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Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France

The Charles de Gaulle University – Lille III is a French university. Since 1974, the main campus of University of Lille III is located in Villeneuve d'Ascq in southern Lille, at Pont de Bois metro station, and includes 21,000 students.University of Lille III inherits from the humanities taught for centuries in Lille area and referred to as the humanities from Université de Douai, established in 1562 and located 25 km away from the present modern campus. Since 1970, science and technologies are taught in an independent campus of Université de Lille I - USTL, while law, management, sports and health faculties are part of the independent campus of Université de Lille II. Altogether, the universities of Lille include more than 90,000 students and 3,000 PhD Doctorate students supported by university research laboratories. Wikipedia.

Boissiere A.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3
Cliniques Mediterraneennes | Year: 2016

This article envisages improvisation with respect to the free drawings of Marion Milner, which provide the main matter of her book On not being able to paint. It particularly examines the spontaneous movement of the hand, in the way it shapes living forms. To do this, it considers the field of phenomenology and formulates the hypothesis of the «pathic », as the term is introduced by Erwin Straus and taken up by Frederic Buytendijk. It aims to be a contribution to a theory of playing which crosses psychoanalytics and phenomenology.

Depraetere I.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3
Journal of Pragmatics | Year: 2014

This paper presents a framework for the analysis of the meaning of modals which builds on key concepts from recent research on the semantics/pragmatics interface, in particular saturation, and on insights from lexical semantics; it is based on extensive data analysis, may and must serving as a test case. It is argued that a layered account in terms of context-independent semantics, context-dependent semantics (resulting from lexically-regulated saturation) and pragmatic meaning is needed to capture all the meaning distinctions communicated by modal verbs. While embedded in insights from Contextualism and compatible with approaches in formal semantics, the paper argues that the context-dependent semantic layer needs to be defined in a more explicit and more rigorous fashion and it shows how this aim can be achieved. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Kalenine S.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute | Kalenine S.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Mirman D.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute | Buxbaum L.J.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2012

Semantic knowledge may be organized in terms of similarity relations based on shared features and/or complementary relations based on co-occurrence in events. Thus, relationships between manipulable objects such as tools may be defined by their functional properties (what the objects are used for) or thematic properties (e.g., what the objects are used with or on). A recent study from our laboratory used eye-tracking to examine incidental activation of semantic relations in a word-picture matching task and found relatively early activation of thematic relations (e.g., broom-dustpan), later activation of general functional relations (e.g., broom-sponge), and an intermediate pattern for specific functional relations (e.g., broom-vacuum cleaner). Combined with other recent studies, these results suggest that there are distinct semantic systems for thematic and similarity-based knowledge and that the "specific function" condition drew on both systems. This predicts that left hemisphere stroke that damages either system (but not both) may spare specific function processing. The present experiment tested these hypotheses using the same experimental paradigm with participants with left hemisphere lesions (N = 17). The results revealed that, compared to neurologically intact controls (N = 12), stroke participants showed later activation of thematic and general function relations, but activation of specific function relations was spared and was significantly earlier for stroke participants than controls. Across the stroke participants, activation of thematic and general function relations was negatively correlated, further suggesting that damage tended to affect either one semantic system or the other. These results support the distinction between similarity-based and complementarity-based semantic relations and suggest that relations that draw on both systems are relatively more robust to damage. © 2012 Kalénine, Mirman and Buxbaum.

Chebana F.,INRS ETE | Dabo-Niang S.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Ouarda T.B.M.J.,INRS ETE | Ouarda T.B.M.J.,Masdar Institute of Science and Technology
Water Resources Research | Year: 2012

The prevention of flood risks and the effective planning and management of water resources require river flows to be continuously measured and analyzed at a number of stations. For a given station, a hydrograph can be obtained as a graphical representation of the temporal variation of flow over a period of time. The information provided by the hydrograph is essential to determine the severity of extreme events and their frequencies. A flood hydrograph is commonly characterized by its peak, volume, and duration. Traditional hydrological frequency analysis (FA) approaches focused separately on each of these features in a univariate context. Recent multivariate approaches considered these features jointly in order to take into account their dependence structure. However, all these approaches are based on the analysis of a number of characteristics and do not make use of the full information content of the hydrograph. The objective of the present work is to propose a new framework for FA using the hydrographs as curves: functional data. In this context, the whole hydrograph is considered as one infinite-dimensional observation. This context allows us to provide more effective and efficient estimates of the risk associated with extreme events. The proposed approach contributes to addressing the problem of lack of data commonly encountered in hydrology by fully employing all the information contained in the hydrographs. A number of functional data analysis tools are introduced and adapted to flood FA with a focus on exploratory analysis as a first stage toward a complete functional flood FA. These methods, including data visualization, location and scale measures, principal component analysis, and outlier detection, are illustrated in a real-world flood analysis case study from the province of Quebec, Canada. © 2012 by the American Geophysical Union.

Joly B.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3
Osiris | Year: 2014

Etienne- François Geoffroy is certainly the most representative chemist of the Paris Académie Royale des Sciences in the early eighteenth century. Interested in Newtonian ideas, he did not reject Cartesian mechanism. He is the inventor of the “Table des rapports entre les substances chimiques,” which remained in use throughout the eighteenth century, but he drew from the alchemical tradition. He readily theorized about the composition of metals or the laws of chemical affinities, but he practiced a chemistry that was rooted in laboratory work and the search for substances useful to craftsmen. © 2014 by The History of Science Society. All rights reserved.

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