practice, and away from the information skills approach that has dominated information literacy research and education. Design/methodology/approach: The empirical data that informs this work is drawn from a series of studies that have been conducted by the author in the workplace and in everyday settings since 2004. Findings from these studies have contributed to the development of the people-in-practice perspective that is presented in this article. Findings: Drawing from the author's empirical studies and from literature reporting socio-cultural research into information literacy, a people-in-practice perspective is described. Originality/value: The value of this paper lies in the attempt to marry together the author's previous work resulting in the introduction of a people-in-practice perspective. This perspective draws from socio-cultural and practice theory. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

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