Song J.I.,Kangwon National University |
Shin D.W.,Seoul National University |
Choi J.Y.,National Cancer Control Institute |
Kang J.,National Cancer Control Institute |
And 6 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2011
Purpose: The burden of serving as a caregiver is known to impair quality of life (QOL) and mental health caregivers of cancer patients. However, few studies focused on the caregivers of terminal cancer patients. Furthermore, none has compared them with those of general population. Methods: We surveyed the family caregivers of terminal cancer patients who received palliative care services in Korea. Control individuals were selected from participants in the first round of the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and were matched with family caregivers using the propensity score method to optimize our comparative analysis. Results: Health-related QOL was significantly lower in the caregiver group than in the controls. Caregivers experienced more frequent episodes of depression during the previous year than did controls (36.3% vs. 12.4%, P<0.0001). Caregiver burden, such as "impact on health," "financial problems," and "lack of family support" had a negative influence on the health-related QOL and mental health. However, "disrupted schedule" had a positive influence on the QOL and mental health. Discussion: Our results show that the family caregivers of patients with terminal cancer experience mental health problems and deterioration of health-related QOL. Culturally appropriate caregiver support programs are needed to decrease the impact of caregiving on the QOL and mental health of family caregivers in Korea. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source
Jang J.H.,Changwon Fatima Hospital
Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO | Year: 2011
We report a case of tectonic corneal transplantation for impending corneal perforation to preserve anatomic integrity using cryopreserved donor tissue. An 82-year-old woman exhibiting impending corneal perforation suffered from moderate ocular pain in the left eye for one week. After abnormal tissues around the impending perforation area were carefully peeled away using a Crescent blade and Vannas scissors, the patient received tectonic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty using a cryopreserved cornea stored in Optisol GS® solution at -70 for four weeks. At six months after surgery, the cornea remained transparent and restored the normal corneal thickness. There were no complications such as corneal haze or scars, graft rejection, recurrent corneal ulcer, and postoperative rise of intraocular pressure. Cryopreserved donor lamellar tissue is an effective substitute in emergency tectonic lamellar keratoplasty, such as impending corneal perforation and severe necrotic corneal keratitis. © 2011 The Korean Ophthalmological Society Source
Choi U.Y.,Catholic University of Korea |
Lee S.Y.,Catholic University of Korea |
Ma S.H.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Jang Y.T.,Jeonju Presbyterian Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013
Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the leading cause of severe acute gastroenteritis in children worldwide and is associated with high hospitalization and mortality rates in children younger than 5 years of age. Vaccination is necessary to prevent rotavirus infection. Two live attenuated and orally administered rotavirus vaccines became commercially available in Korea. The aim of this study is to describe epidemiological changes in rotavirus gastroenteritis after the introduction of rotavirus vaccines in Korea. The medical records of 11,199 children younger than 5 years of age and hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis from August 2007 to July 2010 in eight Korean hospitals were reviewed. Rotavirus was detected in stool samples obtained from 2,959 children (26.42 %). The authors evaluated the percentage of rotavirus gastroenteritis among all acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations in eight hospitals located in different geographical areas and analyzed epidemiological changes in rotavirus gastroenteritis according to age, geographical area, and season. According to the findings, the percentage of rotavirus gastroenteritis showed a decrease in children eligible for vaccination during the study period. After introduction of the vaccine, reduced rates of rotavirus detection were observed in all of the geographical areas, and the greatest reduction was observed in Seoul. In Seoul, there was a marked delay of the rotavirus season. Conclusion: Epidemiologic changes in Korea after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine are consistent with changes observed in other countries. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source
You J.S.,Yonsei University |
Chung S.P.,Yonsei University |
Chung H.S.,Yonsei University |
Lee H.S.,Yonsei University |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2013
Background Despite the usefulness of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) for rapid recognition of acute stroke, its ability to assess stroke severity is unclear. We investigated the usefulness of CPSS for assessment of stroke severity by comparing CPSS and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores in patients who were candidates for thrombolytic therapy at hospital admission within 6 hours of symptom onset. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective registry database of consecutive patients included in the brain salvage through emergency stroke therapy program. In the emergency department, CPSS score was determined by emergency medical technicians. A CPSS cut-off score was estimated for candidates of thrombolytic therapy by comparing CPSS and NIHSS scores of patients who actually received thrombolytic therapy. Clinical outcomes were compared among patients with scores near the cut-off. Independent predictors of outcome were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Strong correlations were observed between CPSS and NIHSS scores within 3 hours (R = 0.778) and 6 hours (R = 0.769) of symptom onset. The optimal cut-off score was 2 for CPSS was associated with actual usage of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (odds ratio [OR] 34.455; 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.924-149.817, P <.0001) and actual usage of thrombolytic therapy overall (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator or intra-arterial urokinase) (OR 36.310; 95% CI 10.826-121.782, P <.0001). Conclusion The CPSS is an effective prehospital stroke scale for the determination of stroke severity and identification of candidates for thrombolytic therapy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source
Bae E.Y.,Catholic University of Korea |
Choi U.Y.,Catholic University of Korea |
Kwon H.J.,Korea University |
Jeong D.C.,Catholic University of Korea |
And 4 more authors.
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2013
Influenza virus vaccination is recommended for children, but so far, active vaccination has not been achieved because most parents lack knowledge of vaccine safety and many doctors are reluctant to administer vaccine due to concerns that steroids might alter immunogenicity. The aim of this study was to compare the immunogenicity and safety of inactivated trivalent split influenza virus vaccine between children with recurrent wheezing and healthy children of the same age group. Sixty-eight healthy children and 62 children with recurrent wheezing took part in this study. Seroconversion rates, seroprotection rates, geometric mean titers (GMTs), and geometric mean titer ratios (GMTRs) were measured by a hemagglutination inhibition assay for the assessment of immunogenicity. Solicited and unsolicited local and systemic adverse events were measured for the assessment of safety. Regarding immunogenicity, the seroconversion and seroprotection rates showed no difference overall between healthy children and children with recurrent wheezing. Also, no difference was observed between steroid-treated and nontreated groups with recurrent wheezing. Generally, the GMTs after vaccination were higher in the one-dose vaccination groups for healthy children and children with recurrent wheezing, but the GMTRs revealed different results according to strain in the two groups. Regarding safety, solicited local and systemic adverse events showed no differences between healthy children and children with recurrent wheezing. This study demonstrates that inactivated split influenza virus vaccine is able to induce protective immune responses in healthy children, as observed in previous studies, as well as in children with recurrent wheezing who require frequent steroid treatment. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source