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Feng X.,Peking University | Zhu L.,ChangSha Stomatological Hospital | Xu L.,Peking University | Meng H.,Peking University | And 6 more authors.
Archives of Oral Biology | Year: 2015

Objective: To date, no information on the distribution of periodontal microorganisms among family members of Chinese patients with aggressive peridontitis (AgP) is available. The aim of the present study was to investigate the probability of transmission of eight periodontal microorganisms between patients with aggressive periodontitis and their family members. Design: Saliva and pooled subgingival plaque samples were collected from 103 participants from 41 nuclear families (including 41 AgP probands, 19 mothers, 22 fathers, 21 siblings). Eight periodontal microorganisms, including Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Campylobacter rectus, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens and Fusobacterium nucleatum were detected in these samples by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In addition, the distribution of fimA genotypes was assessed in P. gingivalis-positive individuals by PCR. Results: P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, T. denticola, C. rectus and F. nucleatum were the most frequently detected species both in AgP probands and in their relatives. Kappa statistical analysis revealed that the detection of A. actinomycetemcomitans (Kappa = 0.503) and F. nucleatum (Kappa = 0.565) in probands was highly consistent with that in their relatives. Most probands shared the identical fimA genotype of P. gingivalis with their relatives. Conclusions: Our results suggested that the intrafamilial transmission of periodontal microorganisms may occur between Chinese patients with aggressive periodontitis and their relatives. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Xie H.,ChangSha Stomatological Hospital
Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology | Year: 2012

To examine the expression of cytochrome P450 related genes in oral submucous fibrosis tissue and to investigate the possible role of the genes in pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Buccul mucosa tissues were obtained from OSF patients in early, medium and advanced stages, with each stage including 10 patients. Normal buccul mucosa tissues were collected from 10 patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery as control. Oral submucous fibrosis-related genes were analysed by cDNA chips, and the results were submitted to the gene network database. Differentially expressed genes related to the pathway of CYP metabolism were indentifyed by the database analysis. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to verify the results from cDNA chips by increasing sample volume. There were eight genes [CYP2B6, CYP2C18, CYP2F1, CYP3A5, microsomal glutathione S-transferase 2 (MGST2), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), UDP glucuronosyl transferase 2B15 (UGT2B15), ADH1C] which were related to the pathway of CYP metabolism. These genes were low expressed in all stages of OSF (P < 0.001).There were no differences in genes expression among the three stages of OSF (P > 0.05). There were down-regulated genes related to the pathway of CYP metabolism in oral submucous fibrosis tissue. The ability of the pathway of CYP to metabolize and clear betel nut ingredients was reduced in OSF patients, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of OSF. Source

Xie Y.,Central South University | Zhou J.,ChangSha Stomatological Hospital | Wei Q.,Central South University | Yu Z.M.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials | Year: 2016

Abutment screw loosening is the most common complication of implanting teeth. Aimed at improving the long-term stability of them, well-adherent and homogeneous micro-crystalline diamond (MCD) and nano-crystalline diamond (NCD) were deposited on DIO® (Dong Seo, Korea) abutment screws using a hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) system. Compared with bare DIO® screws, diamond coated ones showed higher post reverse toque values than the bare ones (p<0.05) after cyclic loading one million times under 100 N, and no obvious flaking happened after loading test. Diamond coated disks showed lower friction coefficients of 0.15 and 0.18 in artificial saliva when countered with ZrO2 than that of bare Ti6Al4V disks of 0.40. Though higher cell apoptosis rate was observed on film coated disks, but no significant difference between MCD group and NCD group. And the cytotoxicity of diamond films was acceptable for the fact that the cell viability of them was still higher than 70% after cultured for 72 h. It can be inferred that coating diamond films might be a promising modification method for Ti6Al4 V abutment screws. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Xin Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu X.,ChangSha Stomatological Hospital | Cao Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Chen Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu C.,Southern Medical University
Archives of Oral Biology | Year: 2014

Objective To explore the involvement of synaptic plasticity in pain induced by experimental tooth movement, we evaluated the expression of protein kinase M zeta (PKMζ), an enzyme necessary for maintaining long-term potentiation (LTP) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Methods Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250-300 g were used. The change of the expression of PKMζ in the ACC was measured by western blot, and the mRNA of PKMζ was detected by quantitative real-time PCR 1, 3, 7 days after experimental tooth movement. The average time spent on mouth-wiping behaviour of rats involved in pain perception was detected. After that a selective PKMζ inhibitor, called myristoylated ζ-pseudosubstrate inhibitory peptide (ZIP) was injected into ACC, and the effects of ZIP were evaluated. Results The mouth-wiping behaviour of rats was significantly increased 1, 3, and 7 days after experimental tooth movement. Changes in PKMζ levels were not detected on day 1 but were found to be increased 3 days following the tooth movement, and then declined to the baseline 7 days after tooth movement in the ACC. PKMζ mRNA levels were not significantly different between the experimental and sham-treated groups at the three time points. Time spent on mouth-wiping behaviour was reduced after ZIP was injected into ACC 3 days after tooth movement, and the analgesic effect last for at least 24 h. Conclusion PKMζ in the ACC acts to maintain the pain induced by experimental tooth movement. Increased expression of PKMζ protein is attributed to persistent translation of PKMζ mRNA. Synaptic plasticity may be involved in the development of tooth movement pain. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Zhou S.,Central South University | Ou P.,Central South University | Yu M.,ChangSha Stomatological Hospital | Guo X.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Central South University (Medical Sciences) | Year: 2015

Objective: To analyze the characteristics soft tissue profile in Hunan Han adults with normal occlusion and to explore the differences of the soft tissue profile in gender, region and race. Methods: Lateral cephalometric radiographs were performed for 323 volunteers (164 females and 159 males) from Hunan Province. The digital cephalometric radiographs were imported into the WinCeph8.0 measurement and analysis system in a same computer. According to the Holdaway analysis method, the mean and standard deviation were calculated. Then the results were compared to the data from Liaoning, Nepalese, Japanese, North American Caucasians. Results: The normal value of cephalometric facial soft tissue profile in Han population adults with normal occlusion in Hunan Province were obtained. There were significant differences in subnasale to H line (Sn-H), upper lip tension, lower lip sulcus depth (Si-PgsLs), and soft tissue chin thickness (Pg-Pgs) between males and females (all P<0.05). Compared with Liaoning Province, significant regional differences in soft tissue facial angle (FH-NsPgs), upper lip sulcus depth (Ss-Ls), Sn-H, lower lip thickness, upper lip thickness, H angle, lower lip to H line (Li-PgsLs), Si-PgsLs, and Pg-Pgs were found in Hunan Province (all P<0.05). Compared with the Japan, significant regional differences in FH-NsPgs, nose prominence (Sn-Pn), lower lip thickness, upper lip tensity, H angle, Li-PgsLs, Si-PgsLs, and Pg-Pgs were found in Hunan Province (all P<0.05). Compared with the Nepalese, significant regional differences in Sn-Pn, Ss-Ls, Sn-H, skeletal profile convexity (A-NPs), basic upper lip thickness, upper lip tensity, H angle, Li-PgsLs and Pg-Pgs were found in Hunan Province (all P<0.05). Compared with the North America, significant regional differences in Sn-Pn, Ss-Ls, Sn-H, A-NPs, basic upper lip thickness, upper lip tensity, H angle, Li-PgsLs, Si-PgsLs and Pg-Pgs were found in Hunan Province (all P<0.05). Conclusion: There are both similarities and differences in facial soft tissue profile between males and females with normal occlusion in Hunan Province. The characteristics of facial soft tissue profile in Hunan Province are different from that in Liaoning area, Nepal, Japan and North America. Source

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