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Chen Q.,Central Laboratory | Chen Q.,Jilin University | Xie L.-X.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | Qing Z.-R.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | And 17 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection was the main cause of cervical cancer. There were only a few reports and detailed data about epidemiological research of HPV infection in rural population of China. Materials and Methods: The cervical cells of rural Chaozhou women were collected, and multiplex real time PCR was firstly performed to detect high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection, which could detect 13 types of HR-HPV (types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 68). Then, HPV-positive samples were typed by HPV GenoArray test. Results: HR-HPV DNA was detected by multiplex real time-PCR in 3830 of 48559 cases (7.89%). There was a peak incidence in age of 55-60 years group, and a lower incidence in who lived in plain group compared with suburban, mountain and seashore group. 3380 cases of HPV positive sample were genotyped, 11.01% (372/3380) cases could not be classified, among the typed 3008 cases, 101 cases were identified without HR-HPV type infection, 2907 cases were infected with one HR-HPV type at least, the 6 most common HR-HPV types in descending order of infection, were type 52 (33.4%, 16 (20.95%), 58 (15.93%), 33 (9.94%), 68 (9.22%) and 18 (8.36%). The combined prevalence of HPV types 16 and 18 accounted for 28.52% of total infection. However, type 52 plus 58 presented 48.23% of total infection. 2209/2907 cases were infected with a single HPV type and 698/2907 cases were infected with multiple types, and multiple infection constituent ratio increased with age, with a peak incidence in age 55-60 years group. Conclusions: Our findings showed low prevalence of HPV vaccine types (16 and 18) and relatively high prevalence of HPV-52 and -58, support the hypothesis that the second-generation HPV vaccines including HPV-52 and -58 may offer higher protection for women in rural Guangdong Province. © 2012 Yang et al. Source

Lin M.,Southern Medical University | Zhu J.-J.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | Wang Q.,Southern Medical University | Xie L.-X.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | And 12 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2012

Thalassemia is the commonest inherited autosomal recessive disorders of hemoglobin in southern China. We developed and evaluated a reverse dot blot (RDB) assay combined with flow-through hybridization technology platform for the rapid and simultaneous identification of 5 types of α-thalassemia and 16 types of β-thalassemia common in Chinese. Reliable genotyping of wild-type and thalassemic genomic DNA samples was achieved by means of a gene chip on which allele-specific oligonucleotide probes were immobilized on a nylon membrane. This method involved two multiplex PCR amplification systems of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia and one time of hybridization. The whole procedure starting from blood sampling to the identification of thalassemia genotype required less than 4. h. The diagnostic reliability of this reverse dot blot assay was evaluated on 427 samples (387 cases of thalassemia and 40 healthy persons) by using direct DNA sequence analysis and gap-PCR in a blind study. These samples included 377 cases of blood, 7 cases of amniotic fluid, 18 cases of chorionic villus, and 25 cases of cord blood. The RDB gene chip was in complete concordance with the reference method. The reverse dot blot assay was a simple, rapid, accurate, and cost-effective method to identify common thalassemia genotypes in the Chinese population. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.. Source

Lin M.,Southern Medical University | Wen Y.-F.,Medical laboratory | Wu J.-R.,Southern Medical University | Wang Q.,Southern Medical University | And 22 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Hemoglobinopathies are the most common inherited diseases in southern China. However, there have been only a few epidemiological studies of hemoglobinopathies in Guangdong province. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 15299 "healthy" unrelated subjects of dominantly ethnic Hakka in the Meizhou region, on which hemoglobin electrophoresis and routine blood tests were performed. Suspected cases with hemoglobin variants and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) were further characterized by PCR, DNA sequencing, reverse dot blot (RDB) or multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). In addition, 1743 samples were randomly selected from the 15299 subjects for thalassemia screening, and suspected thalassemia carriers were identified by PCR and RDB. Results: The gene frequency of hemoglobin variants was 0.477% (73/15299). The five main subgroups of the ten hemoglobin variants were Hb E, Hb G-Chinese, Hb Q-Tahiland, Hb New York and Hb J-Bangkok. 277 cases (15.89%, 277/1743) of suspected thalassemia carriers with microcytosis (MCV<82 fl) were found by thalassemia screening, and were tested by a RDB gene chip to reveal a total of 196 mutant chromosomes: including 124 α-thalassemia mutant chromosomes and 72 β-thalassemia mutant chromosomes. These results give a heterozygote frequency of 11.24% for common α and β thalassemia in the Hakka population in the Meizhou region. 3 cases of HPFH/δβ-thalassemia were found, including 2 cases of Vietnamese HPFH (FPFH-7) and a rare BelgianGγ(Aγδβ)0-thalassemia identified in Chinese. Conclusions: Our results provide a detailed prevalence and molecular characterization of hemoglobinopathies in Hakka people of the Meizhou region. The estimated numbers of pregnancies each year in the Meizhou region, in which the fetus would be at risk for β thalassemia major or intermedia, Bart's hydrops fetalis, and Hb H disease, are 25 (95% CI, 15 to 38), 40 (95% CI, 26 to 57), and 15 (95% CI, 8 to 23), respectively. © 2013 Lin et al. Source

Lin M.,Southern Medical University | Han Z.-J.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang Q.,Southern Medical University | Zheng L.,Southern Medical University | And 16 more authors.
Hemoglobin | Year: 2013

In order to determine the prevalence and molecular characterization of hemoglobinopathies in the Wuxi region of Jiangsu Province in the People's Republic of China (PRC), a total of 10,297 healthy people selected from a regional hospital were screened. Hemoglobin (Hb) electrophoresis, complete blood cell (CBC) count, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), DNA sequencing, reverse dot-blot and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were used to detect Hb variants, thalassemias and hereditary persistence of fetal Hb (HPFH). Two thousand and twenty-one adult subjects were screened for thalassemia, five cases were identified as α-thalassemia (α-thal) carriers including three cases of the -α3.7 (rightward) deletion, one case of the - SEA deletion and one case of β-thal [IVS-II-654 (C>T), (HBB: c.316-197C>T)]. The incidence of Hb variants, thalassemia and HPFH/δβ-thal were 0.136% (14/10,297), 0.25% (5/2021) and 0.0001% (1/10,297), respectively. Eight genotypes of Hb variants were found, including Hb E [β26(B8)Glu→Lys, GAG>AAG; HBB: c.79G>A], Hb J-Bangkok [β56(D7)Gly→Asp (GGC>GAC); HBB; c.170G>A], Hb G-Coushatta [β22(4)Glu→Ala (GAA>GCA); HBB: c.68A>C], Hb Queens [α34(B15)Leu→Arg (CTG>CGG) (α2 or α1); HBA2: c.104T>G (or HBA1)], Hb I [α16(A14)Lys→Glu, AAG>GAG (α1); HBA1: c.49A>G], Hb Beijing [α16(A14)Lys→Asn (AAG>AAC or AAT) (α2 or α1); HBA2: c.51G>C (or HBA1) or 51G>T (or HBA1)], Hb Ube-2 [α68(E17)Asn→Asp (AAC>GAC) (α2 or α1); HBA2: c.205A>G (or HBA1)] and Hb G-Taipei [β22(B4)Glu→Gly (GAA>GGA); HBB: c.68A>G]. A Sicilian δβ0-thal, identified for the first time in Asia, was also found in this survey. Copyright © Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Yang H.,Southern Medical University | Li L.-J.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | Xie L.-X.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | Luo Z.-Y.,Southern Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Archives of Virology | Year: 2016

In the present study, we describe the laboratory workflow and the clinical validation of a novel multiplex real-time PCR-based HPV assay in China. The cross-sectional validation analysis showed that this assay worked well for detection of 14 HR-HPV types and identification of HPV 16 and 18 in a single sensitive assay that is suitable for both clinical usage and high-throughput cervical screening purposes. We predict that this accurate, high-throughput and low-cost HPV assay can greatly reduce the heavy economic burden of HPV detection in China. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Wien. Source

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