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Dallas, TX, United States

Robert N.J.,U.S. Oncology Research LLC | Conkling P.R.,U.S. Oncology Research LLC | O'Rourke M.A.,U.S. Oncology Research LLC | O'Rourke M.A.,Cancer Centers of the Carolinas Eastside | And 8 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

Palliation is the primary goal in metastatic breast cancer (MBC), and safe, efficacious, new single-agent options are needed. Pemetrexed, an antifolate, inhibits several folate-dependent enzymes involved in purine biosynthesis. The primary goal of this study was to determine the objective response rate in patients with advanced or MBC given pemetrexed as a first-line, dose-dense, every 2-week chemotherapy. Women with HER2-negative advanced or MBC, without prior cytotoxic treatment for this stage of disease, were treated with intravenous pemetrexed 600 mg/m2 on Day 1 of each 14-day cycle. Standard dexamethasone, folic acid, and vitamin B12 premedications were given. 37 patients enrolled; 36 received ≤1 dose of pemetrexed and 35 were evaluable for response. Median age of patients was 61.4 years, 76% were hormone receptor positive (ER+ and/or PR+). Prior treatment included adjuvant chemotherapy (57%) and/or endocrine (65%). Patients received a median of 6 cycles of pemetrexed (range, 1-21). Based on 35 evaluable patients, the overall response rate (ORR) was 26% (1 CR and 8 PR), and the clinical benefit rate (CR+ PR+ stable disease [SD] ≤ months) was 40%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.1 months (range, <1-22.4). Median overall survival (OS) was 18.9 months (range, <1-27.7). Grades 3-4 treatment-related toxicities included: neutropenia (36%), leukopenia (17%), fatigue (14%), and anemia (14%). Grade 1/2 alopecia was seen in 8% of patients. This phase II study of dose-dense, single-agent pemetrexed showed moderate activity in the first-line setting with acceptable toxicity and no significant alopecia. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Gupta S.,University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center | Gupta S.,GI Unit | Ashfaq R.,Caris Diagnostics | Kapur P.,University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center | And 10 more authors.

Background: Although the presence of microsatellite instability (MSI) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) may have implications for prognosis, therapy, and family counseling, to the authors' knowledge, the prevalence of MSI has not been well described among individuals of Hispanic origin with CRC residing in the United States. Methods: A retrospective cohort study using a hospital-based tumor registry to identify individuals of Hispanic origin who were diagnosed with CRC was conducted. Clinical data and tumor samples were retrieved. Molecular analyses included testing for MSI using a panel of 5 mononucleotide markers (BAT25, BAT26, NR21, NR24, and NR27) in a pentaplex polymerase chain reaction assay, as well as immunohistochemistry for the mismatch repair (MMR) proteins mutL homolog (MLH) 1, mutS homolog (MSH) 2, MSH6, and postmeiotic segregation increased 2 (PMS2) 2 on representative tissue. Results: A total of 111 individuals of Hispanic origin with CRC were identified. Approximately 41.4% were women, and the median age was 57 years (interquartile range [IQR], 47.1-63.5 years). Eleven patients (9.9%; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 4.2%-15.6%) had MSI CRC, whereas 14 patients (12.6%; 95% CI, 7.3%-21.8%) had CRC with ≥1 MMR protein abnormality. Ten of 11 individuals with MSI had clinical or molecular characteristics suspicious for Lynch syndrome such as abnormal expression of MSH2 and/or MSH6 (n = 7) or age <50 years at the time of diagnosis (n = 7). Conclusions: The prevalence of MSI CRC among Hispanic individuals may be similar to that of other races and ethnicities, but clinicopathological characteristics, including age at diagnosis and pattern of abnormal MMR protein expression, suggest that sporadic MSI CRC may be less common in individuals of Hispanic origin, and that much of the MSI observed in this situation may be attributable to Lynch syndrome. Further exploration of the causes of disparate presentations of CRC by ethnicity and race is warranted. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source

Tripathy D.,University of Southern California | Rugo H.S.,University of California at San Francisco | Kaufman P.A.,Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center | Swain S.,Washington Cancer Institute | And 8 more authors.
BMC Cancer

Background: Amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene occurs in approximately 20% of invasive breast cancer cases and is associated with a more aggressive disease course than HER2-negative breast cancer. HER2-targeted therapies have altered the natural history of HER2-positive breast cancer, a trend that will likely further improve with the recent approval of new agents. A prospective, observational cohort study was designed and initiated to provide real-world insights into current treatment patterns, long-term survival, and patients' experiences with initial and subsequent treatments for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC).Methods/Design: The Systematic Therapies for HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Study (SystHERs) is a US-based prospective observational cohort study enrolling patients ≥18 years of age with recently diagnosed HER2-positive MBC not previously treated with systemic therapy in the metastatic setting. The primary objective of the study is to identify treatment patterns and clinical outcomes in recently diagnosed patients in a variety of practice settings. Secondary objectives include comparative efficacy, safety, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Healthcare resource utilization is an exploratory end point. Tumor tissue and blood sample collection is optional.The SystHERs registry will enroll approximately 1000 patients over a 3-year period, after which the study will continue for ≥5 years, allowing for a maximum follow-up of 8 years. The treating physician will determine all care and the frequency of visits. PRO measures will be completed at study enrollment and every 90 days. Clinical data will be abstracted quarterly from patient records. The first patient was enrolled in June 2012, and preliminary descriptive data based on 25% to 30% of the final study population are expected at the end of 2013, and as of April 25, 2014, 386 patients are enrolled.Discussion: SystHERs is expected to provide in-depth data on demographic, clinicopathological, and treatment patterns and their associations with clinical outcomes, PROs, and healthcare resource utilization. Tumor tissue and DNA repositories will also be established for use in future translational research.Trial registration number: NCT01615068 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier). © 2014 Tripathy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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