Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material

China

Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material

China
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Zhang Z.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Zhang Z.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Wang X.,Zhongfangyuan International Trading Co. | Sang S.,Zhongfangyuan International Trading Co.
Wool Textile Journal | Year: 2017

The article points out the harms caused by the washboard trace of the carded wool products with direction hair. The number of defects have been counted. The reasons are analyzed by the method of raveled yarn comparison. It can be concluded that the unevenness of yarn leventess induces the uneven twist distribution. Meanwhile, the weft yarns make the warp direction slippage in the proccess of pilling, which results in the fewer pilling hairiness. Accordingly, It is important to design the rational fabric weave, to choose the hair fiber with easy fulling milling, to slow down the fulling milling process. In addition, the raising process should be moved forward from weak to strong. It should be prevented to be the lapped yarns in the process of air spinning, and the yarn slubs need to be cleaned in principle.


Shao D.,Jiangnan University | Shao D.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Shao D.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Gao D.,Jiangnan University | And 6 more authors.
Fibers and Polymers | Year: 2011

In this study, the surface functionalization of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers was achieved by depositing ZnO nanoparticles using thermal solvent coating. surface morphology, crystalline structure, surface chemistry, thermal stability and washing stability of the ZnO coated PAN fibers were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform Infra red spectroscopy (FT-IR), Thermo-gravimetric analyses (TGA) and washing stability test, respectively. In addition, the weight changes after coating and washing were studied at different coating and washing conditions. The SEM images revealed that the ZnO was well coated on the surface of the PAN fibers and the coating was obviously affected by the experimental temperature. The FT-IR spectra indicated the chemical features of the deposited ZnO nanostructures. The XRD patterns showed that there was a typical crystalline structure of ZnO nanogains formed on the PAN fibers after coating. The TGA results revealed that the thermal stability of the PAN fibers was improved by the ZnO coating. The experimental results of washing stability revealed the effect of temperature on the washing stability. Weight measurements indicated that the amount of ZnO deposited on PAN fibers increased with the increasing of coating temperature from 60 to 70 °C. Weight measurements also revealed that the weight of the ZnO coating on fibers decreased with the increase in washing temperature and washing time. © 2011 The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Netherlands.


Shao D.,Jiangnan University | Shao D.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Shao D.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Gao D.,Jiangnan University | And 6 more authors.
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2010

The polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fabric coated with ZnO-Ag composite was achieved by hydrothermal synthesis techniques and photochemical method. The PAN fabrics coated with ZnO-Ag composite were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV-vis spectrophotometer and fabric induced static tester, respectively. The SEM images revealed the formation of the coating aggregates on the fiber surface. The FT-IR spectra and XRD patterns revealed the chemical structures of the coatings on the PAN fabrics. The results of UV-vis test showed that there was an obvious increase in ultraviolet resistant properties after coating. The antistatic properties results revealed the improvement in the antistatic performance of coated fabrics, attributed to the superior electrical and optical properties of ZnO and Ag. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sun H.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute | Sun H.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Wang M.-Q.,Changzhou Sanmao Worsted Group Co. | Zhao X.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute
Wool Textile Journal | Year: 2014

The experimental material uses doubling and twisting yarn worsted fabric of wool and bamboo charcoal filament attached to new green environmental fiber. It selects tensile property, antiwrinkle performance, moisture permeability and UV protection performance in particular. The result is all new products have better tensile property and moisture permeability compared with wool and bamboo charcoal filament interlacing fabric. Moisture permeability of doubling and twisting yarn fabric increases and UV protection performance falls off gradually when weight and weave is equation of all fabric. It also gets No. 1 sample has optimal performance in four properties when the content of bamboo charcoal filament is 29.5% ,the twist is 58.5 twist/10 cm, the weave is plain, the square meter gram weight is 144 g/m2 by product performance rank method.


Xu T.-H.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute | Xu T.-H.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Sun H.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute | Sun H.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2014

The study shows overfeed sewing shrinkage was not linear relationship with physical property and garment sewing process parameter. It chose simulation arm of light wool fabrics to do overfeed sewing experiment, and selected seven characteristic values such as connection length of long fabric, connection length ratio flexural-tensile modulus ratio, relaxation shrinkage and wet expansion rate of long and short fabric, and applied artificial neural network to forecast overfeed sewing shrinkage of light wool fabrics. Compared with actual result, the error of predicted result was lesser. The foundation of prediction model is significant for woolen mill to develop a set of interactive software and extend application. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Xu T.H.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute | Xu T.H.,Changzhou key Laboratory of New textile material | Sun H.,Changzhou Textile and Garment Institute | Sun H.,Changzhou key Laboratory of New textile material
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2013

In order to analyze the influence of dimensional stability on overfeed sewing shrinkage of wool fabric, the paper used theoretical analysis equation to evaluate and overfeed sewing shrinkage of wool-type fabrics and took water shrinkage as index of dimensional stability to analyze its influence on overfeed sewing shrinkage characteristic value such as connection length, fabric connection length ratio. The research revealed the relationship of dimensional stability and overfeed sewing shrinkage, and derived calculation method of oblique shrinkage based on analysis of warp and weft shrinkage. It provided the theory reference on sewing quality of wool fabric in apparel manufacture and use. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Huang Y.-L.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Huang Y.-L.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material
Wool Textile Journal | Year: 2014

After fabric pilling, it seriously affects the appearance quality, and reduces the performance of the fabric. Research and test standard of textile pilling are for pilling when dry, but the clothes in the washing and wet environment caused by wearing the wet rubbing of pilling phenomenon has a very big impact on the appearance of textiles. This article through to the worsted wool fabric .pilling performance of wet and dry test and comparative analysis, the results show that worsted fabric's resistance to pilling than dry pilling of wet, dry pilling is better than pure wool fabric wool blended fabric, but the wet pilling rating will send half, wool-polyester blend fabrics level fell by half. By analyzing factors that influence the pilling performance of wet proposed in worsted fabric design and production, reduce the pilling of wet method, which provide the basis for worsted fabric variety design, more coastal areas and rain-belt worsted fabric clothing choice and in providing some guidance.


Zhang Z.-Q.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Zhang Z.-Q.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Wang J.-P.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute | Wang J.-P.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material
Wool Textile Journal | Year: 2010

Woolen yarns are not advisable to be stored for a long time. It can result in waste to the textile manufacturers, if the piece end yarns are not used timely. The article inductive analyses the causes of piece end yarns, and proposes a solution which is from the viewpoint of design and production control. This paper introduces the piece end yarns scale' s making and using placing a great variety of piece end yarns side by side which is according to a regular pattern, as well, which can provide designers with abundant yarn resources. So designers have access to physical form support for the idea. The article not only shows by example how to use the piece end yarns in 1 product as much as possible, so that the products have a certain amount, but also put forward its own proposals which is in the management of the piece end yarns.


Xiong Q.Y.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Xiong Q.Y.,Changzhou Textile Garment Institute
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

The removal of cationic Blue X-BL in aqueous solution by adsorption of silica gel was investigated. Effects of pH, initial concentration of dye solution and temperature on the adsorption of Cationic Blue X-BL onto silica gel were studied. When the initial concentration of the blue dye was 100 mg/dm3, silica gel is 0.6 g at pH 9.3 and at 303 K, adsorption reached equilibrium after 2 h with the final adsorption quantity 16.38 mg/g. Fenton reaction with UV light was applied in the regeneration operation of silica gel which can transmit most of the UV light. The concentration of Fe2+ and H2O2 was evaluated and when the concentration of Fe2+ and H2O2 were 0.05 mmol/dm3 and 0.132 mol/dm3, the first, second, third and forth regeneration efficiency were 84.68%, 82.05%, 65.26% and 50.73%, respectively. In order to improve the regeneration capacity and silica gel's reuse times, acid washing was introduced in the forth regeneration after Fenton reaction, which can enhance the regeneration efficiency to 92.19%. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Cao H.M.,Changzhou textile garment institute | Cao H.M.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Yang J.F.,Changzhou textile garment institute | Yang J.F.,Changzhou Key Laboratory of New Textile Material | Zhu G.Y.,Changzhou textile garment institute
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2013

Dyed the silk with flos caryophyllata extract using different mordant dyeing methods, and the results show it will get purer black and better K/S value of dyed silk, if using ferrous ion post-mordanting. Optimize the process of the ferrous ion mordanting, and get the best condition was 10% (o.w.f.) of the mordant concentrations at 80oC for 50min. Using the mixture of flos caryophyllata and acutissima shell, the properties UV resistance was greatly enhanced. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

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