Changwon Fatima Hospital

Changwon, South Korea

Changwon Fatima Hospital

Changwon, South Korea
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Jang J.W.,Catholic University of Korea | Kang J.H.,Catholic University of Korea | Choi J.W.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Lee H.S.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Ma S.H.,Changwon Fatima Hospital
Pediatric Infection and Vaccine | Year: 2017

Purpose: Pertussis can be prevented with a vaccine. Despite this, there have been an increasing number of cases worldwide, and also in Korea. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of the recent outbreak in the Changwon area. Methods: Patients who visited Changwon Fatima Hospital from July 2015 to March 2016 with respiratory symptoms, including spasmodic cough, cough induced vomiting, inspiratory 'intake' sound (whooping), and a night-time cough for >1 week were included in this study. Respiratory specimens were collected from patients and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and detected anti-pertussis immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit test were performed. Patients with underlying diseases, or those who had received a DTaP or Tdap vaccination in recent 1 year were excluded. Results: Pertussis was diagnosed in 37 of 50 patients, two patients were positive according to the PCR, and 37 patients were positive ac- cording to serologic tests. The age distribution of the patients was 1 month to 15 years. After administering antibiotics, all patients recovered without complications. Conclusions: A pertussis outbreak occurred in Changwon in 2015 and 2016. This data can provide the basis for further study on the epidemiology of pertussis in Korea. © 2017, The Korean Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. All rights reserved.

Song J.I.,Kangwon National University | Shin D.W.,Seoul National University | Choi J.Y.,National Cancer Control Institute | Kang J.,National Cancer Control Institute | And 6 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2011

Purpose: The burden of serving as a caregiver is known to impair quality of life (QOL) and mental health caregivers of cancer patients. However, few studies focused on the caregivers of terminal cancer patients. Furthermore, none has compared them with those of general population. Methods: We surveyed the family caregivers of terminal cancer patients who received palliative care services in Korea. Control individuals were selected from participants in the first round of the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and were matched with family caregivers using the propensity score method to optimize our comparative analysis. Results: Health-related QOL was significantly lower in the caregiver group than in the controls. Caregivers experienced more frequent episodes of depression during the previous year than did controls (36.3% vs. 12.4%, P<0.0001). Caregiver burden, such as "impact on health," "financial problems," and "lack of family support" had a negative influence on the health-related QOL and mental health. However, "disrupted schedule" had a positive influence on the QOL and mental health. Discussion: Our results show that the family caregivers of patients with terminal cancer experience mental health problems and deterioration of health-related QOL. Culturally appropriate caregiver support programs are needed to decrease the impact of caregiving on the QOL and mental health of family caregivers in Korea. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

PubMed | Dong - A University, Chonnam National University, Catholic University of Daegu, Keimyung University and 11 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Diabetes & metabolism journal | Year: 2016

We compared the efficacies of vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily) relative to pioglitazone (15 mg once daily) as an add-on treatment to metformin for reducing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes.The present study was a multicenter, randomized, active-controlled investigation comparing the effects of vildagliptin and pioglitazone in Korean patients receiving a stable dose of metformin but exhibiting inadequate glycemic control. Each patient underwent a 16-week treatment period with either vildagliptin or pioglitazone as an add-on treatment to metformin.The mean changes in HbA1c levels from baseline were -0.94% in the vildagliptin group and -0.6% in the pioglitazone group and the difference between the treatments was below the non-inferiority margin of 0.3%. The mean changes in postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) levels were -60.2 mg/dL in the vildagliptin group and -38.2 mg/dL in the pioglitazone group and these values significantly differed (P=0.040). There were significant decreases in the levels of total, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein (HDL), and non-HDL cholesterol in the vildagliptin group but increases in the pioglitazone group. The mean change in body weight was -0.07 kg in the vildagliptin group and 0.69 kg in the pioglitazone group, which were also significantly different (P=0.002).As an add-on to metformin, the efficacy of vildagliptin for the improvement of glycemic control is not inferior to that of pioglitazone in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. In addition, add-on treatment with vildagliptin had beneficial effects on PPG levels, lipid profiles, and body weight compared to pioglitazone.

You J.S.,Yonsei University | Chung S.P.,Yonsei University | Chung H.S.,Yonsei University | Lee H.S.,Yonsei University | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2013

Background Despite the usefulness of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) for rapid recognition of acute stroke, its ability to assess stroke severity is unclear. We investigated the usefulness of CPSS for assessment of stroke severity by comparing CPSS and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores in patients who were candidates for thrombolytic therapy at hospital admission within 6 hours of symptom onset. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective registry database of consecutive patients included in the brain salvage through emergency stroke therapy program. In the emergency department, CPSS score was determined by emergency medical technicians. A CPSS cut-off score was estimated for candidates of thrombolytic therapy by comparing CPSS and NIHSS scores of patients who actually received thrombolytic therapy. Clinical outcomes were compared among patients with scores near the cut-off. Independent predictors of outcome were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Strong correlations were observed between CPSS and NIHSS scores within 3 hours (R = 0.778) and 6 hours (R = 0.769) of symptom onset. The optimal cut-off score was 2 for CPSS was associated with actual usage of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (odds ratio [OR] 34.455; 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.924-149.817, P <.0001) and actual usage of thrombolytic therapy overall (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator or intra-arterial urokinase) (OR 36.310; 95% CI 10.826-121.782, P <.0001). Conclusion The CPSS is an effective prehospital stroke scale for the determination of stroke severity and identification of candidates for thrombolytic therapy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Han Y.-C.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Yang T.-H.,Inje University | Kim D.-I.,Inje University | Jin H.-Y.,Inje University | And 7 more authors.
Korean Circulation Journal | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: A higher neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in various cardiac diseases. However, the clinical availability of NLR in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been known. We evaluated the availability of NLR to predict clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. Subjects and Methods: We analyzed 326 consecutive STEMI patients treated with primary PCI. The patients were divided into tertiles according to NLR: NLR≤3.30 (n=108), 3.316.53 (n=110). We evaluated the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all causes of death, non-fatal MI, and ischemic stroke at the 12-month follow-up. Results: The high NLR group was associated with a significantly higher rate of 12-month MACE (19.1% vs. 3.7%, p<0.001), 12-month death (18.2% vs. 2.8%, p<0.001), in-hospital MACE (12.7% vs. 2.8%, p=0.010) and in-hospital death (12.7% vs. 1.9%, p=0.003) compared to the low NLR group. In the multivariable model, high NLR was an independent predictor of 12-month MACE {hazard ratio (HR) 3.33 (1.09-10.16), p=0.035} and death {HR 4.10 (1.17-14.46), p=0.028} after adjustment for gender, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, angiographic parameters and factors included in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score for STEMI. There was a significant gradient of 12-month MACE across the NLR tertiles with a markedly increased MACE hazard in the high NLR group (log rank test p=0.002). Conclusion: The NLR is a useful marker to predict 12-month MACE and death in patients with STEMI who have undergone primary PCI. Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Cardiology.

Kwon J.C.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Ahn S.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Kim S.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Heilman K.M.,University of Florida
Neurocase | Year: 2012

Whereas contralesional spatial neglect is usually caused by right temporo-parietal lesions, ipsilesional spatial neglect is induced primarily by right frontal lesions. This report describes a 73-year-old woman with a right inferior parietal lesion who on 'where' tasks (line bisection and midline pointing) demonstrated ipsilesional neglect, but on 'what' tests (gap vs. no-gap detection cancellation and clothing tape removal) demonstrated contralesional neglect. This 'what' and 'where' directional dissociation provides evidence for independent 'what' and 'where' attentional networks; however, the reason this parietal lesion causes this contralesional vs. ipsilesional spatial attentional 'what' and 'where' dichotomy remains to be determined. © 2012 Copyright 2012 Psychology Press, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business.

PubMed | Ajou University, Dong - A University, Catholic Kwandong University, Chungnam National University and 8 more.
Type: | Journal: Geriatrics & gerontology international | Year: 2016

Patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) show greater attentional deficits compared with AD patients without CVD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of galantamine on attention in AD patients with CVD.In this open trial, 1512 patients with AD and CVD were recruited from 71 nationwide hospitals. The patients were given galantamine for 16weeks. The primary outcome measure was the score on the Attention Questionnaire Scale (AQS), which measures the patients attention in their daily lives. The secondary outcome measures were the scores on the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination, the Clinical Dementia Rating scale and the Global Deterioration Scale. Efficacy measures were calculated both at baseline and at the end of the treatment (week16).The responders rate on the AQS (change of the AQS from baseline >0) was 60.6% in AD patients with CVD. At the end of the treatment, both the AQS (15.05.7 vs 16.35.8, P<0.001) and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination scores (17.84.8 vs 18.15.1, P<0.001) showed a significant improvement relative to the baseline performance. The Clinical Dementia Rating (1.250.59 vs 1.220.63 P=0.025) and Global Deterioration Scale (3.820.94 vs 3.760.96, P=0.002) scores also showed a significant decrease at the end of the treatment.Galantamine is effective in improving attention in the daily lives of AD patients with CVD. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2016; : -.

Lee H.J.,University of Ulsan | Seo J.-Y.,Changwon Fatima Hospital | Ahn J.-H.,University of Ulsan | Ahn S.-H.,University of Ulsan | Gong G.,University of Ulsan
Journal of Breast Cancer | Year: 2013

Purpose: Tumor-associated lymphocyte numbers in breast cancer have been suggested as a new independent predictor of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. We therefore evaluated the relationship between pathologic complete response (pCR) and tumor-associated lymphocytes in tumors of such patients. Methods: Between 2000 and 2009, we retrospectively evaluated 175 patients with primary breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by definitive surgical resection. Peritumoral lymphocytic infiltration (LI) and CD3+, CD8+, and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3)+ lymphocytes were assessed in pretreatment biopsy specimens. Results: Nineteen (11%) patients achieved pCR. An elevated LI, CD3+, CD8+, or FOXP3+ lymphocytic infiltration; lower clinical T stage; human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression; and herceptin-based treatment were all significantly associated with pCR. Through a multivariate analysis, LI (odds ratio [OR], 1.26; p=0.024), clinical T stage (OR, 3.06; p=0.041), and the use of a herceptin-based regimen (OR, 4.95; p=0.004) were all significant independent predictors of pCR. Significantly higher numbers of tumor-associated lymphocytes and CD3+, CD8+, and FOXP3+ T-cells were observed in the following: high-grade tumors, tumors of positive nodal status, and tumors negative for hormone receptors. Conclusion: Tumor-associated lymphocytes are significantly associated with pCR, suggesting that tumor-associated lymphocytes may be an important pathological factor predicting a response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. © 2013 Korean Breast Cancer Society. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Yonsei University, University of Toronto, Kyung Hee University and Changwon Fatima Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association | Year: 2016

Although early neurological deterioration (END) during the acute stroke period is known to be directly associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes, few studies have investigated the ability to predict END. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in the occurrence of END according to the ischemic stroke predictive risk score (iScore), which was developed to predict short- and long-term mortality.We collected data from 2150 consecutive ischemic stroke patients who were admitted to 3 study hospitals between January 2012 and June 2014. END was defined as an increase (4) in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score within the first 72 hours of stroke onset. We calculated the 30-day iScore for each patient to determine the relationship between the iScore and occurrence of END.Among 2150 patients, END was observed in 146 patients (6.8%). There was a positive correlation between the iScore and occurrence of END. After adjusting for potential confounders, the iScore was independently associated with END (odds ratio: 1.217 per 20-point increase in iScore, 95% confidence interval: 1.121-1.321, P<.001). There was good correlation between observed and expected outcomes predicted by the iScore (Pearson correlation coefficient: r=.950, P<.001).The iScore can predict the risk of END development within the acute stroke stage.

Jang J.H.,Changwon Fatima Hospital
Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO | Year: 2011

We report a case of tectonic corneal transplantation for impending corneal perforation to preserve anatomic integrity using cryopreserved donor tissue. An 82-year-old woman exhibiting impending corneal perforation suffered from moderate ocular pain in the left eye for one week. After abnormal tissues around the impending perforation area were carefully peeled away using a Crescent blade and Vannas scissors, the patient received tectonic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty using a cryopreserved cornea stored in Optisol GS® solution at -70 for four weeks. At six months after surgery, the cornea remained transparent and restored the normal corneal thickness. There were no complications such as corneal haze or scars, graft rejection, recurrent corneal ulcer, and postoperative rise of intraocular pressure. Cryopreserved donor lamellar tissue is an effective substitute in emergency tectonic lamellar keratoplasty, such as impending corneal perforation and severe necrotic corneal keratitis. © 2011 The Korean Ophthalmological Society

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