Song J.I.,Kangwon National University |
Shin D.W.,Seoul National University |
Choi J.Y.,National Cancer Control Institute |
Kang J.,National Cancer Control Institute |
And 6 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2011
Purpose: The burden of serving as a caregiver is known to impair quality of life (QOL) and mental health caregivers of cancer patients. However, few studies focused on the caregivers of terminal cancer patients. Furthermore, none has compared them with those of general population. Methods: We surveyed the family caregivers of terminal cancer patients who received palliative care services in Korea. Control individuals were selected from participants in the first round of the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and were matched with family caregivers using the propensity score method to optimize our comparative analysis. Results: Health-related QOL was significantly lower in the caregiver group than in the controls. Caregivers experienced more frequent episodes of depression during the previous year than did controls (36.3% vs. 12.4%, P<0.0001). Caregiver burden, such as "impact on health," "financial problems," and "lack of family support" had a negative influence on the health-related QOL and mental health. However, "disrupted schedule" had a positive influence on the QOL and mental health. Discussion: Our results show that the family caregivers of patients with terminal cancer experience mental health problems and deterioration of health-related QOL. Culturally appropriate caregiver support programs are needed to decrease the impact of caregiving on the QOL and mental health of family caregivers in Korea. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
PubMed | Dong - A University, Chonnam National University, Catholic University of Daegu, Keimyung University and 11 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Diabetes & metabolism journal | Year: 2016
We compared the efficacies of vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily) relative to pioglitazone (15 mg once daily) as an add-on treatment to metformin for reducing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes.The present study was a multicenter, randomized, active-controlled investigation comparing the effects of vildagliptin and pioglitazone in Korean patients receiving a stable dose of metformin but exhibiting inadequate glycemic control. Each patient underwent a 16-week treatment period with either vildagliptin or pioglitazone as an add-on treatment to metformin.The mean changes in HbA1c levels from baseline were -0.94% in the vildagliptin group and -0.6% in the pioglitazone group and the difference between the treatments was below the non-inferiority margin of 0.3%. The mean changes in postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) levels were -60.2 mg/dL in the vildagliptin group and -38.2 mg/dL in the pioglitazone group and these values significantly differed (P=0.040). There were significant decreases in the levels of total, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein (HDL), and non-HDL cholesterol in the vildagliptin group but increases in the pioglitazone group. The mean change in body weight was -0.07 kg in the vildagliptin group and 0.69 kg in the pioglitazone group, which were also significantly different (P=0.002).As an add-on to metformin, the efficacy of vildagliptin for the improvement of glycemic control is not inferior to that of pioglitazone in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. In addition, add-on treatment with vildagliptin had beneficial effects on PPG levels, lipid profiles, and body weight compared to pioglitazone.
You J.S.,Yonsei University |
Chung S.P.,Yonsei University |
Chung H.S.,Yonsei University |
Lee H.S.,Yonsei University |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2013
Background Despite the usefulness of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) for rapid recognition of acute stroke, its ability to assess stroke severity is unclear. We investigated the usefulness of CPSS for assessment of stroke severity by comparing CPSS and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores in patients who were candidates for thrombolytic therapy at hospital admission within 6 hours of symptom onset. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective registry database of consecutive patients included in the brain salvage through emergency stroke therapy program. In the emergency department, CPSS score was determined by emergency medical technicians. A CPSS cut-off score was estimated for candidates of thrombolytic therapy by comparing CPSS and NIHSS scores of patients who actually received thrombolytic therapy. Clinical outcomes were compared among patients with scores near the cut-off. Independent predictors of outcome were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Strong correlations were observed between CPSS and NIHSS scores within 3 hours (R = 0.778) and 6 hours (R = 0.769) of symptom onset. The optimal cut-off score was 2 for CPSS was associated with actual usage of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (odds ratio [OR] 34.455; 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.924-149.817, P <.0001) and actual usage of thrombolytic therapy overall (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator or intra-arterial urokinase) (OR 36.310; 95% CI 10.826-121.782, P <.0001). Conclusion The CPSS is an effective prehospital stroke scale for the determination of stroke severity and identification of candidates for thrombolytic therapy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Han Y.-C.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Yang T.-H.,Inje University |
Kim D.-I.,Inje University |
Jin H.-Y.,Inje University |
And 7 more authors.
Korean Circulation Journal | Year: 2013
Background and Objectives: A higher neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in various cardiac diseases. However, the clinical availability of NLR in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been known. We evaluated the availability of NLR to predict clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. Subjects and Methods: We analyzed 326 consecutive STEMI patients treated with primary PCI. The patients were divided into tertiles according to NLR: NLR≤3.30 (n=108), 3.31
Kwon J.C.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Ahn S.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Kim S.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Heilman K.M.,University of Florida
Neurocase | Year: 2012
Whereas contralesional spatial neglect is usually caused by right temporo-parietal lesions, ipsilesional spatial neglect is induced primarily by right frontal lesions. This report describes a 73-year-old woman with a right inferior parietal lesion who on 'where' tasks (line bisection and midline pointing) demonstrated ipsilesional neglect, but on 'what' tests (gap vs. no-gap detection cancellation and clothing tape removal) demonstrated contralesional neglect. This 'what' and 'where' directional dissociation provides evidence for independent 'what' and 'where' attentional networks; however, the reason this parietal lesion causes this contralesional vs. ipsilesional spatial attentional 'what' and 'where' dichotomy remains to be determined. © 2012 Copyright 2012 Psychology Press, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business.
PubMed | Ajou University, Dong - A University, Catholic Kwandong University, Chungnam National University and 8 more.
Type: | Journal: Geriatrics & gerontology international | Year: 2016
Patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) show greater attentional deficits compared with AD patients without CVD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of galantamine on attention in AD patients with CVD.In this open trial, 1512 patients with AD and CVD were recruited from 71 nationwide hospitals. The patients were given galantamine for 16weeks. The primary outcome measure was the score on the Attention Questionnaire Scale (AQS), which measures the patients attention in their daily lives. The secondary outcome measures were the scores on the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination, the Clinical Dementia Rating scale and the Global Deterioration Scale. Efficacy measures were calculated both at baseline and at the end of the treatment (week16).The responders rate on the AQS (change of the AQS from baseline >0) was 60.6% in AD patients with CVD. At the end of the treatment, both the AQS (15.05.7 vs 16.35.8, P<0.001) and the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination scores (17.84.8 vs 18.15.1, P<0.001) showed a significant improvement relative to the baseline performance. The Clinical Dementia Rating (1.250.59 vs 1.220.63 P=0.025) and Global Deterioration Scale (3.820.94 vs 3.760.96, P=0.002) scores also showed a significant decrease at the end of the treatment.Galantamine is effective in improving attention in the daily lives of AD patients with CVD. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2016; : -.
Lee H.J.,University of Ulsan |
Seo J.-Y.,Changwon Fatima Hospital |
Ahn J.-H.,University of Ulsan |
Ahn S.-H.,University of Ulsan |
Gong G.,University of Ulsan
Journal of Breast Cancer | Year: 2013
Purpose: Tumor-associated lymphocyte numbers in breast cancer have been suggested as a new independent predictor of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. We therefore evaluated the relationship between pathologic complete response (pCR) and tumor-associated lymphocytes in tumors of such patients. Methods: Between 2000 and 2009, we retrospectively evaluated 175 patients with primary breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by definitive surgical resection. Peritumoral lymphocytic infiltration (LI) and CD3+, CD8+, and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3)+ lymphocytes were assessed in pretreatment biopsy specimens. Results: Nineteen (11%) patients achieved pCR. An elevated LI, CD3+, CD8+, or FOXP3+ lymphocytic infiltration; lower clinical T stage; human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression; and herceptin-based treatment were all significantly associated with pCR. Through a multivariate analysis, LI (odds ratio [OR], 1.26; p=0.024), clinical T stage (OR, 3.06; p=0.041), and the use of a herceptin-based regimen (OR, 4.95; p=0.004) were all significant independent predictors of pCR. Significantly higher numbers of tumor-associated lymphocytes and CD3+, CD8+, and FOXP3+ T-cells were observed in the following: high-grade tumors, tumors of positive nodal status, and tumors negative for hormone receptors. Conclusion: Tumor-associated lymphocytes are significantly associated with pCR, suggesting that tumor-associated lymphocytes may be an important pathological factor predicting a response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. © 2013 Korean Breast Cancer Society. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Catholic University of Korea, Seqirus Netherlands BV, Chonbuk National University, Novartis and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Infection & chemotherapy | Year: 2016
This descriptive epidemiological study aimed to assess the prevalence of serum bactericidal antibodies against Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, W and Y in adolescents and adults in the Republic of Korea.In total, 987 subjects aged 11-55 years from five geographical regions of Korea were included in the study. Human serum bactericidal assay (hSBA) was used to measure hSBA titres for serogroups A, C, W and Y. Percentages of subjects with hSBA titres 4 and 8, geometric mean titres (GMTs), and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were estimated. Analysis was performed for the entire study population and stratified by age group or region. No statistical hypotheses were tested.The highest percentage of subjects with hSBA titres 8 was observed for serogroup W (74%), was similar for serogroups C (34%) and Y (36%), and was lowest for serogroup A (9%). The percentages of subjects with hSBA titres 4 were similar to those with hSBA titres 8 for all serogroups. GMTs were 2.56 g/mL (serogroup A), 5.14 g/mL (serogroup C), 22.63 g/mL (serogroup W) and 5.28 g/mL (serogroup Y). Similar trends in GMTs across serogroups were seen for individual regions and age groups. The highest GMTs for serogroups A, W and Y were recorded in the >19-29 years group, and for serogroup C in the >49-55 years group. Across all regions, GMTs were very similar for serogroups A, C and Y, while more variation was seen for serogroup W.In the Korean population, among Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, W and Y, serum bactericidal antibodies were most prevalent against serogroup W and least prevalent against serogroup A. These trends were maintained across age groups and regions. The highest GMTs for serogroups A, W and Y were observed in the >19-29 years group. The reasons behind the observed differences in prevalence of bactericidal antibodies against the serogroups are currently not understood, although carriage and cross-reactivity of the assay may be important influences.
PubMed | Yonsei University, University of Toronto, Kyung Hee University and Changwon Fatima Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association | Year: 2016
Although early neurological deterioration (END) during the acute stroke period is known to be directly associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes, few studies have investigated the ability to predict END. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in the occurrence of END according to the ischemic stroke predictive risk score (iScore), which was developed to predict short- and long-term mortality.We collected data from 2150 consecutive ischemic stroke patients who were admitted to 3 study hospitals between January 2012 and June 2014. END was defined as an increase (4) in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score within the first 72 hours of stroke onset. We calculated the 30-day iScore for each patient to determine the relationship between the iScore and occurrence of END.Among 2150 patients, END was observed in 146 patients (6.8%). There was a positive correlation between the iScore and occurrence of END. After adjusting for potential confounders, the iScore was independently associated with END (odds ratio: 1.217 per 20-point increase in iScore, 95% confidence interval: 1.121-1.321, P<.001). There was good correlation between observed and expected outcomes predicted by the iScore (Pearson correlation coefficient: r=.950, P<.001).The iScore can predict the risk of END development within the acute stroke stage.
Jang J.H.,Changwon Fatima Hospital
Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO | Year: 2011
We report a case of tectonic corneal transplantation for impending corneal perforation to preserve anatomic integrity using cryopreserved donor tissue. An 82-year-old woman exhibiting impending corneal perforation suffered from moderate ocular pain in the left eye for one week. After abnormal tissues around the impending perforation area were carefully peeled away using a Crescent blade and Vannas scissors, the patient received tectonic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty using a cryopreserved cornea stored in Optisol GS® solution at -70 for four weeks. At six months after surgery, the cornea remained transparent and restored the normal corneal thickness. There were no complications such as corneal haze or scars, graft rejection, recurrent corneal ulcer, and postoperative rise of intraocular pressure. Cryopreserved donor lamellar tissue is an effective substitute in emergency tectonic lamellar keratoplasty, such as impending corneal perforation and severe necrotic corneal keratitis. © 2011 The Korean Ophthalmological Society