Wang L.-Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Tang J.-Y.,Center for Drug Evaluation |
Liu J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Lu W.,Peking University |
And 21 more authors.
Current Vascular Pharmacology
Objective: To reveal the cutoff point and influencing factors in the dynamic change in phenotypic group in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) after Xinxuekang capsule treatment. Methods: Five hundred and seventy-six SAP patients were randomly assigned to receive Xinxuekang (XXK) capsules or Compound Danshen (CDS) tablets for 8 weeks. Global similarity degree analysis and nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) were employed to reveal the cutoff points and influencing factors in dynamic changes in the SAP phenotypic group. The phenotypic group was defined as the six phenotypes in SAP, including angina, choking sensation in the chest, palpitations, dark purple lips, ecchymosis on the tongue, and fine-choppy pulse, which were quantitatively evaluated on Days 0, 14, 28, 42, and 56. Results: Variation in the six individual phenotypes and distribution of the SAP phenotypic profile were similar between the two experimental groups, but cutoff points for changes in the SAP phenotypic group were 7.28 and 10.73 weeks in XXK and CDS groups, respectively. Degree of severity of SAP as well as study site significantly affected the tendency for change in the SAP Xueyu Zheng in both XXK and CDS treatment groups. Different Chinese patent drugs affected the tendency for change in phenotypic group in patients with SAP. XXK was superior to CDS in controlling a clinical phenotypic group. Conclusion: Based on global similarity degree analysis and NONMEM, the cutoff point and influencing factors in phenomic variation of SAP may be determined, to improve the development and modification of treatment regimens. © 2015 Bentham Science Publishers. Source
Duan Y.-F.,Soochow University of China |
Tan Y.,Soochow University of China |
Yuan B.,Changzhou TCM Hospital |
Zhu F.,Soochow University of China
World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Background: Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus, a rare malignant tumor, has a poor prognosis because of its high incidence of metastasis. Moreover, metastatic cancer-induced hepatic rupture, characterized by hemoperitoneum, is infrequent, although several lines of evidences have reported that a wide variety of other neoplasms can cause this usually fatal manifestation.Case presentation: We now present the first case of a 49-year-old man with spontaneous rupture of hepatic metastasis from small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus and ultimately resulted in massive intraperitoneal bleeding, which was successfully controlled by subsequent surgery (partial hepatectomy). The postoperative clinical manifestation of the patient was uneventful. He was discharged on the 16th day after operation and without any complication.Conclusions: Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the maxillary sinus is very scarce and unfortunately has a poor prognosis. It has potential to cause spontaneous metastatic rupture which can elicit fatal hemorrhage. Emergency surgery is effective, although the long-term outcome is still unsatisfactory. © 2014 Duan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source
Li J.,Nanjing University |
Jiang E.,Nanjing University |
Wang X.,Nanjing University |
Shangguan A.J.,Northwestern University |
And 2 more authors.
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Tumor dormancy is one of the stages in tumor development without clinical symptoms. Tumor dormant cells may appear in early stages of tumor development, as well as in micrometastasis and minimal residual disease. The mechanism for the switch of dormant cells between quiescent and proliferative stages is still largely unknown. Potential mechanisms that may account for the transition between dormant tumor cells and proliferative cells include angiogenesis, immune response, cellular factors, and signaling pathways. The clinical and therapeutic importance of dormant cells requires further studies to provide therapeutic strategies for inhibition of metastasis and tumor recurrence. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source
Yu Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Hu S.,Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Li G.,Liaoning University |
Xue J.,Peoples Hospital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
And 15 more authors.
A high proportion of patients with stable angina remains symptomatic despite multiple treatment options. Di'ao Xinxuekang (XXK) capsule and Compound Danshen (CDS) tablet have been approved for treating angina pectoris for more than 20 years in China. We compare the anti-anginal effectiveness of XXK capsule and CDS tablet in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina. A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, superiority trial was conducted in 4 study sites. 733 patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina were included in the full analysis set. The primary outcomes were the proportion of patients who were angina-free and the proportion of patients with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings during 20 weeks treatment. Compared with CDS, XXK significantly increased the proportion of angina-free patients, but no significant difference was noted in the proportion of patients with normal ECG recordings. Weekly angina frequency and nitroglycerin use were significantly reduced with XXK versus CDS at week 20. Moreover, XXK also improved the quality of life of angina patients as measured by the SAQ score and Xueyu Zheng (a type of TCM syndrome) score. We demonstrate that XXK capsule is more effective for attenuating anginal symptoms and improving quality of life in patients with symptomatic chronic stable angina, compared with CDS tablet. © 2014, Nature Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source
Zhi Y.,Nanjing University |
Cao Z.,Meng He Institute |
Li Q.H.,Changzhou TCM Hospital |
Li X.L.,Changzhou TCM Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research
Previous studies have used microarray technology to explore gene expression differences between the atrium and the ventricle. However, selection criteria for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) based only on either the fold change or the P value in these studies. Here, we aim to further identify the DEGs by setting a P value threshold of <0.05 and a fold change of >2, which may yield more specific gene expression differences between the atrium and the ventricle. Gene expression profiling of the atrial appendages and the ventricular free walls in 13 normal male Sprague Dawley rats were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus data base (accession No.: GSE5266). DEGs between the atrial and the ventricular samples were screened using the microarray significance analysis. The underlying functions of DEGs were predicted by gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses. In addition, we also constructed protein interactions networks, and analyzed the function modules of the interacting proteins by MCODE. A total of 757DEGs between the atria and the ventricles were found. The genes highly expressed in the ventricular myocytes were associated with muscle contraction (e.g. Myl1, Myl2, Myl3, and Myh7) and energy production (e.g. Acadm and Acsl6), while the genes preferentially expressed in the atrial myocytes were involved in the integration of neurohumoral signals (e.g. Cldn1). These conclusions were confirmed by pathway enrichment and function module analyses. Our present study provides an overview of the transcript level differences between the atrium and the ventricle, which may be useful for determination of potential biomarkers. © FUNPEC-RP. Source