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Prague, Czech Republic

Vrbacky F.,Charles University | Smolej L.,Charles University | Vroblova V.,University of Hradec Kralove | Pekova S.,Chambon Inc. | And 5 more authors.
Hematology | Year: 2010

Several studies have demonstrated the potential prognostic importance of angiogenesis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Elevated expression of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), an angiogenic cytokine, was recently reported in CLL. However, data regarding prognostic significance of Ang-2 in CLL are limited. Therefore, we quantitated Ang-2 mRNA in purified mononuclear cells of 33 untreated CLL patients and compared the transcript levels to traditional as well as modern prognostic factors in patients with CLL (clinical stage, disease course, IgVH mutation status, CD38, and ZAP-70 expression). Elevated Ang-2 mRNA concentrations were detected in 12 cases; 21 patients had very low or undetectable levels of Ang-2 transcript. There was significant association between high Ang-2 mRNA levels and unmutated IgVH genes (n=27, P=0.010) and with CD38 expression (n=32, P=0.011), but not with ZAP-70 expression (n=32, P=0.784), Rai stage (n=33, P=0.305) or stable versus progressive clinical course (n=33, P=0.443). There was a trend towards shorter progression-free survival in patients with high Ang-2 expression; however, it did not reach statistical significance (P=0.090). Our pilot data show that Ang-2 mRNA is differentially expressed in patients with CLL and its increased expression appears to be associated with poor prognostic features. Further studies are needed to confirm the results in a larger patient cohort. © 2010 W. S. Maney & Son Ltd. Source

CHAMBON Ltd | Date: 1988-02-23


Vrajova M.,Prague Psychiatric Center | Vrajova M.,Charles University | Pekova S.,Chambon Inc. | Horacek J.,Prague Psychiatric Center | And 3 more authors.
Neuroendocrinology Letters | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: The regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) molecules represent a class of proteins that modulate the signaling activity of G-protein coupled receptors. Regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) is of particular interest in schizophrenia due to reported downregulation of RGS4 transcripts in schizophrenia as well as a connection between RGS4 and a number of receptors implicated in schizophrenia. The mechanism of RGS4 involvement in the pathophysiology of this illness is not clear. METHODS: To elucidate thise role of RGS4 in pathophysiology of schizophrenia, we silenced RGS4 using siRNAs in human neuroblastoma cell lines and we studied the effects of differential RGS4 expression by microarray. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The cell lines with downregulated expression of RGS4 showed 67 genes with changed expression (30 underexpressed and 37 overexpressed). We have detected three subgroups of genes which might be implicated in schizophrenia pathophysiology: histone genes, which suggest epigenetic mechanisms of the disease; genes for transcription factors associated with other genes relevant to schizophrenia pathology (BDNF and DISCI1) and a heterogeneous group containing genes for G-proteins (GPR50 and GPR64) and calcium binding proteins. ©2011 Neuroendocrinology Letters. Source

Pekova S.,Chambon Inc. | Mazal O.,Chambon Inc. | Cmejla R.,Chambon Inc. | Hardekopf D.W.,Chambon Inc. | And 9 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2011

TP53 plays a pivotal role in the process of DNA repair and apoptosis. In 10-20% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the TP53 pathway is affected. In this study, we analyzed the TP53 mutation status in 2435 consecutive CLL samples, including 1287 diagnostic samples and 1148 samples during follow-up, using FASAY (Functional Analysis of Separated Alleles in Yeast) and direct sequencing. In a cohort of 1287 diagnostic CLL samples, we identified 237 cases with TP53 variants, including mutations, temperature-sensitive variants, deletions, insertions and aberrant splicing variants (18.4%). In 1148 follow-up samples, no TP53 clonal evolution was observed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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