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Xing Z.,Jilin University | Gao S.,Jilin University | Duan Y.,Jilin University | Han H.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Nanomedicine | Year: 2015

Herein, a polyethylenimine derivative N-acetyl-l-leucine-polyethylenimine (N-Ac-l-Leu-PEI) was employed as a carrier to achieve the delivery of DNAzyme targeting aurora kinase A using PC-3 cell as a model. Flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy demonstrated that the derivative could realize the cellular uptake of nanoparticles in an energy-dependent and clathrin-mediated pathway and obtain a high DNAzyme concentration in the cytoplasm through further endosomal escape. After DNAzyme transfection, expression level of aurora kinase A would be downregulated at the protein level. Meanwhile, the inhibition of cell proliferation was observed through 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and cell colony formation assay, attributing to the activation of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Through flow cytometric analysis, an early apoptotic ratio of 25.93% and G2 phase of 22.58% has been detected after N-Ac-l-Leu-PEI-mediated DNAzyme transfection. Finally, wound healing and Transwell migration assay showed that DNAzyme transfection could efficiently inhibit the cell migration. These results demonstrated that N-Ac-l-Leu-PEI could successfully mediate the DNAzyme delivery and downregulate the expression level of aurora kinase A, triggering a significant inhibitory effect of excessive proliferation and migration of tumor cells. © 2015 Xing et al. Source

Liang S.,Jilin University | Duan Y.,Jilin University | Xing Z.,Jilin University | Han H.,Jilin University | And 4 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2015

Chondroitin sulfate was chemically conjugated to PEI25K through Michael addition to construct a non-viral gene carrier CS-PEI, and then the carrier was employed in miR-34a delivery to achieve the inhibition of cell proliferation and migration, using prostate tumor cell PC-3 as a model. The nanoparticle from CS-PEI and miR-34a at a mass ratio of 10 was prepared with particle size and zeta potential of 170.7. nm and +42.2. mV, respectively. Flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy revealed that CS-PEI could efficiently induce the cellular uptake of miR-34a in a CD44-mediated endocytosis manner. Through CS-PEI-mediated miR-34a transfection, obvious cell apoptosis was observed with early apoptotic cells of 47.49%, and meanwhile the activation of caspase-3, -8 and -9, and decreased expression level of Bcl-2 were detected. Moreover, wound healing assay showed that CS-PEI/miR-34a transfection could inhibit the cell migration. Overall, CS-PEI is potentially employed as a promising tumor-targeting system for miR-34a delivery in tumor gene therapy. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Wu D.,Jilin University | Han H.,Jilin University | Xing Z.,Jilin University | Zhang J.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology | Year: 2016

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been demonstrated to be a powerful tool for silencing post-transcriptional gene expression, and thus exhibits great potential in cancer gene therapy. However, siRNA technology has not become an established strategy for cancer treatment, as it is a considerable challenge to deliver siRNA to the targeting sites. In this review, barricades in the systemic delivery of siRNA were systematically introduced, from pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and intracellular behavior. Meanwhile, current and potential strategies for overcoming the barricades were elucidated, including chemical modification of siRNA, nanomaterial-based delivery systems, and targeting and stimuli-responsive smart carriers. In conclusion, the siRNA-based gene silencing drug will gain an important position for treating human diseases if we can solve the gap between ideal and reality. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

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