The Charles III University of Madrid is one of the six public universities in the Community of Madrid, Spain, in addition to the Complutense University of Madrid, the Autonomous University of Madrid, the Technical University of Madrid, the King Juan Carlos University and the University of Alcalá.Its campuses are located in the municipalities of Leganés, Colmenarejo and Getafe, in addition to the Puerta de Toledo campus in Downtown Madrid.Its name refers to Charles III of Spain. Wikipedia.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 2.05M | Year: 2016
In this project we aim to train early-stage researchers in what is referred to as an outstanding challenge in solid mechanics: developing novel solutions for the analysis and design of aerospace and defense structures subjected to extreme loading conditions. Structural elements used in these sectors are frequently subjected to a large variety of unusually severe thermo-mechanical solicitations. One easily realizes that this type of structures (e.g. components for satellites) has to be designed to sustain extreme temperatures, which may vary hundred degrees in short periods of time, and extreme mechanical loadings like hypervelocity impacts. New specific structural solutions are constantly developed to fulfill such requirements, which place these industrial sectors in the forefront of the technological innovation. Hereby, aerospace and defense industries constitute the natural meeting point between academia and entrepreneurial fabric. A deep understanding of the response of structures under the aforementioned sharp solicitations is mandatory for design purposes. Unfortunately, not even today is easy to find researchers in the labour market with such specific (and complicated) understanding. Aerospace and defence industries require highly-qualified technical staff capable of developing research and innovation within the framework of structural mechanics. This is the precise context where our proposal lies. We intend to form a consortium composed of 3 academic beneficiaries and 2 industrial beneficiaries which aims at developing specific training for early-stage researchers within the field of aerospace and defense structures subjected to severe thermo-mechanical loads. The leitmotif of this ITN is to train creative and innovative researchers ready to face structural-engineering challenges which arise in the vanguard of technological innovation.
Tsipas S.A.,Charles III University of Madrid
Journal of the European Ceramic Society | Year: 2010
The influence of stabilizer type on the phase stability of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) produced by air plasma spraying was explored. Together with the widely used zirconia-stabilized with yttria, other novel compositions, such as dysprosia-stabilized zirconia, yttria-lanthana-stabilized zirconia and ceria-stabilized zirconia were also investigated. The effect of isothermal heat treatment on the phase stability was explored. Results suggest that decomposition of the "non-transformable" tetragonal phase occurs to a greater or lesser extent for all dopants at these temperatures. The effect of Al 2O 3 and SiO 2 content was also explored. The rate of decomposition depends on the dopant kind, amount and on the presence of Al 2O 3 and SiO 2 impurities. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Terrones M.,Charles III University of Madrid
ACS Nano | Year: 2010
It has recently been demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons can be mass-produced by unzipping carbon nanotubes. At present, wet chemical routes via acid oxidation appear to be the most effective and scalable. Although it was believed that this route resulted in highly defective nanoribbons with low electrical transport properties, a research group led by James Tour at Rice University has now realized that it is indeed possible to obtain highly crystalline graphene nanoribbons exhibiting high electrical conductivities, which could be used in the fabrication of field effect transistors and other devices. The results indicate that a defect-engineering approach could be used to control the straightness and length of the ribbons using oxidation reactions at relatively high temperatures (e.g., 60 °C). It has been shown that defects are critical in tailoring the physicochemical properties of graphene-like nanomaterials such as nanoribbons. However, this is the tip of the iceberg, and more edge chemistry and physics is still needed to develop and to produce real graphene nanoribbon devices for use in the market. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Usaola J.,Charles III University of Madrid
Electric Power Systems Research | Year: 2010
The non-dispatchable nature of wind generation implies that system operation depends on wind power prediction programs that forecast wind farms production with high levels of uncertainty. This means that probabilistic power analysis tools become more and more necessary in systems with high wind penetration. Probabilistic load flow becomes especially difficult when wind generation is considered. The high uncertainty of the production, the non-Gaussian probability density function (PDF) and the clear dependence among the wind farms poses a challenge for conventional tools. The paper proposes an approximation that makes use of the properties of statistical moments and Cornish-Fisher expansion to tackle these new problems. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Paraskevopoulou E.,Charles III University of Madrid
Research Policy | Year: 2012
This paper considers the link between public policy and innovation and contributes to the notion that public policies that do not directly address innovation carry along important implications for it. It explores the role of regulation for innovation and innovation policy by emphasizing the importance of non-technological regulatory effects for innovation and their potential as an input for innovation policy. The output of in depth interviews with stakeholders from the detergents industry is combined with various sources of secondary data and reveals a variety of non-technological novelties attributed to regulation that are relevant to innovation. These results are then matched against the objectives of innovation policy, an exercise that gives better insights on the policy links between regulation and innovation policy and concludes on the domains of complementarities between the two. We find that that regulatory policy can contribute to the achievement of targets set by innovation policy while innovation policy measures can facilitate the compensation of negative regulatory implications for innovation. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.