Khouzam R.N.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Soufi M.K.,Charity Medical Center |
Nakhla R.,Cairo University |
Naidu S.S.,Winthrop University
Journal of Invasive Cardiology | Year: 2014
In the context of the rising health-care costs in the United States and the fact that approximately 1 million percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures are performed in the United States annually with a cost approaching $10 billion, reducing the cost associated with this frequently performed effective procedure has become paramount. Government and insurance-based methods have focused upon appropriate utilization and, in some cases, payment has been denied for procedures deemed inappropriate. While curtailing procedures may sometimes be reasonable, this approach is fraught with trouble, as individualized patient care does not fit neatly into population-based concepts of appropriateness. Therefore, alternative means to minimize expenditures should be entertained. Chief among these is the potential to reduce costs associated with PCI from prolonged inpatient stays for a procedure that, thankfully, has become significantly safer as it has maintained its efficacy. In this position paper, we discuss the theme of same-day discharge versus overnight stay after PCI as a cost-saving strategy, and pinpoint some criteria that can help to guide such a decision while preserving maximal patient safety and both patient and physician satisfaction.
Wu S.,Charity Medical Center |
Fischer L.,Charity Medical Center |
Gokbuget N.,Goethe University Frankfurt |
Schwartz S.,Charity Medical Center |
And 7 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-15 (IL-15) has been associated with the growth, survival and biological behavior of leukemic cells and response to therapy.We determined the expression of IL-15 in lymphoblasts and evaluated its potential impact on the outcome in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Between June 1999 and June 2006, ALL samples were collected from 87 adult patients before initiation of antineoplastic therapy. These patients were enrolled in the German Multicenter Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia June 1999 and July 2003 study trials. The expression of IL-15 in leukemic cells was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expression of IL-15 correlated with the immunophenotype: T-lineage ALL had a more than 4-fold higher IL-15 mRNA expression as compared with B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL (P < .001). Patients with BCR-ABL+-BCP-ALL had lower IL-15 expression compared with BCR-ABL--BCP-ALL (P = .041). Furthermore, higher expression of IL-15 was associated with mediastinal (P = .001) and lymph node infiltration (P = .051), but not with hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. Notably, high IL-15 expression in BCP-ALL was associated with an inferior relapse-free survival (RFS) at 5 years (0.17 ± 0.13 vs 0.47 ± 0.13) (P = .008), but there was no impact on overall survival (P = .249). CONCLUSIONS: Differential expression of IL-15 in adult ALL at diagnosis was associated with clinical features and outcome, in particular, RFS. It remains to be evaluated whether IL-15 might be a relevant therapy target, or might be used for risk stratification. © 2010 American Cancer Society.