Chandigarh Group of Colleges

Chandigarh, India

Chandigarh Group of Colleges

Chandigarh, India
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Mehta T.,Gian Jyoti Group of Institutions | Gehlot A.,University of Petroleum and Energy Studies | Sharma D.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2017

The Android-based robot can be used for applications such as spy bots, it can also be used for supplying medicines to the patients. This Android-based robot which is driven by the “to and fro” movement of Android phone can also distribute medicines to the suffering patients. The robot is connected to the Android phone through Bluetooth module. In this research, a wireless robot is designed by using serial communication and Bluetooth process for wireless transmission of data and an Android mobile. A Bluetooth module has been interfaced with CPLD device and connected with Android operating system-based mobile. By using this mobile APP transmission of data to CPLD is done and it will receive data by using Bluetooth module and according to the requirement the robot will work. This application in mobile will transmit ASCII of the characters—“W,” “A,” “S,” and “D” to the robot. The robot will receive these characters using Bluetooth module and it will perform the operations—“Forward,” “Backward,” “Left,” and “Right”. © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017.

Bajwa M.S.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Singh P.K.,Jaypee University of Information Technology | Agarwal A.P.,Amity University
2016 4th International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Grid Computing, PDGC 2016 | Year: 2017

The aim of this research paper is to implement soft computing method to help in software testing and decide their ease of usage and effectiveness. Quality estimation incorporates assessing dependability and also viability of programming. Dependability is regularly measured as the quantity of faults. In this paper an evolution of value measurements suites to be specific CK, and after that selecting a few metrics and disposes of different measurements in view of the definition and capacity of the measurements. Our technique accepts the presence of a faulty runs. It then chooses as indicated by a paradigm the right run that most looks like the incorrect run, analyzes the results relating to these two runs. Our technique is broadly divided on the grounds that it doesn't require any learning of the project data and no more data from the user than a classification of the records separating the it as either 'correct' or 'faulty'. To tentatively accept the reasonability of the strategy and, utilizing essential classes and their values. Numerous measurements have been proposed identified with different develops like class, cohesion coupling, inheritance, information hiding and polymorphism. This addresses these necessities through the improvement and usage of a suite of measurements for OO design. Object-oriented measurements require the utilization of classes. With significant usage of PCA gives a guide to how to lessen an unpredictable information set to a lower measurement to uncover, resulting simplified structures that regularly underlie measurements suite for metrics of Chidamber and Kemerer is somewhat assessed by applying standards of measurement theory. This Paper shows the utilization of PCA in programming quality estimation utilizing object-oriented measurements. © 2016 IEEE.

Singh S.,Chitkara University | Talwar R.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
Journal of Mountain Science | Year: 2017

Change detection is a standard tool to extract and analyze the earth’s surface features from remotely sensed data. Among the different change detection techniques, change vector analysis (CVA) have an exceptional advantage of discriminating change in terms of change magnitude and vector direction from multispectral bands. The estimation of precise threshold is one of the most crucial task in CVA to separate the change pixels from unchanged pixels because overall assessment of change detection method is highly dependent on selected threshold value. In recent years, integration of fuzzy clustering and remotely sensed data have become appropriate and realistic choice for change detection applications. The novelty of the proposed model lies within use of fuzzy maximum likelihood classification (FMLC) as fuzzy clustering in CVA. The FMLC based CVA is implemented using diverse threshold determination algorithms such as double-window flexible pace search (DFPS), interactive trial and error (T&E), and 3×3‒pixel kernel window (PKW). Unlike existing CVA techniques, addition of fuzzy clustering in CVA permits each pixel to have multiple class categories and offers ease in threshold determination process. In present work, the comparative analysis has highlighted the performance of FMLC based CVA over improved SCVA both in terms of accuracy assessment and operational complexity. Among all the examined threshold searching algorithms, FMLC based CVA using DFPS algorithm is found to be the most efficient method. © 2017, Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

Kang A.S.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Grewal J.S.,Guru Nanak Institutions | Jain D.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Kang S.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
Journal of Thermal Spray Technology | Year: 2012

A rotavator is a motorized cultivator, popularly used to decrease the total time and human efforts in soil preparation. However, under dynamic loading, rotavator blades are subjected to extreme abrasive wear. The objective of this study was to enhance the working life of the rotavator blade in order to decrease the idle time required to reinstate the blade periodically during cultivation. The objective was carried out by means of thermal spray coatings, where the effect of the coatings on the extent of wear and the wear characteristics of the rotavator blades were examined. Three different detonation gun sprayed coatings, namely WC-Co-Cr, Cr 3C 2NiCr and Stellite-21 were compared in this study on high tensile steel rotavator blades. The wear rates of Cr 3C 2NiCr and Stellite-21 coated blades showed significant superiority over the uncoated blade, but not as much as shown by WC-Co-Cr coated blade. © ASM International.

Rathee P.,Punjab Technical University | Kamboj A.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Sidhu S.,Punjab Technical University
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules | Year: 2016

Our key objective was an attempt to apply a novel statistical method intended for designing, optimizing and developing Nisoldipine nano-bioenhancers using Taguchi (3 × 3 = L27) design. This quality improvement orthogonal design array (L27) was used as a mathematical tool to find and study the response prediction of independent as well as significant variables (A = poly-concentration; B = bio-enhancer and C = ratio of organic medium). The array orthogonal (3 × 3 = L27) at each level/spaces has been studied with respect to responses changeable (dependent factors); entrapment enhancement (X; evaluated using particle size; Y). All through experimentally performed runs, the results showed independent variables effect individually or simultaneously on changeable (dependent) variables. It also predicted significant variable via its "better to best" optimized spaces (independent level) and would be considered as novel statistically advanced oral drug delivery vehicle for anti-hypertensive agents. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Singh S.,Punjab Technical University | Talwar R.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
2015 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication, ICSC 2015 | Year: 2015

Remotely sensed data is only a key source of detection of Earth's surface changes or Land-Use/Land-Cover (LULC) monitoring. During past decades, a series of effective change detection techniques such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Change Vector Analysis (CVA) and Post Classification Comparison (PCC), have been developed to observe the LULC vicissitudes. All aforesaid techniques performed very well in some situations such as on horizontal land but very rarely experimented on rugged terrain satellite imagery because change detection procedures are very problematic for such study areas. From this perspective, this study comprises the quantitative analysis of different change detection techniques to study LULC changes linked with rugged terrain Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor satellite imagery. In addition to this, necessary pre-processing steps such as geometric correction, radiometric correction and topographic correction for flat surface as well as rugged terrain, have also been summarized to correct the estimated spectral reflectance value. Experiment outcomes confirms that CVA technique has greater potential (achieved accuracy assessment of 90% with Kappa coefficient of 0.8838) than PCC and PCA techniques (achieved accuracy assessment of 78-82% with Kappa coefficient of 0.6358-0.7537, respectively) to analyzed the overall transformed information over rugged terrain MODIS satellite imagery. It is projected that this will efficiently guide the natural hazard forecaster's or algorithm engineer's to precisely perceive the multi-temporal environment changes over Land-Use/Land-Cover rugged terrain. © 2015 IEEE.

Singh S.,Punjab Technical University | Talwar R.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
2015 International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication, ICSC 2015 | Year: 2015

Remote sensing provides the facility of acquisition of data associated with Earth's surface to observe regular changes. An important characteristic of imaging sensor is resolution which is classified in four different ways: (a) spatial; (b) spectral; (c) radiometric; and (d) temporal. During recent decades, the emergence of multispectral sensors provides the data with enlarged quantity of spectral bands and change in different spectra often correspond to alterations in some vital surface physical parameters. The higher spectral resolution Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor delivers data in 36 different spectral bands at three different spatial resolution to enhance the applications of remote sensing. Additionally, MODIS sensor has great temporal resolution which helps in updating of information on nearly daily basis. Beforehand to any application, various pre-processing procedures must be implemented to the remote sensed imagery to enhance different appropriate features. In case of undulating region imagery, it is important to eliminate the topographic effects such as shadowing, which generally, found in the remotely sensed images acquired from Himalayan region. From this perspective, this paper involves the analysis of impact of topographic correction on multispectral MODIS sensor data of Himalayan region. In the referred study, the base map of study area was derived from Himalayan region in which recover the information is problematic due to presence of topographic effects. Experiment conclusions confirmed that topographic corrections are significant in attaining a better quantification and understanding of a wide variety of procedure occurring in atmosphere and on the Earth surface. Moreover, extensive field investigation beyond that covered in this work is mandatory to assess the exact extent of the impact of the different spectral bands of different satellite sensors on topographic corrections. © 2015 IEEE.

Himani,Global Institute of Management and Emerging Technologies | Sidhu H.S.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
Proceedings - 2015 2nd IEEE International Conference on Advances in Computing and Communication Engineering, ICACCE 2015 | Year: 2015

Cloud computing is a nascent technology which widely spreads among researchers. It provide users with infrastructure, platform and software as amenity which is effortlessly accessible via Internet. In cloud computing, there are numerous tasks needs to be executed by the existing resources to attain best performance, shortest response time, minimal total time for completion, achieve deadline, utilization of resources etc. Scheduling is a complicated task in cloud computing environment where the aim is to schedule the tasks effectively so as to reduce the turnaround time and improve overall performance. Due to these dissimilar objectives, we need to design, develop a noble scheduling strategy to outperform proper division of tasks on virtual machines. Recently existing scheduling algorithm may work proficiently in some perspective. But they are unable to achieve deadline of task and attain maximum profit. In this paper, new mechanism is proposed which take care of deadline and cost, then scheduled the task according to need. Based on the concept of space-shared scheduling policy, this work presents Cost-deadline Based (CDB) task scheduling algorithm to schedule tasks with Cloud-sim by taking into account several parameters including task profit, task penalty, throughput, provider profit, user loss. © 2015 IEEE.

Bedi P.S.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Priyanka S.,SBSPGI
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research | Year: 2012

In present study the antitoxic activity of garlic was studied in Wistar albino rats. The experimental animals were divided in to four groups each containing six animals. Group I served as normal control. All the other three groups, viz. II, III and IV were first challenged with 7-12 Dimethyl benzanthracene (DMBA). ThereforeWhereas, group III and IV received Indole-3-Carbinol (1μg/kg) and garlic @ 300mg/kg body weight respectively, for four weeks. Group II however received no intervention. After four weeks, all the animals were sacrificed and the effects of the Indole-3-Carbinol and garlic were monitored by assaying the levels of lipid peroxidation (MDA), Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT) in liver and kidney homogenates. In addition Serum glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase (SGOT), Serum glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Urea and Creatinine were also studied. The results showed that the difference in total body weight gain was not significant among all the groups. Body weight in group II was find to be reduced than the body weight on zero day. There was significant decrease in SOD and CAT, but significant increase in MDA in both the tissue homogenates. The levels of AST, ALT, ALP, Creatinine and Urea were significantly increased in group II. Reversal effects of DMBA were shown by group IV but they were lower than group III. Cyst formation in liver was observed in group II rats only. Enlargement and paleness of liver was maximum in group II as compared to other treated groups.

Chawla P.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges | Khanna R.,Chandigarh Group of Colleges
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences | Year: 2016

A mathematical neural approach/artificial neural network (ANN) for the design of a swastika-shaped reconfigurable antenna as a feedforward side is proposed. Further design parameter calculations using the reverse procedure of the above method is presented. Neural network computational is one of the optimization methods that could be considered to improve the performance of the device. In this paper, the proposed planar antenna up to the 2nd iteration is simulated using finite element method-based HFSS software. The developed ANN algorithm method allows the optimization of the antenna to be carried out by exchanging repetitive simulations and also provides reduced processing times while still retaining great accuracy as compared to traditional mathematical formulation. The simulated S-parameter (return loss) results of the proposed antenna are verified with the ANN and show good agreement. Furthermore, for proof of concept, the above proposed antenna as well as a swastika-shaped reconfigurable antenna (2nd iteration) with radio frequency microelectromechanical system switches are fabricated and tested using a vector network analyzer. The results presented here show that the antenna works well in the frequency range of 1.5 to 6.5 GHz and resonates on multiple bands. The novelty of the approach described here offers ease of designing the process using the ANN algorithm, maintaining the miniaturization of antenna size, multiband behavior, and utility of the antenna in the mobile terminal. © TÜBİTAK.

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