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Chaozhou, China

Jiang X.-B.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yuan W.-S.,Chaozhou Central Hospital | Wang J.-S.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery | Year: 2014

Background: A swine model of carotid atherosclerosis may greatly facilitate the identification of imaging characteristics of vulnerable plaques and the preclinical evaluation of endovascular intervention. In this study we assess the association of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression and neovascularity in carotid atherosclerotic plaques with MRI patterns in a swine model. Methods: Carotid atherosclerosis models were created in miniswine using a combination of partial ligation and a high cholesterol diet. The animals were imaged in a 1.5 T MR scanner at 3 months and carotid arteries were obtained for histopathological and immunohistochemical examination. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) was used to match the histology findings. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the plaques on T1WI and contrast-enhanced T1WI were measured and the association of MMP-9 expression and neovascularity in the carotid plaque with CNR on MRI was analyzed. Result: Forty carotid artery segments were matched between MRI and histology. All segments were advanced carotid atherosclerotic plaques. The matched contrast-enhanced T1WI and histology slices showed good correlation for ratio of plaque size to lumen diameter (r=0.94, p<0.001). Plaque CNR on contrast-enhanced T1WI was higher in plaques with strong MMP-9 expression than in those with weak MMP-9 expression (p=0.05). Plaque CNR on contrast-enhanced T1WI was also higher in plaques with marked neovascularization than in those without (p=0.02). Conclusions: Increased plaque CNR on contrast-enhanced T1WI is associated with MMP-9 expression and neovascularization in carotid atherosclerotic plaques and may be used to identify vulnerable plaques. Source

Liu G.-Y.,Chaozhou Central Hospital | Yang L.-Y.,Laboratory Medicine Center | Li W.-Y.,Laboratory Medicine Center | Zheng J.-K.,Chaozhou Central Hospital
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Human skin-derived precursors can be cultured for a long term in vitro, and differentiated into neurons, glial cells, smooth muscle cells, Schwann cells and cells with peripheral neurons phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the culture conditions and multiple differentiation capacity of multi potential stem cells from human skin, especially the potentials of differentiating into neurons and osteoblasts. METHODS: Human skin-derived precursor cells were cultured with trypsin digestion method, and identified with immunocytochemistry. Cells at passages 3-4 were induced to differentiate into neurons and osteoblasts, and underwent von Kossa staining protocol for calcium, chondrocyte induction, toluidine blue staining, immunohistochemical staining and Sudan black staining. The expression of nestin, vimentin, βIII-tubulin, S100 and collagen II in the human skin-derived precursors was detected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The human skin-derived precursor cells cultured with trypsin digestion method could proliferate and form suspending spheres, and nestin positive cells were detected at any time point of theculture. All the cultured cells expressed vimentin, and some adherent cells expressed βIII-tubulin. Human skin-derived precursor cells were induced with Salvia miltiorrhiza to differentiate into neuron-like cells, and expressed marker of nerve cells. Skin-derived precursors could be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts and von Kossa staining displayed black calcified nodules in the culture dish. Skin-derived precursors could also be induced to differentiate into chondrocytes, and toluidine blue staining was strongly positive, and some cells expressed collagen II, which suggested that, the differentiated cells contained chondrocytes. Experimental findings indicate that, skin contains multipotential stem cells that are capable of differentiating into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. Source

Luo Z.-Y.,Central Laboratory | Chen Q.,Central Laboratory | Yang H.,Central Laboratory | Lin M.,Central Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: Low-risk human papillomavirus (LR-HPV) infection is the main cause of genital warts. LRHPV genotypes 6 and 11 are associated with genital warts, but there have only been a few published studies about the genotype-specific prevalence of HPV in genital warts in China. The objective of our study was to assess the prevalence of HPV genotypes for clinical cases involving both men and women and to evaluate the potential benefit of a quadrivalent (genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18) HPV vaccine in eastern Guangdong province of China. Materials and Methods: A total of 696 eligible patients with genital warts were enrolled during the period Aug 2009 through Oct 2014. Specimens were collected from genital warts, the HPV GenoArray test was used for HPV detection and genotyping, which could detect 21 HPV genotypes, including genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18. Results: Among the 696 cases, 675 samples were successfully genotyped. The median age of patients was 32.1 years (range, 16-67 years). The most prevalent genotypes were HPV-6 (285/675, 42.2%), HPV-11 (265/675, 39.3%), HPV-52 (52/675, 7.7%), HPV-16 (51/675, 7.56%), HPV-81 (50/675, 7.40%) and HPV-58 (37/675, 5.48%). Low-risk genotypes predominated, with a prevalence of 96.59%. The cumulative prevalence of genotypes 6 and 11 was 78.7% (531/675), the cumulative prevalence of genotypes 16 and 18 was 11.6% (78/675), and the cumulative prevalence of genotypes 6, 11, 16, and 18 was 82.5% (557/675). Conclusions: Our results provide strong evidence that, in eastern Guangdong, different from Western countries, the most prevalent low risk HPV genotypes in patients with genital warts are 6, 11 and 81. The quadrivalent HPV vaccine could prevent 82.5% of genital warts in eastern Guangdong. Source

Chen Q.,Central Laboratory | Chen Q.,Jilin University | Xie L.-X.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | Qing Z.-R.,Chaozhou Hybribio Ltd Corporation | And 17 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection was the main cause of cervical cancer. There were only a few reports and detailed data about epidemiological research of HPV infection in rural population of China. Materials and Methods: The cervical cells of rural Chaozhou women were collected, and multiplex real time PCR was firstly performed to detect high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection, which could detect 13 types of HR-HPV (types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 68). Then, HPV-positive samples were typed by HPV GenoArray test. Results: HR-HPV DNA was detected by multiplex real time-PCR in 3830 of 48559 cases (7.89%). There was a peak incidence in age of 55-60 years group, and a lower incidence in who lived in plain group compared with suburban, mountain and seashore group. 3380 cases of HPV positive sample were genotyped, 11.01% (372/3380) cases could not be classified, among the typed 3008 cases, 101 cases were identified without HR-HPV type infection, 2907 cases were infected with one HR-HPV type at least, the 6 most common HR-HPV types in descending order of infection, were type 52 (33.4%, 16 (20.95%), 58 (15.93%), 33 (9.94%), 68 (9.22%) and 18 (8.36%). The combined prevalence of HPV types 16 and 18 accounted for 28.52% of total infection. However, type 52 plus 58 presented 48.23% of total infection. 2209/2907 cases were infected with a single HPV type and 698/2907 cases were infected with multiple types, and multiple infection constituent ratio increased with age, with a peak incidence in age 55-60 years group. Conclusions: Our findings showed low prevalence of HPV vaccine types (16 and 18) and relatively high prevalence of HPV-52 and -58, support the hypothesis that the second-generation HPV vaccines including HPV-52 and -58 may offer higher protection for women in rural Guangdong Province. © 2012 Yang et al. Source

Chen Q.,Jilin University | Chen Q.,Laboratory Medical Center | Luo Z.-Y.,Laboratory Medical Center | Lin L.,Laboratory Medical Center | And 8 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer. Limited epidemiologic data of HPV prevalence are available for women attending hospitals in southern China. This study aimed to evaluate the profiles of HPV infection and cytology status in gynecological outpatients in Chaozhou City. Methods: A total of 2833 eligible women were enrolled. The HPV GenoArray test was used for HPV detection and genotyping. Nearly one half of the HPV positive women received liquid-based cytology test. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the predictable effects of age and genotype for categories of abnormal cytology. Results: The prevalence of overall, high-risk, and low-risk HPV infection were 24.5%, 19.5% and 8.4%, respectively. A U-shaped age-specific prevalence curve was observed in overall HPV and high-risk HPV, but not in low-risk HPV, which declined with age increasing. The 6 most common high-risk HPV type in descending order, were types 52, 16, 58, 18, 68, and 33. Age and HPV genotype were both important determinants of abnormal cytology incidence, the older women (>45 years) and those infected with HPV type 16 and/or 18 having the highest risk for abnormal cytology. Conclusion: Our findings support the hypothesis that second-generation HPV prophylactic vaccines including HPV-52 and -58 may offer higher protection for women residing in Chaozhou and neighboring cities in Guangdong. Source

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