Gustafsson H.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Holmberg K.,Chalmers University of Technology
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2017
We review the use of various types of emulsions as media for synthesis of porous silica particles. The use of high internal phase emulsions, i.e. emulsions with a high ratio of dispersed to continuous phase, is an approach that has attracted considerable attention. Polymerization of the continuous phase followed by removal of the dispersed phase leads to a material with an even distribution of pores if the emulsion droplets are uniform in size. Another route is to use particle stabilized emulsions as template. This will lead to either hydrophilic or hydrophobic porous silica particles depending on whether the templating emulsion is oil-in-water or water-in-oil, respectively. Use of double emulsions as templates is a way to obtain porous particles with hierarchical porosity, usually both macropores and mesopores. Templating amphiphiles, which are often polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymers, are needed in order to obtain materials with highly ordered pore structure. Non-ordered mesoporous silica with small particle size and relatively large pores can be obtained by emulsifying a silica precursor together with an inert solvent in water and allowing the silica to gel within the drops. Hollow silica spheres, i.e. spherical particles with a void in the middle, can be prepared by using emulsion drops as templates around which silica polymerizes. The particles have nanometer-sized pores penetrating the shell. © 2017.
Sterner E.O.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Johansson D.J.A.,Chalmers University of Technology
Environmental Research Letters | Year: 2017
The Climate-Carbon cycle Feedback (CCF) affects emission metric values. In the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change metric values for Global Warming Potentials (GWP) and Global Temperature Potentials (GTP) are reported both with and without CCF for non-CO2 climate forcers, while CCF is always included for CO2. The estimation of CCF for non-CO2 climate forcers in AR5 is based on a linear feedback analysis. This study compares that approach with an explicit approach that uses a temperature dependent carbon cycle model. The key difference in the CCF results for non-CO2 climate forcers is that, with the approach used in AR5, a fraction of the CO2 signal induced by non-CO2 forcers will persist in the atmosphere basically forever, while, with the approach based on an explicit carbon cycle model, the atmospheric CO2 signal induced by non-CO2 forcers eventually vanishes. The differences in metric values between the two model approaches are within ±10% for all well-mixed greenhouse gases when the time horizon is limited to 100 yr or less, for both GWP and GTP. However, for long time horizons, such as 500 yr, metric values are substantially lower with the explicit CCF model than with the linear feedback approach, up to 30% lower for GWP and up to 90% lower for GTP. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Mousavi Bideleh S.M.,Chalmers University of Technology
Vehicle System Dynamics | Year: 2017
Bogie suspension system of high speed trains can significantly affect vehicle performance. Multiobjective optimisation problems are often formulated and solved to find the Pareto optimised values of the suspension components and improve cost efficiency in railway operations from different perspectives. Uncertainties in the design parameters of suspension system can negatively influence the dynamics behaviour of railway vehicles. In this regard, robustness analysis of a bogie dynamics response with respect to uncertainties in the suspension design parameters is considered. A one-car railway vehicle model with 50 degrees of freedom and wear/comfort Pareto optimised values of bogie suspension components is chosen for the analysis. Longitudinal and lateral primary stiffnesses, longitudinal and vertical secondary stiffnesses, as well as yaw damping are considered as five design parameters. The effects of parameter uncertainties on wear, ride comfort, track shift force, stability, and risk of derailment are studied by varying the design parameters around their respective Pareto optimised values according to a lognormal distribution with different coefficient of variations (COVs). The robustness analysis is carried out based on the maximum entropy concept. The multiplicative dimensional reduction method is utilised to simplify the calculation of fractional moments and improve the computational efficiency. The results showed that the dynamics response of the vehicle with wear/comfort Pareto optimised values of bogie suspension is robust against uncertainties in the design parameters and the probability of failure is small for parameter uncertainties with COV up to 0.1. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Su R.,Nanyang Technological University |
Lennartson B.,Chalmers University of Technology
Automatica | Year: 2017
In this paper we investigate supervisor synthesis for a multi-agent system, which consists of an indefinite number of agents, all instantiated from a given agent template via corresponding language isomorphisms. We call such a system a multi-agent system with similar actions, as their individual alphabets are isomorphic to each other. Each agent shares a common global alphabet with other agents, but their private alphabets are disjoint. All local requirements are also instantiated from a given requirement template. We formulate a control protocol synthesis problem, which assumes that each private alphabet is only observable to the corresponding agent, but the global alphabet is accessible by all agents. Our goal is to compute a control protocol (i.e., a supervisor template) whose instantiations associated with individual agents ensure a controllable, nonblocking and requirement-satisfying behavior of the system, regardless of the total number of constituent agents. A solution to this problem will make the desirable plug-and-play control strategy feasible. We show that the existence of a solution is decidable, and a solution is computable when the answer to the decision problem is positive. To overcome the synthesis complexity, a polynomial-time heuristic algorithm is provided. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Nielsen J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nielsen J.,Technical University of Denmark |
Nielsen J.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Cell Metabolism | Year: 2017
Systems biology uses mathematical models to analyze large datasets and simulate system behavior. It enables integrative analysis of different types of data and can thereby provide new insight into complex biological systems. Here will be discussed the challenges of using systems medicine for advancing the development of personalized and precision medicine to treat metabolic diseases like insulin resistance, obesity, NAFLD, NASH, and cancer. It will be illustrated how the concept of genome-scale metabolic models can be used for integrative analysis of big data with the objective of identifying novel biomarkers that are foundational for personalized and precision medicine. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
Andrekson P.A.,Chalmers University of Technology
2016 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2016 | Year: 2016
We review recent advances of highly-nonlinear-fiber-based phase sensitive parametric amplifiers applied in optical transmission. Their benefits in periodically amplified transmission links provided by low-noise amplification and nonlinearity mitigation will be discussed. © 2016 OSA.
Carlsson B.D.,Chalmers University of Technology
Physical Review C | Year: 2017
Theoretical predictions need quantified uncertainties for a meaningful comparison to experimental results. This is an idea which presently permeates the field of theoretical nuclear physics. In light of the recent progress in estimating theoretical uncertainties in ab initio nuclear physics, I here present and compare methods for evaluating the statistical part of the uncertainties. A special focus is put on the (for the field) novel method of Lagrange multipliers (LM). Uncertainties from the fit of the nuclear interaction to experimental data are propagated to a few observables in light-mass nuclei to highlight any differences between the presented methods. The main conclusion is that the LM method is more robust, while covariance-based methods are less demanding in their evaluation. © 2017 American Physical Society.
Gubanski S.M.,Chalmers University of Technology
ICHVE 2016 - 2016 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application | Year: 2016
This contribution presents results of scientific cooperations between polymer technologists and high voltage engineers from Sweden, which aim at delivering new material concepts, based on polyethylene compounds with added nano-fillers and voltage stabilizers, for securing increased resistance to degradation by electrical treeing and reduced electrical conductivity in HVAC and HVDC applications. Several promising stabilizers have been tested and characterised and it is shown that their stabilizing efficiency can directly be related to electron affinity of the molecules. It is also demonstrated that, independently of the filler system, a remarable reducion of electrical conductivity can be achieved in polyethylene based nanoconposites. © 2016 IEEE.
Ahlborg H.,Chalmers University of Technology
Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions | Year: 2017
The field of sustainability transitions has recently benefitted from efforts by multiple scholars at better conceptualizing power and politics, and integrating insights from other fields. This article argues for an understanding of power as relational, productive, contingent and situated. I conceptualize power to the aim of understanding and explaining how and where power relations become de/stabilized in energy transitions in poor rural communities. An understanding of power as a relational capacity to act is integrated with a sociotechnical and relational understanding of constitutive power, which enables us to explore the co-production of social relations, technology and nature. The resulting conceptualization is applied to a case of mini-hydropower electrification in Tanzania. I find that electrification simultaneously reinforces social inequality and enhances social mobility. I identify material, symbolic and discursive domains that work as sources of de/stabilization of social hierarchies, producing effects on the system configuration and relations of class and gender. © 2017 The Author(s).
Chatterjee B.,Chalmers University of Technology
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2017
Efficient concurrent data structures that support range queries are highly sought-after in a number of application areas. For example, the contemporary big-data processing platforms employ them as in-memory index structures for fast and scalable real-time updates and analytics, where analytics utilizes the range queries. In this paper, we present a generic algorithm to perform linearizable range queries in lock-free ordered 1-dimensional data structures. The algorithm requires single-word atomic compare-and-swap (CAS) primitives. Our method generalizes the lock-free data structure snapshot of Petrank et al. . Fundamentally, we utilize a partial snapshot object derived from the snapshot object of Jayanti . We experimentally evaluate the proposed algorithm in a lock-free linked-list, skip-list and binary search tree (BST). The experiments demonstrate that our algorithm is scalable even in the presence of high percentage of concurrent modify operations and outperforms an existing range search algorithm in lock-free k-ary trees in several scenarios. © 2016 ACM.
Kasauli R.,Chalmers University of Technology
CEUR Workshop Proceedings | Year: 2017
Agile practices such as continuous integration and delivery promise shorter time to market and improved quality. For this reason, such practices have been adopted in many software companies. In the context of systems development, additional constraints apply, e.g., as a result of scale or parallel development of hardware and software. Traditionally, stage-gate processes with a focus on up-front requirements analysis are common in large-scale systems engineering. However, long upfront analysis is considered anti agile and there is some friction between RE (which is often considered as a waterfall activity or phase) and agile practices. This paper describes a research agenda that plans to address this friction. The work proposes a series of empirical studies to discover the information needs and related knowledge, pertinent to product development. We expect to make a contribution by establishing guidelines and frameworks that can be used to make requirements engineering a foundation for agile systems development. Copyright 2017 for this paper by its authors.
Draganis A.,Chalmers University of Technology
Journal of Tribology | Year: 2017
A theoretical and computational framework for the analysis of fully transient, thermomechanically coupled, frictional rolling contact based on an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) kinematical description is presented. In particular, a computationally efficient methodology for mixed control between the ALE referential velocities and their corresponding driving forces is developed and discussed in depth. Numerical examples involving two-dimensional (2D) cylinder-plate rolling contact are presented, covering a range of transient, thermomechanically coupled rolling contact phenomena, taking place on a broad range of time scales. Here, particular points of emphasis include dynamical effects in the vicinity of the contact region and the time scales on which mechanical and thermal mechanisms operate. Copyright © 2017 by ASME.
Bocquet B.,Chalmers University of Technology
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2016
The heavy cost of a launch is motivating industrialists to develop reusable solutions for launchers' first stages or main engine. Matriochka is a bi-stage experimental rocket created by students from the ESTACA; a leading space engineering school (France). At the ESTACA Space Odyssey (ESO), our project is challenging because Matriochka has a reusable first stage and the second stage is considered as a payload which imposes flexibility and adaptability. Payload separation is reached by propulsion sub-system which is called the "Heat Jettisoning". Re-usability implies adaptability. First of all, the "Heat Jettisoning" enables to have a mechanical interface only constrained by the free place in the launcher. This interface is almost independent of the payload geometry. Secondly, the launcher's ailerons are movable so if the payload changes the global centre of mass, the ailerons' position can be adjusted to correct stability. Eventually electronic sub-system is totally independent in order to avoid compatibility problems between payload's and launcher's electronic. Flight and ground safeguard is the top priority for operations and launch. We handled safety by favouring simplicity in every step. This is why "Heat Jettisoning" system was designed because it "only" pushes the second stage. Consequently it has just one system with a mastered technology which decreased the number of potential failures. Simplicity made us practising well-known technologies with high TRL as well as a step-by-step validation. This approach was enforced by dependability and heat studies on jettisoning system. Security rules are demanding. French experimental rockets are usually made for a single flight that is why Matriochka is a kind of pioneer. Moreover we need to protect the structure which is the most valuable part of the launcher. Therefore a parachute will slow down the launcher after the payload jettisoning. The know-how acquired from previous projects will enable us to safely recover our launcher. Besides, only a few parts are consumable items. They are designed to be low cost and easily manufactured. We aim to reach a full return to flight readiness within one month at a price lower as 10 Mastering cost- and time-efficiency for re-launch are the objectives of Matriochka! Dependability is a day-to-day challenge while innovative choices have been made in order to adapt to as many as possible payloads. Copyright © 2016 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved.
Karlsson S.,Chalmers University of Technology
EVS 2016 - 29th International Electric Vehicle Symposium | Year: 2016
An optimization model was developed to estimate the potential for a BEV, when replacing one of the conventional cars, to viably contribute to the performance of the driving in the households. It uses data from 1 to 3 months of simultaneous GPS logging of the movement patterns for both cars in 64 commuting 2-car Swedish households. The results show that the BEV can potentially roughly double the driving and still decrease the unfulfilled driving in the household with a flexible car use strategy compared to a BEV substituting the 2nd car only, turning the BEV economics into a TCO gain.
Davidson L.,Chalmers University of Technology
Journal of Turbulence | Year: 2017
A novel method for prescribing k and ω at inlets and RANS–LES interfaces in embedded LES is presented and evaluated. The method is based on the proposal by Hamba to use commutation terms at RANS–LES interfaces. Commutation terms are added to the k and ω equations in the region near the inlet (i.e. the RANS–LES interface). The proposed method can also be used when prescribing inlet values for k and ω in hybrid LES–RANS. The commutation terms are added in embedded LES at the LES side of the RANS–LES interface. The influence of the extent of the region where the commutation terms are added is investigated. It is found that it is most efficient to add commutation terms in only one cell layer adjacent to the interface; in this way, tuned constants are avoided. The commutation term in the ω equation is derived from transformation of the k and ϵ equations. When the commutation terms are used in only one cell layer, the commutation term in the k equation corresponds to a negative convection term. Hence, the commutation term can be omitted and a homogeneous Neumann inlet boundary condition can be used. The commutation term in the ω equation is retained. The novel method is evaluated for channel flow (Reτ = 8000), boundary layer flow (Reθ = 11, 000) and backward-facing step flow (ReH = 28, 000). Hybrid LES–RANS is used for the first two flows and embedded LES for the backward-facing step flow. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
News Article | April 16, 2017
A new device can produce enough food to make one salad per week for an entire year—and do it inside an apartment. “The pumps are always going,” says Dominique Schaefer Pipps, who worked on the “produce cultivation machine” with a team of senior mechanical engineers at Rice University’s Oshman Engineering Design Kitchen. “The water never stops moving, keeping the plants alive.” Sprouting from tiers of PVC pipes are lettuce, garlic, and other vegetables, grown hydroponically—that is, without soil—and kept fresh by a pump circulating 55 gallons of water. “The emphasis of the project is on using as few resources as possible, using little energy, and wasting nothing,” says Sanjiv Gopalkrishnan. A “zero-resource house” at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden commissioned the project. The original prototype came together last November after two months of brainstorming. It’s a much bulkier, space-consuming model and went outdoors where it is overgrown with sprawling tomato plants, broccoli, and Swiss chard. “We wanted to minimize power consumption and environmental impact, but maximize nutritional content and yield,” says George Dawson. “The machine should coexist with humans in a rather small living environment. Noises, lights, and smells shouldn’t interfere with the sleep cycle or life in general, and basic maintenance should be kept simple.” The device uses about 900 watts—or as much power as a microwave or medium window air conditioner—and runs off one outlet even after replacing fluorescent lights with LED growing lights to improve the health of plants farther away from the fixtures. The new prototype stands eight feet tall. The biggest change is it now uses square rather than round plastic pipes, which have a larger internal surface area and move more water. Pegs and friction hold the frame together without glue or nails. The entire device weighs around 70 pounds. “That makes transporting it easy. We have to get it to Sweden. This is like Ikea for toddlers, with really big parts,” says Jared Broadman. The team will install sensors to automatically monitor pH levels, nutrients, temperature, and other factors before the device’s installation in Sweden. The current setup uses one reservoir but the students expect a multiple-reservoir system, each with varying levels of nutrients, could permit fine-tuning the nutrient requirements of various plants. They demonstrated their work at the George R. Brown School of Engineering Design Showcase.
News Article | May 2, 2017
Six application-oriented spearhead projects and an invitation to express interest in joining the consortium. Those are examples of how the Graphene Flagship will move forward as it reaches midterm of its ten-year voyage. Representing the European Union's largest ever research initiative the Graphene Flagship's general assembly staked out the course for the next phase at its meeting in Bologna, Italy, in early April. "We are happy to conclude that we have reached the goals we put up when the project started in 2013 and that the research we have produced so far is now ready to lay the ground for actual commercial applications within the coming years. Our mission is to take graphene and related 2D materials from the academic laboratories to the factory floor and we are now taking yet another important step towards industrialisation of the technologies that we have been creating," says Jari Kinaret, director of the Graphene Flagship, based at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. The process of establishing the areas where resources should be focused has been ongoing for over one year and is based on different sources of input and evaluation, such as the Technology and Innovation Roadmap that has been completed by a working group within the Graphene Flagship. After identifying market motivated and narrowly defined areas where graphene could make a difference, six spearhead projects were selected for funding. They focus on a wide range of application areas, from solutions for 5G data transmission to solar energy and wearable electronics, but all have the common goal to develop new or improved products with integrated graphene or related materials (GRM). "All of the spearhead projects have strong company involvement and are committed to produce industrial prototypes within two years, in order to spur interest also among companies that are currently not involved with the Graphene Flagship." says Kinaret. The increased focus on innovation and commercialisation also means that the consortium of over 150 partners from 23 European countries will be adjusted to make sure that each partner has a well-defined role to fill and that there are no gaps in the value chain. To avoid such gaps the Graphene Flagship invites 15 individual Expressions of Interest for new partners with specific expertise, while a number of existing partners will have finished their tasks in the Graphene Flagship consortium. The Graphene Flagship's second core project under EU's Horizon 2020 programme starts 1 April 2018 and runs for two years. Director Jari Kinaret is looking forward with confidence: "We see that the centre of gravity of the Graphene Flagship is gradually moving from developing materials technologies to components and systems integration. We are exactly on schedule and I am very confident that we will reach the goal we have set for ourselves".
News Article | April 17, 2017
THE coldest place in the universe marks the grave of two stars. So says a team that trained the ALMA telescope on the spot, known as the Boomerang Nebula. Point a telescope almost anywhere in the cosmos and you’ll see that it is at 2.7 kelvin – cold enough to freeze hydrogen on Earth. But one spot is even colder – the Boomerang Nebula, 5000 light years away in the constellation Centaurus. Here the temperature is 0.1 kelvin, or just above absolute zero. A mystery for years, astronomers can now see that this cosmic winter was caused by a stellar duo’s violent death. When small stars perish, they expand and create glowing shells of ionised gas, called planetary nebulae. But when astronomers observed the Boomerang Nebula in 1995, they saw something quite odd. It’s the only known object in the universe to absorb light from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) – the afterglow of the big bang that keeps the universe 2.7 degrees above absolute zero. That means the nebula must be even colder. “We can chart the whole evolution of the Boomerang Nebula, which I think is unprecedented” Expanding gases will cool, but no one knew how Boomerang’s central star could eject enough gas to cool it to the temperature we see now in so short a time. “Obviously, something special had happened at this source,” says Wouter Vlemmings at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. So Vlemmings and Raghvendra Sahai at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory turned ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, towards the chilly nebula. Now we have the first detailed map of the Boomerang. On large scales, at least 3.3 times as much mass as the sun contains is being swept away from the central star at 170 kilometres per second within a spherical shell of gas. Could a single star produce such an outburst? Sahai didn’t think so. ALMA’s high resolution let the team probe the frigid heart of the system as well. It turns out that within the shell of gas two smaller bubbles are expanding outward from the central star. The team suggests that the single star was actually two, with one much larger than the other. When the massive star died and started to swell, it swallowed the smaller one. The companion continued to orbit the primary star’s core within the shell of gas. Eventually, it spiralled into the core roughly 1000 years ago in a violent merger that disgorged the two smaller lobes of gas (arxiv.org/abs/1703.06929). “We can chart the whole evolution of this object from the beginning to the end, which I think is unprecedented,” Sahai says. That evolution explains why the Boomerang is atypical. “In most of these situations, the outflowing gas comes out in a trickle,” says Mark Morris at the University of California, Los Angeles. But thanks to the binary interaction, Boomerang’s gas came out in a gush instead. Ultimately, the Boomerang Nebula will warm up too. It’s just that astronomers are watching it when it’s still quite cold. “It could be a reasonably common event, but because of the short timescale and the number of sources, it might just be that in the immediate neighbourhood of the sun we only expect to see one or two of these,” Vlemmings says. “We were probably somewhat lucky to find this source at the right time.” This article appeared in print under the headline “Double death explains universe’s coldest spot”
News Article | April 20, 2017
Fungi are a potential goldmine for the production of pharmaceuticals. This is shown by researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, who have developed a method for finding new antibiotics from nature's own resources. The findings - which could prove very useful in the battle against antibiotic resistance - were recently published in the journal, Nature Microbiology. Antibiotics have saved millions of lives since they were discovered in the 1940s. But recently we've had to learn a new term: antibiotic resistance. More and more bacteria are developing their own protection against antibiotics, thereby becoming resistant to treatment. This will lead to simple infections becoming lethal once again. Our need for new antibiotics is urgent. The first antibiotic to be mass-produced was penicillin, derived from Penicillium fungi. In their quest for new antibiotics, Chalmers researchers sequenced the genomes of nine different types of Penicillium species. And the findings are amazing: "We found that the fungi have enormous, previously untapped, potential for the production of new antibiotics and other bioactive compounds, such as cancer medicines," says Jens Christian Nielsen, a PhD student at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering. He works in a research team led by another Chalmers researcher with almost the same name: Professor Jens Nielsen. In the study, recently published in the journal, Nature Microbiology, the research group scanned the genomes of 24 different kinds of fungi to find genes responsible for the production of various bioactive compounds, like antibiotics. More than 1000 pathways were discovered, showing immense potential for fungi to produce a large variety of natural and bioactive chemicals that could be used as pharmaceuticals. In about 90 cases, the researchers were able to predict the chemical products of the pathways. As evidence of this, they followed the production of the antibiotic, yanuthone, and identified new fungi able to produce the compound, but also that some species could produce a new version of the drug. All in all, the study shows vast potential for fungi, not only in producing new antibiotics but also in enabling more efficient production of existing ones - and maybe also more effective versions of the existing ones. "It's important to find new antibiotics in order to give physicians a broad palette of antibiotics, existing ones as well as new ones, to use in treatment. This will make it harder for bacteria to develop resistance," explains Jens Christian Nielsen. "Previous efforts to find new antibiotics have mainly focused on bacteria. Fungi have been hard to study - we know very little of what they can do - but we do know that they develop bioactive substances naturally, as a way to protect themselves and survive in a competitive environment. This made it logical to apply our research tools to fungi." Researchers now have various paths to follow. One way of moving forward could be to look further at the production of the new yanuthone compound. The Chalmers researchers have also drawn up a map that makes it possible to compare hundreds of genes in the continuous evaluation of bioactive products with potent drugs in sight. How long it would take to launch new antibiotics on the market is impossible to say. "Governments need to act. The pharmaceutical industry doesn't want to spend money on new antibiotics, it's not lucrative. This is why our governments have to step in and, for instance, support clinical studies. Their support would make it easier to reach the market, especially for smaller companies. This could fuel production," says Jens Christian Nielsen.
News Article | April 20, 2017
Fungi are a potential goldmine for the production of pharmaceuticals. This is shown by researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, who have developed a method for finding new antibiotics from nature's own resources. The findings - which could prove very useful in the battle against antibiotic resistance - were recently published in the journal, Nature Microbiology. Antibiotics have saved millions of lives since they were discovered in the 1940s. But recently we've had to learn a new term: antibiotic resistance. More and more bacteria are developing their own protection against antibiotics, thereby becoming resistant to treatment. This will lead to simple infections becoming lethal once again. Our need for new antibiotics is urgent. The first antibiotic to be mass-produced was penicillin, derived from Penicillium fungi. In their quest for new antibiotics, Chalmers researchers sequenced the genomes of nine different types of Penicillium species. And the findings are amazing: "We found that the fungi have enormous, previously untapped, potential for the production of new antibiotics and other bioactive compounds, such as cancer medicines," says Jens Christian Nielsen, a PhD student at the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering. He works in a research team led by another Chalmers researcher with almost the same name: Professor Jens Nielsen. In the study, recently published in the journal, Nature Microbiology, the research group scanned the genomes of 24 different kinds of fungi to find genes responsible for the production of various bioactive compounds, like antibiotics. More than 1000 pathways were discovered, showing immense potential for fungi to produce a large variety of natural and bioactive chemicals that could be used as pharmaceuticals. In about 90 cases, the researchers were able to predict the chemical products of the pathways. As evidence of this, they followed the production of the antibiotic, yanuthone, and identified new fungi able to produce the compound, but also that some species could produce a new version of the drug. All in all, the study shows vast potential for fungi, not only in producing new antibiotics but also in enabling more efficient production of existing ones - and maybe also more effective versions of the existing ones. "It's important to find new antibiotics in order to give physicians a broad palette of antibiotics, existing ones as well as new ones, to use in treatment. This will make it harder for bacteria to develop resistance," explains Jens Christian Nielsen. "Previous efforts to find new antibiotics have mainly focused on bacteria. Fungi have been hard to study - we know very little of what they can do - but we do know that they develop bioactive substances naturally, as a way to protect themselves and survive in a competitive environment. This made it logical to apply our research tools to fungi." Researchers now have various paths to follow. One way of moving forward could be to look further at the production of the new yanuthone compound. The Chalmers researchers have also drawn up a map that makes it possible to compare hundreds of genes in the continuous evaluation of bioactive products with potent drugs in sight. How long it would take to launch new antibiotics on the market is impossible to say. "Governments need to act. The pharmaceutical industry doesn't want to spend money on new antibiotics, it's not lucrative. This is why our governments have to step in and, for instance, support clinical studies. Their support would make it easier to reach the market, especially for smaller companies. This could fuel production," says Jens Christian Nielsen.
News Article | May 4, 2017
Abstract: Six application-oriented spearhead projects and an invitation to express interest in joining the consortium. Those are examples of how the Graphene Flagship will move forward as it reaches midterm of its ten-year voyage. Representing the European Union's largest ever research initiative the Graphene Flagship's general assembly staked out the course for the next phase at its meeting in Bologna, Italy, in early April. "We are happy to conclude that we have reached the goals we put up when the project started in 2013 and that the research we have produced so far is now ready to lay the ground for actual commercial applications within the coming years. Our mission is to take graphene and related 2D materials from the academic laboratories to the factory floor and we are now taking yet another important step towards industrialisation of the technologies that we have been creating," says Jari Kinaret, director of the Graphene Flagship, based at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. The process of establishing the areas where resources should be focused has been ongoing for over one year and is based on different sources of input and evaluation, such as the Technology and Innovation Roadmap that has been completed by a working group within the Graphene Flagship. After identifying market motivated and narrowly defined areas where graphene could make a difference, six spearhead projects were selected for funding. They focus on a wide range of application areas, from solutions for 5G data transmission to solar energy and wearable electronics, but all have the common goal to develop new or improved products with integrated graphene or related materials (GRM). "All of the spearhead projects have strong company involvement and are committed to produce industrial prototypes within two years, in order to spur interest also among companies that are currently not involved with the Graphene Flagship." says Kinaret. The increased focus on innovation and commercialisation also means that the consortium of over 150 partners from 23 European countries will be adjusted to make sure that each partner has a well-defined role to fill and that there are no gaps in the value chain. To avoid such gaps the Graphene Flagship invites 15 individual Expressions of Interest for new partners with specific expertise, while a number of existing partners will have finished their tasks in the Graphene Flagship consortium. The Graphene Flagship's second core project under EU's Horizon 2020 programme starts 1 April 2018 and runs for two years. Director Jari Kinaret is looking forward with confidence: "We see that the centre of gravity of the Graphene Flagship is gradually moving from developing materials technologies to components and systems integration. We are exactly on schedule and I am very confident that we will reach the goal we have set for ourselves". For more information, please click If you have a comment, please us. Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.
News Article | May 1, 2017
A team of researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy has managed to generate cartilage tissue by printing stem cells using a 3D-bioprinter. The fact that the stem cells survived being printed in this manner is a success in itself. In addition, the research team was able to influence the cells to multiply and differentiate to form chondrocytes (cartilage cells) in the printed structure. The findings have been published in Nature's Scientific Reports. The research project is being conducted in collaboration with a team of researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology who are experts in the 3D printing of biological materials. Orthopedic researchers from Kungsbacka are also involved in the research collaboration. The team used cartilage cells harvested from patients who underwent knee surgery, and these cells were then manipulated in a laboratory, causing them to rejuvenate and revert into "pluripotent" stem cells, i.e. stem cells that have the potential to develop into many different types of cells. The stem cells were then expanded and encapsulated in a composition of nanofibrillated cellulose and printed into a structure using a 3D bioprinter. Following printing, the stem cells were treated with growth factors that caused them to differentiate correctly, so that they formed cartilage tissue. Tricked into thinking that they aren't alone The publication in Scientific Reports is the result of three years of hard work. "In nature, the differentiation of stem cells into cartilage is a simple process, but it's much more complicated to accomplish in a test tube. We're the first to succeed with it, and we did so without any animal testing whatsoever," said Stina Simonsson, Associate Professor of Cell Biology, who lead the research team's efforts. Most of the team's efforts had to do with finding a procedure so that the cells survive printing, multiply and a protocol that works that causes the cells to differentiate to form cartilage. "We investigated various methods and combined different growth factors. Each individual stem cell is encased in nanocellulose, which allows it to survive the process of being printed into a 3D structure. We also harvested mediums from other cells that contain the signals that stem cells use to communicate with each other so called conditioned medium. In layman's terms, our theory is that we managed to trick the cells into thinking that they aren't alone," clarified Stina Simonsson. Therefore the cells multiplied before we differentiated them. A key insight gained from the team's study is that it is necessary to use large amounts of live stem cells to form tissue in this manner. The cartilage formed by the stem cells in the 3D bioprinted structure is extremely similar to human cartilage. Experienced surgeons who examined the artificial cartilage saw no difference when they compared the bioprinted tissue to real cartilage, and have stated that the material has properties similar to their patients' natural cartilage. Just like normal cartilage, the lab-grown material contains Type II collagen , and under the microscope the cells appear to be perfectly formed, with structures similar to those observed in samples of human-harvested cartilage. Potential for use in osteoarthritis therapies The study represents a giant step forward in the ability to generate new, endogenous cartilage tissue. In the not too distant future, it should be possible to use 3D bioprinting to generate cartilage based on a patient's own, "backed-up" stem cells. This bioprinted tissue can be used to repair cartilage damage, or to treat osteoarthritis, in which joint cartilage degenerates and breaks down. The condition is very common -- one in four Swedes over the age of 45 suffer from some degree of osteoarthritis. In theory, this research has created the opportunity to generate large amounts of cartilage, but one major issue must be resolved before the findings can be used in practice to benefit patients. "The structure of the cellulose we used might not be optimal for use in the human body. Before we begin to explore the possibility of incorporating the use of 3D bioprinted cartilage into the surgical treatment of patients, we need to find another material that can be broken down and absorbed by the body so that only the endogenous cartilage remains, the most important thing for use in a clinical setting is safety" explained Stina Simonsson.
News Article | April 28, 2017
A team of researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy has managed to generate cartilage tissue by printing stem cells using a 3D-bioprinter. The fact that the stem cells survived being printed in this manner is a success in itself. In addition, the research team was able to influence the cells to multiply and differentiate to form chondrocytes (cartilage cells) in the printed structure. The findings have been published in Nature's Scientific Reports magazine. The research project is being conducted in collaboration with a team of researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology who are experts in the 3D printing of biological materials. Orthopedic researchers from Kungsbacka are also involved in the research collaboration. The team used cartilage cells harvested from patients who underwent knee surgery, and these cells were then manipulated in a laboratory, causing them to rejuvenate and revert into "pluripotent" stem cells, i.e. stem cells that have the potential to develop into many different types of cells. The stem cells were then expanded and encapsulated in a composition of nanofibrillated cellulose and printed into a structure using a 3D bioprinter. Following printing, the stem cells were treated with growth factors that caused them to differentiate correctly, so that they formed cartilage tissue. Tricked into thinking that they aren't alone The publication in Scientific Reports is the result of three years of hard work. "In nature, the differentiation of stem cells into cartilage is a simple process, but it's much more complicated to accomplish in a test tube. We're the first to succeed with it, and we did so without any animal testing whatsoever," says Stina Simonsson, Associate Professor of Cell Biology, who lead the research team's efforts. Most of the team's efforts had to do with finding a procedure so that the cells survive printing, multiply and a protocol that works that causes the cells to differentiate to form cartilage. "We investigated various methods and combined different growth factors. Each individual stem cell is encased in nanocellulose, which allows it to survive the process of being printed into a 3D structure. We also harvested mediums from other cells that contain the signals that stem cells use to communicate with each other so called conditioned medium. In layman's terms, our theory is that we managed to trick the cells into thinking that they aren't alone," clarifies Stina Simonsson. Therefore the cells multiplied before we differentiated them. A key insight gained from the team's study is that it is necessary to use large amounts of live stem cells to form tissue in this manner. The cartilage formed by the stem cells in the 3D bioprinted structure is extremely similar to human cartilage. Experienced surgeons who examined the artificial cartilage saw no difference when they compared the bioprinted tissue to real cartilage, and have stated that the material has properties similar to their patients' natural cartilage. Just like normal cartilage, the lab-grown material contains Type II collagen , and under the microscope the cells appear to be perfectly formed, with structures similar to those observed in samples of human-harvested cartilage. Potential for use in osteoarthritis therapies The study represents a giant step forward in the ability to generate new, endogenous cartilage tissue. In the not too distant future, it should be possible to use 3D bioprinting to generate cartilage based on a patient's own, "backed-up" stem cells. This bioprinted tissue can be used to repair cartilage damage, or to treat osteoarthritis, in which joint cartilage degenerates and breaks down. The condition is very common -- one in four Swedes over the age of 45 suffer from some degree of osteoarthritis. In theory, this research has created the opportunity to generate large amounts of cartilage, but one major issue must be resolved before the findings can be used in practice to benefit patients. "The structure of the cellulose we used might not be optimal for use in the human body. Before we begin to explore the possibility of incorporating the use of 3D bioprinted cartilage into the surgical treatment of patients, we need to find another material that can be broken down and absorbed by the body so that only the endogenous cartilage remains, the most important thing for use in a clinical setting is safety" explains Stina Simonsson.
News Article | April 28, 2017
A team of researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy has managed to generate cartilage tissue by printing stem cells using a 3D-bioprinter. The fact that the stem cells survived being printed in this manner is a success in itself. In addition, the research team was able to influence the cells to multiply and differentiate to form chondrocytes (cartilage cells) in the printed structure. The findings have been published in Nature’s Scientific Reports magazine. The research project is being conducted in collaboration with a team of researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology who are experts in the 3D printing of biological materials. Orthopedic researchers from Kungsbacka are also involved in the research collaboration. The team used cartilage cells harvested from patients who underwent knee surgery, and these cells were then manipulated in a laboratory, causing them to rejuvenate and revert into “pluripotent” stem cells, i.e. stem cells that have the potential to develop into many different types of cells. The stem cells were then expanded and encapsulated in a composition of nanofibrillated cellulose and printed into a structure using a 3D bioprinter. Following printing, the stem cells were treated with growth factors that caused them to differentiate correctly, so that they formed cartilage tissue. The publication is the result of three years of hard work. “In nature, the differentiation of stem cells into cartilage is a simple process, but it’s much more complicated to accomplish in a test tube. We’re the first to succeed with it, and we did so without any animal testing whatsoever," says Stina Simonsson, Associate Professor of Cell Biology, who lead the research team’s efforts. Most of the team’s efforts had to do with finding a procedure so that the cells survive printing, multiply and a protocol that works that causes the cells to differentiate to form cartilage. "We investigated various methods and combined different growth factors. Each individual stem cell is encased in nanocellulose, which allows it to survive the process of being printed into a 3D structure. We also harvested mediums from other cells that contain the signals that stem cells use to communicate with each other so called conditioned medium. In layman’s terms, our theory is that we managed to trick the cells into thinking that they aren’t alone,” clarifies Simonsson. "Therefore, the cells multiplied before we differentiated them." A key insight gained from the team’s study is that it is necessary to use large amounts of live stem cells to form tissue in this manner. The cartilage formed by the stem cells in the 3D bioprinted structure is extremely similar to human cartilage. Experienced surgeons who examined the artificial cartilage saw no difference when they compared the bioprinted tissue to real cartilage, and have stated that the material has properties similar to their patients’ natural cartilage. Just like normal cartilage, the lab-grown material contains Type II collagen , and under the microscope the cells appear to be perfectly formed, with structures similar to those observed in samples of human-harvested cartilage. The study represents a giant step forward in the ability to generate new, endogenous cartilage tissue. In the not too distant future, it should be possible to use 3D bioprinting to generate cartilage based on a patient’s own, “backed-up” stem cells. This bioprinted tissue can be used to repair cartilage damage, or to treat osteoarthritis, in which joint cartilage degenerates and breaks down. The condition is very common – one in four Swedes over the age of 45 suffer from some degree of osteoarthritis. In theory, this research has created the opportunity to generate large amounts of cartilage, but one major issue must be resolved before the findings can be used in practice to benefit patients. “The structure of the cellulose we used might not be optimal for use in the human body. Before we begin to explore the possibility of incorporating the use of 3D bioprinted cartilage into the surgical treatment of patients, we need to find another material that can be broken down and absorbed by the body so that only the endogenous cartilage remains, the most important thing for use in a clinical setting is safety” explains Simonsson.
News Article | April 20, 2017
Shareholders who wish to attend the extraordinary general meeting must - be listed in the shareholders' register maintained by Euroclear Sweden AB on Thursday, 11 May 2017, and - give notice of their intention to attend the meeting no later than Thursday, 11 May 2017. Notification may be given in any of the following manners: - by telephone +46 8 402 90 59, weekdays between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. In addition to notification, shareholders who have their shares registered through a bank or other nominee must request to be entered into the share register by Thursday, 11 May 2017, in order to be entitled to attend the meeting. Such registration may be temporary. In such cases, the shareholder should instruct the nominee of this well in advance of Thursday, 11 May 2017. Name, personal identity number/corporate registration number, address and telephone number, and accompanying persons, if any, should be stated when notification is given. Shareholders represented by proxy should deliver a proxy in the original to the company prior to the extraordinary general meeting. Proxy forms are available upon request and on the company website www.sca.com. Anyone representing a corporate entity must present a copy of the registration certificate, not older than one year, or equivalent authorization document, listing the authorized signatories. 1. Opening of the meeting and election of chairman of the meeting. 2. Preparation and approval of the voting list. 3. Election of two persons to check the minutes. 4. Determination of whether the meeting has been duly convened. 6. Resolution on the number of directors and deputy directors. 7. Resolution on the remuneration to be paid to the board of directors. The nomination committee proposes Eva Hägg, attorney at law, as chairman of the extraordinary general meeting. The nomination committee proposes the following: - The number of directors shall be nine with no deputy directors. - Remuneration shall be paid by an amount of SEK 600,000 to each of the board members elected by the general meeting and who is not employed by the company, and of SEK 1,800,000 to the chairman of the board of directors. In addition, remuneration for committee work shall be paid in accordance with the resolution adopted by the annual general meeting on 5 April, 2017. With respect to the board members elected by the annual general meeting on 5 April, 2017 and who shall remain as board members, the proposal means a reduction of the remunerations with SEK 100,000 for each board member and with SEK 300,000 for the chairman of the board, based on a term of office of one year. - Election of Charlotte Bengtsson, Lennart Evrell, Ulf Larsson, Martin Lindqvist and Lotta Lyrå as new directors. The proposal for new elections is presented as a result of the board members Ewa Björling, Maija-Liisa Friman, Magnus Groth, Johan Malmquist, Louise Svanberg and Lars Rebien Sörensen having declared that they are not at the disposal for the board in SCA following a listing of SCA Hygiene AB (under name change to Essity Aktiebolag (publ)). The proposed board members are proposed to take office on the first day of trading of the shares of SCA Hygiene AB on Nasdaq Stockholm. It is noted that the board of directors from the first day of trading of the shares of SCA Hygiene AB thereby will be composed of Pär Boman (chairman), Charlotte Bengtsson, Lennart Evrell, Annemarie Gardshol, Ulf Larsson, Martin Lindqvist, Bert Nordberg, Barbara Milian Thoralfsson and Lotta Lyrå. The resolutions pursuant to items 6–8 are conditional upon SCA Hygiene AB (under name change to Essity Aktiebolag (publ)) being admitted to trading on Nasdaq Stockholm. If the condition is not met, no changes in the board of directors elected at the annual general meeting on 5 April, 2017 will be made. has a Master of Science in Engineering, Steel and Wood Construction and is a Technology Licentiate and Doctor in Technology from Chalmers University of Technology. Since 2015 Charlotte Bengtsson is Managing Director of Skogsforsk research institute and previously, in 1999–2014, she served as Department Manager of Wood Engineering and Wood Construction as well as researcher/project leader in wood construction at SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. Further, Charlotte Bengtsson is Adjunct professor of Wood Building Technology at Linnaeus University. Independent in relation to SCA's major shareholders. , has a Master of Science in Engineering from Royal Institut of Technology and is an Economist from Uppsala University. Since 2008, Lennart Evrell is President and CEO of Boliden. Further, Lennart Evrell holds the position as Chairman of the board of Umeå University and of Gruvornas Arbetsgivareförbund, and as board member of the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise. Since 1985 Lennart Evrell has also held a numerous of senior positions, e.g. as President and CEO of Sapa and Munters, and various positions within ASEA, Atlas Copco and Sphinx Gustavsberg. Independent in relation to the company, management and SCA's major shareholders. , has a Bachelor of Science in Forestry from Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, and is President of SCA Forest Products AB since 2008. Ulf Larsson is also Executive Vice President of SCA since 2016, and has experience from executive positions within Scaninge Timber, SCA Skog, SCA Timber and Domänverket since 1987. Further, Ulf Larsson is board member of the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise and former board member of Mid Sweden University and Heinzel Holding GmbH. Independent in relation to SCA's major shareholders. has a Bachelor of Economics from Uppsala University and is President and CEO of SSAB since 2011, and board member of Industriarbetsgivarna and BasEL. Previously Martin Lindqvist has held positions such as board member of Indutrade AB and Chief Controller for NCC. Since 1998 Martin Lindqvist has held numerous senior positions within SSAB, including Business Area Manager, Divisional Manager, CFO and Financial Manager. Independent in relation to the company, management and SCA's major shareholders.] has a Master of Science in Economy from Stockholm School of Economics and is President and CEO-elect of Clas Ohlson. Since 2009, Lotta Lyrå has held senior positions within the Ikea Group, including Head of strategy as well as Head of development. Prior to this Lotta Lyrå was Head of development at Södra Timber, sawmill manager at Södra's sawmill in Mönsterås and former employee of McKinsey & Company. Independent in relation to the company, management and SCA's major shareholders. The nomination committee is composed of Helena Stjernholm, AB Industrivärden (chairman), Petter Johnsen, Norges Bank Investment Management, Håkan Sandberg, Handelsbankens Pensionsstiftelse and others, Marianne Nilsson, Swedbank Robur and Pär Boman, chairman of the board of SCA. Documentation, which, according to the Companies Act, shall be made available at the extraordinary general meeting, as well as proxy forms will be available at the company and on the company website, www.sca.com, no later than 25 April 2017, and will be distributed free of charge to shareholders upon request and notification of postal address. The board of directors and the president shall, if any shareholder so requests and the board of directors believes that it can be done without material harm to the company, provide information regarding circumstances that may affect the assessment of an item on the agenda. The total number of shares in the company amounts to 705,110,094 shares, of which 64,594,523 are series A shares and 640,515,571 are series B shares, representing a total of 1,286,460,801 votes. The series A share carries ten votes and the series B share carries one vote. The company holds 2,767,605 series B shares, which may not be represented at the general meeting. In accordance with a resolution on the 2017 annual general meeting, these shares are subject to a so-called process of cancellation of shares. The information pertains to the circumstances as per the time of issuing this notice. NB: The information was submitted for publication at 19:00 CET on April 20, 2017. This information was brought to you by Cision http://news.cision.com The following files are available for download: To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/notice-of-the-extraordinary-general-meeting-300442861.html
Leckner B.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Gomez-Barea A.,University of Seville
Applied Energy | Year: 2014
The conditions for CO2 reduction in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) oxy-boiler are studied, that is, operation with pure oxygen, diluted by recirculated flue gases to moderate the combustion process. Two cases are analyzed: the ready-to-convert case, a normal air-fired CFB boiler, only slightly modified to be operated with oxygen instead of air for CO2 capture, and a more general option, an entirely new design, employing high oxygen concentration in the input to the oxy-fuel CFB boiler. It is found that at a given fuel load, the relevant parameters for maintaining the CFB performance (bed temperature and fluidization velocity) in the ready-to-convert case cannot be kept entirely equal to those in the air-fired case, and some compromise has to be found. The new-design case results in a smaller boiler than that of the comparable air-fired case, depending on the oxygen concentration and the corresponding flue-gas recirculation. This case is expected to contribute favorably to reduction of the cost of CO2 removal. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Neves D.,University of Aveiro |
Neves D.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Thunman H.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Matos A.,University of Aveiro |
And 2 more authors.
Progress in Energy and Combustion Science | Year: 2011
In this study some literature data on the pyrolysis characteristics of biomass under inert atmosphere were structured and analyzed, constituting a guide to the conversion behavior of a fuel particle within the temperature range of 200-1000 °C. Data is presented for both pyrolytic product distribution (yields of char, total liquids, water, total gas and individual gas species) and properties (elemental composition and heating value) showing clear dependencies on peak temperature. Empirical relationships are derived from the collected data, over a wide range of pyrolysis conditions and considering a variety of fuels, including relations between the yields of gas-phase volatiles and thermochemical properties of char, tar and gas. An empirical model for the stoichiometry of biomass pyrolysis is presented, where empirical parameters are introduced to close the conservation equations describing the process. The composition of pyrolytic volatiles is described by means of a relevant number of species: H2O, tar, CO2, CO, H2, CH4 and other light hydrocarbons. The model is here primarily used as a tool in the analysis of the general trends of biomass pyrolysis, enabling also to verify the consistency of the collected data. Comparison of model results with the literature data shows that the information on product properties is well correlated with the one on product distribution. The prediction capability of the model is briefly addressed, with the results showing that the yields of volatiles released from a specific biomass are predicted with a reasonable accuracy. Particle models of the type presented in this study can be useful as a submodel in comprehensive reactor models simulating pyrolysis, gasification or combustion processes. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Berland K.,University of Oslo |
Berland K.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Cooper V.R.,Oak Ridge National Laboratory |
Lee K.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory |
And 5 more authors.
Reports on Progress in Physics | Year: 2015
A density functional theory (DFT) that accounts for van der Waals (vdW) interactions in condensed matter, materials physics, chemistry, and biology is reviewed. The insights that led to the construction of the Rutgers-Chalmers van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) are presented with the aim of giving a historical perspective, while also emphasizing more recent efforts which have sought to improve its accuracy. In addition to technical details, we discuss a range of recent applications that illustrate the necessity of including dispersion interactions in DFT. This review highlights the value of the vdW-DF method as a general-purpose method, not only for dispersion bound systems, but also in densely packed systems where these types of interactions are traditionally thought to be negligible. © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Grigorenko L.V.,Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research |
Grigorenko L.V.,RAS Research Center Kurchatov Institute |
Mukha I.G.,Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research |
Zhukov M.V.,Chalmers University of Technology
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013
The structure and decay of O26 are investigated in a three-body O24+n+n model suitable for studies of the long-lived (including radioactivity time scale) states. We have found extremely strong effects of the subbarrier configuration mixing on the decay width of true 2n emitters due to core recoil and neutron-neutron final state interaction. This effect far exceeds the analogous effect in the true 2p emitters. Our calculations provide reasonably narrow boundaries for the lifetime vs decay energy dependence for the true 2n emission. An upper limit of ∼1 keV for the decay energy of the unbound O26 is inferred based on the recent experimental lifetime value. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Kahnert M.,Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute |
Kahnert M.,Chalmers University of Technology
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer | Year: 2016
Numerical solution methods for electromagnetic scattering by non-spherical particles comprise a variety of different techniques, which can be traced back to different assumptions and solution strategies applied to the macroscopic Maxwell equations. One can distinguish between time- and frequency-domain methods; further, one can divide numerical techniques into finite-difference methods (which are based on approximating the differential operators), separation-of-variables methods (which are based on expanding the solution in a complete set of functions, thus approximating the fields), and volume integral-equation methods (which are usually solved by discretisation of the target volume and invoking the long-wave approximation in each volume cell). While existing reviews of the topic often tend to have a target audience of program developers and expert users, this tutorial review is intended to accommodate the needs of practitioners as well as novices to the field. The required conciseness is achieved by limiting the presentation to a selection of illustrative methods, and by omitting many technical details that are not essential at a first exposure to the subject. On the other hand, the theoretical basis of numerical methods is explained with little compromises in mathematical rigour; the rationale is that a good grasp of numerical light scattering methods is best achieved by understanding their foundation in Maxwell's theory. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Fernando M.A.R.M.,University of Peradeniya |
Gubanski S.M.,Chalmers University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation | Year: 2010
This paper presents investigations on the performance of 33 kV silicone rubber insulators characterized by different creepage lengths, which aimed to find out whether the insulators could permanently work when electrically stressed beyond the recommended limits in polluted and clean tropical environments. The study was performed under natural field and laboratory conditions. The insulators tested included eight types of silicone rubber composite insulators, one type of hybrid siliconeceramic insulator and one semi-conducting glazed porcelain insulator, while ordinary porcelain and glass insulators were used as reference. During the field investigation, two sets of the insulators were separately installed and energized in coastal and inland parts of Sri Lanka, being by that exposed to marine and clean tropical environments. Their performances were periodically evaluated by visual inspections and measurements of hydrophobicity class. After five years of field exposure, the insulator performances were evaluated in laboratory by measurements of leakage currents under clean fog conditions and of wet flashover voltage. A third set of the insulators was aged in laboratory for 1000 hours inside a salt fog chamber where the insulators were continuously energized and daily sprayed with salt solution for eight hours and left to rest for remaining 16 hours. This treatment represented conditions similar as those in the field i.e. insulators exposed to salt sprays during monsoons. The insulator performances were investigated by measurements of leakage currents and classifying their patterns into different categories, i.e. capacitive, resistive, non-linear, discharge and strong discharge types, by means of fast Fourier transform and short time Fourier transform analyses. It was found that the long-term field exposure yielded weaker insulator deterioration than the salt fog chamber ageing, which indicated for a possibility to increase the electric stress on silicone rubber insulators to levels higher than the ones used today on glass and porcelain counterparts. © 2010 IEEE.
Gomez-Barea A.,University of Seville |
Ollero P.,University of Seville |
Leckner B.,Chalmers University of Technology
Fuel | Year: 2013
In fluidized-bed gasification (FBG) of biomass and waste the temperature is maintained relatively low to prevent agglomeration. This slows down carbon conversion in conventional FBG, and a gas with relatively high concentration of tar is generated. Then the gasification efficiency is reduced and utilization of the gas is difficult in applications where the gas is cooled or compressed. In the present work the conversion of char and tar is studied to identify the main factors hindering complete conversion of the fuel into a product gas that is free from tar. It is concluded that char conversion can be increased by solids recirculation in directly heated FBG (stand-alone units) or by burning the char in a separate chamber in indirectly heated FBG. However, the tar content of the gas remains high, making gas cleaning necessary. Downstream cleaning of gas by catalytic cracking and/or scrubbing is complex and/or expensive for small to medium gasification plants, so conversion of tar within the gasifier is preferred. The optimization of conventional directly heated FBG by use of in-bed catalyst and distribution of the gasification agent to various zones of the gasifier, although improving the process, is not sufficient to attain the gas purity required for cold gas applications. Staged gasification is a suitable way to reach high char conversion, while yielding a gas with low concentration of heavy tar. Most of the staged-gasification developments proposed up to date have been based on fixed-beds, thus having relatively small capacity. A recently proposed concept to achieve almost complete tar and char conversion in fluidized bed is presented. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Hansen T.F.,University of Oslo |
Bartoszek K.,Chalmers University of Technology
Systematic Biology | Year: 2012
Regressions of biological variables across species are rarely perfect. Usually, there are residual deviations from the estimated model relationship, and such deviations commonly show a pattern of phylogenetic correlations indicating that they have biological causes. We discuss the origins and effects of phylogenetically correlated biological variation in regression studies. In particular, we discuss the interplay of biological deviations with deviations due to observational or measurement errors, which are also important in comparative studies based on estimated species means. We show how bias in estimated evolutionary regressions can arise from several sources, including phylogenetic inertia and either observational or biological error in the predictor variables. We show how all these biases can be estimated and corrected for in the presence of phylogenetic correlations. We present general formulas for incorporating measurement error in linear models with correlated data. We also show how alternative regression models, such as major axis and reduced major axis regression, which are often recommended when there is error in predictor variables, are strongly biased when there is biological variation in any part of the model. We argue that such methods should never be used to estimate evolutionary or allometric regression slopes. © 2012 The Author(s).
Kahnert M.,Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute |
Kahnert M.,Chalmers University of Technology
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer | Year: 2013
A T-matrix code tailored to non-axisymmetric particles with finite symmetries is described. The code exploits geometric symmetries of particles by use of group theoretical methods. Commutation relations of the T-matrix are implemented for reducing CPU-time requirements. Irreducible representations of finite groups are employed for alleviating ill-conditioning problems in numerical computations. Further, an iterative T-matrix method for particles with small-scale surface perturbations is implemented. The code can compute both differential and integrated optical properties of particles in either fixed or random orientation. Methods for testing the convergence and correctness of the computational results are discussed. The package also includes a database of pre-computed group-character tables, as well as an interface to the GAP programming language for computational group theory. The code can be downloaded at http://www.rss.chalmers.se/?kahnert/Tsym.html. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Sanden B.A.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Hillman K.M.,University of Gävle
Research Policy | Year: 2011
The relationship between technologies is a salient feature of the literature on technical change and terms like 'dominant design' and 'technology lock-in' are part of the standard vocabulary and put competition among technologies in focus. The aim of this paper is to provide an account of the wide range of interaction modes beyond competition that is prevalent in transition processes and to develop a conceptual framework to facilitate more detailed and nuanced descriptions of technology interaction. Besides competition, we identify five other basic modes of interaction: symbiosis, neutralism, parasitism, commensalism and amensalism. Further, we describe interaction as overlapping value chains. Defining a technology as a socio-technical system extending in material, organisational and conceptual dimensions allows for an even more detailed description of interaction. The conceptual framework is tested on and illustrated by a case study of interaction among alternative transport fuels in Sweden 1974-2004. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.9.9 | Award Amount: 74.61M | Year: 2013
This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.\nOur main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies for ICT and beyond, identify new device concepts enabled by graphene and other layered materials, and integrate them to systems that provide new functionalities and open new application areas.\nThese objectives are supported by operative targets to bring together a large core consortium of European academic and industrial partners and to create a highly effective technology transfer highway, allowing industry to rapidly absorb and exploit new discoveries.\nThe Flagship will be aligned with European and national priorities to guarantee its successful long term operation and maximal impact on the national industrial and research communities.\nTogether, the scientific and technological objectives and operative targets will allow us to reach our societal goals: the Flagship will contribute to sustainable development by introducing new energy efficient and environmentally friendly products based on carbon and other abundant, safe and recyclable natural resources, and boost economic growth in Europe by creating new jobs and investment opportunities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 6.05M | Year: 2010
Astronomical observations are revealing in ever increasing detail how our Universe works. Existing and planned European investment in sophisticated observational platforms approaches many billions of Euros. However, the observations that can be made on these telescopes would be little more than pretty pictures were it not for the efforts of the experimental and theoretical laboratory astrophysics communities in collaboration with their astronomical colleagues in developing models of our Universe firmly grounded here on Earth. These models recognise the importance of chemical processes in the astronomical environment and the young science of Astrochemistry seeks to understand the rich variety of this chemistry in such a way as to make a significant contribution to us truly understanding the evolution of the modern day Universe. The LASSIE (Laboratory Astrochemical Surface Science in Europe) Initial Training Network seeks to address the key issue of the interaction of the astronomical gas phase with the dust that pervades the Universe. The gas-grain interaction, as it is know, has been recognised by astronomers as crucial in promoting chemistry. The LASSIE ITN brings together the leading European players in experimental and computational surface and solid state astrochemistry, astronomers seeking to understand the detailed role of chemical species in our modern Universe, industrial partners engaged in the development of relevant laboratory instrumentation and experts in public engagement. Through this combination LASSIE will develop capacity in astrochemistry in Europe, produce researchers equipped with a range of specialist and generic skills necessary to engage in a wide range knowledge-based careers and to reach out to all aspects of European society to deliver a positive message in relation to the scientific and technical advancement of Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ICT-2010.10.3 | Award Amount: 6.72M | Year: 2010
The objective of the ID4EV project is to develop energy efficient and safe brake and chassis systems for the needs of fully electric vehicles and the improvement of active safety and comfort for a faster introduction of fully electric vehicles. These systems will be optimized to the requirements for FEVs. Beside the development and optimization of the most relevant sub-systems of a vehicle with regard to active safety and comfort, the brake and the chassis system, optimization on vehicle level will done with a new approach of a network system as well as new HMI concepts for FEVs.Electrified auxiliaries like the brake systems and the chassis will lead to new possibilities to vehicle control and a better cooperative interaction between these distributed systems. For a fast introduction of fully electric vehicles these systems have to be safe and must have a defined fail safe concept. The aim is to provide absolute safe electrified brake and chassis systems that lead to a high user/customer acceptance. To reach this safety approach the target is to adapt existing systems to the requirements of fully electric vehicles.The project will concentrate on the topics of energy efficiency, safety and the interaction between the vehicle, the optimized systems and the driver.To address both possibilities of drivetrain concepts of fully electric vehicles, both concepts will take into account and their impact of the adapted systems will be analysed and solutions presented.To reach a significant breakthrough of fully electric vehicles the adapted systems will be tested on test benches and under real world conditions in demonstrator vehicles to ensure the functionality and to prove the safety.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERC-POC | Phase: ERC-PoC-2015 | Award Amount: 150.00K | Year: 2016
MapCOM will transition the fundamental research carried out in the COOPNET project (the PIs Starting Grant Project) to concrete applications related to power-efficient and scalable resource allocation for cellular networks, in particular for 5G communications. The key idea is to harness uncertain location information to build statistical radio maps, which can be used to predict radio signal quality and perform long-term proactive resource allocation. This will reduce operating costs for operators, provide better user experience for high-throughput applications, and enable new services and applications where low latency, reliable, and scalable communication is key (e.g., autonomous vehicles). Our COOPNET research has indicated the importance of explicitly accounting for various sources of uncertainty. We are now ready to establish the innovation potential of this research for commercial and societal benefit. Funded by the Western Sweden Innovation Office, we have already taken initial steps in this direction and have established possible innovation potential through meetings with Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, two equipment manufacturers. In this ERC Proof of Concept, we plan to demonstrate the technology and determine the market potential by: (i) confirming that the performance gains seen in theory also hold up in the real world; (ii) identifying possible market applications starting with telecom equipment manufacturers and telecom operators, but also other ICT industries. This analysis will allow us to identify, together with industrial actors, where the market value of the COOPNET concept lies. If successful, telecom equipment manufacturers and/or telecom operators will be able to provide the COOPNET functionality as part of their future products and services, giving them a significant advantage over competitors. We also expect this to be a first step towards multiple possible market applications to be identified in various areas of the ICT industries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2008.5.2.3. | Award Amount: 28.83M | Year: 2009
Initiated by EUROYARDS, BESST aims to achieve a breakthrough in competitiveness, environmentally friendliness and safety of EU built ships. Focusing on passenger ships, ferries and mega-yachts, the results will to a large extend be applicable also to other ships. A holistic life cycle performance assessment on ship level will guide the technical developments on system level, clustered in System Groups. The results will be integrated in 3 virtual show cases (ship concepts) demonstrating technical solutions as well as life cycle impact compared to current designs. Optimization tools will be developed and applied in a cooperative process proving feasibility, adaptability and efficiency to future commercial applications. The estimated overall impact of BESST will result in a reduction of life cycle cost of about 120 M per PanMax ship and a reduction of CO2 emissions by 12% per ship and year, just to mention a few key figures. The key areas of technical developments include: Space Optimisation and Easy Maintenance Improving Payload to Gross Tonnage Ratio Cost Efficient Building Processes and Refurbishment Improved Energy Efficiency and Reduced Emissions Noise and Vibration Improved Reliability through Model-Based Design and Condition Monitoring Optimization of Logistic Chains Improving Safety and Security The consortium is formed by 8 leading EU shipyards. A global market share of 96% for cruise ships and 31% for ferries ensures the critical mass for applications on EU level. In addition, 20 research institutes and universities, 5 classification societies and 31 ship equipment suppliers (17 of them SME) are part of the research network of BESST. Close interaction with ship operators will be achieved through a dedicated Advisory Group. A multi-level management structure, based on the experience of the shipyards in previous R&D and commercial projects, will ensure efficient and targeted work of the consortium to ensure the envisaged impact.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2015
Development of fuel injection equipment (FIE) able to reduce pollutant emissions from liquid-fueled transportation and power generation systems is a top industrial priority in order to meet the forthcoming EU 2020 emission legislations. However, design of new FIE is currently constrained by the incomplete physical understanding of complex micro-scale processes, such as in-nozzle cavitation, primary and secondary atomization. Unfortunately, todays computing power does not allow for an all-scale analysis of these processes. The proposed program aims to develop a large eddy simulation (LES) CFD model that will account for the influence of unresolved sub-grid-scale (SGS) processes to engineering scales at affordable computing time scales. The bridging parameter between SGS and macro-scales flow processes is the surface area generation/destruction occurring during fuel atomisation; relevant SGS closure models will be developed through tailored experiments and DNS and will be implemented into the LES model predicting the macroscopic spray development as function of the in-nozzle flow and surrounding air conditions. Validation of the new simulation tool, currently missing from todays state-of-the-art models, will be performed against new benchmark experimental data to be obtained as part of the programme, in addition to those provided by the industrial partners. This will demonstrate the applicability of the model as an engineering design tool suitable for IC engines, gas turbines, fuel burners and even rocket engine fuel injectors. The proposed research and training programme will be undertaken by 15ESRs funded by the EU and one ESR funded independently from an Australian partner; ESRs will be recruited/seconded by universities, research institutes and multinational fuel injection and combustion systems manufacturers that will represent in the best possible way the international, interdisciplinary and intersectoral requirements of the Marie Curie Action guidelines.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.2-1 | Award Amount: 27.17M | Year: 2009
The call 4.2.2-1 organic materials for electronics and photonics is based on the observation that the limited availability of high-performance multi-functional materials is a roadblock to further industrial progress. To address the wide scope of the call, we have identified specific materials bottlenecks to the fields of electronics and photonics. They constitute the focal points of our project. One-P main objective is: to invent, design, synthesize, characterize, process, and to supply the missing materials in the fields of organic electronics and photonics and to develop appropriate patterning methods for micro- and nano-structuring of these materials that can be up-scaled to roll-to-roll technologies. The work plan is composed of five technical workpackages, each one addressing current materials challenges: 1) charge transport and injection, 2) detection and sensing, 3) light emission, 4) functional self-assembled monolayers, 5) continuous processing and technology. Computer-aided design of materials and the use of advanced characterization tools are transversal activities that are integrated in technical workpackages. The sixth workpackage is devoted to dissemination, exploitation, and management of intellectual properties that are essential for the project success. To carry out this multi-disciplinary project, a cross-sectorial consortium has been formed at the European level. It is composed of strong academic and industrial teams with necessary and complementary expertises to cover all scientific, technological and exploitation aspects. The project will generate fundamental knowledge and help to develop unprecedented technologies. They will have a positive impact on competitiveness of European industries, environment, job creation, health, security, safety, and welfare of European citizens
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.4 | Award Amount: 5.58M | Year: 2008
Due to technology limitations, the domain of high-performance processors is experiencing a radical shift towards parallelism through on-chip multi-cores and chip customization leading to heterogeneous multi-core systems. Furthermore, the commodity market, the supercomputing market and the embedded market are increasingly sharing the same challenges, leading to convergence of the three markets.\n\nThe main challenges for the future high-performance embedded systems have been documented in the HiPEAC roadmap (http://www.HiPEAC.net/roadmap), which forms the basis of the HiPEAC strategic research agenda. \n\nThe goal of the HiPEAC Network of Excellence is (i) to join forces in Europe to collectively work on the HiPEAC strategic research agenda, (ii) to realize European excellence in computing architectures, system software and platforms to enable the development of new applications, and (iii) to allow European companies to achieve world-leading positions in computing solutions and products.\n\nIn order to reach that goal, HiPEAC (a) will stimulate mobility between partners (internships, sabbaticals, research visits, cluster meeting), (b) will coordinate and steer research in 9 research clusters: (i) Multi-core architecture, (ii) Programming models and operating systems, (iii) Adaptive compilation, (iv) Interconnects, (v) Reconfigurable computing, (vi) Design methodology and tools, (vii) Binary translation and virtualization, (viii) Simulation platform, (ix) Compilation platform, and (c) will spread excellence by running the HiPEAC conference, the ACACES summer school, the HiPEAC journal, a newsletter, a website, seminars, technical reports, workshops, and awards.\n\nThis program of activities will lead to the permanent creation of a solid and integrated virtual centre of excellence consisting of several highly visible departments, and this virtual centre of excellence will have the necessary critical mass to really make a difference for the future of computing systems i
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.6.1 | Award Amount: 1.95M | Year: 2010
Logistics for LIFE brings together leading logistic companies, technology providers and research organizations working on innovative ICT solutions to ensure long-term sustainability of the logistic industry by increasing its operational efficiency. The project is motivated by freight transport heavy reliance on fossil fuel, its contribution to CO2 emissions and by its impact on the environment and quality of life. These issues are counterbalanced by considerations specific to the logistics industry, where attempts to direct cargo towards environment friendly transport modes are failing to meet expectations and firms face problems of volatile fuel prices, infrastructures saturation and low margins typical of a commoditized sector.\nLogistics for LIFE will drive European ICT for Transport research in the direction of making logistic operations more efficient, and thus more environmentally friendly, financially and socially sustainable on the long term. The following results will be achieved: 1) a multi-disciplinary network pursuing efficiency-related initiatives within EU, international or industrial programs, and attracting key stakeholders through a dedicated Forum; 2) a reference framework linking the stakeholders efficiency requirements to sustainability strategic objectives and to relevant ICT solutions; 3) a strategic roadmap including concrete actions and strategies for ICT solutions implementation; 4) coordinated dissemination activities and 5) a common working platform aimed at the community of users and researchers pursuing ICT-based logistics sustainability.\nThe Logistics for LIFE Consortium is formed by 19 partners including global leaders in logistics, vehicle and technology manufacturing, ICT companies and research organizations representing some of the major initiatives and research projects in the field. International Cooperation partners from China, US and Eastern Europe are part of the Consortium or expressed their interest in Forum participation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.NMP.2012-1 | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2012
Li-ion batteries become a reality in the future vehicles, although they do not fulfil completely the demands of consumers. In this respect batteries with higher energy density are required. Lithium technology utilizing sulphur as a cathode is one of the optimal choices since it offers the possibility of achieving high-energy, long-life storage batteries with a potential low price. At present, the practical use is faced with two major problems: (i) a low intrinsic conductivity of sulphur and polysulphides and (ii) loss of active materials due to solubility of the intermediate products in the commonly used electrolytes. The low intrinsic conductivity can be overcome using improved electronic wiring. The occurrence of soluble polysulphides is reflected as a loss of the active material during the cycling and additionally soluble polysulphides are responsible for overcharging problem which lowers the energy efficiency. With an aim to have stable capacity retention with a good cycling efficiency it is important to find a suitable electrochemical environment for the lithium sulphur batteries. Possible approaches are using polysulphide reservoirs with modified surfaces in the highly mesoporous conductive matrix. Proposed system with high surface area should enable weak adsorption of polysulphides intermediates allowing reversible desorption. This way a full utilization of the active material without significant losses can be obtained. In order to understand the influence of surface area and surface modification, including interactions between electrolyte and sulphur based cathode composite we need to have a reliable characterization techniques. In this respect different electrochemical, spectroscopic and physical characterization (in-situ or ex-situ) techniques can provide us valuable informations about the possible mechanism which can be used in planning of substrates for sulphur in the Li-S batteries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 9.17M | Year: 2008
NEWCOM\\ is the acronym of a proposed Network of Excellence in Wireless COMmunications, submitted to Call 1 of the VII Framework Programme under the Objective ICT-2007.1.1: The Network of the Future, mainly in its target direction Ubiquitous network infrastructure and architectures. The current proposal draws inspiration, shape/form, and substantive direction from its successful predecessor, the NoE NEWCOM, which was approved and funded by the EC for 36 months starting March 1st, 2004 and ending February 28, 2007. At the same time, NEWCOM\\ aspires to inject new vision, expanded roles, ever-higher degrees of research integration, and a definitive roadmap to financial security for the long-term life of this undertaking in the European research and higher-learning space. The core concept of NEWCOM\\ is that of an NoE of medium size, greatly reduced from the initial NEWCOM Consortium, formed by keeping the most committed and performing partners, exploiting the successful integration tools that NEWCOM designed and activated, and which is created for the purpose of scientifically addressing medium/long term, complex, interdisciplinary, fundamental research problems in the field of wireless networks, focused towards identifying, posing in the right modelling perspective, and at least partially characterizing the information-communication theoretical limits. Its main objectives are: Identify a selective set of scenarios, Define suitable performance measures that take into account the wireless channel nature, Perform a detailed analysis of the main theoretical results available, Evaluate information-theoretical bounds on the achievable performance, Design and analyze transmitting/receiving algorithms and protocols in order to approach those limits, Analyze implementation aspects of the above algorithms in flexible, energy-aware user terminals, Output the major findings into an integrated simulation library, Enhance the already good cooperation level among research
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2007-2.2-01 | Award Amount: 35.54M | Year: 2008
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will be one of the largest scientific projects ever undertaken. It is a machine designed to answer some of the big questions of our time: what is Dark Energy? Was Einstein right about gravity? What is the nature of dark matter? Can we detect gravitational waves? When and how did the first stars and galaxies form? What was the origin of cosmic magnetism? How do Earth-like planets form? Is there life, intelligent or otherwise, elsewhere in the Universe? There are several issues that need to be addressed before construction of the SKA can begin: 1. What is the design for the SKA? 2. Where will the SKA be located? 3. What is the legal framework and governance structure under which SKA will operate? 4. What is the most cost-effective mechanism for the procurement of the various components of the SKA? 5. How will the SKA be funded? The purpose of this proposal is to address all of these points. We seek funding to integrate the R&D work from around the globe in order to develop the fully-costed design for Phase 1 of the SKA, and a deployment plan for the full instrument. With active collaboration between funding agencies and scientists, we will investigate all of the options for the policy-related questions. The principal deliverable will be an implementation plan that will form the basis of a funding proposal to governments to start the construction of the SKA.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-1.1-01 | Award Amount: 5.65M | Year: 2008
The main objective of the planned project DECODE is to increase the life-time of fuel cells for automotive applications. It is well-known that liquid water plays a crucial role in the degradation processes of fuel cells. However, this specific degradation influence is not addressed sufficiently in the present research and development efforts. Therefore, DECODE aims at identifying characteristic behavior regarding degradation and malfunctions with special emphasis on liquid water interactions. The work will quantitatively elucidate fundamental degradation mechanisms with PEFC under steady-state, cycling and start-up/shut-down conditions. The elucidated mechanisms will be used to improve PEFC durability. The project plan is spitted into three phases: In the first short phase, - the specification and definition phase -, materials, components as well as testing and operating conditions will be specified. In the second phase, - the analysis phase - the individual degradation processes of the components and their interactions will be investigated. This includes the fundamental investigation of membrane and electrodes in work package 3, the analysis of porous media in work package 4 and the investigation of degradation of bipolar plates in work package 5. The investigations in these three work packages involve novel methodology, sophisticated characterization of components, and modeling of water transport and water interactions with components. In the third phase the knowledge of the degradation processes and mechanisms will be use to generate technological progress. It includes development of novel fuel cell operating strategies to mitigate degradation phenomena and to improve components and single cell design (also by moderate modification of materials).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.81M | Year: 2012
The proposed HiPEAC network of excellence is a follow-up of an existing network and wants (i) to steer and to increase the European research in computing systems; (ii) to improve the quality of the European computing systems research, and (iii) to create a visible and integrated pan-European community in computing systems. The network is structured along four programs. The membership program aims at growing the network. It will focus on the creation of a vibrant industrial membership, and it will reach out to the companies and academics in the new member states. It wants to increasingly organize events in new member states. The mobility program aims at bringing the partners and the members closer together. The mobility program supports two types of mobility: (i) exchanges of one to three months like internships, collaboration grants, mini-sabbaticals, and (ii) public networking events like computing systems weeks, sometimes collocated with other events (project meetings, conference, ...). The research coordination program aims at coordinating the joint research between the HiPEAC members. A tangible result of the research coordination is the bi-annual HiPEAC vision. It also wants to support the European low-power industry by promoting their platform ecosystem and it wants to proactively prepare the HiPEAC community for the impact of technological evolutions on computing systems (like photonics, new memory types, ...). It also runs a set of thematic workgroups on the different technical challenges and solutions from the HiPEAC roadmap. The visibility program manages all the public activities of the network such as the conference, the summer school, the website, the newsletter, the award program, the dissemination of research results, ... It wants (i) to proactively approach the specialized press, (ii) to grow the conference into a much bigger event, (iii) to make the HiPEAC institutions more attractive for top talent by creating a job portal.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-17-2014 | Award Amount: 7.97M | Year: 2015
Lithium sulphur batteries (LSB) are viable candidate for commercialisation among all post Li-ion battery technologies due to their high theoretical energy density and cost effectiveness. Despites many efforts, there are remaining issues that need to be solved and this will provide final direction of LSB technological development. Some of technological aspects, like development of host matrices, interactions of host matrix with polysulphides and interactions between sulphur and electrolyte have been successfully developed within Eurolis project. Open porosity of the cathode, interactions between host matrices and polysulphides and proper solvatation of polysulphides turned to be important for complete utilisation of sulphur, however with this approach didnt result long term cycling. Additionally we showed that effective separation between electrodes enables stable cycling with excellent coulombic efficiency. The remaining issues are mainly connected with a stability of lithium anode during cycling, with engineering of complete cell and with questions about LSB cells implementation into commercial products (ageing, safety, recycling, battery packs). Instability of lithium metal in most of conventional electrolytes and formation of dendrites due to uneven distribution of lithium upon the deposition cause several difficulties. Safety problems connected with dendrites and low coulombic efficiency with a constant increase of inner resistance due to electrolyte degradation represent main technological challenges. From this point of view, stabilisation of lithium metal will have an impact on safety issues. Stabilised interface layer is important from view of engineering of cathode composite and separator porosity since this is important parameter for electrolyte accommodation and volume expansion adjustment. Finally the mechanism of LSB ageing can determine the practical applicability of LSB in different applications.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-21-2014 | Award Amount: 9.18M | Year: 2015
Currently there is a lack of methodologies for the conservation of modern and contemporary artworks, many of which will not be accessible in very short time due to extremely fast degradation processes. The challenge of NANORESTART (NANOmaterials for the REStoration of works of ART) will be to address this issue within a new framework with respect to the state of the art of conservation science. NANORESTART is devoted to the development of nanomaterials to ensure long term protection and security of modern/contemporary cultural heritage, taking into account environmental and human risks, feasibility and materials costs. The market for conservation of this heritage is estimated at some 5 billion per year, and could increase by a significant factor in the next years due to the wider use of nanomaterials. The new tools and materials developed will represent a breakthrough in cultural heritage and conservation science and will focus on: (i) tools for controlled cleaning, such as highly-retentive gels for the confinement of enzymes and nanostructured fluids based on green surfactants; (ii) the strengthening and protection of surfaces by using nanocontainers, nanoparticles and supramolecular systems/assemblies; (iii) nanostructured substrates and sensors for enhanced molecules detection; (iv) evaluation of the environmental impact and the development of security measures for long lasting conservation of cultural heritage. Within the project the industrial scalability of the developed materials will be demonstrated. NANORESTART gathers centres of excellence in the field of synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, world leading chemical Industries and SMEs operating in R&D, and International and European centres for conservation, education and museums. Such centres will assess the new materials on modern/contemporary artefacts in urgent need of conservation, and disseminate the knowledge and the new nanomaterials among conservators on a worldwide perspective.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 3.73M | Year: 2008
Wavelength-tunable lasers are key components for future reconfigurable optical networks and for cost-effective and compact telecommunication infrastructures. Moreover, a broadband and continuously tunable laser with high purity emission spectrum is a versatile tool for many sensing applications, e.g. for greenhouse gases (laser absorption spectroscopy) or deformations of buildings (fiber Bragg grating sensors).\nA novel concept for widely and continuously wavelength-tunable single-mode laser diodes in the 750-2100 nm wavelength range will be developed. The underlying VCSEL structure is completed by a micro-machined moveable Bragg-mirror with a sub-wavelength grating (SWG). The single-mode property of the VCSEL structure is thus ideally combined with the polarization stability of the SWG and the wide and continuous tunability of the electro-thermally or electro-statically actuated mirror. For the fabrication of the nano-scale SWGs an electron-beam writing process will be developed.\nThe curvature of the micro-mirror will be matched to the phase front of the fundamental mode to achieve its maximum support while suppressing undesired polarization modes by means of a SWG. This technology can select the single fundamental mode from relatively large apertures. The optical output power will be high and a very good sidemode suppression will be achieved during tuning. The project will develop both long wavelength InP-based VCSELs (1.3m to 2.1m) and short wavelength GaAs VCSELs (down to 800nm), and thus introduces widely tunable VCSELs in a broad range of the optical spectrum. Additionally, a technology for integrated tunable VCSELs with dielectric Bragg mirrors will be developed for efficient manufacturing of the laser modules.\nThe devices will be optimized in close cooperation between the university and industrial partners. Devices for gas detection, fiber Bragg grating sensing and optical communications will be investigated.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-07 | Award Amount: 2.67M | Year: 2013
The S&T objectives of the Advanced_SAR project are: 1) to develop advanced Earth Observation methods by combining 3D data derived from various Remote Sensing systems in an novel way and 2) to show their improved performances in forest biomass estimation and biomass change detection with respect to present GMES services. The methodology is based on object-based, multi-date analysis of Sentinel-1 (C-band), TerraSAR/TanDEM-X (X-band), ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 (L-band) SAR data utilizing radargrammetry and InSAR. Understanding of 3D forest responses will be deepened by comparing results to other modern 3D methods: optical satellite stereo-photogrammetry, simulated space-borne LiDAR, and Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS). It will be shown that high-quality estimation and change detection can be done at different scales (thus improving estimation accuracy at national level). We develop methods to derive the best possible cost-efficiency out of the given SAR data with an aim to significantly advance current GMES services. The methodological quality will be verified by comparing the relationship between SAR canopy height estimates with those of two probing systems: TomoRadar (profiling radar) and ALS. ALS gives more information of canopy gaps whereas TomoRadar will give information of canopy penetration at radar frequencies. A physical model is created between the SAR response and the ground truth. Deep physical understanding of where the radar signals originate in the vertical dimension is created for SAR scenes with using ALS and TomoRadar data as a high-quality reference. Moreover, Mobile and Terrestrial Laser Scanning methods for field inventory are tested in real-life scenario. Two super test sites 1) boreal test site Evo (Finland) and 2) hemi-boreal test site Remningstorp (Sweden) are used to verify and demonstrate SAR-based 3D methods. For demonstration purposes, we create SAR-based biomass and change maps covering a large region of Sweden for Swedish National Forest Inventory.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: SC5-15-2015 | Award Amount: 52.36M | Year: 2016
In the last decade a significant number of projects and programmes in different domains of environmental monitoring and Earth observation have generated a substantial amount of data and knowledge on different aspects related to environmental quality and sustainability. Big data generated by in-situ or satellite platforms are being collected and archived with a plethora of systems and instruments making difficult the sharing of data and knowledge to stakeholders and policy makers for supporting key economic and societal sectors. The overarching goal of ERA-PLANET is to strengthen the European Research Area in the domain of Earth Observation in coherence with the European participation to Group on Earth Observation (GEO) and the Copernicus. The expected impact is to strengthen the European leadership within the forthcoming GEO 2015-2025 Work Plan. ERA-PLANET will reinforce the interface with user communities, whose needs the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) intends to address. It will provide more accurate, comprehensive and authoritative information to policy and decision-makers in key societal benefit areas, such as Smart cities and Resilient societies; Resource efficiency and Environmental management; Global changes and Environmental treaties; Polar areas and Natural resources. ERA-PLANET will provide advanced decision support tools and technologies aimed to better monitor our global environment and share the information and knowledge in different domain of Earth Observation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BIOTEC-2-2015 | Award Amount: 7.09M | Year: 2016
Omics data is not leveraged effectively in the biotechnology industry due to lack of tools to rapidly access public and private data and to design cellular manipulations or interventions based on the data. With this project we aim to make a broad spectrum of omics data useful to the biotechnology industry covering application areas ranging from industrial biotechnology to human health. We will develop novel approaches for integrative model-based omics data analysis to enable 1) Identification of novel enzymes and pathways by mining metagenomic data, 2) Data-driven design of cell factories for the production of chemicals and proteins, and 3) Analysis and design of microbial communities relevant to human health, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. All research efforts will be integrated in an interactive web-based platform that will be available for the industrial and academic research and development communities, in particular enhancing the competitiveness of biotech SMEs by economizing resources and reducing time-to-market within their respective focus areas. The platform will be composed of standardized and interoperable components that service-oriented bioinformatics SMEs involved in the project can reuse in their own products. An important aspect of the platform will be implementation of different access levels to data and software tools allowing controlling access to proprietary data and analysis tools. Two end-user companies will be involved in practical testing of the platform built within the project using proprietary omics data generated at the companies.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.2.6.1 | Award Amount: 13.62M | Year: 2013
A full tidal array has not been installed anywhere, commercially to date. A number of the leading turbine manufacturers have part or full scale working prototypes which are under-going testing in various sites the majority of which are enclosed in semi-test environments. In order to move this nascent technology into the commercial arena and expedite market deployment, it is necessary to establish an array of turbines in one site to verify the performance capability and environmental characteristics of a full array. The demonstration will also enable developers to make critical investment decisions based on the cost to market of deploying the technology, and manufacturers to establish likely interaction effects between machines which will inform their design. As with other technologies, notably wind, the manufacture and installation costs will drop as the technology matures. The SPV will deliver one of the first operating tidal energy farms, located 2km off the coast of Antrim in Northern Ireland by 2017. Critically the Fair Head site is a scalable (to 100MW) open sea real site representative of a significant percentage of the near future exploitable tidal resource. The TIDES project will produce many specific results which will benefit the industry as a whole:- 1. Prove the energy conversion potential of a tidal array in a real sea environment. 2. Develop viable financial models to support commercial exploitation. 3. Identify potential future energy cost reduction techniques including innovative installation methodologies. 4. De-risk tidal energy projects and make them more bankable. The S&T objectives include addressing technical problems associated with the environment, demonstrating the deployment of an array, environmental assessment, generation and yield assessment. The proposed consortium has an appropriate and replicable site, market leading technology and sufficient financial backing to ensure the project is built.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.59M | Year: 2010
The concept of this project is to unlock the potential of epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide (SiC) for development of scalable electronics with the view to develop graphene-based devices & circuits with a non-conventional functionality. Our strategy is to explore two promising directions of graphene-based technology: (i) the development of large-scale graphene wafers for manufacturing high-density of devices on a single SiC wafer, and (ii) the development of hybrid circuits for applications of graphene in spintronics and metrology by exploiting the flexibility for design offered by the large area of graphene on SiC. The consortium of bidders brings together groups with complementary expertise and substantial achievements in the relevant area of graphene research and nanotechnology in general.The objectives are to (1) reliably produce large-area graphene with a controlled carrier density and improved transport characteristics; (2) pattern graphene for applications using industrial nanostructuring and nanofabrication methods, aiming at high integration densities with a good yield of working devices; (3) produce a prototype for a graphene-based Quantum Hall Resistance standard with characteristics surpassing existing silicon- and GaAs-based devices; (4) develop a pilot version of spintronic devices of epitaxial graphene; (5) start exploiting the commercial potential of graphene by establishing a start-up company that will produce graphene wafers for users outside this consortium.These objectives relate directly to major parts of the call, namely, the need for new circuit architechtures, metrology and characterization techniques; new device structures for non-Si and Si based advanced integrated components to add functionality to circuits and (sub)systems; and new technologies and functional devices beyond CMOS.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.2 | Award Amount: 18.24M | Year: 2011
The objective of the DRIVE C2X Integrated Project is to carry out comprehensive assessment of cooperative systems through Field Operational Tests in various places in Europe in order to verify their benefits and to pave the way for market implementation. This general objective is split into four major technical objectives:\nCreate a harmonised Europe-wide testing environment for cooperative systems\nCoordinate the tests carried out in parallel throughout the DRIVE C2X community\nEvaluate cooperative systems\nPromote cooperative driving.\nThe proposal fully responds to EC requirements and the Call 6 contents on Field Operational Tests.\nDuring the past decade, researchers have been working on cooperative systems worldwide in numerous research projects. Tentative results suggest that communication between vehicles and vehicles and infrastructure can substantially improve sustainable transportation. There is today a general understanding of the benefits of cooperative systems in terms of traffic safety and efficiency, but so far these systems have been tried out in small scale experiments only. There is no proof of their benefits yet with many communicating vehicles used in variable conditions on roads.\nThe work proposed builds strongly on previous and on-going work on cooperative systems, which are now considered to be mature enough for large-scale field operational tests. The Europe-wide testing community envisaged for DRIVE C2X comprises of six test sites in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, France and Finland. Essential activities in this project are the testing methodology and evaluation of the impact of cooperative driving functions on users, environment and society. In addition to impacts, other important areas of testing are technical functionality and robustness of the systems also in adverse conditions. The user feedback and the results from technical tests enable the creation of realistic business models for the following market introduction.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-5-2015 | Award Amount: 4.47M | Year: 2015
Global Systems Science GSS is an emerging research field focused on the risks and opportunities involved in global coordination problems. Examples of global systems include the internet, financial markets, intellectual property rights, global energy use and others. Developing evidence and understanding in view of such systems and of related policies is rapidly becoming a vital challenge for modern societies. It requires capabilities for transdisciplinary work that cannot be mastered without massive use of ICT. By the nature of the problem, the relevant datasets are mostly very big, including data streams from social medi. To make things more complicated, the relevant algorithms do require the power of high-performance computing. High Performance Data Analysis (HPDA) is the key to success for GSS! A key contribution of the Center of Excellence for Global Systems Science COEGSS will be the development of an HPC-based framework to generate customized synthetic populations for GSS applications. By blending GSS and HPC, we will be able to provide decision makers and civil society with real-time assessments of global risks and opportunities as well as with essential background knowledge about them. This will enable the HPC industry to supply hard- and software for applications well beyond the issues to which HPC has been dedicated so far.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.3-1. | Award Amount: 13.01M | Year: 2013
OPTICITIES vision is to help European cities tackle complex mobility challenges. OPTICITIES strategy focuses on the optimisation of transport networks through the development of public/private partnerships and the experimentation of innovative ITS services. OPTICITIES addresses both passenger and freight transport issues supporting a user-centred approach. OPTICITIES delivers significant innovation breakthroughs: - New governance scheme between public and private stakeholders through a contractual architecture fostering data quality and implementing data access policy; - European standard for urban multimodal data set including interfaces with information services; - Decision support tools based on predictive data for proactive transport management and Multimodal Traffic Control Systems connecting road traffic and public transport data in cities; - Multimodal real-time urban navigator interfaced with in-car navigation systems as a first world trial; - Urban freight navigator to support drivers and fleet operators in optimising their deliveries. The European dimension of the project is ensured by a consortium of 25 partners from 8 EU member states. The consortium includes 6 city authorities, major ITS actors (research institutes, information service providers, car industry) and the most important networks of European cities and international public transport operators. Led by public authorities the consortium supports 3 key approaches: effectiveness of solutions ensuring deployment perspectives of maximum 5 years; scalability of services tailored to diverse European urban typologies; transferability of results to foster further deployments in other European cities. OPTICITIES main expected impacts are: - 6% modal shift inducing a yearly gain of 1.5 MT of CO2 - Increase in market size (211 M per year) thanks to the new governance scheme and implementation of innovative services - 10% decrease in private car use generating a gain of 3.6 M m2 of public space
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2013
QuantFung represents the first European training platform for the production of novel bioactive compounds based on fungal synthetic biology. The ITN will train 11 early-stage (ESR) and 4 experienced researchers (ER) as new problem-solving, creative European scientists in interdisciplinary and intersectorial biotechnological research ranging from modelling, network analysis, systems biology (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics), and molecular biology (fungal genetics and biochemistry) to synthetic biology methods. To bridge the gap between science education and industry, industrial partners provide secondments and training modules to share their industry experience with the trainees. The driving force is a collaboration of 8 academic and 5 industrial partners to expedite the application of new secondary metabolites in health, nutrition or agriculture. The objective is to find novel bioactive molecules by exploiting the wealth of fungal biodiversity and to translate these into useful products. Work packages structure training through research focussed on discovery of secondary metabolite gene clusters, targeted activation of gene clusters, quantification of secondary metabolites in industrial hosts, and bioactivity testing to identify their mode of action. These multidisciplinary projects require physical and intellectual mobility and are organised as a structured training program where ESRs/ERs work for defined periods in different QuantFung laboratories and attend local and network training events to broaden their technical knowledge and acquire transferable skills to optimize career options. 46 secondments representing 19 new collaborations between the public and private sector will lead to new avenues of research. The broad spectrum of expertises of QuantFung covers numerous cross sector elements leading to researchers with significant translational and entrepreneurial skills to strengthen European research.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 3.23M | Year: 2008
The proposed STREP focuses on strategic, high-value photonic components and subsystems for scalable economic broadband access and local area networks. The central objective is research on, development, test and exploitation of system-enabling optical transmitters having a completely novel design and/or largely improved functionality as compared to the state of the art.Three key design and performance advancements will overcome limitations of present devices to become future-proof drivers of the European photonics industry:A novel nanophotonic approach of vertical integration of an electro-optic reflectance modulator and a laser implemented into:a)\tVertically Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers based on Electro-Optically Modulated Bragg Reflector andb)\tEdge emitters based on Electro-Optically Modulated Tilted Wave Lasersconstituting the basis for future access, local (LAN) and storage area (SAN) networks capable to speeds well beyond 40Gb/s.c)\tFor applications at 16-40 Gb/s (Fibre Channel, InfiniBand standards) a new generation of directly-modulated VCSELs will be developed to bridge the intermediate bandwidth demand in the fastest possible time frame.Epitaxial growth of these structures, processing and design of high-frequency modules will be challenging and demand detailed modelling. The wavelength ranges to be covered are 850 nm, 980 nm, and 1.3 m. While 850 nm (LAN, SAN) and 1300 nm (LAN, Access Networks) ranges are standard for applications, 980 nm devices may play an important role for very short links.Low power driver circuitry, as well as system integration and performance requirements will be also dealt with within this project. Upon completion a full supply chain from production of epitaxial wafers to test beds for measurements and prototype systems will be established. The economic impact of this work will be systematically enhanced by contributing directly to international standardization activities and roadmaps of this area.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.02M | Year: 2008
The PHASORS project targets the development and applications of fibre based Phase Sensitive Amplifier (PSA) technology in 40Gbit/s broadband core networks, and seeks to provide Europe with a lead in this important yet relatively unexplored area. PSAs have the potential to be a disruptive technology within future optical communications, enabling ultra-low noise amplifiers and a host of important ultrafast optical processing functions for networks employing high spectral efficiency phase encoded signals.\n \nSpecifically PHASORS will:\n\n(1) Develop a reliable technology base for the realisation of practical, cost effective, PSAs and will advance the state-of-the-art in phase-locked pump systems, narrow linewidth lasers, high power amplifiers and lasers, and high performance nonlinear fibres.\n\n(2) Investigate both interferometric and non-interferometric fibre based approaches to PSA. \n\n(3) Demonstrate a PSA with a record noise figure of less than 1dB.\n\n(4) Demonstrate the benefits of the low noise properties of PSA for transmission applications.\n\n(5)Demonstrate the use of PSAs within two different application spaces:\n\tPhase sensitive optical sampling at data rates of > 40 Gb/s; \n\tOptical regeneration of phase modulated data signals at data rates >40 Gb/s.\n\nPHASORS is therefore fully aligned with the objectives of ICT-2007.3.5: Photonic components and subsystems and directly addresses several of its target outcomes by developing high performance lasers and using them together with optical fibres for high performance within specific applications in phase-sensitive parametric amplification. If successful, the PHASORS technology will have a significant impact in enabling scalable, future-proof and cost effective broadband core networks at 40Gb/s or beyond per channel. The high performance components developed will also have applications in a range of other non telecom applications including sensing, aerospace, metrology and medicine amonst others.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.1-3. | Award Amount: 45.04M | Year: 2013
The ENOVAL project will provide the next step of engine technologies to achieve and surpass the ACARE 2020 goals on the way towards Flightpath 2050. ENOVAL completes the European 7th Framework Programme (FP7) roadmap of Level 2 aero engine projects. ENOVAL will focus on the low pressure system of ultra-high by-pass ratio propulsion systems (12 < BPR < 20) in conjunction with ultra high overall pressure ratio (50 < OPR < 70) to provide significant reductions in CO2 emissions in terms of fuel burn (-3% to -5%) and engine noise (-1.3 ENPdB). ENOVAL will focus on ducted geared and non-geared turbofan engines, which are amongst the best candidates for the next generation of short/medium range and long range commercial aircraft applications with an entry into service date of 2025 onward. The expected fan diameter increase of 20 to 35% (vs. year 2000 reference engine) is significant and can be accommodated within the limits of a conventional aircraft configuration. It is in line with the roadmap of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for 2020 to have the technologies ready for Optimised conventional aircraft and engines using best fuel efficiency and noise control technologies, where UHBR propulsion systems are expressively named as a key technology. ENOVAL will be established in a consistent series of Level 2 projects in conjunction with LEMCOTEC for core engine technologies, E-BREAK for system technologies for enabling ultra high OPR engines, and OPENAIR for noise reduction technologies. Finally, ENOVAL will prepare the way towards maturing the technology and preparing industrialisation in coordination with past and existing aero-engine initiatives in Europe at FP7 and national levels.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-28-2015 | Award Amount: 10.29M | Year: 2016
Photonics is essential in todays life science technology. PIX4life will mature a state of the art silicon nitride (SiN) photonics pilot line for life science applications in the visible range and pave the way to make it accessible as an enabler for product development by a broad range of industrial customers. We aim at 1) establishing a validated CMOS compatible SiN technology platform in the visible range for complex densely integrated photonics integrated circuits (PICs), 2) developing a supply chain to integrate mature semiconductor laser sources and CMOS detector arrays with the SiN PICs on the basis of technologies that are scalable to high volume, 3) establishing appropriate design kits and tools, 4) demonstrating the performance of the pilot line for well-chosen life science applications in the domain of vital sensing, multispectral sources for super-resolution microscopy, cytometry and 3D tissue imaging, 5) setting up the logistics for multi-project-wafer (MPW) access to the pilot line. Integrated photonics has demonstrated that optical functions can be realized in a more compact, robust and cost-effective way by integrating functionalities on a single chip. At present industrialization is limited to telecom applications at infrared wavelengths. The field of life sciences is heavily dependent on bulky and expensive optical systems and would benefit enormously from low cost photonic implementations. However this field requires a visible light PIC-technology. Proof of concept demonstrations are abundant, but pilot line and manufacturing capacity is limited, inhibiting industrial take up. PIX4life will drive the future European RTD in visible photonic applications for life sciences by bridging technological research (via participation of 2 academic and 2 research institutes) towards industrial development (via participation of a foundry, two large companies and 9 fabless SMEs, either technology suppliers or life science end users).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-04-2015 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2016
HiPEAC is a support action that aims to structure and strengthen the European academic and industrial communities in computing systems: (i) by increasing innovation awareness and by encouraging researchers to engage in innovation activities; (ii) by professionally disseminating program achievements beyond the traditional scientific venues; (iii) by producing a vision document including recommendations on how to improve the innovation potential of H2020 projects, and (iv) by growing the computing systems community beyond 2000 active members in Europe. The HiPEAC support action is meant to be the continuation of three successful FP7 networks of excellence with the same name (HiPEAC1-3). This support action will leverage the existing community, the expertise and the set of instruments that were developed since 2004 and work on the objectives of this support action: cross-sectorial platform-building, clustering of related research projects, structuring the European academic and industrial research communities, dissemination of programme achievements, impact analysis, constituency building and roadmapping for future research and innovation agendas. The overall approach of the HiPEAC support action is that it wants to bring together all actors and stakeholders in the computing systems community in Europe - especially EU-funded projects and SMEs - in one well managed structure where they can interact, disseminate/share information, transfer knowledge/technology, exchange human resources, think about their future challenges, experiment with ideas to strengthen the community, etc. The HiPEAC support action will support its members and projects with tasks that are too difficult/complex to carry out individually: vision building, professional communication, recruitment, event management at the European level. By offering such services a burden is taken away from the projects and members. They can then focus on the content, and the impact of their efforts is amplified.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2015
Cavitation, described as the formation of vapour/gas bubbles of a flowing liquid in a region where the pressure of the liquid falls below its vapour pressure, often leads to vibration and damage of mechanical components, for example, bearings, fuel injectors, valves, propellers and rudders, impellers, pumps and hydro turbines. Cavitation erosion when experienced, normally leads to significant additional repair and maintenance costs or component replacement. Even if erosion problems can be avoided by design or operation, most often the performance of the systems is sub-optimal because countermeasures by design are needed to prevent cavitation problems. Despite the long-lasting problems associated with cavitation, computational models that could simulate cavitation and identify locations of erosion are still not thoroughly developed. The proposed interdisciplinary training and research programme aims to provide new experimental data and an open-source simulation tool for hydrodynamic cavitation and induced erosion. Insight into the detailed bubble collapse mechanism leading to surface erosion will be realised through DNS simulations, which are now feasible by the significant progress in fluid flow computational methods and parallel simulations. Information from such models will be implemented as sub-grid scale models of URANS and LES approaches, typically employed for cavitation simulation at engineering scales. Model validation will be performed against new advanced X-ray, laser diagnostics and high speed imaging measurements to be performed as part of this project. Application of the developed models to cases of industrial interest includes fuel injectors, marine propellers, hydro-turbines, pumps and mechanical heart valves. From this understanding the development of methodologies for design of cavitation-free or remedial measures and operation of devices suffering from cavitation erosion can then be established for the benefit of the relevant communities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-1-2014 | Award Amount: 2.40M | Year: 2015
The making of policies coping with Global Systems is a process that necessarily involves stakeholders from diverse disciplines, each with their own interests, constraints and objectives. People play a central role in such collective decision making and the quest for solutions to a problem generally intertwines its very specification. Simulators can assist in this process provided they employ adequate high-level modelling to separate the political question from the underlying scientific details. Domain-specific Languages (DSL) embedded in Functional Programming (FP) languages offer a promising way to implement scalable and verifiable simulators. But the use of simulators is essentially a trial-and-error process too tedious for execution in a group session. A paradigm shift is needed towards active problem solving where stakeholders objectives can be taken along from the very beginning. Constraint Programming (CP) has demonstrated to enable such a shift for e.g. managed physical systems like water and power networks. This project lays the base for a DSL aimed at building scalable Rapid Assessment Tools for collective policy making in global systems. This can be achieved through foundational scientific work at different levels: from the high-level, political modelling, adapting the social discipline of Group Model Building (as used in business organizations), through visual forms of CP as well as gamification aspects, down to the needs for a host language, combining CP and FP. Special emphasis is put on domain-specific constraints, constraint composition, and composable solvers and heuristics. Results are applied and validated for the problem case of Climate-Resilient Urban Design, but the ambition is a general framework applicable to many other systems. The case study is assessed by an external multi-disciplinary Advisory Board of Stakeholders that guides the specification process and evaluates needs and usability of the tools.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015
The height of conventional wind turbines is limited by the enormous stresses on the structure. The idea of the Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) is to replace the most efficient part of a conventional wind turbine, the tip of the turbine blade, with a fast flying high efficiency kite, and to replace the rest of the structure by a tether which anchors the kite to the ground. Power is generated either by periodically pulling a ground based generator via a winch, or by small wind turbines mounted on the kite that exploit its fast cross wind motion. While the concept is highly promising, major academic and industrial research is still needed to achieve the performance required for industrial deployment. This can best be done by innovative junior researchers in a closely cooperating consortium of academic and industrial partners. The ITN AWESCO combines six interdisciplinary academic and four industrial network partners with seven associated partners, all selected on the basis of excellence and complementarity. All partners work already intensively on AWE systems, several with prototypes, and they are committed to create synergies via the cooperation in AWESCO. The main task is to train fourteen Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) in training-by-research and to create a closely connected new generation of leading European scientists that are ready to push the frontiers of airborne wind energy. AWESCO is the first major cooperation effort of the most important European actors in the field and will help Europe to gain a leading role in a possibly huge emerging renewable energy market, and to meet its ambitious CO2 targets. In addition, the AWESCO early stage researchers will be trained in cutting-edge simulation, design, sensing, and control technologies that are needed in many branches of engineering.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH.2012.2.1.2-2 | Award Amount: 23.12M | Year: 2012
METACARDIS applies a systems medicine multilevel approach to identify biological relationships between gut microbiota, assessed by metagenomics, and host genome expression regulation, which will improve understanding and innovative care of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and their comorbidities. CMD comprise metabolic (obesity, diabetes) and heart diseases characterized by a chronic evolution in ageing populations and costly treatments. Therapies require novel integrated approaches taking into account CMD natural evolution. METACARDIS associates European leaders in metagenomics, who have been successful in establishing the structure of the human microbiome as part of the EU FP7 MetaHIT consortium, clinical and fundamental researchers, SME, patients associations and food companies to improve the understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms, prognosis and diagnosis of CMD. We will use next-generation sequencing technologies and high throughput metabolomic platforms to identify gut microbiota- and metabolomic-derived biomarkers and targets associated with CMD risks. The pathophysiological role of these markers will be tested in both preclinical models and replication cohorts allowing the study of CMD progression in patients collected in three European clinical centres of excellence. Their impact on host gene transcription will be characterised in patients selected for typical features of CMD evolution. Application of computational models and visualisation tools to complex datasets combining clinical information, environmental patterns and gut microbiome, metabolome and transcriptome data is a central integrating component in the research, which will be driven by world leaders in metagenomic and functional genomic data analysis. These studies will identify novel molecular targets, biomarkers and predictors of CMD progression, paving the way for personalized medicine in CMD.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 616.50K | Year: 2015
Innovation technologies in ground vehicle engineering require strong interdisciplinary and intersectoral investigations with an international dimension. In this context the project EVE proposes sustainable approach based on intensive staff exchange that leads to collaborative research and training between universities and industrial organizations from Germany, Belgium, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, South Africa, and the USA. The project includes basic and applied research, development design, experimentations, networking, and dissemination and exploitation activities. The research objectives are focused on the development of (i) experimental tyre database that can be used in the design of new chassis control systems and subjected to inclusion into Horizon 2020 pilot on Open Research Data, (ii) advanced models of ground vehicles and automotive subsystems for real-time applications, and (iii) novel integrated chassis control methods. It will lead to development and improvement of innovative vehicle components such as (i) an integrated chassis controller targeting simultaneous improvements in safety, energy efficiency and driving comfort, (ii) new hardware subsystems for brakes, active suspension and tyre pressure control for on-road and off-road mobility, and (iii) remote network-distributed vehicle testing technology for integrated chassis systems. The project targets will be achieved with intensive networking measures covering (i) knowledge transfer and experience sharing between participants from academic and non-academic sectors and (ii) professional advancement of the consortium members through intersectoral and international collaboration and secondments. The project EVE is fully consistent with the targets of H2020-MSCA-RISE programme and will provide excellent opportunities for personal career development of staff and will lead to creation of a strong European and international research group to create new hi-tech ground vehicle systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-1.1-03 | Award Amount: 21.34M | Year: 2008
Main objective of Integrated gas powertrain (InGas) Collaborative Project is to deploy a custom designed engine integrated with specific aftertreatment systems applied to a light duty vehicle able to achieve a 10% higher fuel conversion efficiency than that of a corresponding 2006 diesel vehicle and complying with an emission level lower than Euro 6. Additional features are advanced storage systems and vehicle architectures, as well as multi-grade fuel tolerance and fuel flexibility. To achieve the InGas targets, three main combustion technologies will be compared: Sub-Project A1 CNG technologies for passenger cars will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.4 liter displacement engine using the sequential multi-point port gas injection and following the stoichiometric approach; Sub-Project A2 Turbo DI CNG engine will develop a natural gas car powered by a 1.8 liter displacement engine using the direct gas in-cylinder injection and following a lean burn approach; Sub-Project A3 Boosted lean burn gas engine will develop a natural gas light-duty vehicle powered by a 1.9 liter displacement engine using port gas injection or low pressure direct gas injection and following the ultra-lean combustion approach. Three main enabling technologies will be compared and assessed Sub-Project B0 Fuels for advanced CNG engines will define / supply the gas mixture of the requested quality, conduct analysis and propose solutions in order to affect in a flexible way storage, combustion, aftertreatment and performance of the CNG vehicles; Sub-Project B1 Gas storage for passenger car CNG engine will develop advanced gas storage and filling systems including specific components and gas sensors; Sub-Project B2 Aftertreatment for passenger car CNG engine will develop an aftertreatment system for natural gas vehicles having special regards to CH4 conversion efficiency and NOx abatement under stoichiometric and lean combustion operations.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 9.56M | Year: 2016
The UPGRADE project aims to support the transition to a high efficient, cleaner and affordable powertrain technology systems, based on Spark Ignited GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) approach, suitable for future Light Duty applications. The project also includes a deep analysis of the phenomenon of the formation of the nanoparticles in relationship to the engine design and its operating conditions and, with regard to the after-treatment solutions, the study and development of new Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) technologies. To increase the engine efficiency under Real Driving conditions, the following steps will be carried out: - address stoichiometric combustion approach on the small size engine and lean-burn combustion approach on the medium size one - study and develop the best combinations of technologies, including advanced VVA/VVT capabilities, advanced boosting system (including electrically assisted booster operations), EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) and thermal management systems - Explore and implement advanced fuel injection (direct) and ignition system supported by new dedicated control strategies that will be integrated in the ECU (Engine Control Unit) software. In order to demonstrate the call overall targets (15% improvement on CO2 emissions based on the WLTP cycle and compliancy with post Euro 6 RDE standards) the project will see the realization of two full demonstrator vehicles: one B-segment vehicle, equipped with the small downsized stoichiometric engine, and one D/E vehicle equipped with the medium size lean-burn engine. The vehicle will be fully calibrated and assessed by independent testing, according to on road test procedures, using the available best representative PEMS (Portable Emission Measurement System) technology and considering also PN measurement below 23 nm diameter.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2016
The world economy is dependent on fossil resources: oil, gas and coal. The fossil resources are finite and their consumption causes catastrophic environmental changes. Therefore we need to move towards sustainable economy using renewable resources for energy and chemicals production. Via metabolic engineering approach, novel microbial cells can be created that can convert biomass and waste into fuels and chemicals. Metabolic engineering however distinguishes itself from other engineering disciplines by low predictability of the design and long turnover times for the cell factory construction and screening. Therefore there is a need for scientists, who can address these challenges. European Training Network on Predictable and Accelerated Metabolic Engineering Networks (PAcMEN) will be established at 5 renowned European universities and 2 SMEs with participation of 5 industrial and 1 academic partner organizations. In this program 16 PhD students (of which 15 funded by EU contribution) will learn to conduct state-of-the-art research on metabolic engineering of microbial cell factories and learn to commercialize innovations. This will be achieved via collaborative research projects under supervision of top scientists from academia and industry, network training, secondments with network partners, training on innovation and entrepreneurship, and individual career coaching. Altogether, PAcMEN training programme will provide young scientists with the ideal combination of scientific, technological, industrial and management skills to prepare them for their role as breakthrough pioneers in the establishment of tomorrows biorefineries. The PAcMEN project will have an overall positive impact by strengthening the research networks in the area of metabolic engineering, establishing long-term collaborations between the universities and industry, and by creating a framework for future interdisciplinary training programs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.7 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2010
The objective of PARADIGM is to effect a fundamental change in the way photonic integrated circuits (PICs) based on indium phosphide (InP) are designed and manufactured in Europe, with the aim of reducing the costs of design, development and manufacture by more than an order of magnitude and making more complex and capable designs possible than ever before.\n\nThe key step is to develop a generic platform technology for application-specific PICs. This will be achieved by adopting a similar methodology in the field of photonics to the one that has been so successful in microelectronics. The new approach developed in PARADIGM will be indispensable in creating a sustainable business sector with potential for significant future growth.\n\nPARADIGM addresses the whole product development chain from concept, through design and manufacturing to application. It will establish library-based design, coupled with standardized technology process flows and supported by sophisticated design tools. Our goal is to develop technical capability at the platform level, rather than at the level of individual designs, greatly reducing the cost and time required to bring a new component into production, whilst allowing the designer great freedom for creativity at the circuit level.\n\nTo establish a generic, design-rule and library-based methodology for photonic ICs is an ambitious and demanding task, which could only be contemplated with a consortium possessing a wide range of complementary skills. PARADIGM has brought together just such a collaboration of Europes key players in the fields of III-V semiconductor manufacturing, PIC design and applications, photonic CAD, packaging and assembly.\n\nThe project will verify the potential of the generic approach by fabricating a number of InP PICs, addressing a range of applications in communications, sensors, data processing and biomedical systems, at a level of complexity and performance that will define the state of the art.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.1 | Award Amount: 28.41M | Year: 2010
The interactIVe project addresses the development and evaluation of next-generation safety systems for Intelligent Vehicles, based on active intervention. Safety technologies have shown outstanding capabilities for supporting the driver in hazardous situations. Despite their effectiveness, currently available systems are typically implemented as independent functions. This results in multiple expensive sensors and unnecessary redundancy, limiting their scope to premium-class vehicles.\nThe project is based on the concept that by integrating applications together, vehicle components may be shared among the various safety systems. This is accomplished in interactIVe by discrete architectural layers that are common to all applications. These provide large amounts of knowledge about the driver, state of the vehicle, and the environment to all interested applications. The overall result is an optimal use of resources, lower implementation costs, and ultimately a much broader acceptance of the technology.\nAlthough application and sensor fusion is an active area of study, substantial amount of research is still required before its commercial feasibility. By building upon current state-of-the-art technologies, interactIVe will develop next-generation safety systems based on three pillar concepts, namely continuous driver support, collision avoidance, and collision mitigation.\nThe core activities of the project will address the design and development of the Intelligent Vehicle Systems, whose capabilities will be shown in demonstrator vehicles. The project will be conducted through a coordinated effort from leading automotive industries, suppliers, and research institutes.\nBy demonstrating these results, interactIVe will significantly enhance the feasibility and attractiveness of next-generation safety systems, strengthening the position of European industries in the area of Intelligent Vehicles and e-Safety.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ENERGY 2010.10.2-2 | Award Amount: 4.60M | Year: 2011
This project aims to the development at an initial industrial level of an advanced, lithium ion battery for efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market. The basic structure of this battery involves a lithium-metal (tin)-carbon, Sn-C, alloy anode, a lithium nickel manganese oxide, LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, cathode and a ceramic-added, gel-type membrane electrolyte. This battery is expected to meet the target of the topic that calls for innovative developments of lithium-based, automotive energy storage technologies improving energy density, cycle life, cost, sustainability and safety. To confirm this expectation, a strong European consortium exploiting the complementary experience of various interconnected unities, involving academic laboratories and industrial companies, has been established. The academic partners will address the work on the optimization of the basic, electrochemical properties of the electrode and electrolyte materials, while the industrial partners will focus on the determination of battery key aspects, such as: i) the value of energy density under a large size capacity configuration, ii) the definition of the safety by abuse test procedure protocols, iii) the overall cost, iv) the environmental sustainability and v) the recycling process. It is expected that these combined efforts will lead to the industrial production of a battery having an energy density of the order of 300 Wh/kg, a cost considerably lower than batteries already on the market, environmental compatibility and highly reduced safety hazard. In synthesis, this project compares well with others in progress worldwide for the development of lithium batteries directed to an efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-6-2015 | Award Amount: 9.95M | Year: 2016
Fuel economy is a key aspect to reduce operating costs and improve efficiency of freight traffic, thus increasing truck competitiveness. The main objective of the IMPERIUM project (IMplementation of Powertrain Control for Economic and Clean Real driving EmIssion and ConsUMption) is to achieve fuel consumption reduction by 20% (diesel and urea) whilst keeping the vehicle within the legal limits for pollutant emissions. The approach relies on three stages targeting the improvement of the control strategy: * Direct optimisation of the control of the main components (engine, exhaust after-treatment, transmission, waste heat recovery, e-drive) to maximize their performances. * Global powertrain energy manager to coordinate the different energy sources and optimize their use depending on the current driving situation. * Providing a more comprehensive understanding of the mission (eHorizon, mission-based learning) such that the different energy sources can be planned and optimized on a long term. The IMPERIUM consortium consist of major European actors and is able to provide a 100% European value chain for the development of future powertrain control strategies for trucks.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-1.2-2015 | Award Amount: 6.70M | Year: 2016
TurboNoiseBB aims to deliver reliable prediction methodologies and noise reduction technologies in order to allow European Aerospace industries: to design low-noise aircraft to meet societys needs for more environmentally friendly air transport to win global leadership for European aeronautics with a competitive supply chain. The project is focusing on fan broadband (BB) noise sources and will offer the possibility to acquire an experimental database mandatory to validate the Computational Fluid Dynamics and Aero Acoustic (CAA) simulations from the sound sources to the radiation from aircraft engines. It fully exploits the methodology successfully developed starting from FP5 programmes, TurboNoiseCFD and AROMA and also associated FP6 (SILENCE(R), PROBAND, OPENAIR) and FP7 (FLOCON, TEENI, ENOVAL) proposals. TurboNoiseBB has 3 main objectives. 1. To acquire appropriate CAA validation data on a representative test model. In addition different approaches for measuring the BB far-field noise levels in the rear arc (bypass duct contribution) will be assessed to help define future requirements for European turbofan test facilities. 2. To apply and validate CAA codes with respect to fan & turbine BB noise. 3. To design novel low BB noise fan systems by means of state-of-the-art design and prediction tools. The combination of partners from industry, research \ university combined with the excellence of the EU most versatile test facility for aero and noise forms the basis for the successful validation and exploitation of CAA methods, crucial for quicker implementation of future low noise engine concepts. TurboNoiseBB will deliver validated industry-exploitable aeroacoustic design \ prediction tools related to BB noise emissions from aircraft nacelle intakes \ exhaust nozzles, allowing EU industry to leap-frog NASA-funded technology developments in the US. It will also deliver a technical assessment on the way forward for European turbofan noise testing.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-9. | Award Amount: 17.07M | Year: 2012
The project proposal CORE (CO2 REduction for long distance transport) is a collaborative large-scale integrating project for a call within FP7-SUSTAINABLE SURFACE TRANSPORT (SST)-2011-RTD-1. The project consortium consists of three truck manufactures in Europe, Volvo, Daimler and IVECO, together with 13 other partners in the automotive industry and universities. The objective is to demonstrate a substantial reduction of CO2 emissions, 15% improved fuel efficiency compared to a EURO V engine and at the same time fulfilling EURO VI emission legislation. By using novel technology and combine them in flexible engines with a high level of precise control, performance advantages will be achieved with improvements in emissions and fuel consumption. The research will focus on efficient air management, combustion and control for the diesel engine, together with optimizing the powertrain layout utilizing electric hybridization, downsizing and electrification of auxiliaries and alternative fuels. Research to the aftertreatment system is included to further improve the powertrain efficiency. This will be combined improvements to the base engine friction for developing highly efficient drivelines for long distance transports. CORE is divided into five sub-projects, three that will focus on different engine technologies. These activates are supported by two cross divisional projects where friction reduction and improvements to the NOx aftertreatment technologies are studied. The project results will be assessed by vehicle simulations. Results will be evaluated for legislation test cycles and in real life drive cycles. The project will demonstrate three diesel powertrains and one natural gas truck.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-6.3-2015 | Award Amount: 16.22M | Year: 2016
Supply chain visibility supported by easy access to, and exchange and use of relevant and abundant logistics-related information is an important prerequisite for the deployment of pan-European logistics solutions that are needed to increase efficiency and productivity, and to reduce environmental impact. Although there is a proliferative development of logistics-related data stores, information channels, information management systems and data mining facilities, with both international and intermodal focus, this multitude of solutions exhibits a high degree of fragmentation, due to differences in user requirements, data models, system specification and business models. This legacy situation severely hampers the optimal use of logistics-related information. To overcome this fragmentation and lack of connectivity of ICT-based information systems for logistics decision making, AEOLIX will establish a cloud-based collaborative logistics ecosystem for configuring and managing (logistics-related) information pipelines. This digital business ecosystem will create visibility across the supply chain, enabling more sustainable and efficient transport of goods cross Europe. An essential element of the approach is to ensure that for logistics actors connecting to and using the ecosystem in undemanding and has a low level of complexity. We envision the ecosystem enabling the integration of supply-chain-related transport business processes through logistics software solutions for cloud-based connectivity and interaction, in order to support more efficient collaboration in the logistics supply chain than exists today. By enabling low-complexity and low cost connectivity of local ICT platforms and systems and thereby scalable, trusted and secure exchange of information, AEOLIX will improve the overall competitiveness of goods transport in the supply chain, while simultaneously targeting sustainability from environmental, economic and social perspectives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-3.2-01 | Award Amount: 25.69M | Year: 2008
The European Bus System of the Future (EBSF) project is conceived as a driver to increase the attractiveness and raise the image of the bus systems in urban areas, by means of new technologies on vehicles and infrastructure in combination with operational best practices, in a system approach. For the first time in European research, these concepts are fully endorsed by all stakeholders, with all major bus manufacturers joining their industrial capabilities along with operators and authorities pooling together in this pre-competitive research project. This project is funded on the consideration that the bus still remains the most universal solution for balanced and sustainable urban development from an economic, environmental and social standpoint, serving 80% of the total European Public Transport. The research will conceive and develop an innovative high quality bus system which will demonstrate the full potential of a new generation of urban bus networks, using state of the art clean vehicular technologies. It will integrate all necessary elements and include a breakthrough design of vehicles, infrastructures and operations placing emphasis on system approach, and identifying the potential for technical harmonisation and standardisation. The project focuses on the bus system in urban and suburban areas. For this reason all the features of the traditional bus services will be examined and developed in conjunction with the relationships between itself and the other modes of transport, in order to concentrate the objectives of the project on the development and improvement of all the characteristics of the EU Bus System of the Future. During its 48 months lifetime, the project will produce several outputs of two main families: Practical and Theoretical deliverables. The former include the results of activities aiming at technology development, and their integration, whereas the latter include concepts, tools, simulations, specifications, and recommendations
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.4.1.1. | Award Amount: 3.47M | Year: 2009
The development of adaptive safety systems addressing vehicle occupant protection requires the use of in depth knowledge of various occupant features, specifically those related to the risk of injury. All occupants in passenger vehicles are at risk of sustaining whiplash injuries in a low severity crash. Whiplash associated disorders (WAD), so called whiplash injuries, resulting from car crashes, are a serious traffic safety issue, resulting in over 4 billion costs to European society. Yearly more than 300 000 European citizens suffer neck problems from these injuries and 15 000 result in long terms consequences. In the population, the females are at higher risk of these injuries than the males. The difference in risk between the robust, male, population and the vulnerable, female, part of the population is between 40-100%. This has been reported from epidemiological studies from all over the world since the end of the 1960s until today. Yet still, when assessing the vehicle safety the only available occupant model for these impact scenarios is an average male. Adaptive anti-whiplash systems need to be evaluated for their benefits both for males and females. If there are no improved protective systems, further rising costs for the European Society can be expected. This project aims at establishing the properties for a model of an average female and to implement those in a computational model in order to provide an improved tool for the development and evaluation of adaptive systems with special focus on protection against whiplash injuries. The project will result in a computational model of a female, in addition to the male model that already exists, for low severity testing. In addition, the computational models will be used in the design and evaluation of adaptive seat systems in order to provide enhanced neck injury protection from the seat.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRADEV-03-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 3.31M | Year: 2016
Joining up Users for Maximising the Profile, the Innovation and the Necessary Globalisation of JIVE (JUMPING JIVE) aims to prepare and position European Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) for the SKA era, and to secure the role of JIV-ERIC in the European and global landscape of Research Infrastructures. On a European scale, the proposed activities will raise the profile of JIVE among scientists and operators of radio-astronomical facilities, by widely advocating its science capabilities and its role as research infrastructure provider within the international radio astronomy community. These activities will focus on outreach and on reinforcing science cases for the next decade. New partnerships will be pursued, and in addition JIVE will expand its potential user base by offering geodetic and enhanced astrometric processing. Finally, the possibility of the International LOFAR Telescope using the same ERIC governance structure in the future will be investigated. With respect to global VLBI, the aim is to place JIV-ERIC in a leading role in the definition of scientific and technical standards in the SKA era. JIVE will take charge of a number of operational interfaces that will be essential for truly global VLBI, and establish close connections with the African VLBI Network and the SKA as the main strategic partners for the next decade.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 10.51M | Year: 2017
RadioNet is a consortium of 28 institutions in Europe, Republic of Korea and South Africa, integrating at European level world-class infrastructures for research in radio astronomy. These include radio telescopes, telescope arrays, data archives and the globally operating European Network for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (EVN). RadioNet is de facto widely regarded to represent the interests of radio astronomy in Europe. A comprehensive, innovative and ambitious suite of actions is proposed that fosters a sustainable research environment. Building on national investments and commitments to operate these facilities, this specific EC program leverages the capabilities on a European scale. The proposed actions include: - Merit-based trans-national access to the RadioNet facilities for European and for the first time also for third country users; and integrated and professional user support that fosters continued widening of the community of users. - Innovative R&D, substantially enhancing the RadioNet facilities and taking leaps forward towards harmonization, efficiency and quality of exploitation at lower overall cost; development and delivery of prototypes of specialized hardware, ready for production in SME industries. - Comprehensive networking measures for training, scientific exchange, industry cooperation, dissemination of scientific and technical results; and policy development to ensure long-term sustainability of excellence for European radio astronomy. RadioNet is relevant now, it enables cutting-edge science, top-level R&D and excellent training for its European facilities; with the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) and the ESFRI-listed Square Kilometre Array (SKA) defined as global radio telescopes, RadioNet assures that European radio astronomy maintains its leading role into the era of these next-generation facilities by involving scientists and engineers in the scientific use and innovation of the outstanding European facilities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CS2-RIA | Phase: JTI-CS2-2016-CFP03-LPA-02-11 | Award Amount: 1.65M | Year: 2017
In SORCERER revolutionary lightweight electrical energy storing composite materials for future electric and hybrid-electric aircraft are to be developed. Building on previous research novel lightweight supercapacitor composites, structural battery and structural energy generating composite materials are to be realised for aeronautical application and demonstrated on the systems level. Such demonstration ranges from table-top demonstrators for structural batteries and energy harvesting materials to aircraft component demonstrators for structural supercapacitors. The SORCERER consortium consist of the world leading research groups on structural power composites. The team has an outstanding scientific track record in research covering all aspects of structural power composites development and manufacture namely: multifunctional matrices (SPE) and carbon fibres (i.e. constituents); separator materials and designs; structural electrodes; connectivity and power management and materials modelling and design. In SORCERER we will build on these experiences to adapt current structural power composites solutions for aeronautical applications as well as develop new materials and devices for the aircraft application. By the end of the project each technology, i.e. structural supercapacitor, battery and power generation device, will have matured and as a result been brought-up at least one step on the TRL scale. In particular, the developed devices will be demonstrated on the systems level. For all structural battery and power generation composite materials this will be the worlds first demonstration on that level of complexity.
Chalmers University of Technology, University College Cork, University of Southampton and National Technical University of Athens | Date: 2010-12-03
The invention provides a system for use in an optical communication network to reduce noise comprising means for tapping a low noise signal from said network and a phase sensitive amplifier (PSA) for conditioning said tapped signal by means for removing modulation of the tapped signal to allow for phase locking of the tapped signal. A laser source provides phase locked reference signals to generate at least one pump signal, wherein the at least one pump signal provides correct phase alignment for optimum PSA operation. The invention makes use of injection locked and/or phase locked laser sources in conjunction with low power input tap couplers, or post/mid amplification taps to provide the required phase locked reference signals without degrading the input loss or noise. The use of injection/phase locked local lasers suppresses the detrimental impact of the low tapped power or added noise in the generation of the required pump signals.
University College Cork, Chalmers University of Technology, National, Kapodistrian University of Athens and University of Southampton | Date: 2011-06-08
The invention provides a system for use in an optical communication network to reduce noise comprising means for tapping a low noise signal from said network and a phase sensitive amplifier (PSA) for conditioning said tapped signal. A laser source provides phase locked reference signals to generate at least one pump signal, wherein the at least one pump signal provides correct phase alignment for optimum PSA operation. The invention makes use of injection locked and/or phase locked laser sources in conjunction with low power input tap couplers, or post/mid amplification taps to provide the required phase locked reference signals without degrading the input loss or noise. The use of injection/phase locked local lasers suppresses the detrimental impact of the low tapped power or added noise in the generation of the required pump signals.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2 | Award Amount: 3.55M | Year: 2010
We, EU HVAC industry AGs, represent the interests of more than 4,900 SME firms active in installation, commissioning and maintenance of heating, AC, and ventilation devices, are under threat from upcoming EC regulations (expected full compliance by 2015) to phase out such devices that are non-energy efficient, noisy, non-aesthetic and contribute to CO2 generation. These regulations are Directive 2004/8/EC (amending Directive 92/42/EEC) and Directive 2002/49/EC. The European Commission is EN ISO 13790 standard for AC and heating systems and for Calculation of Energy Use for Space Heating in buildings. EC regulations call for phasing out AC, ventilation and heating systems that do not meet ecological requirements, complying with the EPBD and EU phase-out of HCFC by 2015. Our industry has to conform with Directives 2002/95/EC and 2002/91/EC on aesthetic nature of the buildings while the majority of our technologies are split heat pump devices which require a large external heat exchanger on the ground or in the air. Our members therefore require a small modular heat pump technology which can be simply retrofitted into any room of a domestic home or building. We must research and develop the next generation of modular, air to air source heat pumps intended for single-room applications. The retrofit technology will provide local control of heating, cooling and ventilation with a wireless central monitoring station. New scalable heat pump should be able to achieve a superior 4.7 COP rating, a very low external noise level of 35db and a low price point as well as optimal life-cycle cost regime. This project will also cover the requirement for new ventilation systems, which are not based on exploiting exhaust air. Our proposed heat pump will provide ventilation and improve buildings energy efficiency, by utilizing and not exhausting hot air from a room. The novel heat pump may be positioned as a retrofit into ventilation canals for centralised heating and cooling systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.3.1 | Award Amount: 834.12K | Year: 2010
NANO-TEC seeks to build a community of academic researchers in nanoelectronics, addressing specifically research in Beyond CMOS from the combined technology and design perspectives. A methodology for continued consultation and analysis of research needs and trends will be developed. The main activity will be a workshop series with invited experts, preceded by a methodology-contents preparation phase and subsequent analysis and documentation, both by the consortium. Apart of determining what is relevant for Beyond CMOS devices and design, benchmarking and a SWT analysis will be performed. An end-of-the-project public dissemination event will present the results of the work of NANO-TEC to stake-holders, including the EC and relevant ETPs.\nTwo elements are crucial here. One is the access to the huge expertise in Europe, albeit fragmented, in the area of Beyond CMOS both in technology and in design. The other is a platform to carry out the work and document it. The former is inherent to the consortium, although non-exclusive, as partners come mainly from institutions which have a tradition of nanofabrication for nanoelectronics research and or are members of national consortia and as such have contacts to leading researcher in Beyond CMOS Nanoelectronics. The latter is part of the long-term community-building aim and is a web-platform that will enable documents and exchanges to take place, as well a be the place where the working groups can evolve into a Specialist Interest Group on the combined ecosystems of technology and design.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.74M | Year: 2012
Societal challenges, RTD and innovation offer opportunities to rejuvenate and transform the resource intensive chemical and process industries into eco-efficient high-tech solution providers, by switching to bio-based feedstock, improving efficiency of processes, by recycling waste materials and by looking at industry as an integrated system (industrial symbiosis). Objective of the Chemicals Regions for Resource Efficiency project (R4R) is to overcome European fragmentation of ambitious and innovative regions, to improve triple helix collaboration within and between some of the most process intensive European regions by 1) analyzing and benchmarking successful regional technology innovation systems (TIS) within six complementary regions that target three specific technology domains (alternative feedstock, resource efficient processes and recycling); 2) based on this analyses improving synergies between regions through aligned regional, national and European Joint Action Plans and innovation roadmaps; 3) promoting internationalization, with a strong focus on SMEs, through an international cluster platform on resource efficient regions, embedded in the SusChem ETP; 4) disseminating a toolset and experience on technology innovation system analyses (TIS), to European regions in cluster platform. Accelerating innovation in this domain promises enormous impact in resource efficiency by 2030 i.e. a major CO2- footprint reduction of up to 50%, meaning reducing 0.5 GtCO2e annually, a potential 10-fold increase in (bio)renewable raw materials as feedstock (e.g. incl. end of life recyclables), a 30% reduction in primary energy consumption and a 20% reduction in raw materials net use (e.g. mineral, chemical, bio-based feedstock) and secondary (e.g. water and other auxiliary materials) materials, by increasing chemical and physical transformation yields. R4R targets increased global competitiveness and new high-quality jobs through a sustainable European process industry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2010
Protecting its citizens from terrorism remains a high priority for the EC. Current SOA security procedures for air travel have significantly improved airport security. The need is now to protect the softer, unprotected areas such as mass transportation systems and hubs which are being targeted with devastating effect (London, Madrid). They are largely unprotected since current security systems are too expensive and too slow. Therefore, there is an urgent need for innovative new security screening technology that can provide a low cost, rapid walk-by screening at normal flow rates. Whilst millimetre-wave (mm-wave) technology is the leading technology, cost is a barrier. The critical part of mm-wave systems is the detector module, at a cost of 1125 per pixel, the imager module accounts for 60% of the overall system cost. At present this high cost is due to the cost of semiconductor material and the cost of assembly and tuning to overcome resonance effects. This proposal will develop an innovative solution to reduce mm-wave module cost down to 150. This is clearly ambitious, but with the innovations below we are confident we can be successful: a) Integrating the LNA & detector stages onto a single semiconductor wafer b) Developing GaAs semiconductor wafer using mHEMPT epi-layer instead of pHEMT c) Integrating a novel antenna and waveguide into a low cost, injection moulded liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate. This is an extremely challenging project requiring significant scientific knowledge generation and technology development. As an SME we do not have all the in house skills to develop this solution alone and the skills gaps are provided by our RTD performers. Without the research for SME initiative we would not have the financial resources to engage this leading European expertise. The US currently dominates the growing imaging market ($49m, predicted to grow by 1800% in 5 years) which we aim to access for Europe with this project.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.40M | Year: 2009
The objective of the proposed project is development of a cost effective and sustainable seawater treatment system to control accumulation of marine organisms on heat exchangers of vessels by applying ozone technology. To maximize the dispersion in the seawater and achieve effective contact between water and ozone, there is a need to develop a novel ozone injection and dispersion unit. In addition, an intelligent process control unit will be developed in order to control the ozone dose and make the treatment system cost effective. To create this technological capability, new scientific knowledge will be acquired and applied to specific development routes. Marine bio-fouling is a major problem for materials in constant contact with seawater. For vessels, the need for sustainable and cost effective biofouling control technology is growing as existing methods are either inefficient or under environmental scrutiny. The demand for a cost effective and environmentally friendly technology for mitigation of biofoulig on heat exchangers of vessels is particularly gaining ground as accumulation of marine organisms has impact on the proper functioning of engines and other appliances on board that need constant and proper cooling, and on the safety of the vessel. However, the European and global equipment market for equipment needed for mitigation of marine biofouling is dominated by products from Europes major global economic partners due to their superior R&D. To respond to this challenge and enhance our competitive position in the home market and globally, the SME partners of the proposed project from four European countries have therefore agreed to develop an innovative and cost effective method for control of biofouling on heat exchangers with the support of scientific knowledge through Research for the Benefit of SMEs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-2.2.4. | Award Amount: 6.56M | Year: 2012
The Infrastructure for Systems Biology in Europe (ISBE) programme comprises an infrastructure that is designed to meet the needs of European systems biology, in terms of development, applications and training. In order to address this requirement, we are proposing a distributed, interconnected infrastructure which primarily comprises three types of centres: Data Integration Centres (DICs), and systems biology dedicated Data Generation Centres (DGCs), and Data Stewardship Centres (DSCs). DICs are research centres that apply and develop expertise in model-driven data integration and make this expertise available to the community. DGCs are technology-based centres that make available a wide range of high, medium and low throughput technologies that are essential for the acquisition of quantitative datasets under standardised conditions. DSCs are centres that are responsible for data processing, curation and analysis they store data, models and simulations. Each type of centre will be functionally different, but organisationally similar. Within participating universities and other organisations across Europe there will be foci of expertise and facilities which fit the requirements for a DIC, DGC or DSC. Such foci will be evaluated and then designated as local centres of a particular type. Each focus will then form a component of a particular type of DIC, DGC or DSC centre. ISBE centres may be single institutions or can be distributed. Large institutions, such as leading universities, may well contribute facilities and expertise across different types of centres. A particular distributed centre may focus on an area of Systems Biology; for example, a model organism, a disease, or, alternatively an area such as biotechnology, ecology or green biology. Importantly, the ISBE will include technological expertise; for example, stochastic computation, algorithmic modelling, multi-scale modelling integration of diverse high-and low-throughput datasets.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.1 | Award Amount: 26.75M | Year: 2012
In 2020, mobile and wireless traffic volume is expected to increase thousand-fold over 2010 figures. Moreover, an increase in the number of wirelessly-connected devices to counts in the tens of billions will have a profound impact on society. Massive machine communication, forming the basis for the Internet of Things, will make our everyday life more efficient, comfortable and safer, through a wide range of applications including traffic safety and medical services. The variety of applications and traffic types originating from or reaching mobile, WLAN, and sensor networks, will be significantly larger than today, and will result in more diverse requirements on services, devices and networks.\n\nMETIS is set up by leading global players to prepare the migration from todays mobile systems, focused on human communications, towards tomorrows multi-purpose global communication infrastructure, serving humans and things.\n\nThe main objective of METIS is to lay the foundation for, and to generate a European consensus on this future global mobile and wireless communications system. METIS will provide valuable and timely contributions to pre-standardisation and regulation processes, and ensure European leadership in mobile and wireless communications.\n\nMETIS will provide fundamentally new solutions which fit the needs beyond 2020. Research will be conducted on network topologies, radio links, multi-node, and spectrum usage techniques. Horizontal topics will be used to integrate the research results into a system concept that provides the necessary flexibility, versatility and scalability at a low cost. The METIS concept will be evaluated, and a roadmap will be generated.\n\nMETIS is a strong European consortium, completed by selected non-European partners to ensure global harmonisation. The consortium gathers major telecommunication stakeholders; vendors, operators and academic researchers, together with a new partner from the automotive industry to provide new insights
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.74M | Year: 2012
Identity management using Biometrics is deployed in a growing number of applications ranging from identification platforms (e.g. biometric passports) to access control systems for border checks or banking transactions. Unfortunately, the reliability of these technologies remains difficult to compare. There are no european-wide standards for evaluating their accuracy, their robustness to attacks or their privacy preservation strength. BEAT will fill this gap by building an online and open platform to transparently evaluate biometric systems, designing protocols and tools for vulnerability analysis and developing standardization documents for Common Criteria evaluations. The planned impact is three-fold: the reliability of biometric systems becomes standardized and comparable, potentially leading to a meaningful increase in their performance; technology transfer from research to companies becomes easier with the use of an interoperable framework; authorities and decision-makers become more informed about the progress made in biometrics as results impact standards.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.5.2-5. | Award Amount: 3.83M | Year: 2012
MUNIN aims to develop an autonomous ship concept, which is described according to the Waterborne TP Agenda by combination of automated decision systems with remote control via a shore based station. The vision of MUNIN is to show the update possibilities of todays fleet to autonomous vessel. The trend in maritime transport towards slow steaming increase the necessary total number of ships, while at the same time the lack of seafarers becomes urgent more and more. Human resources are seen as one of the critical enablers for maritime growth within the EU. MUNINs concept allows handling this challenge due to more efficient and competitive ship operation. Additionally, Tthe shore based approach offers seafaring furthermore the possibility to become further socially sustainable. MUNINs results will also provide efficiency, safety and sustainability advantages for existing vessels in short term, without necessitating the use of autonomous ships. This includes e.g. environmental optimization, new maintenance and operational concepts as well as improved bridge applications. Furthermore autonomous ship-models could be an improvement for education purpose in ship simulators. For an autonomous ship several tasks which are currently done on board have to be redesigned. These are e.g. navigation, manoeuvring, watch keeping, maintenance, repair and engine optimization. Based on as-is-analyses MUNIN will define necessary change demands for manned vessels and develop concepts and applications to enable and optimize navigation and operation of an autonomous ship, which includes an evaluation of the communication architecture. Technical as well as organizational and legal aspects of unmanned shipping will be taken into account. Feasibility of the proposed concepts will be verified by an integrated simulator setup. Furthermore an assessment in terms of cost-benefit as well as safety and liability aspects will be done. MUNIN will embed itself in IMOs eNavigation- and EUs eMaritime-Initiative.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 1.69M | Year: 2013
TRADERS focuses on developing and testing a framework of methodologies on which art and design (A&D) researchers can rely when working on public space projects in participatory ways. This framework is transferable and aims to enhance the potentials in A&D practices to contribute creatively in processes of urban and branch-related change. The framework will inform and will be informed by a toolkit. For coherence in the training, Hasselt-Genk will be the anchor case area on which the ESR researchers work together. TRADERS will cooperate with Z-OUT: a centre of expertise on art, design and architecture in relation to public space. To assure the adequacy of an A&D research project, five complementary research foci are covered that correspond to the methodological framework and entail innovative research topics on participation for public space: Intervention (KHLIM (research group Social Spaces, Media, Arts & Design Faculty i.c.w. LUCA)), Play (UGOT), Multiple Performative Mapping (DAE), Data-mining (RCA) and Modeling in dialogue (CHALMERS). A sixth focus will be on the development of a meta-framework allowing these research foci to communicate and collaborate (KU Leuven). To bundle the strengths of different disciplines to commonly approach other non-A&D disciplines and sectors, every participant will work in a partnership with a public or private organization, offering a research and training environment to the researcher and ensuring that his/her research project has a practical and use-oriented focus. TRADERS contains a training program consisting of, a.o.: supervised involvement in six research/training projects at the host organizations with shared activities in Training-through-Research Synergy weeks, collaboration for the research/training with stakeholders and branches that represent future employers, collaboration with various researchers and enterprises from different countries, network-wide research training and Complementary Skills Training at Summer Schools, conference and secondments to associated partners.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 870.60K | Year: 2008
In the framework of FP6, the European Commission supported the formation of a European Network on Silicon on Insulator Technology, Devices and Circuits, whose main goal was to create a discussion forum for the exchange of ideas and results on the topic of Silicon-On-Insulator technologies in Europe, and to facilitate the synergy between research groups which enables the use of Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) technology as an effective tool to push the limits of CMOS and prepare for post-CMOS. Today, EUROSOI network comprises more than 30 partners all over Europe, with expertise in all the fields of the SOI technology. EUROSOI network has already made possible a big part of this path by successfully organizing and achieving during the last three years an important number of events such as the EUROSOI roadmap and state of the art documents, workshops, training events, scientific exchanges.The first goal of the present proposal is upgrading and maintaining this important forum, providing upgraded versions of the State-of-the-Art report, Roadmap, facilitating scientific exchanges between partners, organizing workshops and later on, to use it as a launching platform for other important objectives:Creation of a Permanent European School on SOI Technology.Fostering and co-ordinating the initiatives and activities required to successfully face some of the challenges identified and listed in the EUROSOI Roadmap for the future. Creation of a consortium to elaborate new research project proposals addressing specific challenges identified in the Roadmap.Development of a research-dedicated platform in order to address circuit design aspects, focussing on the advantage of SOI technology for Low Power applications. This platform will provide, through the integration at some point in EUROPRACTICE, prototyping and Multi-Projects-Wafers (MPW) in SOI open to European research groups and Fabless Semiconductor companies (SMEs) using LETI SOI process in two-three years.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.1 | Award Amount: 6.25M | Year: 2012
From the strategic agendas of ENIAC,EPoSS and ITRS it is evident that wirelessapplications are gaining more and more importance that results to new requirements in terms of miniaturization and increased complexity.The limitations of Moores Law in term of physics but also in terms of manufacturability, flexibility and multi-functionality has motivated research and development to implement new technologiesand new wireless architectures identified as Beyond CMOS and More than Moore.Carbon nanotubes are featuring very attractive intrinsic multi-physic properties. These properties coupled with CMOS compatibility offer promise for a new generation of smart miniaturised systems for wireless communications.Graphene also exhibits impressive electrical and mechanical properties.CMOS compatible microwave graphene devices, still at their infancy, hold promise for extremely low noise and high speed communications.The coordinator (TRT) is one of the major world players in civilian & professional electronics.TAS is N1in Europe and N3 worldwide for civil and military aerospace products. One key area for their products is T/R front-end systems for applications like radars for which long term solutions are continuously sought after.The main concept of NANO-RF is the development of CNT&graphene based advanced component technologies for the implementation of miniaturised electronic systems for 2020 and beyond wirelesscommunications and radars.The major objectives of NANO-RF are the development of: Active components from CNTs&graphene Passive components from CNTs& grapheneCapacitive RF NEMS from CNTsCNTs based vertical interconnectsCNTs & graphene based ICsThe developed components and technologies will be implemented in the following demonstratorsReflect array antennae for wake vortex and weather radars and Graphene receiver moduleThe demonstrators will exhibit the reconfigurability, systemability, integratability and manufacturability of thedevelopedtechnologies and unify advanced
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-2.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 15.44M | Year: 2008
The overall objective of UNICELLSYS is a quantitative understanding of fundamental characteristics of eukaryotic unicellular organism biology: how cell growth and proliferation are controlled and coordinated by extracellular and intrinsic stimuli. Achieving an understanding of the principles with which bio-molecular systems function requires integrating quantitative experimentation with simulations of dynamic mathematical models. UNICELLSYS bring together a consortium of leading European experimental and computational systems biologists that will study cell growth and proliferation at the levels of cell population, single cell, cellular network, large-scale dynamic systems and functional module. Building computational reconstructions and dynamic models will involve different precise quantitative measurements as well as complementary approaches of mathematical modelling. A major challenge will be the generation of comprehensive dynamic models of the entire control system of cell growth and proliferation, which will require integration of smaller sub-models and reduction of complexity. Implementation of the models will allow observing responses to altered growth conditions zooming in seamlessly from populations consisting of cells of different replicative age and cell cycle stage via genome-wide molecular networks, large dynamic systems to detailed functional modules. Employing computational simulations combined with experimentation will allow discovering new and emerging principles of bio-molecular organisation and analysing the control mechanisms of cell growth and proliferation. The project will deliver new knowledge on fundamental eukaryotic biology as well as tools for quantitative experimentation and modelling. Detailed plans for dissemination and exploitation will ensure that UNICELLSYS will have major impact on the development of Systems Biology in Europe ensuring a competitive advantage of Europe in dynamic quantitative modelling of bio-molecular processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 5.46M | Year: 2008
NANOSIL Network of Excellence aims to integrate at the European level the excellent European research laboratories and capabilities in order to strengthen scientific and technological excellence in the field of nanoelectronic materials and devices for terascale integrated circuits (ICs) and disseminate the results in a wide scientific and industrial community.NANOSIL will explore and assess the science and technological aspects of nanodevices and operational regimes relevant to n\4 technology node and beyond. It will provide a forward-look for the industry, enabling informed decisions to be taken on technology development in order to speed up technological innovation. It will encompass flagship projects on nanoscale CMOS and post-CMOS. The activities will thus be centred on the More Moore and Beyond-CMOS domains but natural links will also been established with the other ENIAC areas. Within the Network there are all the critical facilities and expertise to occupy and transcend this space. We will propose innovative concepts, technologies and device architectures- with fabrication down to the finest features, and utilising a wide spectrum of advanced deposition and processing capabilities, extensive characterisation and world leading device modelling. This work will be carried out through a network of joint processing, characterisation and modelling platforms. The consortium will work closely with and take steering from European industry. It will feed back data and know-how on materials and devices that deliver the required performance. This critical interaction will strengthen European integration in nanoelectronics, help in decision-making by industry and ensure that Europe remains at the forefront of nanoelectronics for the next 2 3 decades.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.NMP.2012-1 | Award Amount: 3.74M | Year: 2012
This project is aimed to the identification and development of nanostructured electrode and electrolyte materials to promote the practical implementation of the very high energy lithium-sulfur battery. In particular, the project will be directed to the definition and test of a new, lithium metal-free battery configuration based on the use of lithiated silicon as the anode and a nanostructured sulfur-carbon composite as the cathode. It is expected that this battery will offer an energy density at least three times higher than that available from the present lithium battery technology, a comparatively long cycle life, a much lower cost (replacement of cobalt-based with a sulfur-based cathode) and a high safety degree (no use of lithium metal). All the necessary steps for reaching this goal are considered, starting from material synthesis and characterization, exploiting nanotechnology for improving rate capability and fast charging, the fabrication and test of large scale prototypes and to the completion of the cycle by setting the conditions for the recycling process. A team of experts have been selected as partners of the project, including a number of academic laboratories, all with worldwide recognized experience in the lithium battery field, whose task will be that of defining the most appropriate electrode and electrolyte nanostructures. The project will benefit by the support of a laboratory expert in battery modeling to provide the theoretical guidelines for materials optimization. Large research laboratories, having advanced and modern battery producing machineries will be involved in the preparation and test of middle size battery prototypes. Finally, chemical and battery manufacturing industries will assure the necessary materials scaling-up and the fabrication and test of large batteries and particular attention will be devoted to the control of the safety and to definition and practical demonstration of its most appropriate recycling process.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY-2007-3.7-01 | Award Amount: 2.82M | Year: 2008
The objective of the project is to harmonise biomass resource assessments, focusing on the availability of biomass for energy in Europe and its neighbouring regions. This harmonisation will improve the consistency, accuracy and reliability of biomass assessments, which can serve the planning of a transition to renewable energy in the European Union. The project activities will include (i) the analysis of recently conducted biomass resource assessments, (ii) the analysis of policy backgrounds, sustainability criteria and user requirements, (iii) the analysis of currently applied methodologies, (iv) an inventory of data sources and ongoing activities aimed at improved data quality and accessibility, (v) a proposal for a harmonised biomass potential assessment methodology, (vi) an illustration and validation of the developed approach in case studies at EU-27, the Pan-European level and for select countries, (vii) an evaluation of the harmonised approach and if necessary the identification of priorities for further development. The major focus will be (1) on methodological and dataset harmonisations fostered by ongoing research of a multidisciplinary team of project participants and (2) on the opportunities of utilising both earth observation and terrestrial data for biomass assessments and the integration of multiple data sources. The relevant sectors that will be investigated are forestry, energy crops and residues from traditional agriculture and waste. The consortium will build on its complementary sectorial expertise, which will allow the production of sector-overarching studies, taking competitive and economic aspects into account. Intensive scientific cooperation and dissemination will comprise the discussion of its objectives, interim and final results with stakeholders including the EC DGs, EEA, Eurostat, UN/ECE, research, industry, national ministries and associated authorities and sectorial organisations (ren. energy, agriculture, forestry, waste)
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS-2008-188.8.131.52 | Award Amount: 415.27K | Year: 2009
DIVERSITY is a 36 months CSA (Supporting) project involving 14 partners from 11 European countries (Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Slovenia, UK, Slovakia, Greece). It represents a pilot initiative of networking policy makers, human resources experts, women scientists networks, and scientists to support the institutional culture change for a greater inclusiveness of women scientists in materials research organisations. The project objective is to identify policies and implementation activities to improve gender diversity management in materials research organisations by: a) strengthening the role of women in scientific decision making, b) supporting the materials research institutions to create their individual profile on the basis of principles of the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for their Recruitment, c) enhancing the solidarity and involvement of men decision makers in promoting gender equality in scientific decision making , d) raising awareness within the scientific community, in the general public and among policy makers about gender and research. The activities planned are logically organised in 6 work packages, which can be grouped into three stages: In the first stage, the focus will be on benchmarking and monitoring the gender equality & diversity measures in participating research institutions in order to identify the best practice examples as well as the reasons behind low participation of women in decision making process. The second stage aims to support the materials research institutions to create their individual profile on the basis of the principles of the Charter and Code and to provide guidelines and recommendations for improving the transparency in recruitment, promotion and nomination in order to increase the proportion of women at the highest levels of research. The third stage is dedicated to awareness raising and dissemination activities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2008-2.1.2 | Award Amount: 10.31M | Year: 2009
The target of the proposed NURISP Collaborative Project is to make new and significant steps towards a European Reference Simulation Platform for applications relevant to present PWR and BWR and to future reactors. The roadmap of this Simulation Platform will be proposed to be part of the future Strategic Research Agenda of the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNE-TP). The first step towards this ambitious target has been made during the FP6 NURESIM Integrated Project. The NURISP project will start from this basis and develop further the already common and well-proven NURESIM informatics platform. It will also strengthen and enlarge the united team of top level international experts already federated during the NURESIM project and it will transform it into a European pole of excellence in reactor safety computation. The platform will provide a more accurate representation of the physical phenomena by developing and incorporating into best estimate codes the latest advances in core physics, two-phase thermal-hydraulics and fuel modelling. The project will also develop significant capacities for multiscale and multiphysics calculations, and for deterministic and statistical sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, facilitating their use in a generic environment. The individual models, solvers and codes integrated into the platform will be verified, validated and demonstrated through benchmarks (some of them using NEA or IAEA databanks) corresponding to present and future PWR, VVER and BWR challenging applications. Through the Users Group, European Nuclear Utilities, Vendors, Technical Safety Organisations, Regulators, Universities and Research Labs will be able to share this reference tool, contribute to its qualification, and develop its potential; thus enabling an effective European Research Area to take a worldwide leading position in the numerical simulation of nuclear reactors.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2008-3.2.1 | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2009
Curative cancer treatment with radiation seeks to optimise the magnitude of the radiation dose to the treatment volume while restricting the dose to normal healthy tissue. With an increasing population of surviving cancer patients treated with radiation therapy, the harmful effects of the radiation to normal tissue are becoming more evident. The ALLEGRO project will address the many aspects of normal healthy tissue damage that are not yet well understood in both conventional treatment techniques and emerging techniques (protons, heavy ions). The project will include measurement of radiation doses outside the treatment volume and investigation of the accuracy of methods of dose calculation in this region. The extensive existing databases of radiation treatments and outcomes will be used to investigate models of normal tissue damage and second primary cancer. The measurements and data analysis will be supported by theoretical modelling and surveys to develop the link between radiobiological mechanisms and empirical normal tissue complication (NTCP) models, and to extend conventional models to apply to the emerging techniques. The project is restricted to two years, so there will be a limit to the amount of new research possible. Therefore an essential part of the project will be to engage a forum of experts to redefine the current knowledge on normal tissue damage following radiotherapy, identify gaps in the knowledge and make recommendations for future research, data collection, and technological developments. The final report will consist of a series of focused documents directed to clinicians (for the application of normal tissue risks in treatment optimisation), equipment manufacturers (recommendations on safety design), and the research community (summary of knowledge and recommendations on data collection and project proposals).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2007-1.2-01 | Award Amount: 23.78M | Year: 2008
Actinide recycling by separation and transmutation is considered worldwide and particularly in several European countries as one of the most promising strategies to reduce the inventory of radioactive waste, thus contributing to make nuclear energy sustainable. Consistently with potentially viable recycling strategies, the Collaborative Project ACSEPT will provide a structured R&D framework to develop chemical separation processes compatible with fuel fabrication techniques, with a view to their future demonstration at the pilot level. Considering technically mature aqueous separation processes, ACSEPT will optimise and select the most promising ones dedicated to actinide partitioning and those featuring a group separation. These developments will be appropriately balanced with an exploratory research focused on the design of new molecules. In parallel, promising group actinide separation pyro-processes will be developed beyond the current state-of-the-art, as an alternative option, for a longer term. ACSEPT will also pave the way towards more integration between Partitioning and Transmutation by carrying dissolution as well as actinide conversion studies. All experimental results will be integrated by carrying out engineering and systems studies on aqueous and dry (pyro) processes to prepare for future demonstration at a pilot level. A training and education programme will also be implemented to share the knowledge among partitioning community and present and future generations of researchers. The challenging objectives of ACSEPT will be addressed by a multi-disciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies and major industrial players. This consortium will generate fundamental improvements for a future design of an Advanced Processing Pilot Unit. ACSEPT will thus be an essential contribution to the demonstration, in the long term, of the potential benefits of actinide recycling to minimise the burden on the geological repositories.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE-2007-3-2-06 | Award Amount: 8.10M | Year: 2009
The NEMO project provides novel efficient enzymes and microbes for 2nd generation bioethanol production. It generates through metabolic engineering and mutagenesis & screening approaches robust yeast strains that have a broad substrate range and can (co-)ferment C6 and C5 sugars to ethanol with high productivity (rate and yield), and that are significantly more stress tolerant, i.e. inhibitor, ethanol and thermotolerant than the current S.cerevisiae strains used in ethanol production. The NEMO project also identifies and improves enzymes for hydrolysis of biomasses relevant for Europe. Novel enzymes are identified and improved through various approaches, based on screening, broad comparative genomics analyses, and protein engineering. These efforts will generate more thermostable enzymes for high temperature hydrolysis, more efficient enzymes for hydrolysis of the resistant structures in lignocellulose such as crystalline cellulose and lignin-hemicellulose complexes, enzymes with reduced affinity on lignin, and efficient thermo and mesophilic enzyme mixtures that are optimised and tailor-made for the relevant biomasses for Europe and European industry. These novel biocatalysts are tested in an iterative manner in process relevant conditions, including also pilot-scale operations, which ensure that the novel enzymes and microbes will be superior in real process conditions. Furthermore, optimal enzyme, microbe and process regime combinations are identified, providing basis for the development of the most economic and ecoefficient overall processes. The impact of the NEMO project on 2nd generation bioethanol production is significant because it provides most realistic but widely applicable technologies that could be exploited broadly by European industry. Its impact goes also much beyond bioethanol because NEMO provides technology improvements that are directly applicable and crucial for efficient and economic production of also other biofuels and bulk chemicals.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2015
The dynamic modulation of semiconductor structures using vibrations provides a powerful tool for the control of the materials properties required for novel functionalities. Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) with GHz-frequencies and micrometre-size wavelength can be generated using piezoelectric transducers fabricated with standard integrated circuit technology. Their small propagation velocity and high sensitivity to disturbances confined to a superficial region have long been exploited in electronic signal processing and sensor applications. The SAW-induced modulation of the electro-optical properties of semiconductor structures is now been used for a wide range of applications including advanced sensors, the control of chemical processes, as well as the coherent control of carriers, spins, photons, and phonons down to the single-particle level. The latter are presently been exploited for different functionalities including advanced waveguide modulators, tuneable optical resonators, and single-electron pumps and single-photon sources. SAWTrain puts together leading groups from Europe, Asia and North America working on SAWs on semiconductor and related nanostructures to create a PhD training network. The synergy resulting from the expertise of these groups will provide PhD students with training opportunities far superior to those offered in existing PhD programmes. Training in research skills with secondments at different hosts will cover state-of-the-art research in the interdisciplinary areas of basic physics, materials, technology, and device concepts related to SAWs. This will be achieved by exposing the trainees to multiple secondments, mandatory co-supervision from different institutions, including a non-academic mentorship. The coordinated training will further contain topical courses, schools, conferences, and workshops and be complemented by measures to develop key competences and transferable skills, fostering the future career plan of the young researchers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2012.1.3-3 | Award Amount: 49.52M | Year: 2013
The innovative and economic potential of Manufactured Nano Materials (MNMs) is threatened by a limited understanding of the related EHS issues. While toxicity data is continuously becoming available, the relevance to regulators is often unclear or unproven. The shrinking time to market of new MNM drives the need for urgent action by regulators. NANoREG is the first FP7 project to deliver the answers needed by regulators and legislators on EHS by linking them to a scientific evaluation of data and test methods. Based on questions and requirements supplied by regulators and legislators, NANoREG will: (i) provide answers and solutions from existing data, complemented with new knowledge, (ii) Provide a tool box of relevant instruments for risk assessment, characterisation, toxicity testing and exposure measurements of MNMs, (iii) develop, for the long term, new testing strategies adapted to innovation requirements, (iv) Establish a close collaboration among authorities, industry and science leading to efficient and practically applicable risk management approaches for MNMs and products containing MNMs. The interdisciplinary approach involving the three main stakeholders (Regulation, Industry and Science) will significantly contribute to reducing the risks from MNMs in industrial and consumer products. NANoREG starts by analysing existing knowledge (from WPMN-, FP- and other projects). This is combined with a synthesis of the needs of the authorities and new knowledge covering the identified gaps, used to fill the validated NANoREG tool box and data base, conform with ECHAs IUCLID DB structure. To answer regulatory questions and needs NANoREG will set up the liaisons with the regulation and legislation authorities in the NANoREG partner countries, establish and intensify the liaisons with selected industries and new enterprises, and develop liaisons to global standardisation and regulation institutions in countries like USA, Canada, Australia, Japan, and Russia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN.2011-1 | Award Amount: 7.38M | Year: 2012
European oceans will be subject to massive development of marine infrastructure in the near future. The most obvious is the energy facilities e.g. offshore wind farms, exploitation of wave energy, expansion of electricity connections, and also further development and implementation of marine aquaculture. This will also lead to an increased need for marine infrastructure to support installation and the on-going operation of the facilities. However both economical costs and environmental impact have to be reduced in order to increase the feasibility of the use of ocean space. Marine structures for offshore wind farms and aquaculture have to be installed at various sites and on much larger scale than earlier implementation of offshore structures in order to fulfil EU strategies (1) for reduction of fossil-based energy and (2) to become a major player in sustainable aquaculture. However the feasibility is much more sensitive to the costs of structures and the installation of the structures than for instance Oil & Gas facilities. Novel innovative design concepts should address different physical conditions in order to make the best use of the ocean space. Going from deep water (north of Spain) to shallow water with high morphological activity (the Wadden sea) and further to inner waters like the inner Danish/Baltic areas and the Adriatic sea changes the focus from a strong physical aspect to environmental impact. This will make it possible to develop, test and integrate different technologies but also to address site specific challenges. Both for offshore renewables and for aquaculture a substantial part of the costs is variable cost related to operations and maintenance of the plants. It is obvious that optimization of the use of ocean space for different purposes might benefit from shared resources such staff allocation, transportation of staff and material from and to the platforms, use of forecasting systems, ships etc.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BIOTEC-03-2016 | Award Amount: 6.24M | Year: 2016
CHASSY will unlock the full potential of the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Yarrowia lipolytica and Kluyveromyces marxianus as cell factories for production of high value compounds which have applications in the cosmetic, nutraceutical and white biotechnology sectors. Current cell factory strains for these classes of product are restricted to proof-of-principle levels because of limited precursor supply, poor product tolerance and lack of versatility. CHASSY addresses these challenges by redesigning metabolic circuits and expanding the host range to include the oleaginous yeast, Y. lipolytica and the thermotolerant yeast, K. marxianus. The systems biology approach will integrate model-based design, construction and analysis of yeast strains, resulting in reconfigured metabolic networks optimised for the production of lipid and aromatic molecules. Construction of the chassis strains, using new and existing synthetic biology tools, will be directed by knowledge derived from a thorough systems biology comparison of the three yeast species, conducted using integrative data analysis and genome scale metabolic models. The chassis strains will be used to build cell factories to produce three specific high value products: the oleochemicals, Docosanol and Octanoic acid; and the aromatic molecule, Amorfrutin 1. These new cell factory strains will be evaluated under industrial conditions to produce data that will further improve the chassis platforms. The major outcomes of this project will be (1) a new set of chassis yeast strains that are widely applicable for development of industrial cell factories; (2) the knowledge and technology to readily build and evaluate new chassis tailored to specific applications; (3) prototype cell factory strains producing three high value metabolites for commercial exploitation; (4) a dissemination and exploitation strategy to ensure that European SMEs benefit from the knowledge base, platform chassis and resources generated in CHASSY.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.4 | Award Amount: 12.93M | Year: 2013
Data-centres form the central brains and store for the Information Society and are a key resource for innovation and leadership. The key challenge has recently moved from just delivering the required performance, to include consuming reduced energy and lowering cost of ownership. Together, these create an inflection point that provides a big opportunity for Europe, which holds a leading position in energy efficient computing and market prominent positions in embedded systems.\n\nEUROSERVER is an ambitious and holistic project aimed to arm Europe with leading technology for conquering the new markets of cloud computing:\n\n1. Capitalise on the European strength in embedded and low power computing to provide an innovative combined architecture-and-technology integration platform that enables the reuse of highly-integrated, high-performance, energy-efficient component subsystems in a micro-server solution suitable across both cloud data-centres and embedded application workload.\n\n2. Perform a combined architecture-technology exploration that creates the hardware and the software for micro-server based computing in support of cloud-based and embedded applications.\n\n3. Evidence this architecture in a data-centre grade low-power physical micro-server prototype solution utilizing advanced ARM IP, industry leading FD-SOI fabrication technology, and state of the art 2.5D device integration technologies and prove the advantages of these European technologies as the enabler of next generation, low-cost, power-efficient, high-density compute.\n\nThe EUROSERVER consortium brings together world-class leaders in their own fields and creates the critical-mass required to deliver More than Moore solutions. A unique differentiator of EUROSERVER is its broad access to the required industrial technologies and specialised academic support. The potential impact of EUROSERVER is therefore very high to competitively accelerate and improve the delivery of energy-efficient computing worldwide.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP-SICA | Phase: ENV.2010.4.1.3-2 | Award Amount: 9.15M | Year: 2010
The overall goal of the proposed project is to develop a coordinated global observation system for mercury able to provide temporal and spatial distributions of mercury concentrations in ambient air and precipitation over land and over surface waters at different altitudes and latitudes around the world. This will then provide high quality data for the validation and application of regional and global scale atmospheric models, to give to governments, national and international organisations and stakeholders a firm basis for future policy development and implementation. Specific objectives of the proposed project are (a) to establish a Global Observation System for Mercury (GMOS) able to provide ambient concentrations and deposition fluxes of mercury species around the world, by combining observations from permanent ground-based stations, and from oceanographic and tropospheric measurement campaigns; (b) to validate regional and global scale atmospheric mercury modelling systems able to predict temporal variations and spatial distributions of atmospheric mercury entering to and re-emitted from terrestrial and aquatic receptors; (c) to evaluate and identify source-receptor relationships at country scale and their temporal trends for current and projected scenarios of mercury emissions from anthropogenic and natural sources; (d) to develop interoperable tools to allow the sharing of observational and models output data produced by GMOS. The overarching goal of GMOS is to support the achievement of goals set by the GEO / GEOSS, and specifically of the GEO Task HE-09-02d and contribute to the advancement of our scientific understanding in the nine Societal Benefit Areas (SBA) established in GEOSS. The proposed project will rely on the results and knowledge acquired in the framework of past EU projects (i.e., MAMCS, MOE, MERCYMS) and international programs (i.e., UNECE TF HTAP; UNEP F&T partnership area).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 5.06M | Year: 2008
EURO-FOS aims at creating a powerful pan-European network on photonic subsystems by clustering top European systems groups with proven track record in the design, development and evaluation of photonic subsystems. EURO-FOS aims at bridging the gap between research on device-level physics and new architectures from the network-level. The first objective of the project is the integration of researchers through exchange and mobility, allowing for innovation and reinforcing common research thrusts. The second objective is the access to expensive infrastructure creating economies of scale in the development and testing of photonic subsystems. The third objective is the strengthening of European research by creating a mechanism for partners to access devices developed in complementary European projects on photonic components. Functional integration of devices will create new ideas through the design and development of new subsystems within the project. EURO-FOS fourth objective is to complement European Commission efforts for combating Europes difficulty to turn scientific know-how developed in universities into exploitable technology. This will be achieved through the creation of an academic pan-European laboratory with strong industrial links. The creation of this lab can bridge the gap created by the shutdown or downsizing of major R&D industrial labs and help innovative SMEs that find it increasingly difficult to allocate R&D expenditure for basic research and expensive testing facilities. EURO-FOS is expected to have a high impact on Europes research through integration of people and clustering of research groups under the guidance of European industry. The creation of a unified and coherent European network of researchers with excellence in this field will ensure that Europe excels in this crucial part of the photonic systems development chain that links device-level physics and network architectures. Moreover, the creation of the pan-European research lab with diverse R&D capabilities, highly-skilled scientific personnel and state-of-the-art testing facilities, will critically assist Europes industry to perform innovative research and evaluate their developed technology in a system environment with advanced equipment and using accurate methods defined by EURO-FOS researchers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-24-2016 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2016
ROLINCAP will search, identify and test novel phase-change solvents, including aqueous and non-aqueous options, as well as phase-change packed bed and Rotating Packed Bed processes for post-combustion CO2 capture. These are high-potential technologies, still in their infancy, with initial evidence pointing to regeneration energy requirements below 2.0 GJ/ton CO2 and considerable reduction of the equipment size, several times compared to conventional processes . These goals will be approached through a holistic decision making framework consisting of methods for modeling and design that have the potential for real breakthroughs in CO2 capture research. The tools proposed in ROLINCAP will cover a vast space of solvent and process options going far beyond the capabilities of existing simulators. ROLINCAP follows a radically new path by proposing one predictive modelling framework, in the form of the SAFT- equation of state, for both physical and chemical equilibrium, for a wide range of phase behaviours and of molecular structures. The envisaged thermodynamic model will be used in optimization-based Computer-aided Molecular Design of phase-change solvents in order to identify options beyond the very few previously identified phase-change solvents. Advanced process design approaches will be used for the development of highly intensified Rotating Packed Bed processes. Phase-change solvents will be considered with respect to their economic and operability RPB process characteristics. The sustainability of both the new solvents and the packed-bed and RPB processes will be investigated considering holistic Life Cycle Assessment analysis and Safety Health and Environmental Hazard assessment. Selected phase-change solvents, new RPB column concepts and packing materials will be tested at TRL 4 and 5 pilot plants. Software in the form of a new SAFT- equation of state will be tested at TRL 5 in the gPROMS process simulator.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4d-2015 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2015
Refractory metals (tungsten, tantalum, rhenium, molybdenum and niobium) are highly strategic metals today mainly imported from a few countries. The European primary production remains below a few percentage. However, resources exist in Europe, as primary resources but mainly as secondary resources (industrial waste, urban mines). Valorizing these resources requires coordination and networking between researchers, entrepreneurs and public authorities to harmonise technologies, processes and services, develop standards, create new potential for export of eco-innovative solutions and for seizing new markets MSP-REFRAM will address these challenges by creating of a common multi-stakeholder platform that will draw the current refractory metals value chains and identify its innovation potential in order to support the implementation of the EIP on Raw Materials. Coming from industry, research, public sectors and civil society, both Consortium Members and External Experts have joined forces with expertise covering the whole value chain including mining, processing, recycling, application. The outputs of MSP-REFRAM will help Europe improve the supply value chain of refractory metals in the coming years, optimising the use of external resources as energy and water and at the same time reducing the amount and the toxicity of waste. MSP-REFRAM will share its conclusions widely and efficiently, in a long lasting way thanks to the support of the PROMETIA association. To ensure the systemic change, the outcomes of the project will be made available to the stakeholders and to the public through different tools and reports. In the medium term, MSP-REFRAM will contribute to better-informed decision-making at EU and national level as well as industry by proposing innovative value chains that will boost the refractory metals sector. In the longer term, this should improve the availability of these refractory metals, while creating greater added value to the economy and more jobs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2012-2 | Award Amount: 1.24M | Year: 2012
The SME association/groupings (SME-AGs) in this transnational consortium wish to develop an interactive web based software application to calculate and assess electromagnetic fields (EMF) exposure in metal fabrication, particularly welding [EMFWELD] and non-destructive testing (NDT). The European fabrication industry is required to ensure that workers exposure to EMF is minimised and below the levels set out by the forthcoming European Commissions Physical Agents EMF Directive 2004/40/EC. Some welding and NDT processes are high emitters of EMF and yet there is a recognised lack of knowledge in these sectors concerning the sources of EMF and its comparison to set exposure limit values. Without clear guidance and support, SMEs in the fabrication industry will be put at a competitive disadvantage as they incur a heavy and disproportionate financial cost in order to meet the required standards and ensure a safe working environment for their workers. EMFWELD will significantly lower SMEs cost of compliance to Directive 2004/40/EC by providing an innovative, economic and easily accessible accurate EMF exposure risk assessment tool. The envisaged software application will however require expertise and extensive research and understanding of welding processes and their associated EMF parameters; EMF exposure health effects, and software development. The SME-AGs of this consortium simply do not have the necessary research capabilities and have therefore engaged leading RTD performers (RTDPs) with world class knowledge in welding processes (TWI) and simulation of EMF health effects (CHALMERS) to develop the EMF concept. In addition to providing decisive cost benefit for the SMEs, EMFWELD will also contribute towards the establishment of new EU standards for the assessment of EMF in metal fabrication industries promoting a safe working environment and benefiting Europe as a whole.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2008.1.1.6.3. | Award Amount: 1.09M | Year: 2009
Developing countries are reluctant to make any binding commitment as their per capita emissions are low and climate abatement measures conflict with their main priorities on socio-economic development. The question is if there is a way to simultaneously provide sufficient energy (which is also the main source of GHG emissions), to support poverty alleviation and economic growth and achieve sufficient emission reductions. Finding an answer is the main aim of this project. It may be possible with a combination of policies and measures encompassing from international level to national level supported by committed international cooperation to achieve both the goals together. The main focus of the study is on India and China. The primary objective is to develop a portfolio of policy options including both international and national policies as well as institutional frameworks for international cooperation for these two emerging economies to engage them in climate protection measures under a post-2012 regime. By applying an integrated modeling framework, the study will explore possible multiple pathways which may exist for these countries to contribute into international climate initiatives without compromising their national development priorities. Specific objectives are, 1) developing country-specific integrated modeling framework to analyse policies and identify multiple pathways to achieve socio-economic and climate targets; 2) identifying/designing international climate polices in post-Kyoto regime for future commitments and participations of emerging economies (India and China); 3) designing national polices (in socio-economic sectors, energy and environment) compatible with the global climate targets; 4) designing and quantifying as much as possible the international co-operations needed to make the participation in a post-2012 regime acceptable at least in economic terms; 5) disseminating the results to potential users for use in future negotiations.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.85M | Year: 2011
The Routes project is addressed to discover new routes in wastewater and sludge treatment which allow: a) to prepare sludge for agricultural utilization by transforming it in a very clean and stabilized product regarding the presence of organic micropollutants (conventional and emerging ones) and of heavy metals, and with respect to hygienic aspects and to phytotoxicity; b) to minimize sludge production by innovative solutions which can be based on different approaches, i.e.: i) metabolic uncoupling where the free energy released by electrons transport is dissipated in heat, in the activation of alternative metabolic routes or in the accumulation of polymeric products, ii) the use of microbial fuel cells, iii) the use of sequencing batch biofilter granular reactor (SBBGR), iiii) the integration of a side-stream process in membrane bioreactors; c) to promote recovery of valuable materials from anaerobic digestion, i.e. biopolymers as polyhydroxyalkanoates and fertilizers; e) to set up and prove at practical scale a novel technique for sludge disposal (wet oxidation) as sustainable alternative to nowadays the most used incineration; f) to minimize energy pumping by adjusting solid concentration, on a practical installation where sludge is pumped from the production site to a centralized plant. The general objective of the Routes proposal is therefore to set up a panel of different solutions to be applied in different conditions and circumstances, strictly following the waste hierarchy of the Directive 08/98 on waste. The above solutions will be studied either in laboratory or at practical scale, depending on the maturity of the technology, in order to provide to the Commission and the technical and scientific community applicable solutions and new routes for sludge management, also based on the best integration between the water and sludge treatment lines.
Carlberg B.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Ye L.-L.,SHT Smart High. - Technology AB |
Liu J.,Shanghai University
Small | Year: 2011
A methodology for fabricating hierarchical nanostructures by surface-confined synthesis of silver nanoparticles on electrospun polyimide nanofibers is reported. Through surface-confined imide cleavage at the dianhydride domain via immersion in an aqueous KOH solution, potassium polyamate coatings of accurately defined thickness are formed (at a rate of 25 nm h -1). By utilizing the ion-exchange capability of the polyamate resin, silver ions are introduced through immersion in an aqueous AgNO 3 solution. Subsequent reduction of the metal ion species leads to the formation of nanoparticles at the fiber surface. Two modes of reduction, chemical and thermal, are investigated in the report, each leading to distinct morphologies of the nanoparticle coatings. Via thermal reduction, a composite surface layer consisting of monodisperse silver nanoparticles (average diameter 5.2 nm) embedded in a re-imidized polyimide matrix is achieved. In the case of chemical reduction, the reduction process occurs preferentially at the surface of the fiber, leading to the formation of silver nanoparticles anchored at the surface, though not embedded, in a polyamic acid matrix. By regulating the modification depth, control of the particle density on the fiber surface is established. In both reduction approaches, the polyimide nanofiber core exhibits maintained integrity. Hierarchical nanostructures based on electrospun polyimide nanofibers with silver nanoparticle composite coatings are fabricated and characterized. By alkaline-induced imide cleavage confined at the surface of the nanofibers, a precursor matrix of defined depth and capability of ion exchange is generated. After silver cation exchange and thermal or chemical reduction, nanoparticle coatings with defined dispersion and morphology are generated at the fiber surface. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NoE | Phase: Fission-2008-2.1.1 | Award Amount: 39.59M | Year: 2009
Most of the actors involved in severe accident research in Europe, plus Canada, Korea and the United States (41 partners), will network in SARNET2 (Severe Accident Research NETwork of Excellence - Phase 2) their capacities of research in order to resolve important pending issues on postulated severe accidents of existing and future Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). The project has been defined in order to optimise the use of the available means and to constitute a sustainable consortium in which common research programmes and a common computer tool to predict NPP behaviour during a postulated severe accident (ASTEC integral code) are developed. With this aim, the SARNET2 partners contribute to a Joint Programme of Activities, which consists of: - Maintaining and improving an advanced communication tool (developed during SARNET Phase 1) for accessing all project information, fostering exchange of information, and managing documents; - Harmonizing and re-orienting the research programmes, and defining new ones; - Performing experimental programmes on high priority issues, defined during SARNET Phase 1; - Analyzing experimental results in order to elaborate a common understanding of relevant phenomena; - Developing the ASTEC code (including its applicability to all types of European NPPs), which capitalizes in terms of physical models the knowledge produced within SARNET2; - Developing Scientific Databases, in which all the results of research programmes are stored in a common format (DATANET); - Developing education courses on severe accidents for students and researchers, and training courses for specialists; - Promoting personnel mobility amongst various European organizations; - Organizing yearly a large international conference on Severe Accident research (ERMSAR). After the first phase (2004-2008), and the four-year proposed second phase, co-funded by the EC, the network will evolve toward self-sustainability: a legal entity will be created.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-3.4-2014 | Award Amount: 6.93M | Year: 2015
The past decade has seen significant progress on active pedestrian safety, as a result of advances in video and radar technology. In the intelligent vehicle domain, this has recently culminated in the market introduction of first-generation active pedestrian safety systems, which can perform autonomous emergency braking (AEB-PED) in case of critical traffic situations. PROSPECT will significantly improve the effectiveness of active VRU safety systems compared to those currently on the market. This will be achieved in two complementary ways: (a) by expanded scope of VRU scenarios addressed and (b) by improved overall system performance (earlier and more robust detection of VRUs, proactive situation analysis, and fast actuators combined with new intervention strategies for collision avoidance). PROSPECT targets five key objectives: i. Better understanding of relevant VRU scenarios ii. Improved VRU sensing and situational analysis iii. Advanced HMI and vehicle control strategies iv. Four vehicle demonstrators, a mobile driving simulator and a realistic bicycle dummy demonstrator v. Testing in realistic traffic scenarios and user acceptance study The consortium includes the majority of European OEMs (Audi, BMW, DAIMLER, TME and Volvo Cars) currently offering AEB systems for VRU. They are keen to introduce the next generation systems into the market. BOSCH and CONTI will contribute with next generation components and intervention concepts. Video algorithms will be developed by UoA and DAIMLER. Driver interaction aspects (HMI) are considered by UoN and IFSTTAR. Euro NCAP test labs (IDIADA, BAST, TNO) will define and validate test procedures and propose standardization to Euro NCAP and UN-ECE. Accident research will be performed by Chalmers, VTI and BME, based on major in-depth accident databases (GIDAS and IGLAD) and complemented by East Europe data. The work will be done in cooperation with experts in Japan (JARI, NTSEL) and the US (VTTI, UMTRI, NHTSA).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2011.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 17.02M | Year: 2012
HERCULES was conceived in 2002 as a long-term R&D Programme, to develop new technologies for marine engines. It is the outcome of a joint vision by the two major European engine manufacturer Groups MAN & WARTSILA, which together hold 90% of the worlds marine engine market. The present proposed HERCULES-C project is the Phase III of the HERCULES Programme. In order to take marine engine technology a step further towards improved sustainability in energy production and total energy economy, an extensive integration of the multitude of the new technologies developed in Phases I and II is required. HERCULES-C addresses this challenge by adopting a combinatory approach for engine thermal processes optimization, system integration, as well as engine reliability and lifetime. The first Objective of HERCULES-C is to achieve further substantial reductions in fuel consumption, while optimizing power production and usage. This will be achieved through advanced engine developments in combustion and fuel injection, as well as through the optimization of ship energy management and engine technologies supporting transport mission management. The second Objective of HERCULES-C is to achieve near-zero emissions by integrating the various technologies developed in the previous research Projects, in Phases I and II. The third Objective is to maintain the technical performance of engines throughout their operational lifetime. This requires advanced materials and tribology developments to improve efficiency and reliability, as well as sensors, monitoring and measurement technologies to improve the controllability and availability of marine power plants. The project HERCULES-C structure of RTD work comprises 47 Subprojects, grouped into 10 Work Packages and 5 Work Package Groups, spanning the complete spectrum of marine diesel engine technology. The HERCULES-C Project has duration of 36 months, a Consortium with 22 participants. and a total budget of EUR 17 million.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.3.3-04 | Award Amount: 9.11M | Year: 2013
OPTIBIOCAT is a 48 months project aimed at developing biocatalysts based on feruloyl esterases (FAEs) and glucuronoyl esterases (GEs) for production of phenolic fatty- and sugar- esters with antioxidant activity for cosmetic industry, expanding the number/type of industrial biotransformations. Selected FAEs and GEs available within the consortium will be improved for their thermo- and solvent- resistance and substrate specificity by site-directed mutagenesis and directed evolution. Novel enzymes will be discovered by mining for new genes from available genomes. An inventory of novel FAEs and GEs will be developed including 50 fungal and 500 bacterial esterases, 25 site-directed and 20 directed evolved mutants. Enzymatic performances will be optimized to enhance the yield (up to the theoretical yield of 100%) and productivity (up to 0.5-1 g/l/h) of reactions giving the main targeted antioxidants: butyl ferulate, p-coumarate, caffeate, sinapate and 5-O-(trans-feruloyl)-arabinofuranose (using FAEs), glucuronate and benzyl glucuronate (using GEs). FAEs and GEs will be also tested for production of other compounds with improved biological activity and properties of hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity for cosmetic applications. Cost-effective methods will be developed for production of the new biocatalysts, in the g/L scale, and for their technical application to produce antioxidants for cosmetic industry, up to 20L. Enzyme immobilization will increase their recyclability up to ten cycles. The ability of the developed catalysts to work in conditions miming the industrial ones with reduced use of solvents and lower temperature than the chemical routes will be demonstrated. The techno-economic viability and environmental friendliness will be assessed considering a full industrial scale scenario. OPTIBIOCAT involves a highly skilled and multidisciplinary partnership of 16 partners from 8 EU countries, and it is a strongly industry driven project through the participation of 8 SMEs and 1 large company.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.1.1.3. | Award Amount: 5.10M | Year: 2009
Noise pollution is a major environmental problem within the EU. The social costs of traffic noise have been estimated to 0.4% of total GDP. Road traffic is the dominant source, and also rail traffic noise is significant. At the same time, road and rail traffic are expected to steadily increase, and the source strength is not expected to significantly decrease within the near future. To reduce the outdoor traffic noise to a sufficiently low level for a good acoustic environment is a major challenge of high need. Here, we will focus on noise propagation abatement for the outdoor environment. Following the EU Directive on environmental noise, a series of major action have been taken in noise abatement, but the sustainability has rarely been paid attention. The main idea of our project is to optimize the use of green areas, green surfaces and other natural elements in combination with artificial elements in urban and rural environments for reducing the noise impact of road and rail traffic. The project offers a variety of powerful abatement strategies that will make a cost effective improvement by its combination of approaches concerning: ground and road surface treatments; trees, forests and tall vegetation; greening of buildings and other surfaces; and innovative barriers. The noise impact will be assessed in terms of sound levels (including spectra and time patterns) as well as perceived environment (including annoyance, well-being and other health related aspects). The main objectives of the project are: to show by full scale evaluation that the proposed abatement methods work; to deliver noise prediction methods applicable to the proposed abatements, which can also be used in noise mapping software; to deliver assessment methods for the perceived noise environment; to deliver a good practice guide for the end-users; and to show the cost benefit, including the positive effect on urban air quality and CO2 neutrality, of the resulting noise abatement methods.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.1.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.68M | Year: 2011
More than 50% of bridges in European cities are older than 40 years and bridges are a vital part of the infrastructure. Bridge managers are currently dealing with a large number of structurally deficient, obsolete bridges. The need to maintain, renew, strengthen and upgrade this part of the infrastructure will increase dramatically in the near future. PANTURA has bridges as its focal point. It is, however, important to stress that the approach proposed here can be applied to all infrastructure projects. The aims are to improve highly flexible off-site production processes, create resource-efficient construction sites, improve technologies and tools for bridge construction in densely populated areas and enhance communication between local authorities and construction companies. The main benefits of PANTURA are relevant to the Work Programme and are as follows: a) equip authorities, stakeholders and experts with a comprehensive instrument (methods, tools and techniques) to prepare and perform bridge construction, maintenance, repair and renovation processes in the most effective and efficient way, in the shortest possible time, with the most efficient, sustainable use of resources and with zero disturbance and disruption for the urban environment and urban life of the inhabitants, b) reduce lifecycle costs, i.e. the more efficient use of public funds by saving a significant amount of time and money, c) use new materials to increase off-site industrial production, technical innovations and new markets for SMEs and d) improve benchmarking systems to promote a performance-based, innovative, creative construction industry. PANTURA applies research based on a multidisciplinary, holistic approach and promotes innovative yet practical solutions, while covering the entire lifecycle process. PANTURA aims to realise these objectives by taking current research on construction processes, ICT tools and infrastructure technologies one step further.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-1.4.01 | Award Amount: 39.99M | Year: 2008
Since the publication of the ACARE goals, the commercial and political pressure to reduce CO2 has increased considerably. DREAM is the response of the aero-engine community to this pressure. The first major DREAM objective is to design, integrate and validate new engine concepts based on open rotor contra-rotating architectures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions 7% beyond the ACARE 2020 objectives. Open rotors are noisier than equivalent high bypass ratio turbofan engines, therefore it is necessary to provide solutions that will meet noise ICAO certification standards. The second major DREAM objective is a 3dB noise emission reduction per operation point for the engine alone compared to the Year 2000 engine reference. These breakthroughs will be achieved by designing and rig testing: Innovative engine concepts a geared and a direct drive contra-rotating open rotor (unducted propulsion system) Enabling architectures with novel active and passive engine systems to reduce vibrations These technologies will support the development of future open rotor engines but also more traditional ducted turbofan engines. DREAM will also develop specifications for alternative fuels for aero-engines and then characterise, assess and test several potential fuels. This will be followed by a demonstration that the selected fuels can be used in aero-engines. The DREAM technologies will then be integrated and the engine concepts together with alternative fuels usage assessed through an enhanced version of the TERA tool developed in VITAL and NEWAC. DREAM is led by Rolls-Royce and is made of 47 partners from 13 countries, providing the best expertise and capability from the EU aeronautics industry and Russia. DREAM will mature technologies that offer the potential to go beyond the ACARE objectives for SFC, achieving a TRL of 4-5. These technologies are candidates to be brought to a higher TRL level within the scope of the CLEAN SKY JTI.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-3.2-2014 | Award Amount: 12.42M | Year: 2015
The objective of the EBSF_2 project is to validate different innovative solutions that combine efficiency of the bus system with more attractiveness. Such solutions are meant to represent the most innovative in the areas indicated by the Call: the project will proceed to their final validation before their introduction in the market, avoiding pure simulations or large use of prototypes. Following the System Approach, and with the participation of representatives of all key stakeholders categories, these activities will be introduced by the identification of innovation requirements (that will drive the impact assessment), the update of the Bus System Definition (as defined in EBSF). In addition to the impact analysis of the single solutions, the effect of combining key introduction will be evaluated. The European Bus System of the Future Roadmap will be updated with areas for further research and priorities linked to the project topics.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2012-1.1.22. | Award Amount: 9.76M | Year: 2012
ESTEEM2 is an integrated infrastructure of electron microscopy facilities providing access for the academic and industrial research community in the physical sciences to some of the most powerful characterization techniques available at the nanoscale. Transnational access to ESTEEM2 centres is obtained through a transparent, simple peer review process based on merit and scientific priorities. Service to users is supported by a networking programme which addresses key issues such as specimen preparation, data interpretation through theory and simulation, and standardization of protocols and methodologies. A series of schools and workshops provide training in innovative methods in electron microscopy and a forum for discussing emerging (cutting-edge) techniques. Directed research programmes focus on the further development of electron diffraction, imaging and spectroscopy and the advancement of 3D methods and time resolved experiments. In all, ESTEEM2 establishes a strategic leadership in electron microscopy to guide future developments and promote electron microscopy to the wider research community at large.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2008.1.1.8. | Award Amount: 10.91M | Year: 2010
Increasing environmental concerns and soaring oil prices are creating a new focus on fuel efficiency for the marine industry. Combining low emissions with demands for more advanced vessels than ever before drives the need for radically new propulsion concepts delivering a step-change in efficiency. STREAMLINE is the response of the marine community to this demand that will be addressed through four key objectives. The first objective of STREAMLINE is to demonstrate radically new propulsion concepts delivering an increase in efficiency of at least 15% over current state-of-the-art. The concepts will be designed for maximisation of energy conversion combined with low levels of cavitation, noise and vibration. The research will look at novel applications of large area propulsion, a biomechanical system and distributed thrust (via multiple propulsors). As its second objective, STREAMLINE will investigate methods to fully optimise current SoA systems including conventional screw propeller systems, pods and waterjets. The key here is exploitation of new CFD methods to pursue improvements without dramatic vessel configuration changes. The third objective of STREAMLINE is to develop advanced CFD tools and methods to optimise the hydrodynamic performance of the new propulsion concepts, particularly by analysis of integrated hull and propulsor. Finally, STREAMLINE will characterise the operational, economic and classification aspects of each of the new propulsion concepts. STREAMLINE will demonstrate solutions for a wide range of applications. Short sea shipping and inland waterway operation will be focussed on specifically, as they are identified as key components of transport that can provide a means of coping with the growing congestion of road and rail infrastructure and tackling air pollution. The STREAMLINE consortium, led by Rolls-Royce, is made up of 30 partners from 8 Countries, providing world leading expertise and capability from the EU marine Industry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-4.2-2014 | Award Amount: 11.46M | Year: 2015
The trend in navigational accidents no longer appears to decrease. In a Formal Safety Assessment (IMO NAV59-6, Annex 1) 5.544 navigational and 7.275 other accidents resulted in the loss of 6.264 lives (2001-2010). The coincide of EU policies on safer and more efficient waterborne operations and in particular the e-maritime initiative with IMOs strategy for e-navigation opens a unique window of opportunity to influence the maritime sector and make substantial impact. Funding of EfficienSea 2 will enable the consortium to exploit this window of opportunity, supporting EU policies and marine traffic management through services to: 1. Improve navigational safety and efficiency 2. Improve Arctic navigation and emergency response 3. Decrease administrative burdens 4. Improve environmental monitoring & enforcement Lasting impact will be ensured by five enabling actions: 1. Development of the Maritime Cloud a communication framework for both e-maritime and e-navigation - enabling efficient sharing of information between all maritime stakeholders 2. Maturing emerging communication technologies, improving ships connectivity 3. Proactive facilitation of standardisation to maximize adoption and impact 4. Showcasing solutions in two very different geographic areas. Web-based initial implementation of the services will be done in the Arctic and the Baltic 5. Ensure an ambitious upgrade of international maritime safety regimes through a strong participation in regulatory bodies including EU and IMO EfficienSea 2 has gathered a unique level of competence in a consortium of 32 partners from 10 countries representing authorities, academia, international organisations as well as equipment manufacturers combining all the right capacities for effectively achieving these ambitious objectives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2010.1.1-2.;SST.2010.5.1-1. | Award Amount: 3.72M | Year: 2011
With climate change coming to the forefront of societys perception, there is increasing pressure on all industries to CO2 emissions through increased efficiency and the maritime industry is no exception. The objective of ULYSSES is to demonstrate, through a combination of ultra slow speeds and complementary technologies, that the efficiency of the world fleet can be increased to a point where the following CO2 targets are met : Before 2020, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30% compared to 1990 levels. Beyond 2050, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% compared to 1990 levels. ULYSSES focuses on bulk carriers and tankers as these ship types produce 60% of the CO2 from ocean-going vessels . As bulk carriers and tankers are reasonably similar in design and operation, it is felt that investigating these ships will give the best value for money in terms of potential impact of the project. Additionally, it is more technically challenging to reduce the speed of these ship types as they are relatively slow speed already and therefore it is expected that directional stability and other seakeeping issues will arise. However, the results of the project will be directly transferable to other ship types. To achieve these goals, it is expected that the target speeds will be: Phase I - Existing vessel in 2020: ~10 knots Phase II - New vessel built in 2020: ~7.5 knots Phase III - New vessel built in 2050: ~5 knots
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.09M | Year: 2012
The Strategic Research Agenda of the EU Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technical platform requires new large infrastructures for its successful deployment. MYRRHA has been identified as a long term supporting research facility for all ESNII systems and as such put in the high-priority list of ESFRI. The goal of MAXSIMA is to contribute to the safety in MYRRHA assessment. MAXSIMA has five technical work-packages. The first contains safety analyses to support licensing of MYRRHA. Design-based, design extended and severe accident events will be studied with a focus on transients potentially leading to fuel pin failures. Fuel assembly blockage and control system failure are the least unlikely events leading to core damage. For code validation a thermal-hydraulic study of different blockage scenarios of the fuel bundle and tests of the hydrodynamic behaviour of a new buoyancy driven control/safety system are planned. Both are supported by numerical simulations. Safety of the Steam Generator is treated by looking at consequences and damage propagation of a SG Tube Rupture event (SGTR) and by characterising leak rates and bubble sizes from typical cracks in a SGTR. Additionally a leak detection system and the drag on bubbles travelling through liquid LBE are studied. MOX fuel segment qualification with transient irradiations is a big step in licensing. MAXIMA include validation experiments for safety computer codes involving core damage scenarios with high temperature MOX-LBE interactions. Fuel-coolant-clad chemistry is studied up to 1700C and a core melt experiment in a reactor is prepared to assess the interaction of LBE with molten fuel. Following the Fukushima accident, effort is put on development of enhanced passive safety systems for decay heat removal and on confinement analyses for HLM systems. A separate work package is dedicated to education and training. Beside workshops, lecture series and training sessions, virtual-safety simulator software will be developed.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-2.2.1 | Award Amount: 10.36M | Year: 2013
Preparing ESNII for HORIZON 2020 The aim of this cross-cutting project is to develop a broad strategic approach to advanced fission systems in Europe in support of the European Sustainable Industrial Initiative (ESNII) within the SET-Plan. The project aims to prepare ESNII structuration and deployment strategy, to ensure efficient European coordinated research on Reactor Safety for the next generation of nuclear installations, linked with SNETP SRA priorities. The ESNII\ project aims to define strategic orientations for the Horizon 2020 period, with a vision to 2050. To achieve the objectives of ESNII, the project will coordinate and support the preparatory phase of legal, administrative, financial and governance structuration, and ensure the review of the different advanced reactor solutions. The project will involve private and public stakeholders, including industry, research and academic communities, with opened door to international collaboration, involving TSO.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2013-5.1.1 | Award Amount: 2.15M | Year: 2013
The skills in nuclear chemistry are of strategic, as well as immediate, importance for the maintenance of European nuclear operations. The demand for these skills would not decrease even if Europe decides to phase out its nuclear energy because they are even more indispensable for decommissioning the nuclear installations than for their operation, and a substantial demand for these skills exists in non-energy sectors. The CINCH-II project will be a direct continuation of the CINCH-I project; its main objectives, expected to have the broadest impact to the target groups, are further development and implementation of the EuroMaster in Nuclear Chemistry, completion of a pan-European offer of modular training courses for the customers from the end users, development of a Training Passport in Nuclear Chemistry and preparing the grounds for the ECVET application in nuclear chemistry, implementation of modern e-learning tools developed in CINCH-I and further development of new tools for the distance learning, laying the foundations of a Nuclear Chemistry Education and Training Platform as a future sustainable Euratom Fission Training Scheme (EFTS) in Nuclear Chemistry, or development of methods of raising awareness of the possible options for nuclear chemistry in potential students, academia and industry. The CINCH-II project will mobilise the identified existing fragmented capabilities to form the critical mass required to implement the courses and meet the nuclear chemistry postgraduate education and training needs, including the high-level training of research workers, of the European Union. The CINCH-II consortium includes partners from all key European nuclear countries; both academia and national nuclear laboratories are represented, supported by an outer shell of Associated Partners. Networking on the national level and with existing platforms in Europe, such as the ENEN, as well as in the non-European countries will be an important feature of the project.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-4.1-2014 | Award Amount: 22.99M | Year: 2015
The specific challenge for waterborne transport call MG4.1 is, To support developments that make new and existing vesselsmore efficient and less polluting. A sound way to support developments is, to demonstrate solutions that are sufficiently close to market so that ship owners will consider these in their future investment plans. Following this reasoning LeanShips will execute 8 demonstration actions that combine technologies for efficient, less polluting new/retrofitted vessels with end users requirements. Demonstrators were selected for their end-user commitment (high realisation chance), impact on energy use/emissions, EU-relevance, innovativeness and targeted-TRL at the project end. Selected technologies (TRL3-4 and higher) address engines/fuels/drive trains, hull/propulsors, energy systems/emission abatement technologies. Technologies are demonstrated mostly at full-scale and evidence is provided on energy and emission performance in operational environments. The LeanShips partnership contains ship owners, shipyards and equipment suppliers, in total 48 partners from industry (81%) and other organisations. Industry has a leading role in each demonstrator. Target markets are the smaller-midsized ships for intra-European waterborne transport, vessels for offshore operations and the leisure/cruise market. First impact estimates show fuel saving of up to 25 %, CO2 at least up to 25%, and SOx/NOx/PM 10-100%. These estimates will be updated during the project. First market potential estimates for the LeanShips partnership and for markets beyond the partnership are promising. Project activities are structured into 3 layers: Basis layer with 8 focused demonstrators (WP 04-11), Integration layer with QA, Innovation Platform and Guide to Innovation (WP02), Dissemination and Market-uptake (WP03), and top Management layer (WP01), in total 11 Work Packages. The demonstrators represent an industry investment of ca. M 57, the required funding is M 17,25.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2010
The main difficulty with carbon capture is high energy penalty and costs for gas separation processes, common for pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture and oxyfuel combustion. The fundamental novelty of chemical looping combustion (CLC) is that no gas separation step is needed at all. Metal oxides are used to transport oxygen from an air reactor to a fuel reactor. The principle ideally allows elimination of the capture penalty. Circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology is used, for which there is long commercial experience in power industry with conventional combustion. Moreover, in contrast to pre- and post-combustion capture, CLC reaches capture rates of 100%. In previous EU-projects, CLC for gaseous fuels has developed from paper concept to 120 kW fuel power. Satisfactory fuel conversion performance has been achieved with several nickel-based oxygen carrier materials. However, nickel-based materials are expensive and require special environmental/safety precautions. A focused search for alternative materials with comparable performance is without doubt the most important task to improve this technology. The key challenge is to make CLC less dependent on expensive nickel-based oxygen carrier materials. This project addresses this by investigating two groups of particles: (i) nickel-free materials with and without taking advantage of molecular oxygen uncoupling (CLOU); (ii) the mixed oxides concept, using mainly non-nickel materials with high reactivity towards CO/H2, together with a minor fraction of particles of reduced nickel content acting as reforming catalyst (i.e. transferring CH4 to CO/H2). Oxygen carrier particles will be prepared and investigated using available laboratory reactor equipment. Subsequently, production of large batches will be investigated for the most promising candidates. Existing CLC units at a scale of 10-200 kW will be used to investigate real life performance and operation stability.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-CIG | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-CIG | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2012
Lignin is the second most abundant natural organic polymer on earth, being the first one among those composed of aromatic units. Lignin can be a renewable source of valuable phenolic chemicals, if converted to smaller molecular units, thus representing a potential bio-based alternative to several petrochemical processes. New processes for producing high-purity kraft lignin from wood have recently become commercial and, thus, in the years to come there will be a large amount of this bio-material available for future biorefineries. Among the possible processes for lignin depolymerisation and cracking, the conversion in near-critical or supercritical water is among the most promising. A version of this reactive process is currently under investigation in a laboratory plant at Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), but several fundamental aspects of the process are still to be understood. This research proposal aims at integrating the activities currently carried out at Chalmers, focusing on fundamental aspects which are relevant for the process under investigation. More specifically, the proposed project aims at investigating the phase equilibria of the reacting system, composed of lignin and its derivatives, water at near-critical or supercritical conditions, co-solvents, and salts. The phase equilibrium analysis aims at providing information about the number and the nature of the phases constituting the system, depending on the operating parameters (e.g., pressure, temperature, concentration of salts). To reach this goal, the planned activities comprise the realization of a visual apparatus for measuring phase equilibrium at high-pressure and high-temperature, the measurements on samples taken from the reactor currently in use at Chalmers and on representative synthetic systems, and the development of thermodynamic modelling. The project is expected to find original results on this specific system. The project spans over a period of four years.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2008.1.4.1. | Award Amount: 30.00M | Year: 2009
Reducing noise from aircraft operations perceived by airport neighbouring communities is a major challenge facing the aircraft manufacturing industry, social society and the air transport business. By adopting a whole aircraft approach based on the latest developments in active / adaptive technologies, flow control techniques and advances in computational aero-acoustics applied to the major causes of noise at source, OPENAIR aims to deliver a step change in noise reduction, beyond the SILENCE(R) achievements. The workplan clearly supports realistic exploitation of promising design concepts driven by noise reduction and will result in the development and validation up to TRL 5 of 2nd Generation technology solutions. OPENAIRs multidisciplinary approach and composition is suited to the projected integrated, lightweight solutions. The process includes a down-selection in mid project. The selected technologies will be subjected to scaled rig tests, and the resulting data will support assessment of the noise reduction solutions on powerplant and airframe configurations across the current and future European range of products. The project exploitation plan will include detailed proposals for further demonstration in the Clean Sky JTI. The verification of the technologies applicability will be assured by addressing identified integration and environmental tradeoffs (performance, weight, emissions). In this way OPENAIR will develop solutions that can play a significant role, in continuity with the previous Generation 1 effort, enabling future products to meet the ACARE noise goals and improving current fleet noise levels through retrofitting. This capability is key to providing the flexibility needed to simultaneously accommodate market requirements in all segments, global traffic growth and environmental constraints, while addressing the global environmental research agenda of the EU.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2011
Approximately 80% of all products are or were a particle at some point in their processing lifetime. Particle and colloid technology has been described as the Growth Engine of Tomorrow with the market projected to grow from $2T to $10Tr over the next decade. Alongside with this challenge, the number of researchers active in powder technology is limited and only a few universities, public and private institutes are educating specialists in this field. PowTech ITN aims to integrate inter-sectoral and multidisciplinary research in particle and powder technology into the training of 15 highly skilled young researchers, to strengthen the competitiveness of food and pharmaceutical industry and to strengthen the European Research Area. The PowTech ITN has 20 partners (9 industry) and comprises a focused research programme and a graduate school. The Focused Research programme will use an engineering design approach applied to powder processing. The understanding and modelling of powder structure from a molecular to a macro disperse scale will be used to understand how powder properties/functionality are formed or modified during processing. This knowledge will be used to select the appropriate process for production of the structure of interest. The long-term aim is to develop innovative products and to provide tools allowing minimal pilot plant trials. The PowTech Graduate School is aligned with the research objectives of the project covering relevant S&T and personal skills courses but also an intensive and continuous training in collaboration with industry. In addition to the industrial secondments, the ESRs will have industrial training in different industries. An industrial mentor will be appointed to guide their Career development plan. The ESR will also be trained in Research Methodology through preparing a research plan for their work, and later in their project by developing a research plan, supervising a MSc student, and writing a Grant application.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-3.1-2014 | Award Amount: 12.58M | Year: 2015
The overall objective of the REWARD project is to develop the knowhow, intellectual property rights and technical capabilities to adequately and cost-effectively produce cleaner, highly efficient Diesel powertrains and aftertreatment technologies for future cleaner class A, B, C, D and E passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (LCVs) up to 3,500 kg that go beyond Euro 6 limits under Real Driving conditions (EU6 RDE). All technologies: friction and wear reduction measures, exhaust gas treatment concepts, fuel-efficient 2-stroke and 4-stroke Diesel engine concepts will be advanced to TRL 6 or TRL 7 and integrated in three demonstration vehicles. A full calibration and assessment of the vehicles and underlying technologies will take place to proof: real driving emissions below upcoming Euro 6 limits, 25% friction reduction in the entire engine, a significant higher lifetime durability and a more than 5% improved overall fuel efficiency. The impact of the cost effectiveness and high yield producibility of the applications will also be demonstrated. Specific scientific and technical objectives, main innovations and targeted key results are: 1. To develop and demonstrate advanced exhaust gas treatment concepts and low emission technologies up to TRL 7 2. To develop and demonstrate advanced friction and wear reduction measures up to TRL 6/7 3. To develop and demonstrate advanced > 5% more fuel-efficient 0.7 l 2-stroke Diesel engines (TRL6) suited for class A/B passenger cars 4. To develop and demonstrate advanced > 5% more fuel-efficient 4-stroke Diesel engines (TRL7) suited for class B, C D and E passenger cars and LCVs REWARDs aim is to develop all key technologies up to TRL6 i.e. system/subsystem model or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment and to TRL7, i.e. system prototype demonstration in an operational environment. REWARD will also prepare a plan for a credible path to deliver the innovations to the market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2010.1.1-3. | Award Amount: 8.16M | Year: 2011
Ground vibration, effected by rail services, is an important environmental concern, affecting European citizens nearby any rail infrastructure. Surveys show that many Europeans are subjected to annoying levels of feelable vibration and vibration-induced noise. Although solutions are available for track in tunnels, tracks at grade are a much more extensive problem even for vibration-induced noise. However, solutions for tracks at grade are lacking: for some problems currently no feasible solutions at reasonable cost are available. A group of railway operators, infrastructure managers, infrastructure and rolling stock manufacturers, and construction companies, end users of vibration mitigation technology, have gathered, to propose a major project for Railway Induced Vibration Abatement Solutions (RIVAS). They aim at providing tools and methods to reduce vibration below the threshold of annoynace and induced noise below background levels by 2013. The group includes the expertise of research organisations and universities with specialist laboratory and theoretical modelling facilities. The issues are treated in a holistic way with the focus on reducing the annoyance to lineside residents. The project examines all vibration effects and aspects of the system: vehicle, track, propagation, freight and high-speed rail services. WP1 establishes the test procedures to monitor and control the performance of vibration mitigation measures under realistic conditions WP2 develops and evaluates mitigation measures based on reducing the excitation of vibration at the vehicletrack interface by improved maintenance WP3 develops and evaluates mitigation measures for ballasted and slab tracks WP4 will develop and evaluate mitigation measures based on sub-grade improvement and ground barriers within the railway infrastructure WP5 addresses the impact of the vehicle Each of the solutions is to be validated with field tests on the major European rail networks represented in RIVAS
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2013.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 3.36M | Year: 2013
The European Research Area is targeting efforts in research and innovation on the current challenges faced by society. These challenges are complex, multidimensional and require the engagement of different actors alongside researchers, particularly relating to integrated and sustainable urban development. In an effort to bridge the gap between the scientific community and society, SEiSMiC (Societal Engagement in Science, Mutual learning in Cities) aims to create a structured dialogue and mutual learning with citizens and urban actors by setting up National Networks (and expanding on existing networks where possible) in 10 countries across Europe. These networks will specifically include urban stakeholders from civil society, business, NGOs, youth, media, musea but also from research and policy). On the European level, an Advisory Group (with EU-wide urban stakeholder organisations) and an Observer Group (with JPI Urban Europe and European Parliament representatives) will also be established. The objectives of SEiSMiC as Mobilisation and Mutual Learning Action Plan are threefold. Firstly it aims to mobilise a wide range of urban stakeholders at the local level with a view to, secondly, feed the experiences and challenges of social innovation at local level into the European urban research agenda and to enhance the social dimension of the strategic research agenda of JPI Urban Europe. Thirdly, it will diffuse the initiatives, projects and results of JPI Urban Europe (and other European programmes) to all urban actors at local, regional, national and European level. It is expected that by means of this multi-level, multi-actor, integrated and inclusive approach, research activities can be increased, new concepts and solutions will be more targeted and accepted, social innovation with the social context is strengthened, and commonalities and differences in European needs, awareness and solutions in the urban field can be identified.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.5 | Award Amount: 24.19M | Year: 2014
AdaptIVe will enhance the performance and improve the acceptance of automated driving of cars and trucks. The project develops new and integrated automated functions to improve traffic safety by minimizing the effects of human errors and to enhance traffic efficiency by smoother flows and reduced congestion.The approach is based on a shared control concept, assuring proper collaboration between the driver and the automation system. This is realised using cooperative vehicle technologies, advanced obstacle sensors and adaptive schemes where the level of automation dynamically responds to the situation and driver status.The project will demonstrate and evaluate eight advanced vehicles seven cars and one truck with various combinations of automated functions. These implementations will be based on the needs of different environments and levels of traffic complexity, including motorways, urban scenarios and close-distance manoeuvres. Several common features developed in these vehicles will establish fundamental building blocks for the future exploitation of automated driving, in terms of architecture, fault-tolerance, and human factors. Communication technologies will be employed as a key enabler of highly automated schemes supporting cooperative traffic and improving road safety.In addition to the technological and ergonomic aspects, AdaptIVe will address important legal issues that might impact on the successful market introduction of automated systems; in particular product liability and road traffic laws. It will identify the legal implications for manufacturers and drivers and examine the need for corresponding changes in regulation.By demonstrating these results, AdaptIVe will significantly improve the knowledge base for automated driving and strengthen the position of European industries in the area of Intelligent Vehicles and road safety.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-5. | Award Amount: 4.82M | Year: 2010
Increasing energy costs and stringent CO2 emission targets drive the growing market opportunity (and societal need) for fully electric vehicles (EVs). The ELVA project focuses on electric cars for city passengers and urban delivery where traffic volume is high and the impact on the local environment is most significant. Knowledge transfer to other vehicle types will be facilitated by a novel design approach to be developed by ELVA. The change in propulsion technology from internal combustion engines (ICE) to electric powertrains will lead to the integration of new components and systems, while others undergo changes or become obsolete. This opens up new freedom in design and clears the way for new vehicle concepts. ELVA is to deliver results that allow for full exploitation of this new freedom, while responding to changing future market demands. To achieve this key objective, the ELVA project generates, investigates and analyzes innovative design concepts for EVs. It delivers a wide range of advanced modular architectures which enable at least the same high level of intrinsic safety as known from current best in class conventional vehicles at minimal weight, maximised energy efficiency, optimized ergonomics & loading space at affordable costs as well as acceptable levels of comfort and driving performance. In particular ELVA delivers best practices and evidence based design rules for modular lightweight and safe architectures specific to EVs. These practices and design rules will feed into and partially replace existing experience-based design methodologies, which have been developed over more than a century of vehicle design around the internal combustion engine. ELVA will achieve a substantial impact with regard to a greener road transport system and a competitive car industry due to the strong involvement of leading industrial partners including 3 car makers that together are expected to produce a substantial part of all EVs sold in Europe in the next decade.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 2.95M | Year: 2011
The SAGE network of regional research driven clusters will facilitate an increasing pace of innovation within the major European growth market for innovative road vehicles for passengers and goods. The science and technology Scope of SAGE is innovative road vehicles for passenger and goods transport. The main technology drivers for the research driven clusters of SAGE are safety for drivers, passengers and other road users; greening of road transport; and usability, in terms of affordability, functionality, and attractiveness. The goal is to strengthen European competitiveness in the road vehicles sector. To achieve this, the project work will address five key objectives: 1. Assess the current and future capacity of Europes most important regional research driven clusters; 2. Assemble a portfolio of best practices as regards the key aspects of cluster management and regional R&I policy deployment; 3. Ensure that all European regions with a potential to contribute can do so; 4. Development of a common SAGE agenda with long and short term goals for innovation, research and education; and 5. Integrate an innovation and IP management system consortium-wide to enable efficient and reliable knowledge exchange. The automotive industry is a major economic driver in all the participating and the potential growth in jobs and GDP from this is significant. SAGE will enhance the efficiency of European innovation in the road vehicles sector and promote a faster response to consumer and societal demand for safe and green transportation. SAGE has been developed as a complementary consortium comprising different types of clustering modalities. It will yield very tangible output as regards the inclusion of more regions into the research driven automotive industry, primarily through the Warsaw region, where a knowledge-cluster on electric-hybrid mobility is being constructed during the spring of 2011.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.1 | Award Amount: 3.04M | Year: 2008
Goods distribution is important for businesses and the life of a city. However, the efficiency as well as the environmental impacts is negatively influenced by traffic congestion, scarcity of loading areas, sub-optimal delivery routes and too little use of return loads. The transport of dangerous goods is also a safety risk.\nThis project will make urban freight transport more efficient, environmentally friendly and safe through smarter use of the distribution networks and improved delivery and return-load systems. The basic idea is to integrate urban traffic management systems with freight management and onboard systems.\nThis project will try to create a win-win situation, where both city authorities and freight operators will gain. ICT will enable a co-operation between traffic and freight management operations, as a step towards an integrated urban transport system.\nFreight transport will be monitored and controlled through open ICT services. Traffic management measures will be tailored towards individual vehicles by means of onboard units and a wireless communication infrastructure based on CALM (the ISO framework for heterogeneous communication in mobile environments). Individual routing and control depending on the individual vehicle profile, type of cargo and traffic situation will be possible.\nFreight operations will benefit from access to real travel time and traffic status information. Onboard units, sensors and smart tags using CALM MAIL (enabling DSRC communication with battery-powered units) and the wireless infrastructure will enable monitoring of goods transport, loading and unloading.\nAn architecture will specify open solutions applicable to European cities. This will be achieved by obtaining user viewpoints addressing concepts, logical relations, open ICT services and preferred technical solutions.\nTest sites will evaluate the technical solutions, through real and simulated application of the concepts for urban traffic and transport in cities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.07M | Year: 2013
The YEASTCELL ITN will train 11 Early Stage Researchers for productive careers as research scientists and leaders in the public or private yeast biotechnology sectors. Yeast biotechnology spans fundamental and applied research and is an area with an immediate need for highly trained researchers to advance knowledge and to develop new applications. The training consortium comprises 9 Public Sector (6 Universities, 3 Research Institutes) and 4 Private Sector (2 large companies and 2 SME) partners. A research training programme embracing the philosophy of use-inspired fundamental research has been designed to provide all 11 ESRs with interdisciplinary research training in both the public and private sectors. The research themes include yeast physiology and metabolism, metabolic engineering, mathematical modeling, genomics and bioinformatics, fermentation, synthetic biology and systems biology. In addition to training via collaborative research projects, ESRs will participate in courses at local and network levels to enhance their technical and academic skills. All ESRs will register for PhD degrees and will also take a separate postgraduate certificate course in commercialisation and entrepreneurship. Industry-led workshops, research secondments and site visits will provide specific training that prepares ESRs for research in the private sector. A comprehensive programme of advanced training in complementary topics and skills of relevance to both the public and private sectors is provided at the network level. As well as directly training 11 ESRs, the network training activities will provide opportunities for ~40 additional researchers and will promote long-term interactions between research groups at the partner Institutions. The major impact of YEASTCELL will be a cohort of highly-trained ESRs with excellent career prospects in the yeast biotechnology sector and a lasting European training and research collaboration between public and private sector partners.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.07M | Year: 2012
The global maritime market is on a strong growth trajectory, and this project aims to harness that growth to create economic and employment benefits for Europe. On the one hand, growth is driven by commercial megatrends such as demand for marine/offshore renewable energy, fish products and emerging potential for blue biotech products; on the other hand, there is high demand for efficient use and management of the ocean resource, as described in the EU Integrated Maritime Strategy. Increasing Europes innovation capacity in maritime resource efficiency will underpin successful exploitation of these growth opportunities. Traditionally, the maritime industries have been slow to explore how demands for resource efficiency would impact on them. Fish stock depletion and rising fuel costs have, of course, risen quickly up the political and commercial agendas, and shipping companies as well as builders and engine manufacturers have invested in improving fuel efficiency. However, the wider needs for maritime resource efficiency are posing challenges which in many cases lack viable solutions. Emerging marine activities (for example in exploiting marine renewable energy) are presenting new opportunities for innovation, but are also highlighting areas where further improvements in resource efficiency need to be achieved. European member states contain a number of Regional Research Driven Clusters (RRDCs) which are active in the fields of maritime development and marine & coastal resource management. This project will add significant value to this existing cluster infrastructure, via three main approaches that will support their long-term development and sustainability: Facilitating interaction and knowledge exchange between RRDCs each focused on its world-class strengths (Smart Specialisation); Raising the effectiveness of RRDCs by strengthening shared approaches to innovation support Using RRDC activities to stimulate involvement of supply chain companies
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2010-1.1.2 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2011
Solid/liquid chemical equilibrium hypotheses (sorption, solubility, solid-solution formation) are key concepts in the assessment of nuclear waste safety. For radionuclides at trace concentrations this corresponds to constant solution concentrations, or solid/liquid distribution ratios, if environmental conditions remain constant. However, these concepts do not account for irreversible incorporation of radionuclides in the solid phases. Indeed, there is often a gradual and very slow transition from simple adsorption processes to incorporation of trace elements in the surface structure of solid phases. For certain tetravalent actinides apparent solubility equilibrium applies to only the surface without bulk phase equilibrium. This can lead to very large uncertainty in solubility values and derived thermodynamic constants. Equilibrium concepts are characterized by a dynamic state of equal forward and backward reaction rates, under conditions where phase compositions remain constant. Most of the problems arise from a lack of understanding of the dynamics of slow processes close to equilibrium, specifically in the coupling of sorption with other surface equilibrium reactions such as dissolution/precipitation, recrystallisation, isotopic exchange and with the bulk phase equilibrium. The project intends to assess the effect of surface properties on apparent solubility as well as the kinetics of incorporation of radionuclides in the structure of a solid phase, and the associated reaction mechanisms for various solids in a systematic manner, using isotope exchange under close-to-equilibrium conditions. The project results will impact strongly (1) the use/misuse of solubility data for thermodynamics; (2) the understanding of affinity/rate relations close to equilibrium; (3) the inclusion of irreversibility in models on the long-term mobility of radionuclides; and (4) the coupling of radionuclide chemistry with main element chemistry in the repository environment.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.4-2. | Award Amount: 30.14M | Year: 2012
Future aero engines will need to be more efficient and contribute to the reduction on environmental impact of air transportation. They must reach some standards of performance by reducing emissions and creating some savings on operation costs. EIMG consortium has launched since several years some initiatives to develop future engines in the frame of the European Committee research programmes. Within different project such as DREAM, VITAL, NEWAC or LEMCOTEC, EIMG is ensuring the development of innovative technologies in order to further reduce the fuel burn, emissions and noise. In order to ensure the technological breakthrough, future aero-engines will have higher overall pressure ratios (OPR) to increase thermal efficiency and will have higher bypass ratios (BPR) to increase propulsive efficiency. These lead to smaller and hotter high pressure cores. As core engine technologies have been addressed in the previous project, E-BREAK project will ensure the mandatory evolution of sub-systems. It is indeed required for enabling integration of engine with new core technologies to develop adequate technologies for sub-systems. E-BREAK will aim to adapt sub-systems to new constraints of temperature and pressure. The overall picture of these initiatives bring all technology bricks to a TRL level ensuring the possibility to integrate them in a new aero engines generation before 2020. In its 2020 vision, ACARE aims to reduce by 50% per passenger kilometer CO2 emissions with an engine contribution targeting a decrease by 15 to 20% of the SFC. NOX emissions would have to be reduced by 80 % and efforts need to be made on other emissions. E-BREAK will be an enabler of the future UHOPR integrated engine development, completing efforts done in previous or in on-going Level 2 programs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 584.32K | Year: 2008
The proposed Support Action S-PULSE aims to prepare Superconducting Electronics (SE) for the technology generation beyond the CMOS scaling limits (beyond CMOS). Scaling laws in CMOS technology indicate that some concepts cannot be simply extrapolated, and new physical effects that have been negligible up to now, have to be taken into account in the future. Due to the total different physical base in SE, it never had a scaling law, and quantum limits define the ultimate speed. This provides already demonstrated logic operation speed above 100 GHz with typically power dissipation of 1 aJ per logic operation with a 1 m feature size metal based process. The European activities in SE are currently coordinated by the non-profit Society FLUXONICS e.V., a SCENET initiative under FP6 for a dynamic technology platform in SE. As a major outcome of this network, a circuit foundry for SE was established, a cell library was made available and a first roadmap was drawn up in the field. S-PULSE supports joint efforts of European academic and industrial groups in the superconducting technologies field. The action is to strengthen the vital link between research and development on the one \nhand and the industrial view on the other hand, bring together industrial expectations and visionary extrapolation and current status of technology, intensify the exchange of knowledge and ideas, take charge of education, and win public interest. The overall strategy of S-PULSE is to broaden the FLUXONICS network and to promote the formation of a European Technology Platform (ETP) to develop and implement a Strategic Research Agenda in the field of ultra-low power superconducting electronics down to the nano-scale domain. With the view on the formation of an industrial guided ETP in the field of SE, the SA is expected to strengthen the competitiveness of the European nanoelectronics industry and to make SE technologies ready to compete with other technologies in the world markets.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.1 | Award Amount: 14.40M | Year: 2010
The first 3GPP Long Term Evolution standard version is complete and ready to be deployed. Although it increases peak data rate and spectral efficiency compared to legacy techniques, cell-edge and average user throughputs are still significantly lower than the peak rates. In the LTE-Advanced Study Item, ways to extend LTE are being explored. However, some of the considered techniques are complex and significant research efforts are needed to bring these techniques to reality.\n\nThe main ARTIST4G project objective is to improve the ubiquitous user experience of cellular mobile radio communications systems by satisfying the following requirements:\n\tHigh spectral efficiency and user data rate across the whole coverage area\n\tFairness between users\n\tLow cost per information bit\n\tLow latency\n\nThis objective will be achieved by developing innovative concepts out of promising ideas from the research ecosystem, and benchmarking them with the state-of-the-art. The technologies identified to fulfil the above requirements are:\n\tInterference avoidance\n\tInterference exploitation\n\tAdvanced relay techniques\n\nARTIST4G will build upon projects such as EASY-C, where first steps towards integration of these technologies in cellular systems have been made, but also address new aspects like:\n\tAdvanced multi-cell scheduling for adaptive and efficient usage of interference management and relaying techniques in appropriate scenarios\n\tImpact of the innovative concepts on the network architecture\n\nARTIST4G will not only use theoretical analysis and simulations to develop and validate innovative concepts based on these technologies, but also enable proof-of-concept via hardware prototypes and field trials in a representative testbed.\n\nIt is expected that ARTIST4G will create a major impact on standardization and provide the partners with a technological head-start that will strengthen the European position in cellular communications.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2011.1.4-2. | Award Amount: 67.80M | Year: 2011
The main objective of the LEMCOTEC project will be the improvement of core-engine thermal efficiency by increasing the overall pressure ratio (OPR) to up to 70 leading to a further reduction of CO2. Since NOx increases with OPR, combustion technologies have to be further developed, at the same time, to at least compensate for this effect. The project will attain and exceed the ACARE targets for 2020 and will be going beyond the CO2 reductions to be achieved by on-going FP6 and FP7 programmes including Clean Sky: 1.) CO2: minus 50% per passenger kilometre by 2020, with an engine contribution of 15 to 20%, 2.) NOx: minus 80% by 2020 and 3.) Reduce other emissions: soot, CO, UHC, SOx, particulates. The major technical subjects to be addressed by the project are: 1.) Innovative compressor for the ultra-high pressure ratio cycle (OPR 70) and associated thermal management technologies, 2.) Combustor-turbine interaction for higher turbine efficiency & ultra-high OPR cycles, 3.) Low NOx combustion systems for ultra-high OPR cycles, 4.) Advanced structures to enable high OPR engines & integration with heat exchangers, 5.) Reduced cooling requirements and stiffer structures for turbo-machinery efficiency, 6.) HP/IP compressor stability control. The first four subjects will enable the engine industry to extend their design space beyond the overall pressure ratio of 50, which is the practical limit in the latest engines. Rig testing is required to validate the respective designs as well as the simulation tools to be developed. The last two subjects have already been researched on the last two subjects by NEWAC. The technology developed in NEWAC (mainly component and / or breadboard validation in a laboratory environment) will be driven further in LEMCOTEC for UHPR core engines. These technologies will be validated at a higher readiness level of up to TRL 5 (component and / or breadboard validation in a relevant environment) for ultra-high OPR core-engines.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.8.0 | Award Amount: 1.53M | Year: 2010
GSDP is an initiative to develop a research program for the study of global systems in an ongoing dialogue with decision makers. GSDP will operate as an open network evolving through workshops, working papers, publications, and open conferences. It will consolidate an international community of researchers engaged in dialogues with decision-makers, and will generate a variety of research and consultancy projects in Europe and elsewhere.GSDP will operate over a period of three years. In the first year, researchers and practicioners will meet in workshops and seminars to produce reports on the state of the art in the relevant fields. They will not only assess the scientific literature, but also carefully look at how the science-policy interface is currently defined. At the end of the year, a first annual conference will help to synthesise the different reports in view of the envisaged research program.In the second year, analogous reports will be produced about challenges and questions in research and at the science-policy interface. The first two years will provide answers to three questions. What do we need? What do we know? What are we struggling with? In the third year, these answers will be transformed into a research program for global systems science by first producing a set of components, then combining them into a coherent picture.The researchers involved come from computer science, physics, economics and a variety of other fields. GSDP is embedded in an active network of more than 100 researchers, and in a variety of stakeholder relations with businesses, political authorities, and NGOs. Many links exist to the U.S., and care has been taken to establish strong linkages with China.The work will be broken down into seven work packages that operate in parallel, synchronized by annual conferences and interacting through meetings, documents, and intensive use of ICT.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2011.4.1-3. | Award Amount: 4.88M | Year: 2011
D-RAIL will focus on freight traffic, identifying root causes of derailment of particular significance to freight vehicles, which have a wider range of operating parameters (as a result of the huge range in loads, speeds and maintenance quality) than passenger vehicles. One key question that will be studied is how independent minor faults (e.g., a slight track twist and a failing bearing) could combine to cause a derailment. D-RAIL will extend this study to include the expected demands on the rail freight system forecast for 2050, such as heavier axle loads, faster freight vehicle speeds for time-sensitive low volume high value high speed services (LVHVHS) goods, radically new vehicle designs, or longer train consists. A set of alarm limits will be specified which can be selected as appropriate by infrastructure managers, depending on local conditions. In tandem with the above analysis, current monitoring systems (both wayside and vehicle-mounted) and developing technologies will be assessed with respect to their ability to identify developing faults and potential dangers. Where current systems are shown to be deficient, the requirements for future monitoring systems will be specified. D-RAIL will also examine vehicle identification technologies, such as the standards- and interoperability-focussed RFID system being implemented by GS1 and Trafikverket. Integration of alarm limits, monitoring systems and vehicles across national borders and network boundaries will be examined and a deployment plan set out based on RAMS and LCC analyses. Procedures for applying speed limits to faulty vehicles, or taking them out of service, will be set out; this will include communication with the parties responsible for the transport of the freight and for maintenance of the vehicle. This will input to standards, regulations and international contracts. For field testing and validation, D-RAIL will have access to VUZs test track in the Czech Republic.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.1 | Award Amount: 11.20M | Year: 2007
One of the major limitations to continued performance increases in the semiconductor and power electronics industries is integration density and thermal management. Continued transistor downscaling is quickly reaching its limits forcing a new focus on heterogeneous integration and 3D packaging technologies to continue performance improvements by reducing interconnect length between memory and multi-core logic. These efforts must combine high density electrical interconnects with low resistance thermal interfaces to remove heat from the intricate layered assemblies. Power electronics applications in hybrid vehicles and power supplies are also being pushed to new integration densities that are largely limited by the ability to transfer heat across interfaces to liquid coolers and heat sinks. Improved thermal management and integration densities for these applications will also be important to improve energy and manufacturing efficiency and component reliability.\nThe proposed project aims at developing new technologies and materials for low thermal resistance interfaces and electrical interconnects by exploring systems such as carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles and nano-structured surfaces using different enhancing contact formation mechanisms combined with high volume compatible manufacturing technologies such as electro-spinning. Recent groundbreaking work on nested channel interfaces to control particle interactions during the formation of interfaces will be utilized to exploit the beneficial properties of the new materials. In addition, state-of-the-art modelling and simulation techniques with world class supercomputers will be combined with the development of experimental test structures to measure the performance of new interface technologies and validate design tools. Finally the technology will be used in several different applications to demonstrate improved performance of high power radio frequency switches, microprocessors and hybrid vehicle power electronics.
SUCCESS - Industrial steam generation with 100% carbon capture and insignificant efficiency penalty - Scale-Up of oxygen Carrier for Chemical-looping combustion using Environmentally SuStainable materials
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 9.93M | Year: 2013
Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) has unique potential for reducing energy and cost penalty for CO2 capture, as it avoids the costly gas separation of other CO2 capture technologies. Early deployment is seen in natural gas steam generation, where gas-to-steam efficiency penalty with CLC is below 1%-point compared to 15%-points with amine scrubbing and 8%-points with oxyfuel combustion, all for 95% capture rate. Reduction of the CO2 avoidance cost of 60% compared to amine scrubbing post combustion capture results from higher efficiency. An absolute necessity for the scale-up of reactors for this technology is the availability of adequate oxygen carrier material. SUCCESS will assure scale-up of oxygen-carrier production to the 100 tonne scale, as well as scale up of technology to 1 MW. Industrially available raw materials will be used to produce environmentally sound oxygen carriers based on two highly successful materials developed of the previous INNOCUOUS project. The work includes, i) applying the oxygen carrier production methods at industrially required scale and assuring the adequate performance, ii) development of standard for mechanical stability, iii) validation operation in four available smaller pilots <150 kW, of significantly different design iv) operation with gaseous fuels in a 1 MW pilot plant, representing a scale up of the state of art by one order of magnitude. v) detailed studies of reaction mechanisms and fluid-dynamics vi) use of results in optimization of a previous design for a 10 MW demonstration plant and techno-economic study of full-scale plant vii) assessment of health, safety and environmental issues associated with oxygen carrier handling including reuse or recycling strategies. viii) quotations for production of >100 tonnes of material Combined efforts of key European developers of CLC technology will assure the continued European leadership in this development and bring the technology a major step towards commercialization.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.8.6 | Award Amount: 6.89M | Year: 2009
Software systems are central for the infrastructure of modern society. To justify the huge investments such systems need to live for decades. This requires software which is highly adaptable. Software systems must support a high degree of (spatial) variability to accommodate a range of requirements and operating conditions, and temporal evolvability to allow these parameters to change over time. Current approaches to reusability and maintenance are inadequate to cope with the dynamics and longevity of future software applications and infrastructures, e.g. for e-commerce, e-health and e-government. At the same time, we rely increasingly on systems that provide a high degree of trustworthiness. Thus, the major challenge facing software construction in the next decades is high adaptability combined with trustworthiness. A severe limitation of current development practices is the missing rigour of models and property specifications. Without a formal notation of distributed, component-based systems it is impossible to achieve automation for consistency checking, enforcement of security, generation of trustworthy code, etc. Furthermore, it does not suffice to simply extend current formal approaches. We propose to take an empirically successful, yet informal software development paradigm and put it on a formal basis. Specifically, we will turn software product family (SWPF) development into a rigorous approach. The technical core of the project is an Abstract Behavioural Specification language which will allow precise description of SWPF features and components and their instances. The main project outcome is a methodological and tool framework achieving not merely far-reaching automation in maintaining dynamically evolving software, but an unprecedented level of trust while informal processes are replaced with rigorous analyses based on formal semantics. This includes the perspective of designing self-adapting software systems.
News Article | December 5, 2016
SAINT-PREX, Switzerland--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Ferring Pharmaceuticals and MetaboGen AB today announced a multi-year research collaboration aimed at developing a microbiome-based product to prevent and treat intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a potentially serious liver disorder which affects around 400,000 pregnant women annually. The genes and gene products produced by the trillions of microorganisms that live in the human body are collectively known as the microbiome. Current research into the microbiome is changing perspectives on health and disease, but there are still many factors that are not yet properly understood. MetaboGen AB has developed and patented a concept for how patterns of bacteria in the gut could affect ICP. Ferring will fund an exploratory study to demonstrate this concept and define differences in the microbiome of healthy women and women with a history of IPC. Recruitment of patients for the 18-month study will begin on December 6, 2016 and will be conducted in cooperation with the Women's Clinic in Lund, Sweden. "Ferring is one of the few pharmaceutical companies actively investing in research and development of new products in the obstetrics field,” said Alan Harris, Senior Vice President, R&D, Ferring Pharmaceuticals. “This collaboration demonstrates Ferring's commitment to advancing research in the microbiome field in order to identify and develop innovative treatments that work on the body’s own terms, in this case for mothers and babies.” “ICP is an indication in need of new and effective products that can improve both quality of life and quality of treatment for patients,” said Sara Malcus, CEO, MetaboGen AB. “We are very pleased to partner with a scientific leader in women’s health, and look forward to working with Ferring in this exciting area.” Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a potentially serious liver disorder that can develop in pregnancy. IPC affects about 400,000 pregnant women annually and is a recurrent disease: 70% of women who have been diagnosed with ICP during their first pregnancy will be affected again in following pregnancies. In addition to itching, which may be intense and very uncomfortable for the mother, there are links between ICP and preterm birth and gestational diabetes. Headquartered in Switzerland, Ferring Pharmaceuticals is a research-driven, specialty biopharmaceutical group active in global markets. The company identifies, develops and markets innovative products in the areas of reproductive health, urology, gastroenterology, endocrinology and orthopaedics. Ferring has its own operating subsidiaries in nearly 60 countries and markets its products in 110 countries. To learn more about Ferring or its products please visit www.ferring.com. MetaboGen is a research-driven company with a focus on the microbiome and its impact on health, based in Gothenburg, Sweden. The company was founded based on break through science from the labs of Professor Fredrik Bäckhed (University of Gothenburg) and Professor Jens B Nielsen (Chalmers University of Technology). Since 2011, MetaboGen develops products based on advanced mapping of the intestinal microflora composition. In 2014 BioGaia AB invested in the company. MetaboGens technology along with more than 25 years of experience in the development of probiotics from BioGaia, provides the company with a unique opportunity to develop the next generation of microbial products. For more information see www.metabogen.com
News Article | December 12, 2015
Far beyond our own solar system, a dark and elusive presence that has become the subject of countless scientific debates, calculations and heartaches supposedly wanders about. Astronomers believe this mysterious presence known as Planet X greatly influences the orbits of surrounding space objects due to its gravitational force. Decades have long passed since the first theories concerning Planet X came out, but today, the presumed existence of the planet still stirs up heated discussions within the scientific community. The debates are fueled now more than ever as two scientific papers claim discovery for not just one, but two space objects that may very well be the elusive Planet X. Through the use of the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA), a powerful array of telescopes located in Chile, scientists coming from Mexico and Sweden said they came across two extremely massive objects moving through the outskirts of our solar system. The papers, both submitted to the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, have not yet been formally published or peer-reviewed. Wouter Vlemmings, astronomer at Chalmers University of Technology and co-author on both papers, said they posted the papers for one purpose: to get people talking. "We specifically wanted to reach the community that could tell us if we overlooked something, in which case we fully intend to withdraw the papers," said Vlemmings. The first paper, titled "The serendipitous discovery of a possible new solar system object with ALMA," [pdf] contains explanations on the discovery of a large rocky object called Gna, named after a quick-moving Nordic messenger goddess. Scientists said Gna could be an asteroid nearly the size of Ireland, and it could be zooming around near Uranus. They also propose that Gna could be an undiscovered planet that is floating much farther beyond. It could also be a brown dwarf — bigger than a planet and smaller than a star — passing through space. The second report, subtitled "ALMA discovers the most distant object of the solar system," [pdf] explains the detection of an object that is located closely to the binary star Alpha Centauri. Researchers say the object may be a Super-Earth planet found beyond Pluto. It could be a brown dwarf that is really far, or an icy trans-Neptunian object, but other experts said the latter is less likely. Caltech astronomer Mike Brown, one of the scientists involved in kicking out Pluto as one of the official planets, said the two papers do not contain the answers for the long-sought Planet X. "The logical leaps are sort of astounding," said Brown. "What they really saw is a little blip and then six months later another little blip." Brown said the probability of stumbling across a massive planet-like object through ALMA is too small. Because of the limited field vision that ALMA offers, finding Planet X would be similar to scooping a cup full of water from the ocean and taking out the white whale from it, added Brown. Meanwhile, no matter how brutal the responses are to the papers, Vlemmings hopes fellow scientists will come forward to help them observe the distant blip with extra instruments.
News Article | October 4, 2016
Electric Road Systems (ERS) are already being demonstrated on public roads in Sweden. (Earlier post.) Now, a new project in Sweden, “Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads”, will explore how to make the step to large-scale operation along with the supporting business ecosystem as well as technical issues such as the standardization of interfaces. Viktoria Swedish ICT is coordinating the project and us working together with the research partners Chalmers University of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, the Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics (TØI), and the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI); with the industry partners Fortum, Profu, Scania, Vattenfall, and Volvo Group; as well as with the deployment proposals managed by Airport City Stockholm, Region Gävleborg, and Region Kalmar. Swedish ICT is a group of research institutes engaged in information and communications technology research and development. The institutes within Swedish ICT conduct research and development in several key areas, ranging from sensors and actuators, communication networks and data analytics to visualization, interaction design and service development. Viktoria Swedish ICT is the institute focused on sustainable mobility. The various parts of electric road systems have been developed in several research projects over quite some time. Technology demonstrations are ongoing along the E16 road at Sandviken and being prepared between Arlanda Airport and Rosersberg Logistics area. Our goal is to gather and build knowledge about ERS in order to answer some of the considerable questions that remain. The project has been granted SEK19 million (US$2.2 million) in funding from the Swedish Program for Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation (FFI) and the Swedish Transport Administration. An industry contribution of SEK8 million ($930,000) gives a total investment of SEK27 million (US$3.1 million) for a term ending in 2019. Successful introduction of ERS will require a supporting and strong innovation system. The purpose of the project is to strengthen the Swedish and Nordic research and innovation resources by building a joint knowledge base in cooperation between institutes, universities, authorities, industry, and demonstration sites. The result will include clarification of the socio-economic conditions, benefits and other effects of ERS from different actors’ perspectives. Various implementation strategies will be evaluated and success factors will be identified. The project will establish an international cooperation and provide a basis for dialogue on future standards and regulations. The project will work closely with ongoing ERS demonstrations in Sweden. The industry is participating as partners in the project and as members of an extensive reference group. We are about to secure the technical solutions needed for electric roads and electric vehicles. In order to reach a full scale implementation a series of other questions needs to be solved, e.g. on business models and electrical infrastructure. This research and innovation platform is important since it unites actors from different fields in order to find the needed solutions.
News Article | November 15, 2016
Researchers from David Karl's laboratory at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM) and from Professor Jens Nielsen's laboratory at Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg, Sweden, developed a computer model which takes into account hundreds of genes, chemical reactions, and compounds required for the survival of Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic microbe on the planet. They found that Prochlorococcus has made extensive alterations to its metabolism as a way to reduce its dependence on phosphorus, an element that is essential and often growth-limiting in the ocean. Revolutionary developments in gene sequencing technology have allowed scientists to catalog and investigate the genetic diversity and metabolic capability of life on Earth--from E. coli bacteria to humans, and much in between. Ocean monitoring and advances in oceanographic sensors have enabled a more detailed look than ever before at the environmental conditions that are both the consequence of microbial activity and act as stressors on the growth of microbes in the ocean. This new metabolic model represents a window to the inner workings that enable microbes to dominate Earth's chemical and biological cycles, thrive in the harshest conditions, and make the planet habitable--a black box, in a sense. Microbes are known to employ three basic strategies to compete for limiting elemental resources: cell quotas may be adjusted, stressed cells may synthesize molecules to make more efficient use of available resources, and cells may access alternatives or more costly sources of the nutrient. In the case of phosphorus, a limiting resource in vast oceanic regions, the cosmopolitan Prochlorococcus thrives by adopting all three strategies and a fourth, previously unknown strategy. "By generating the first detailed model of metabolism for an ecologically important marine microbe, we found that Prochlorococcus has evolved a way to reduce its dependence on phosphate by minimizing the number of enzymes involved in phosphate transformations, thus relieving intracellular demands" said John Casey, an oceanography doctoral candidate in the UHM School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology and lead author of the recently published study. Prochlorococcus has an extremely minimal genome. If it were to lose the function of any one metabolic gene, its survival would be nearly a coin toss. To their surprise, Casey and co-authors discovered that the world's most abundant microbe has performed, through a process called "genome streamlining"--the concerted loss of frivolous genes over evolutionary time--a comprehensive re-design of the core metabolic pathways in response to the persistent limitation of phosphorus. "The dramatic and widespread change in the metabolic network is really a shock," said Casey. "However, we're seeing that these changes provide a substantial growth advantage for this ubiquitous microbe in phosphorus-limited regions of the ocean, so it seems that where there's a will there's a way." The computer model is built from an enormous library of genetic data compiled from researchers around the world, and the results are validated with data from numerous laboratory culture experiments and field studies. "We're interested in the underlying principles guiding metabolism and physiology in marine microbes, and that is going to require a deep understanding of not only the 1-dimensional genetic code, but also the 4-dimensional product it codes for," said Casey. "So we're looking to a systems-level approach to incorporate a great variety of physiological and 'omics studies all in one computational structure, with the hope that we can start to learn from the design and interactions of these complex systems." In the future, the researchers plan to expand the model to include more representatives of the marine microbial community and to look deeper into micro-diversity within the Prochloroccocus genus. "This will allow us to simulate marine microbial community metabolism at an unprecedented level of detail; embedding these fine-scale simulations within global ocean circulation models promises to deliver insights into how microbial assemblages interact with their environment and amongst each other," said Casey. This work was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through the competitive Graduate Research Fellowship Program which provided Casey with three years of research support. A portion of this work was made possible through Casey's acceptance into NSF's Graduate Research Opportunities Worldwide (GROW) program which expands opportunities for U.S. graduate students to engage in international research collaboration. GROW is open to only active awardees of the Graduate Research Fellowship Program. Additional funding was provided by the Simons Foundation, the Swedish Research Council, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
News Article | December 7, 2016
MetaboGen AB and Ferring Pharmaceuticals announce a research collaboration aimed at developing a microbiome-based product to prevent and treat Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP). In December recruitment of patients for the first clinical trial begins. MetaboGen has developed and patented a concept for how the microbiome (the overall expression of microbial genes) could affect intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, a disorder affecting around 400,000 pregnant women annually. Recruitment of patients for the first clinical study begun 6 December 2016. The 18-month long study is conducted in cooperation with the Women’s Clinic in Lund, Sweden. 100 pregnant women will be included in the trial. In December 2014 BioGaia took the decision to invest SEK 12 million in MetaboGen AB, and BioGaia's Group President Peter Rothschild became Chairman of the Board of the company. The investment was to be made over a two-year period and the last of three investments was done 30 November 2016. BioGaia's share of MetaboGen today amounts to 36 percent and BioGaia has no current plans of changing this. "BioGaia's investment in MetaboGen is long term and aims at developing the next generation of probiotic products, based on in-depth analyses of the microbiome. The research field is expanding rapidly and several large pharmaceutical companies have invested in microbiome companies. We are very positive about MetaboGen’s collaboration with Ferring, which is an ideal partner for this type of product. It is also satisfying that MetaboGen already is underway with a clinical trial”, says Peter Rothschild, Group President BioGaia. What is Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP)? Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a disorder that can develop in pregnancy. ICP affects about 400,000 pregnant women annually and is a recurrent disease: 70 per cent of women who have been diagnosed with ICP during their first pregnancy will be affected again in following pregnancies. In addition to itching, which may be intense and very uncomfortable for the mother, there are links between ICP and preterm birth and gestational diabetes. Headquartered in Switzerland, Ferring Pharmaceuticals is a research-driven, specialty biopharmaceutical group active in global markets. The company identifies, develops and markets innovative products in the areas of reproductive health, urology, gastroenterology, endocrinology and orthopaedics. Ferring has its own operating subsidiaries in nearly 60 countries and markets its products in more than 100 countries. MetaboGen is a research-driven company with a focus on the microbiome and its impact on health. The company was founded in Gothenburg, Sweden and is based on break-through science from the labs of Professor Fredrik Bäckhed (University of Gothenburg) and Professor Jens B Nielsen (Chalmers University of Technology). Since 2011, MetaboGen develops products based on advanced mapping of the intestinal microflora composition. In 2014 BioGaia AB invested in the company. MetaboGen’s technology, along with more than 25 years of experience in the development of probiotics from BioGaia, provides the company with a unique opportunity to develop the next generation of microbial products. BioGaia is an innovative Swedish healthcare company that develops, markets and sells probiotic products with documented health benefits. The products are sold through local distribution partners in around 90 countries worldwide. The class B share of the Parent Company BioGaia AB is quoted on the Mid Cap list of Nasdaq OMX Nordic Exchange Stockholm. biogaia.com This information was brought to you by Cision http://news.cision.com
News Article | April 20, 2016
Four research groups have proposed the existence of various new particles to explain an anomalous signal picked up by the two largest particle detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Europe's particle-physics lab in Geneva, Switzerland. Physicists with the ATLAS and CMS detectors announced in December 2015 that they had found an excess pair of photons with a combined energy of 750 gigaelectronvolts. Christoffer Petersson at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Riccardo Torre at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne say that the two photons could come from the decay of a boson that is the 'super partner' of a goldstino fermion. Yuichiro Nakai at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and his team suggest that the new particle is made of two exotic quarks held together by a force similar to the strong nuclear force. Gang Li at Peking University in Beijing and his co-authors propose that the mystery signal is produced by a particle similar to the Higgs boson, but six times more massive. And Won Sang Cho at the Institute for Basic Science in Daejeon, South Korea, and his collaborators propose that the two photons would be only part of the debris produced by a potentially much more massive particle. More data are needed to confirm whether this is a sign of a new particle or merely a statistical bump.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.8.0 | Award Amount: 1.08M | Year: 2011
Our society is organized around a positive feedback dynamic that produces innovation cascades. In these cascades, new artifacts are inextricably linked with transformations in social organization and the generation of new needs for individual and society. Besides desired effects, these cascades produce disruptive changes in the environment and in society itself, ultimately leading to sustainability crises. The usual, but inadequate, response to these is more innovation, unleashing new cascades, and new crises. The core challenge in improving our responses is to link current, reductionist, models of past causalities with novel approaches to increase the number of dimensions in which phenomena are perceived, so that we may get better at anticipating the unanticipated consequences of innovation cascades. INSITE will pave the way for novel ICT approaches that will do so, since only through ICT can complex dynamics be grasped in sufficient detail to allow us to do the reverse of customary science: anticipate and complexify, rather than reduce and simplify.To further INSITEs main objective to build a community dedicated to meeting the challenge described above, we will recruit people from a variety of fields to join us in working groups to (1) prepare case studies that illuminate the dynamics of innovation cascades involving ICT, from printing to the internet, (2) develop a roadmap indicating the kinds and uses of models to understand and guide these dynamics in the direction of sustainability, (3) devise experiments to elucidate innovation dynamics, in the context of multiplayer online computer games, (4) envision practices and technologies to enable networks of innovators to engage in experiments in participatory policy, and (5) explore the implications in theory and practice of reconceptualizing technology to include its social dimensions, leading to a notion of generalized ICT that includes such diverse things as cities, urban systems and museums.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.2.1 | Award Amount: 70.14M | Year: 2010
Scientific research is no longer conducted within national boundaries and is becoming increasing dependent on the large-scale analysis of data, generated from instruments or computer simulations housed in trans-national facilities, by using e Infrastructure (distributed computing and storage resources linked by high-performance networks).\nThe 48 month EGI-InSPIRE project will continue the transition to a sustainable pan-European e-Infrastructure started in EGEE-III. It will sustain support for Grids of high-performance and high-throughput computing resources, while seeking to integrate new Distributed Computing Infrastructures (DCIs), i.e. Clouds, SuperComputing, Desktop Grids, etc., as they are required by the European user community. It will establish a central coordinating organisation, EGI.eu, and support the staff throughout Europe necessary to integrate and interoperate individual national grid infrastructures. EGI.eu will provide a coordinating hub for European DCIs, working to bring existing technologies into a single integrated persistent production infrastructure for researchers within the European Research Area.\nEGI-InSPIRE will collect requirements and provide user-support for the current and new (e.g. ESFRI) users. Support will also be given for the current heavy users as they move their critical services and tools from a central support model to ones driven by their own individual communities. The project will define, verify and integrate within the Unified Middleware Distribution, the middleware from external providers needed to access the e-Infrastructure. The operational tools will be extended by the project to support a national operational deployment model, include new DCI technologies in the production infrastructure and the associated accounting information to help define EGIs future revenue model.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.2-2. | Award Amount: 15.00M | Year: 2013
In 2011, the White Paper on European Transport reasserted how fundamental transport was for society, for the mobility of European citizens and for the growth and vitality of the European economy. CAPACITY4RAIL will deliver research that is innovative, prepares rail for the future and takes into account results from previous research projects and programmes. The project builds on previous useable results and will deliver both technical demonstrations and system wide guidelines and recommendations that will be the basis for future research and investment, increasing the capacities of rail networks in the future. The time used for infrastructure monitoring, maintenance and renewal means down time. New concepts for low maintenance infrastructure, using standardized and plug-and-play concepts will be proposed. Non-intrusive innovative monitoring techniques or self-monitoring infrastructure will be investigated, allowing low or no impact on train operations. The fragility of some key component of the infrastructure system (especially in extreme weather conditions) such as switches may impact the efficiency of the whole system. The resilience of switches to any kind of known failure will be reinforced, as well as the ability of the operation system to recover from incidents. Capacity enhancements will also be achieved by higher speed freight vehicles, allowing an optimized interleaving of freight trains into mixed traffic, and improved planning models for operation. Intermodal integration within the global transport system will be improved through enhanced transhipment of passengers and freight. CAPACITY4RAIL will also look towards 2030/2050, by proposing guidelines for future deployments in the mid-term, recommendations for technologies to de developed and deployed in the long term and investigating the key opportunities for funding these within national and EU funding schemes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-2.1-2014 | Award Amount: 18.00M | Year: 2015
IN2RAIL is to set the foundations for a resilient, consistent, cost-efficient, high capacity European network by delivering important building blocks that unlock the innovation potential that exists in SHIFT2RAIL: innovative technologies will be explored and resulting concepts embedded in a systems framework where infrastructure, information management, maintenance techniques, energy, and engineering are integrated, optimised, shared and exploited. IN2RAIL will make advances towards SHIFT2RAIL objectives: enhancing the existing capacity fulfilling user demand; increasing the reliability delivering better and consistent quality of service; reducing the LCC increasing competitiveness of the EU rail system. To achieve the above, a holistic approach covering Smart Infrastructures, Intelligent Mobility Management (I2M)and Rail Power Supply and Energy Management will be applied. Smart Infrastructure addresses the fundamental design of critical assets - switches and crossings and tracks. It will research components capable of meeting future railway demands and will utilise modern technologies in the process. Risk and condition-based LEAN approaches to optimise RAMS and LCC in asset maintenance activities will be created to tackle the root causes of degradation. I2M researches automated, interoperable and inter-connected advanced traffic management systems; scalable and upgradable systems, utilising standardised products and interfaces, enabling easy migration from legacy systems; the wealth of data and information on assets and traffic status; information management systems adding the capability of nowcasting and forecasting of critical asset statuses. Rail Power Supply and Energy Management create solutions to improve the energy performance of the railway system. Research on new power systems characterised by reduced losses and capable of balancing energy demands, along with innovative energy management systems enabling accurate and precise estimates of energy flows.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2011-2.3.5. | Award Amount: 35.18M | Year: 2011
PRACE-2IP supports the accelerated implementation of the pan-European HPC Research Infrastructure created in April 2010 as the result of the preparatory phase PRACE project. It complements and extends the work of the PRACE-1IP project that was started in July 2010.\nPRACE-2IP addresses the computational and simulation needs of European scientific communities to keep them at the forefront of discovery. Our vision is the formation of an integrated HPC ecosystem of facilities and services enabling researchers to realise the full potential of computational science within the supportive environment of the European Research Area.\nBuilding on the implementation work of the preceding PRACE and DEISA projects, PRACE-2IP will enable seamless access to HPC systems and services at the Tier-0 and Tier-1 level to users, regardless of their country of work. This provides the means and motivation to undertake ambitious, ground-breaking computational science. In particular, DEISA-like services will be integrated into the ecosystem.\nApplications enabling expertise will support researchers in code development, optimisation and petascaling to help them make effective use of the Tier-0 and Tier-1 systems. Training and dissemination activities will ensure that European scientists have the knowledge and the skills enabling them to take full advantage of the facilities on offer. Through collaboration with technology providers and vendors, novel architectures, systems and technologies will be evaluated to ensure that Europe remains at the forefront of HPC and that the future needs of the research community are understood and met. Targeted research activities will investigate possible solutions to challenges in programmability and scalability of future multi-petaflop systems.\nPRACE-2IP will considerably strengthen and deepen the co-operation between HPC centres, funding bodies and research communities in a mutually beneficial partnership to enhance European scientific competitiveness.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 49.02M | Year: 2008
A globally distributed computing Grid now plays an essential role for large-scale, data intensive science in many fields of research. The concept has been proven viable through the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE project (EGEE and EGEE-II, 2004-2008) and its related projects. EGEE-II is consolidating the operations and middleware of this Grid for use by a wide range of scientific communities, such as astrophysics, computational chemistry, earth and life sciences, fusion and particle physics. Strong quality assurance, training and outreach programmes contribute to the success of this production Grid infrastructure. \nBuilt on the pan-European network GANT2, EGEE has become a unique and powerful resource for European science, allowing researchers in all regions to collaborate on common challenges. Worldwide collaborations have extended its reach to the benefit of European science.\nThe proposed EGEE-III project has two clear objectives that are essential for European research infrastructures: to expand, optimize and simplify the use of Europes largest production Grid by continuous operation of the infrastructure, support for more user communities, and addition of further computational and data resources; to prepare the migration of the existing Grid from a project-based model to a sustainable federated infrastructure based on National Grid Initiatives. \nBy strengthening interoperable, open source middleware, EGEE-III will actively contribute to Grid standards, and work closely with businesses to ensure commercial uptake of the Grid, which is a key to sustainability. \nFederating its partners on a national or regional basis, EGEE-III will have a structuring effect on the European Research Area. In particular, EGEE-III will ensure that the European Grid does not fragment into incompatible infrastructures of varying maturity. EGEE-III will provide a world class, coherent and reliable European Grid, ensuring Europe remains at the forefront of scientific excellence.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.1-1 | Award Amount: 8.02M | Year: 2009
The primary concept of this project is to research, develop, validate and valorise an architecture and set of tools, methodologies and structures which will assist European companies attain a competitive position in world markets in the mid to long term horizon. The target group is SMEs and specifically those from the 50 150 employee level. Within this target group, those organisations with high growth potential will be prioritised. The primary development focus will be on operation models which reflect the High Mix Low Volume (HMLV) manufacturing environment which companies must migrate towards in order to survive and compete. The project will address competitiveness issues relating to European SMEs, the lack of take up of productivity methodologies such as Lean and Six Sigma and the changing nature of the business environment in which SMEs operate. A comprehensive response will be generated which will deliver and demonstrate solutions for SMEs in relation to strategic planning, cultural and structural issues preventing adoption of best practices, modified lean and six sigma tools tailored for SME businesses, virtual manufacturing and collaboration methods, value chain enhancement methods, process modelling and simulation tools, implementation methodologies within SME organisations, design for environment support tools and workflow process development tools for SMEs. In addition, a special task will pilot and test how lean, six sigma and environmental philosophies can be integrated into school curricula in order to influence the mindset of future employees towards best practice business philosophies. The manufacturing model will be thoroughly tested through application in SMEs and other companies across a number of manufacturing sectors and also within several countries. Results will be disseminated widely across the EU and the outputs will be exploited for the benefit of SMEs across Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2013.5-3. | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2013
The EU Ecolabel identifies products and services that contribute to sustainability because they have demonstrated a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle. There are already more than 17,000 EU Ecolabelled products on the market, but there are no references for road products and infrastructures The concept of the ECOLABEL project arises from the necessity of a new, green, holistic and EU-harmonised ecolabeling methodology integrating by a Life Cycle Engineering approach: environmental indicators along with the economic, technical and social aspects, for the assessment of future and existing road infrastructures, as well as their construction materials such as asphalt mixtures and cement-based materials. This methodology, together with a guide for road eco-labeling and a multi-criteria software tool to be developed, will define eco-labels and provide recommendations to improve the label achieved, supporting and motivating relevant stakeholders and industry in order to include greener, more cost-effective and safer technologies in their road construction, maintenance and renewal projects. In order to achieve the expected results a complete work plan has been performed. This plan that will move from the definition of the new ecolabelling methodology considering existing relevant labelling approaches, plus the analysis of road products, to the development of guidelines and of a software tool that thanks to the direct involvement of CEN in the project, will motivate future EU-harmonized labelling approaches for roads that would grant the implementation of the ECOLABEL results. The ECOLABEL project will contribute to the implementation of European policies and strategies, boosting the integration of transport in sustainable development promoting technologies and materials that reduce pollutant emissions and the use of natural and financial resources.
News Article | January 27, 2016
In the early fifties, before Richard Feynman famously seeded the concept of nanoscience in his 1959 talk “there’s plenty of room at the bottom” , and well before the concept of nanotechnology became popular in the late 80’s, a significant research effort was already underway into the fundamental nanoscience associated with high-field effects at surfaces and the resulting emission of ions and electrons . Born from this work, in 1955, field ion microscopy (FIM) became the first true atomic scale microscopy technique, allowing us to ‘see atoms’ for the very first time . The technique, invented by Erwin Müller in 1951 employed a specimen shaped into a sharp point, enabling it to act as a point projection field ion emitter. The specimen was cooled to 78K in the presence of He gas. This gas was adsorbed and subsequently field ionized and detected, with the distribution of detected atoms showing the arrangement of the specimen atoms at the surface of the tip. Sixty years on, this seminal work by Erwin Müller has spurred important and wide-ranging research, including many significant discoveries and inventions . Progressive field evaporated of surface atoms can be detected  and their positions reconstructed to create high-resolution 3D atom maps in a technique known as atom probe tomography , which has become an established microscopy technique. It’s use in materials characterisation has led to ground-breaking research including the first 3D images of segregation to dislocations , understanding the growth of nanowires , determining the kinetics of elemental steps of catalytic surface reactions , revealing precipitation pathways in important engineering alloys  and confirmation of the dating of the oldest minerals on earth , to name just a few examples. Other contributions from field-emission science include the development of the liquid metal ion source that now forms the basis of focused ion beam instruments , field electron emission from new forms of emitter  along with the sustained development of theory around high-field effects at surfaces . It is timely that we recognize these exceptional contributions. The International Field Emission Society (IFES) originally grew from pioneering research on high-field nanoscience, and supports the development and application of techniques and instruments based on these effects. It has hosted symposia since 1952 occurring every one to two years. In 2016, this conference, “Atom Probe Tomography & Microscopy (55th IFES)” will be held in Gyeongju, South Korea (June 12-17). At the event, the Steering Committee of the IFES (see note at end of this article for a list of members) is proud to award an inaugural round of “Fellows of the International Field Emission Society”, elected in recognition of eminence in the field of field emission, field ionization, and related phenomena. These individuals have been nominated and elected by their peers for outstanding research that has pushed the frontiers of knowledge in the field. Many have also undertaken distinguished service to the IFES. Those to be honored as IFES fellows in 2016 are listed below: Hans-Olof Andren, Chalmers University of Technology: For development of atom probe techniques, and for his use of atom probe instruments as materials science tools to study the detailed microstructure of primarily metallic materials. Didier Blavette, Université de Rouen: For unique contributions to atom probe field ion microscopy spanning the fundamental physics of the technique, instrumentation, and cutting-edge materials characterization. Alfred Cerezo, University of Oxford: For development of the position sensitive atom probe, which opened new dimensions and perspectives in both material science and instrumentation. Paul Cutler, The Pennsylvania State University: For working on theory of field electron and ion emission over more than 50 years, developing quantum mechanical models to explain and predict the behavior of field electron emitters. Richard Forbes, University of Surrey: For his many contributions to the growth of the theory and understanding of field electron and ion emission as well as his contributions to the society. Georgiy Fursey, St Petersburg University of Telecommunications: For wide-ranging, outstanding contributions to field electron emission science and technology, particularly explosive emission and emission from semiconductors. Robert Gomer, University of Chicago: For outstanding contributions to science, especially areas of field electron and ion emission and their application to problems in surface chemistry, and for public service. Kazuhiro Hono, National Institute for Materials Science: For key contributions to the growth of atom probe, developments in instrumentation, and broad utilization of the technique to impact the study of magnetic materials and precipitation hardening. Gary Kellogg, Retired: For fundamental technical contributions to laser-pulsed atom probe instrumentation and numerous aspects of surface and materials science, and for extraordinary service to the nanoscience community. Thomas Kelly, Cameca Inc.: For revolutionizing atom probe technology with the invention of the LEAP, and for service to the IFES community as President of the society. Hans-Juergen Kreuzer, Dalhousie University: Published more than 325 papers, 8 books, and 6 patents in the area of physics and chemistry of high electric fields. Norbert Kruse, Washington State University: For sustained contributions towards understanding chemical physics at materials surfaces and outstanding service to the high field nanoscience and atom probe communities. Allan Melmed, Retired: One of the most distinguished scientists of the IFES community, with a lifetime experience in field emission since his PhD thesis with the late EW Müller. Michael Miller, Retired: For seminal contributions in the development and application of atom probe tomography as demonstrated by his 600+ publications, service to the community, and impactful collaborations with numerous international scientists and engineers in their development and use of atom probe tomography. Marwan Mousa, Mu'tah University: For outstanding contributions to field emission science and for service to the society including organization of the 45th IFES. Osamu Nishikawa, Kanazawa Institute of Technology: For outstanding contributions to atom probe becoming a mainstream scientific instrument in hundreds of laboratories around the world. John Panitz, University New Mexico: As one of the inventors of the atom probe technique, John Panitz’ contributions and vision for the technique enabled its large acceptance in the international realm of materials characterization. Simon Ringer, The University of Sydney: For outstanding research in atom probe science, sustained IFES community service, including as Vice President and conference organiser and his role in training a new generation of field emission scientists. Guido Schmitz, University of Stuttgart: For his contribution to understanding diffusion and other atomic scale metallurgical processes studied using atom probe tomography. David Seidman, Northwestern University: Having advised more than 120 individuals and with 450+ publications, David Seidman's materials research based on APT and technique developments has laid a solid groundwork for atom probe groups worldwide. George Smith, University of Oxford: For more than 45 years of contributions and commitment to the field of atom probe field ion microscopy. Krystyna Stiller, Chalmers University of Technology: For fruitful use and development of atom probe techniques contributing to understanding of radiation damage, phase transformations, interfacial segregation and high temperature oxidation, and for promoting atom probe techniques. Lynwood Swanson, FEI: For outstanding scientific contributions to characterisation and development of field electron/ion emitters, and technical and managerial leadership of FEI Company in commercially developing these emitters and related instruments. Tien Tsong, Academia Sinica: For observation of the interaction between adsorbates on metal surfaces and for seminal research involving the use of a laser to promote thermal field evaporation. The Steering Committee of the IFES currently consists of:  Feynman RP. There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom. Engineering and Science 1960:22-36.  Cerezo A, Godfrey TJ, Smith GDW. Application of a position-sensitive detector to atom probe microanalysis. Review of Scientific Instruments 1988;59:862-6.  Perea DE, Hemesath ER, Schwalbach EJ, Lensch-Falk JL, Voorhees PW, Lauhon LJ. Direct measurement of dopant distribution in an individual vapour-liquid-solid nanowire. Nature Nanotechnology 2009;4:315-9.  Kruse N, Abend G, Block JH. The kinetics of adsorption and thermal desorption of NO on stepped Pt single crystal surfaces. The Journal of Chemical Physics 1988;88:1307-12.  Ringer SP, Hono K. Microstructural evolution and age hardening in aluminium alloys: atom probe field-ion microscopy and transmission electron microscopy studies. Materials Characterization 2000;44:101-31.  Valley JW, Cavosie AJ, Ushikubo T, Reinhard DA, Lawrence DF, Larson DJ, et al. Hadean age for a post-magma-ocean zircon confirmed by atom-probe tomography. Nature Geoscience 2014;7:219-23.  Li Z, Xu N, Kreuzer HJ. Coherent field emission image of graphene predicted with a microscopic theory. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2012;85.  Forbes RG, Edgcombe CJ, Valdrè U. Some comments on models for field enhancement. Ultramicroscopy 2003;95:57-65.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: KBBE-2009-3-7-01 | Award Amount: 20.52M | Year: 2010
BIOCORE will create and demonstrate create a lignocellulosic biorefinery for sustainable processing of agricultural residues (wheat and rice straws), SRC wood (poplar) and hardwood forestry residues, into 2G biofuels, bulk chemicals, polymers, speciality molecules, heat and power. To reach this overall objective, BIOCORE will: 1) Describe how a mixed lignocellulosic feedstock-based biorefinery can be supplied with biomass, taking into account biomass handling, feedstock variability and seasonality. Biomass provisioning scenarios will be described for several different local contexts (Europe and Asia) 2) Adapt and streamline a patented organosolv technology for targeted biorefining of BIOCORE feedstocks and develop all necessary processing steps (including enzymatic hydrolysis and physico-chemical operations) to produce high quality cellulose, polymeric and oligomeric hemicellulose-derivatives, high quality lignins, heat and power from process residues 3) Develop multiple product manufacturing pipelines using a combination of advanced biotechnologies, chemical catalysis and thermochemical processes for the production of building block chemicals and polymers for bulk markets from sugars and lignins 4) Design a complete biorefinery concept that will describe the alternative product manufacturing pathways. This will be achieved by developing integrated flowsheets and process designs that include all of the operational units, supply chain models, and economic factors 5) Demonstrate the performance of the biorefinery through an integrated approach, producing industrial scale pilots for the biorefinery complexes that are closer to the market 6) Assess the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the biorefinery concept considering the entire value chain 7) Ensure efficient technology transfer to the energy sector, chemical and biotech industries, agro and forestry sectors, and the general public and policy makers
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016
This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2012.4.4-1. | Award Amount: 32.74M | Year: 2012
The continued use of composite materials in the aerospace industry has been addressed in several past research projects which have focused on new design solutions and composite manufacturing processes. However an area which has been given much less attention up until now is how to achieve a time and cost effective lean assembly production system. The current airframe assembly process of composites, metals and hybrid structures is affected by an important number of non-added value operations, which strongly cause disruptions and prevents fast ramp-up and high production rates. LOCOMACHS will focus on significantly reducing or totally eliminating the most time-consuming and hence expensive non-added value operations, e.g. temporary assembly to check gaps, shimming, dismantling and tool handling. The project will improve the design conditions which today strongly dictate the way part manufacture and assembly is performed. Important step changes will be made by dramatically improving the use of tolerance and geometrical variation management. The project will integrate existing technologies with missing breakthrough technologies developed and matured within LOCOMACHS. To support the industrialisation of future assembly production lines, key innovations such as intelligent drilling, high speed non-contact hole inspection, compact automation and active flexible tooling will be demonstrated. The design and assembly process improvements and breakthrough technologies will be validated on two physical partial wing box demonstrators, a virtual fuselage section demonstrator and additionally a virtual demonstrator showing a complete wing structure in the context of the next generation lean production flow. This Level 2 proposal is being submitted in the 5th Call FP7-AAT-2012-RTD-1 against the activity area AAT.2012.4.4-1 Integrated approach and demonstration to lean manufacturing of metal, composite and hybrid aircraft / engine structures by a Consortium led by Saab AB.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ART-06-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016
Automated Road Transport (ART) is seen as one of the key technologies and major technological advancements influencing and shaping our future mobility and quality of life. The ART technology encompasses passenger cars, public transport vehicles, and urban and interurban freight transport and also extends to the road, IT and telecommunication infrastructure needed to guarantee safe and efficient operations of the vehicles. In this framework, CARTRE is accelerating development and deployment of automated road transport by increasing market and policy certainties. CARTRE supports the development of clearer and more consistent policies of EU Member States in collaboration with industry players ensuring that ART systems and services are compatible on a EU level and are deployed in a coherent way across Europe. CARTRE includes a joint stakeholders forum in order to coordinate and harmonise ART approaches at European and international level. CARTRE creates a solid knowledge base of all European activities, supports current activities and structures research outcomes by enablers and thematic areas. CARTRE involves more than 60 organisations to consolidate the current industry and policy fragmentation surrounding the development of ART.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-AIPP5 | Award Amount: 93.92M | Year: 2014
Embedded systems are the key innovation driver to improve almost all mechatronic products with cheaper and even new functionalities. Furthermore, they strongly support todays information society as inter-system communication enabler. Consequently boundaries of application domains are alleviated and ad-hoc connections and interoperability play an increasing role. At the same time, multi-core and many-core computing platforms are becoming available on the market and provide a breakthrough for system (and application) integration. A major industrial challenge arises facing (cost) efficient integration of different applications with different levels of safety and security on a single computing platform in an open context. The objective of the EMC project (Embedded multi-core systems for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments) is to foster these changes through an innovative and sustainable service-oriented architecture approach for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments. The EMC2 project focuses on the industrialization of European research outcomes and builds on the results of previous ARTEMIS, European and National projects. It provides the paradigm shift to a new and sustainable system architecture which is suitable to handle open dynamic systems. EMC is part of the European Embedded Systems industry strategy to maintain its leading edge position by providing solutions for: . Dynamic Adaptability in Open Systems . Utilization of expensive system features only as Service-on-Demand in order to reduce the overall system cost. . Handling of mixed criticality applications under real-time conditions . Scalability and utmost flexibility . Full scale deployment and management of integrated tool chains, through the entire lifecycle Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 12/12/2013 for EoN. Minor mistakes and typos corrected by the Coordinator, finally approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 24/01/2014. Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 31/03/2015.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-15-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016
Since the publication of the first list of Critical Raw Materials (CRM) in 2010 by the Ad-hoc Working Group on CRM, numerous European projects have addressed (part of) the CRMs value and several initiatives have contributed to gather (part of) the related community into clusters and associations. This led to the production of important knowledge, unfortunately disseminated. Numerous databases have also been developed, sometimes as duplicates. For the first time in the history, SCRREEN aims at gathering European initiatives, associations, clusters, and projects working on CRMs into along lasting Expert Network on Critical Raw Materials, including the stakeholders, public authorities and civil society representatives. SCRREEN will contribute to improve the CRM strategy in Europe by (i) mapping primary and secondary resources as well as substitutes of CRMs, (ii) estimating the expected demand of various CRMs in the future and identifying major trends, (iii) providing policy and technology recommendations for actions improving the production and the potential substitution of CRM, (iv) addressing specifically WEEE and other EOL products issues related to their mapping and treatment standardization and (vi) identifying the knowledge gained over the last years and easing the access to these data beyond the project. The project consortium also acknowledges the challenges posed by the disruptions required to devlop new CRM strategies, which is why stakeholder dialogue is at the core of SCRREEN: policy, society, R&D and industrial decision-makers are involved to facilitate strategic knowledge-based decisions making to be carried out by these groups. A specific attention will also be brought on informing the general public on our strong dependence on imported raw materials, on the need to replace rare materials with substitutes and on the need to set up innovative and clean actions for exploration, extraction, processing and recycling.
News Article | December 21, 2016
ALMA observes radio waves from the Universe, at the low-energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum. With the newly installed Band 5 receivers, ALMA has now opened its eyes to a whole new section of this radio spectrum, creating exciting new observational possibilities. The European ALMA Programme Scientist, Leonardo Testi, explains the significance: "The new receivers will make it much easier to detect water, a prerequisite for life as we know it, in our Solar System and in more distant regions of our galaxy and beyond. They will also allow ALMA to search for ionised carbon in the primordial Universe." It is ALMA's unique location, 5000 metres up on the barren Chajnantor plateau in Chile, that makes such an observation possible in the first place. As water is also present in Earth's atmosphere, observatories in less elevated and less arid environments have much more difficulty identifying the origin of the emission coming from space. ALMA's great sensitivity and high angular resolution mean that even faint signals of water in the local Universe can now be imaged at this wavelength . The Band 5 receiver, which was developed by the Group for Advanced Receiver Development (GARD at Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has already been tested at the APEX telescope in the SEPIA instrument. These observations were also vital to help select suitable targets for the first receiver tests with ALMA. The first production receivers were built and delivered to ALMA in the first half of 2015 by a consortium consisting of the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) and GARD in partnership with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO, which contributed the local oscillator to the project. The receivers are now installed and being prepared for use by the community of astronomers. To test the newly installed receivers observations were made of several objects including the colliding galaxies Arp 220, a massive region of star formation close to the centre of the Milky Way, and also a dusty red supergiant star approaching the supernova explosion that will end its life . To process the data and check its quality, astronomers, along with technical specialists from ESO and the European ALMA Regional Centre (ARC) network, gathered at the Onsala Space Observatory in Sweden, for a "Band 5 Busy Week" hosted by the Nordic ARC node  (http://www. ). The final results have just been made freely available to the astronomical community worldwide. Team member Robert Laing at ESO is optimistic about the prospects for ALMA Band 5 observations: "It's very exciting to see these first results from ALMA Band 5 using a limited set of antennas. In the future, the high sensitivity and angular resolution of the full ALMA array will allow us to make detailed studies of water in a wide range of objects including forming and evolved stars, the interstellar medium and regions close to supermassive black holes."  A key spectral signature of water lies in this expanded range -- at a wavelength of 1.64 millimetres.  The observations were performed and made possible by the ALMA Extension of Capabilities team in Chile.  The ESO Band 5 Science Verification team includes: Elizabeth Humphreys, Tony Mroczkowski, Robert Laing, Katharina Immer, Hau-Yu (Baobab) Liu, Andy Biggs, Gianni Marconi and Leonardo Testi. The team working on processing the data included: Tobia Carozzi, Simon Casey, Sabine König, Ana Lopez-Sepulcre, Matthias Maercker, Iván Martí-Vidal, Lydia Moser, Sebastien Muller, Anita Richards, Daniel Tafoya and Wouter Vlemmings. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international astronomy facility, is a partnership of ESO, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. ALMA is funded by ESO on behalf of its Member States, by NSF in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC) and by NINS in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (AS) in Taiwan and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI). ALMA construction and operations are led by ESO on behalf of its Member States; by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), managed by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), on behalf of North America; and by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) on behalf of East Asia. The Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) provides the unified leadership and management of the construction, commissioning and operation of ALMA. ESO is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe and the world's most productive ground-based astronomical observatory by far. It is supported by 16 countries: Austria, Belgium, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, along with the host state of Chile. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world's most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory and two survey telescopes. VISTA works in the infrared and is the world's largest survey telescope and the VLT Survey Telescope is the largest telescope designed to exclusively survey the skies in visible light. ESO is a major partner in ALMA, the largest astronomical project in existence. And on Cerro Armazones, close to Paranal, ESO is building the 39-metre European Extremely Large Telescope, the E-ELT, which will become "the world's biggest eye on the sky".
News Article | December 21, 2016
The European ALMA Programme Scientist, Leonardo Testi, explains the significance: "The new receivers will make it much easier to detect water, a prerequisite for life as we know it, in our Solar System and in more distant regions of our galaxy and beyond. They will also allow ALMA to search for ionised carbon in the primordial Universe." It is ALMA's unique location, 5000 metres up on the barren Chajnantor plateau in Chile, that makes such an observation possible in the first place. As water is also present in Earth's atmosphere, observatories in less elevated and less arid environments have much more difficulty identifying the origin of the emission coming from space. ALMA's great sensitivity and high angular resolution mean that even faint signals of water in the local Universe can now be imaged at this wavelength. The Band 5 receiver, which was developed by the Group for Advanced Receiver Development (GARD at Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has already been tested at the APEX telescope in the SEPIA instrument. These observations were also vital to help select suitable targets for the first receiver tests with ALMA. The first production receivers were built and delivered to ALMA in the first half of 2015 by a consortium consisting of the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) and GARD in partnership with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO, which contributed the local oscillator to the project. The receivers are now installed and being prepared for use by the community of astronomers. To test the newly installed receivers observations were made of several objects including the colliding galaxies Arp 220, a massive region of star formation close to the centre of the Milky Way, and also a dusty red supergiant star approaching the supernova explosion that will end its life. To process the data and check its quality, astronomers, along with technical specialists from ESO and the European ALMA Regional Centre (ARC) network, gathered at the Onsala Space Observatory in Sweden, for a "Band 5 Busy Week" hosted by the Nordic ARC node (http://www.nordic-alma.se/). The final results have just been made freely available to the astronomical community worldwide. Team member Robert Laing at ESO is optimistic about the prospects for ALMA Band 5 observations: "It's very exciting to see these first results from ALMA Band 5 using a limited set of antennas. In the future, the high sensitivity and angular resolution of the full ALMA array will allow us to make detailed studies of water in a wide range of objects including forming and evolved stars, the interstellar medium and regions close to supermassive black holes." Explore further: First observations from SEPIA: New APEX instrument for finding water in the universe
News Article | December 1, 2016
BOSTON, December 1, 2016 - Axial Biotherapeutics today announced that researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) led by Sarkis K. Mazmanian, Ph.D., the company's scientific founder, have discovered a novel biological link between the gut microbiome and Parkinson's disease (PD). In a validated PD mouse model, gut bacteria were shown to promote hallmark disease processes including inflammation of the nervous system and motor dysfunction. The findings suggest that targeting the gut microbiome may provide a new approach for diagnosing and treating Parkinson's disease. The paper titled, "Gut Microbiota Regulate Motor Deficits and Neuroinflammation in a Model of Parkinson's Disease," can be accessed in the current online edition of Cell. Over the past few years, evidence has accumulated pointing to a critical role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. In addition, bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain has been implicated in neurological disorders such as anxiety, depression and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The research published in Cell is the first to find that alterations to bacteria in the gut may represent a risk factor for the onset and severity of Parkinson's disease. This finding opens the door for the potential identification of specific gut microbes that may impact PD. In the future, these microbes might be used as a biomarker for disease states, a method to identify patients who might be at-risk for PD and as novel therapeutic targets or microbial-based treatments. "Our findings provide a completely new paradigm for how environmental factors may contribute to Parkinson's disease and possibly other neurodegenerative disorders. The notion that these diseases may be impacted by pathology in the gut and not only in the brain is a radical departure from conventional research in neuroscience," said Dr. Sarkis Mazmanian, the Louis & Nelly Soux Professor of Microbiology in the Division of Biology and Biological Engineering at the California Institute of Technology and Scientific Founder of Axial Biotherapeutics. "Parkinson's disease is complex and there are several genetic predispositions and environmental risks that play a role, but we believe our findings shed light on a previously unrecognized and potentially important part of this puzzle." Dr. Mazmanian continued, "Gut bacteria in patients with Parkinson's disease are different from those microbes found in healthy individuals. When we transplanted the microbiome from Parkinson's patients into mice, we found that symptoms like motor deficits and neuroinflammation were more severe compared to mice harboring gut bacteria from healthy controls. This suggests that there is a fundamental relationship between bacteria in the gut and the disease processes involved in Parkinson's disease." To conduct their experiments, the researchers utilized a mouse model of Parkinson's disease that overexpresses the human protein, alpha-synuclein. This protein is thought to be central to the disease process of PD. The mice were bred in a germ-free setting, devoid of all microbes. Using the germ-free animals as a platform, the researchers could then investigate how gut bacteria altered disease outcomes in mice. When human gut microbiota from PD patients were introduced into the model system (by fecal microbiota transplants), they were shown to enhance the typical hallmarks of the disease such as motor deficits, inflammation and alpha-synuclein aggregation, compared to microbiota transplants from healthy human donors. The researchers also identified specific microbial metabolites that induce PD-related symptoms in mice. These findings suggest that gut microbes may contribute to, or even cause, PD symptoms in genetically predisposed individuals. The studies were carried out by a multidisciplinary team from Caltech; University of California San Diego; Arizona State University; Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg; University of California, Los Angeles; Rush University Medical Center, Chicago and University of Wisconsin-Madison. "Gut bacteria provide immense physiological benefit, and we do not yet have the data to know which particular species are problematic or beneficial in Parkinson's disease," continued Dr. Mazmanian. "It is important to note that there are currently no antibiotic or microbial treatments available for human use that can replicate the effect we observed in mice. However, our next step will be to define the specific gut microbes that may contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease, as this could translate into novel biomarkers to identify at-risk patients. Additionally, these findings could lead to novel therapeutic approaches that avoid the complications of delivering drugs to the brain and may be safer and more effective." "Axial Biotherapeutics will build on these groundbreaking findings and the larger body of work that our scientific founder, Dr. Sarkis Mazmanian, has established in this area. Our goal as a company will be to focus on translating these discoveries into a unique class of microbial-targeted therapeutics that could become breakthrough therapies for a variety of underserved neurological diseases and disorders, including autism spectrum disorder, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease," said David Donabedian, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer of Axial Biotherapeutics. Axial Biotherapeutics recently launched with a Series A of $19.15 million, led by Longwood Fund and Domain Associates, and has executed a license agreement that provides worldwide exclusivity to related intellectual property from Caltech in applications for neurological diseases and disorders. Parkinson's disease is a chronic and progressive movement disorder and a growing medical and social concern, with 1 million in the US affected and more than 10 million people world-wide. Genetic factors do not explain most PD cases, and growing interest in environmental factors has provided some clues as to potential causes or contributors to the disease. Parkinson's involves the malfunction and death of specific nerve cells (neurons) in the brain. As PD progresses, and dopamine-producing neurons die, the amount of dopamine in the brain decreases, leaving a person unable to control movement normally. Primary motor signs of PD include tremor of the hands, arms, legs, jaw and face, bradykinesia or slowness of movement, rigidity or stiffness of the limbs and trunk and postural instability or impaired balance and coordination. Persons with PD often exhibit gastrointestinal symptoms and intestinal pathology that precede motor symptoms by years in some cases, and the idea that disease might originate in the gut was proposed more than a decade ago. Axial Biotherapeutics is a biopharmaceutical company harnessing the link between the human gut microbiome and the central nervous system to develop a new class of biotherapeutics to improve the quality of life for people with neurological diseases and disorders http://www. . MacDougall Biomedical Communications Kari Watson or Stephanie May, Ph.D. Direct: +1 781 235 3060 or +49 89 24243494 email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
News Article | November 2, 2015
Conceptual art connects the atomic underpinnings of the neutron-rich calcium-48 nucleus with the Crab Nebula, which has a neutron star at its heart. Zeros and ones depict the computational power needed to explore objects that differ in size by 18 orders of magnitude. Credit: Image credit: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy; conceptual art by LeJean Hardin and Andy Sproles An international team led by Gaute Hagen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used America's most powerful supercomputer, Titan, to compute the neutron distribution and related observables of calcium-48, an isotope with an atomic nucleus consisting of 20 protons and 28 neutrons. Computing the nucleus from first principles revealed that the difference between the radii of neutron and proton distributions (called the "neutron skin") is considerably smaller than previously thought. The collaboration also made predictions for physical quantities that are current targets of precision measurements. These calculations also impact the size of a neutron star, thereby connecting objects that differ in size by 18 orders of magnitude. The work is published in the journal Nature Physics. "We built a nucleus from scratch from its basic constituents—protons and neutrons," said Hagen, a theoretical physicist who initiated and led the project with an award from DOE's Office of Science Early Career Research Program. "To solve this strongly correlated system of 48 nucleons is far from trivial, because it is a complicated quantum mechanical many-body problem. Many things had to come together—accurate nuclear forces, sophisticated computational algorithms and a powerful tool such as Titan at ORNL—to achieve these results." While the distribution of electric charge inside the atomic nucleus is well known from experiments involving electron scattering, the distribution of the neutrons, which have no electric charge, is difficult to measure. In the nucleus of calcium-48, which has eight more neutrons than protons, the neutron distribution extends beyond the charge distribution and thereby sets the actual size of this nucleus. "This is the first really reliable calculation of such a massive nucleus from first principles," said Hagen. "We reproduced basic observables for the first time by building this nucleus from scratch. We've answered a basic question—what is the size of the atomic nucleus?" The ORNL-led team calculated radii, binding energies and dipole polarizabilities for helium-4, oxygen-16 and calcium-40 and accurately reproduced measurements of these isotopes. "That was a quality check of our calculation," Hagen said. "It gives us confidence about our predictions for calcium-48." The team, which included partners from the University of Tennessee, Michigan State University, Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden), TRIUMF (Canada), Hebrew University (Israel), Technical University Darmstadt (Germany), University of Oslo (Norway) and University of Trento (Italy), turned to Titan, a Cray XK7 system at Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User facility at ORNL. The project ran the nuclear structure code NUCCOR (Nuclear Coupled Cluster at Oak Ridge), for about 15 million CPU hours, allocated through the Innovative and Novel Impact on Theory and Experiment program. Researchers at Jefferson Lab are preparing to measure the neutron radius of calcium-48. A team of physicists, the Darmstadt-Osaka Collaboration, has already measured its dipole polarizability and is analyzing the results. The findings could validate the work of Hagen's team and constrain future theoretical models. The title of the Nature Physics paper is "Neutron distribution, electric dipole polarizability and weak form factor of the nucleus 48Ca." Explore further: Physicists pin down the proton-halo state in Flourine-17 More information: Neutron distribution, electric dipole polarizibility and weak form factor of the nucleus 48Ca, Nature Physics, DOI: 10.1038/nphys3529
Gisslen M.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital |
Price R.W.,University of California at San Francisco |
Nilsson S.,Chalmers University of Technology
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011
Background: A substantial prevalence of mild neurocognitive disorders has been reported in HIV, also in patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). This includes a new disorder that has been termed asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI).Discussion: ANI is identified by performance on formal neuropsychological testing that is at least 1 SD below the mean of normative scores in at least two cognitive domains out of at least five examined in patients without associated symptoms or evident functional impairment in daily living. While two tests are recommended to assess each domain, only one is required to fulfill this diagnostic criterion. Unfortunately, this definition necessitates that about 20% of the cognitively normal HIV-infected population is classified as suffering ANI. This liberal definition raises important ethical concerns and has as well diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Since neither its biological substrate, prognostic significance nor therapeutic implications are clearly established, we recommend that this diagnosis be modified or applied cautiously.Summary: The diagnoses of less severe forms of neurocognitive disorders in HIV relies on the outcomes of neuropsychological testing, and a high proportion of HIV-infected patients with effective cART may be classified as neurocognitively abnormal using the current criteria. The definition of ANI is not stringent, and results in approximately 20% of the population being classified as abnormal. To us this seems an unacceptable false-positive rate. © 2011 Gisslén et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Krivoruchko A.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Storey K.B.,Carleton University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects | Year: 2013
Background The forkhead class O (FoxO) transcription factors are important regulators of multiple aspects of cellular metabolism. We hypothesized that activation of these transcription factors could play crucial roles in low oxygen survival in the anoxia-tolerant turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans. Methods Two FoxOs, FoxO1 and FoxO3, were examined in turtle tissues in response to 5 and 20 h of anoxic submergence using techniques of RT-PCR, western immunoblotting and DNA-binding assays to assess activation. Transcript levels of FoxO-responsive genes were also quantified using RT-PCR. Results FoxO1 was anoxia-responsive in the liver, with increases in transcript levels, protein levels, nuclear levels and DNA-binding of 1.7-4.8 fold in response to anoxia. Levels of phosphorylated FoxO1 also decreased to 57% of control values in response to 5 h of anoxia, indicating activation. FoxO3 was activated in the heart, kidney and liver in response to anoxia, with nuclear levels increasing by 1.5-3.7 fold and DNA-binding activity increasing by 1.3-2.9 fold. Transcript levels of two FoxO-target genes, p27kip1 and catalase, also rose by 2.4-2.5 fold in the turtle liver under anoxia. Conclusions The results suggest that the FoxO transcription factors are activated in response to anoxia in T. scripta elegans, potentially contributing to the regulation of stress resistance and metabolic depression. General significance This study provides the first demonstration of activation of FoxOs in a natural model for vertebrate anoxia tolerance, further improving understanding of how tissues can survive without oxygen. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Pischel U.,University of Huelva
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2015
In this tutorial review, the most recent developments in the field of molecular logic and information processing are discussed. Special emphasis is given to the report of progress in the concatenation of molecular logic devices and switches, the design of memory systems working according to the principles of sequential logic, the mimicking of transistors, and the research on photochromic platforms with an unprecedented degree of functional integration. Furthermore, a series of achievements that add up to the conceptual diversity of molecular logic is introduced, such as the realization of highly complex and logically reversible Toffoli and Fredkin gates by the action of DNAzymes or the use of a multifluorophoric platform as a viable approach towards keypad lock functions. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Mantel H.,TU Darmstadt |
Sands D.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Sudbrock H.,TU Darmstadt
Proceedings - IEEE Computer Security Foundations Symposium | Year: 2011
The idea of building secure systems by plugging together "secure" components is appealing, but this requires a definition of security which, in addition to taking care of top-level security goals, is strengthened appropriately in order to be compositional. This approach has been previously studied for information-flow security of shared-variable concurrent programs, but the price for compositionality is very high: a thread must be extremely pessimistic about what an environment might do with shared resources. This pessimism leads to many intuitively secure threads being labelled as insecure. Since in practice it is only meaningful to compose threads which follow an agreed protocol for data access, we take advantage of this to develop a more liberal compositional security condition. The idea is to give the security definition access to the intended pattern of data usage, as expressed by assumption-guarantee style conditions associated with each thread. We illustrate the improved precision by developing the first flow-sensitive security type system that provably enforces a noninterference-like property for concurrent programs. © 2011 IEEE.
Wallmark O.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Lundberg S.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Bongiorno M.,Chalmers University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2012
This paper presents analytical expressions for the converter input admittance in field-oriented controlled permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives. The effect of rotor saliency is taken into consideration and the derived admittance expressions are valid for maximum-torque-per-ampere as well as high-speed (field weakening) operation. Experimental results illustrate the validity of the derived admittance expressions. The presented work can be used to predict dc-link voltage instabilities in PMSM drives in, e.g., railway traction, aerospace and automotive applications. © 2011 IEEE.
Carmina Monreal R.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Antosiewicz T.J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Apell S.P.,Chalmers University of Technology
New Journal of Physics | Year: 2013
We present a theoretical model for analyzing the size dependence of the surface plasmon resonance of metallic nanospheres in a range of sizes down to a single nanometer. Within this model, we explicitly show how different microscopic mechanisms, namely quantization due to size (quantum size effect (QSE)) and dynamical surface screening, affect the energy of the surface plasmon. We demonstrate that the latter mechanism, which can move the surface plasma energy both toward the red or the blue, can be comparable to or even stronger than QSE. Thus, depending on material parameters, QSE may only be observed for ultra-small metal nanoparticles much closer to 1 nm in size than to 10 nm. Results presented herein are in quantitative agreement with recent published experimental results for Ag and Au. © IOP Publishing and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
Balter M.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Li S.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nilsson J.R.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Pischel U.,University of Huelva
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2013
The function of a parity generator/checker, which is an essential operation for detecting errors in data transmission, has been realized with multiphotochromic switches by taking advantage of a neuron-like fluorescence response and reversible light-induced transformations between the implicated isomers. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Pischel U.,University of Huelva
Israel Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2013
The use of photochromes for the implementation of molecular logic operations is a very promising approach toward molecular computing. This statement is based on a) the possibility of operating such molecular devices exclusively with photonic signals and b) spatiotemporally and remotely controlled switching, which is characteristic for photochromes. Herein, a brief overview of the application of simple photochromes and multi-photochromic conjugates for the small-scale functional integration of complicated logic circuits is given. This complements and extends efforts to design molecular photochromic memories for data storage described by many research groups worldwide. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Agren R.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Mardinoglu A.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Asplund A.,Uppsala University |
Kampf C.,Uppsala University |
And 3 more authors.
Molecular Systems Biology | Year: 2014
Genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) have proven useful as scaffolds for the integration of omics data for understanding the genotype-phenotype relationship in a mechanistic manner. Here, we evaluated the presence/absence of proteins encoded by 15,841 genes in 27 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients using immunohistochemistry. We used this information to reconstruct personalized GEMs for six HCC patients based on the proteomics data, HMR 2.0, and a task-driven model reconstruction algorithm (tINIT). The personalized GEMs were employed to identify anticancer drugs using the concept of antimetabolites; i.e., drugs that are structural analogs to metabolites. The toxicity of each antimetabolite was predicted by assessing the in silico functionality of 83 healthy cell type-specific GEMs, which were also reconstructed with the tINIT algorithm. We predicted 101 antimetabolites that could be effective in preventing tumor growth in all HCC patients, and 46 antimetabolites which were specific to individual patients. Twenty-two of the 101 predicted antimetabolites have already been used in different cancer treatment strategies, while the remaining antimetabolites represent new potential drugs. Finally, one of the identified targets was validated experimentally, and it was confirmed to attenuate growth of the HepG2 cell line. Synopsis Personalized GEMs for six hepatocellular carcinoma patients are reconstructed using proteomics data and a task-driven model reconstruction algorithm. These GEMs are used to predict antimetabolites preventing tumor growth in all patients or in individual patients. The presence of proteins encoded by 15,841 genes in tumors from 27 HCC patients is evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Personalized GEMs for six HCC patients and GEMs for 83 healthy cell types are reconstructed based on HMR 2.0 and the tINIT algorithm for task-driven model reconstruction. 101 antimetabolites are predicted to inhibit tumor growth in all patients. Antimetabolite toxicity is tested using the 83 cell type-specific GEMs. An l-carnitine analog inhibits the proliferation of HepG2 cells. Personalized GEMs for six hepatocellular carcinoma patients are reconstructed using proteomics data and a task-driven model reconstruction algorithm. These GEMs are used to predict antimetabolites preventing tumor growth in all patients or in individual patients. © 2014 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY license.
Pischel U.,University of Huelva |
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Gust D.,Arizona State University |
Pais V.F.,University of Huelva
ChemPhysChem | Year: 2013
Information processing at the molecular level is coming of age. Since the first molecular AND gate was proposed about 20 years ago, the molecular interpretation of binary logic has become vastly more sophisticated and complex. However, the field is also at a crossroads. While cleverly designed molecular building blocks are abundant, difficult questions remain. How can molecular components be flexibly assembled into larger circuits, and how can these components communicate with one another. The concept of all-photonic switching with photochromic supermolecules has shown some interesting potential and is discussed in this review. Although the field of molecular logic was originally discussed mainly in terms of a technology that might compete with solid-state computers, potential applications have expanded to include clever molecular systems and materials for drug delivery, sensing, probing, encoding, and diagnostics. These upcoming trends, which are herein illustrated by selected examples, deserve general attention. On its way: In this review the latest trends in the application of Boolean logic for molecular information processing are discussed. This includes the design of all-photonic devices, applications for prodrug activation, drug delivery, diagnostics, and the creation of intelligent materials. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Chen Y.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nielsen J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nielsen J.,Technical University of Denmark |
Nielsen J.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Current Opinion in Biotechnology | Year: 2013
Bio-based production of chemical building blocks from renewable resources is an attractive alternative to petroleum-based platform chemicals. Metabolic pathway and strain engineering is the key element in constructing robust microbial chemical factories within the constraints of cost effective production. Here we discuss how the development of computational algorithms, novel modules and methods, omics-based techniques combined with modeling refinement are enabling reduction in development time and thus advance the field of industrial biotechnology. We further discuss how recent technological developments contribute to the development of novel cell factories for the production of the building block chemicals: adipic acid, succinic acid and 3-hydroxypropionic acid. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Gao Y.,CAS Institute of Physics |
Yuan Z.,Chalmers University of Technology
Solid State Communications | Year: 2011
Low-energy electronic excitations in free-standing graphene (gr) and gr(2×2)K interface have been studied based on ab initio band structure and linear-response theory. For pristine graphene, the calculated linear dispersion of collective interband transitions around the Dirac cone is in good agreement with experiments. At the gr/K interface, in addition to the doping-enhanced linear mode, a nonlinear plasmon develops with increasing momentum transfers along the ΓK direction. Using a model-doped free-standing graphene, we revealed that the nonlinear mode originates from the anisotropic band dispersion at the Fermi level, and its collectivity emerges as the carrier density increases. These findings have implications for measurements of electronic excitations in metal-supported graphene sheet. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Buijs N.A.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Siewers V.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nielsen J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Nielsen J.,Science for Life Laboratory
Current Opinion in Chemical Biology | Year: 2013
Replacement of conventional transportation fuels with biofuels will require production of compounds that can cover the complete fuel spectrum, ranging from gasoline to kerosene. Advanced biofuels are expected to play an important role in replacing fossil fuels because they have improved properties compared with ethanol and some of these may have the energy density required for use in heavy duty vehicles, ships, and aviation. Moreover, advanced biofuels can be used as drop-in fuels in existing internal combustion engines. The yeast cell factory Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be turned into a producer of higher alcohols (1-butanol and isobutanol), sesquiterpenes (farnesene and bisabolene), and fatty acid ethyl esters (biodiesel), and here we discusses progress in metabolic engineering of S. cerevisiae for production of these advanced biofuels. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Pischel U.,University of Huelva
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2010
Molecular logic is an interdisciplinary research field, which has captured worldwide interest. This tutorial review gives a brief introduction into molecular logic and Boolean algebra. This serves as the basis for a discussion of the state-of-the-art and future challenges in the field. Representative examples from the most recent literature including adders/subtractors, multiplexers/demultiplexers, encoders/decoders, and sequential logic devices (keypad locks) are highlighted. Other horizons, such as the utility of molecular logic in bio-related applications, are discussed as well. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Amand L.-E.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Waste Management | Year: 2013
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are formed during waste incineration and in waste-to-energy boilers. Incomplete combustion, too short residence times at low combustion temperatures (<700°C), incineration of electronic waste and plastic waste containing chlorine are all factors influencing the formation of PCDD/Fs in boilers. The impact of chlorine and catalysing metals (such as copper and iron) in the fuel on PCDD/F formation was studied in a 12MWth circulating fluidised bed (CFB) boiler. The PCDD/F concentrations in the raw gas after the convection pass of the boiler and in the fly ashes were compared. The fuel types were a so-called clean biomass with low content of chlorine, biomass with enhanced content of chlorine from supply of PVC, and solid recovered fuel (SRF) which is a waste fuel containing higher concentrations of both chlorine, and catalysing metals. The PCDD/F formation increased for the biomass with enhanced chlorine content and it was significantly reduced in the raw gas as well as in the fly ashes by injection of ammonium sulphate. A link, the alkali chloride track, is demonstrated between the level of alkali chlorides in the gas phase, the chlorine content in the deposits in the convection pass and finally the PCDD/F formation. The formation of PCDD/Fs was also significantly reduced during co-combustion of SRF with municipal sewage sludge (MSS) compared to when SRF was fired without MSS as additional fuel. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2009-5.1.1 | Award Amount: 1.23M | Year: 2010
The renaissance of nuclear power will require a significant increase of the numbers of the respective specialists, among others also nuclear chemists. Because the current situation in nuclear chemistry education and training in Europe is quite diverse, the project aims at its coordination. The system developed should enable formation of a long-term Euratom Fission Training Scheme (EFTS) providing a common basis to the fragmented activities in this field and thus move the education and training in nuclear chemistry to a qualitatively new level. The main target group will be not only the doctoral students and research workers but also the students at the master level. Including these students into the system should increase attractiveness of the studies of nuclear chemistry and thus enlarge the source of highly qualified professionals for the future employers. The envisaged consortium includes both academia and future employers, representatives of all the key players/countries in the field have been included. The EU experience will be faced with the Russian expertise; Think-tank activities will be organized for gathering the views as broad as possible. The experience gained by ENEN association during the coordination of nuclear engineering education will be directly applied, among others to design the common qualification criteria, the mutual recognition system, and in the development of a sustainable system of long-term financing of the scheme. The expected results of the project with the broadest impact to students, teachers, industries, and research community are a set of compact joint modular courses in different branches of modern nuclear chemistry, an electronic tool in the form of a virtual educational platform available for both education and training (both conceived as applicable at the Ph.D., life-long learning, and MSc. levels), and a long term sustainable strategy for the nuclear chemistry education including a roadmap for its implementation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-10-2014 | Award Amount: 6.49M | Year: 2015
Wide scale implementation of renewable energy will require growth in production of inexpensive, efficient energy storage systems. The extension of battery technology to large-scale storage will become necessary as intermittent renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and wave become more prevalent and integrated into electrical grid. Lithium-ion battery appears as quite mature for this application but its cost per mWh remains high in comparison to high temperature technology such as Zebra, which integrate low cost sodium base materials. Furthermore, as the use of large format lithium battery becomes widespread; increase demand for lithium commodity chemicals combined with geographically constrained Li mineral reserves will drive up prices. Based on the wide availability and low cost of sodium, ambient temperature sodium-based batteries have the potential for meeting large scale grid energy storage needs. In NAIADES we will demonstrate the feasibility of ambient temperature Na-ion battery from the knowledge and achievement that has been done at the laboratory scale, up to a module demonstration in a realistic application environment. Several European industrials, institutes and universities belonging to ALISTORE-ERI have decided to join their efforts to assess the Na-ion technology for stationary storage application through building a 1 kW modules system Na-ion cell which will serve as data base to demonstrate economical and public acceptance. These module prototypes will be developed to meet performances in a 1kW system in a cost-effective, sustainable and environmental-friendly manner. New energy policy will be developed to integer the Na-ion battery in the Smart Grid initiative and promote the penetration of renewable energy in the electric network.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.1.1-3.;AAT.2012.1.2-2. | Award Amount: 8.07M | Year: 2012
The headline objective of this project is to develop a suite of advanced sensors, instrumentation and related systems in order to contribute to the development of the next generation of green and efficient gas turbine engines (AAT.2012.1.1-3&4). Sensors are a vital enabling technology for gas turbines and are critical to validation of design tools, new products, engine control, and health monitoring. The limitations of sensors in terms of survival temperature, accuracy, stability, and degradation limit where measurements are made during development and the operating ceiling of the gas turbine. Engines are run with safety margin in order to safeguard components against mechanical failure. Consequently, they are not run at their most optimal, which impacts overall efficiency. For example, a 10C uncertainty on turbine entry temperature changes the specific fuel consumption by 0.2%. Also a 0.2mm change in turbine tip clearance changes the specific fuel consumption by 0.4%. It is believed that with better sensing techniques, in excess of 500,000 tonnes of kerosene could be saved per annum, which equates to a CO2 saving of over 1.5 millions tonnes. Despite some successes in recent research, it has become clear that the capability gaps are not closing quickly enough. Further research in to sensors and instrumentation is, therefore, absolutely essential if the capability gaps are to be filled at an adequate rate. The STARGATE project intends to target these critical gaps and create the biggest impact possible within the constraints of the Call budget. The project will develop a range of advanced new sensors for high temperature gas path, surface, and structural measurements. The project also contains some detailed studies on wireless sensing. The sensors will be validated using both laboratory and rig trials to define their performance against specific targets. The project is being lead by Meggitt UK and includes 5 of the EUs foremost gas turbine manufacturers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.2 | Award Amount: 7.14M | Year: 2010
The SOLID concept is to develop small solid-state hybrid systems capable of performing elementary processing and communication of quantum information. This involves design, fabrication and investigation of combinations of qubits, oscillators, cavities, and transmission lines, creating hybrid devices interfacing different types of qubits for quantum data storage, qubit interconversion, and communication. The SOLID main idea is to implement small solid-state pure and hybrid QIP systems on common platforms based on fixed or tunable microwave cavities and optical nanophotonic cavities. Various types of solid-state qubits will be connected to these hubs: Josephson junction circuits, quantum dots and NV centres in diamond. The approach can immediately be extended to connecting different types of solid-state qubits in hybrid devices, opening up new avenues for processing, storage and communication. The SOLID objectives are to design, fabricate, characterise, combine, and operate solid-state quantum-coherent registers with 3-8 qubits. Major SOLID challenges involve: Scalability of quantum registers; Implementation and scalability of hybrid devices; Design and implementation of quantum interfaces; Control of quantum states; High-fidelity readout of quantum information; Implementation of algorithms and protocols. The SOLID software goal is to achieve maximal use of the available hardware for universal gate operation, control of multi-qubit entanglement, benchmark algorithms and protocols, implementation of teleportation and elementary error correction, and testing of elementary control via quantum feedback. An important SOLID goal is also to create opportunities for application-oriented research through the increased reliability, scalability and interconnection of components. The SOLID applied objectives are to develop the solid-state core-technologies: Microwave engineering; Photonics; Materials science; Control of the dynamics of small, entangled quantum systems
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.7 | Award Amount: 3.48M | Year: 2011
Information technology is partly based on magnetism (memory) and partly on electricity (processors). Increasing control over individual electron charges and spins provides new device functionality. For both charges and spins, molecular devices provide ideal test beds, which have witnessed increased interest over the last decade but the understanding and control of which is still in an infant state. The aim of ELFOS is to take single-molecule electronics to the next level in which single molecule device functionality will be exploited. We will combine different experimental test beds to gain knowledge about molecular functionality with an emphasis on the spin degrees of freedom and how to exploit these in device configurations using electric fields. In information processing, spins have the general advantage over charges in that they are less sensitive to the coupling between the molecule and its environment and hence to the molecular orientation which is difficult to control at the atomic level. Furthermore, the control of molecular spins by electric fields is preferable over magnetic-field or light-driven control since it allows for the application of strong fields at a local scale and for the fast manipulation of spin states. Guided by theoretical studies of radically new concepts, we will manipulate the molecular spin either by controlling the charge states of the molecule by the gate or by the gate directly. The molecules of interest are single-molecule magnets, spin triangles, spin chains and spin-crossover compounds. The experiments should provide an answer to key questions such as: Can individual magnetic molecules be addressed electrically as bits or qubits? and How can they be used as switches? Applied aspects are long term with high risk and high potential for applications.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 11.56M | Year: 2013
The NanoMag project is to improve and redefine existing analyzing methods and in some cases, to develop new analyzing methods for magnetic nanostructures. Using improved manufacturing technologies we will synthesize magnetic nanoparticles with specific properties that will be analyzed with a multitude of characterization techniques (focusing on both structural as well as magnetic properties) and bring the experimental results together to obtain a self-consistent picture which describes how structural and magnetic properties are interrelated. This extensive survey will be used to define standard measurements and techniques which are necessary for defining a magnetic nanostructure and quality control. NanoMag brings together Europes and internationally leading experts in; manufacturing of magnetic single-core nanoparticles and magnetic multi-core particles, analyzing and characterization of magnetic nanostructures and national metrology institutes. In the consortium we have gathered partners within research institutes, universities and metrology institutes, all carrying out front end research and developing applications in the field of magnetic nanoparticles.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2008-1.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2009
Living cells are complex entities with remarkable capacity to sense, integrate and respond to environmental cues. The term directional sensing refers to the ability of a cell to determine the direction and proximity of an extracellular stimulus and to convert this information into biochemical signals. So far, the mechanisms of this extremely complex process are to be elucidated. Undoubtedly, carbohydrates are a class of molecules which together with the proteins span a large spectrum of these mechanisms: from those that are trivial to those that are crucial for the development, growth, function or survival of an organism. Find and Bind aims to explore the potential of this class of molecules to mediate specific recognition events and therefore to provide modulation of biological processes. Approaching and employing the nanoscale mechanisms of the interactions of cells and their physiological milieu Find and Bind will create biological design criteria for the development of new materials and devices constructed from these materials. Taking the cell-matrix adhesion to the third dimension by re-creating both signals and timing of natural occurring events will be applied to develop third generation polysaccharide based constructs. Combining nanostructured scaffolds from naturally derived polymers and the incorporation of biological signals will provide inherent informational guidance in recreating cell-cell interactions and control tissue formation in vitro and in vivo. The long-term innovation potential of the developed constructs as (i) 3D cell instructive materials able to restore and enhance the functions of healthy tissues; (ii) Biosensors and (iii) Surfaces for selective differentiation of stem cells will also be in the targets of this proposal.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2009.6.2 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2011
During the lifetime of the different Field Operational Tests (FOT) carried out both at National and European levels, there is a crucial need for a networking platform allowing individual FOTs to benefit from each others experiences as well as giving a better overview of the scattered activities.While FOT-Net 1 was focussing on building up the FOT network and promoting methodology, FOT-Net 2 explicitly addresses requests articulated by the FOT network which need common European positions.The prime goal of FOT-Net 2 is to increase the momentum achieved in FOT-Net 1 and further develop the strategic networking of existing and future National, European and Global FOTs e.g. US and Japan. During 36 months, the FOT Network will meet in six bi-annual FOT stakeholders meetings and three international FOT meetings.FOT-Net 2 also focuses on methodology based on recent FOT experiences. Through three targeted meetings, it will gather the relevant experts to revise and adapt in six months the FESTA methodology for FOTs on ADAS, Nomadic devices, Cooperative systems, and, in addition, address Naturalistic Driving Studies.FOT-Net 2 will create five new expert working groups in order to clarify critical topics related to the legal and ethical issues, data analysis, incident definition, impact assessment, and data sharing.The revised FESTA methodology will be promoted through six seminars supported by webinars.FOT-Net 2 will create a new web-based inventory of existing tools for data acquisition, database structure, data analysis to facilitate the setup of new FOTs.FOT-Net 2 will act as a multiplier for the dissemination and awareness of FOT activities especially in terms of inter-activities support and outreach.Finally, FOT-Net 2 will evaluate contributions of FOTs to policy goals and market deployment using an improved methodology for stakeholders analysis.The action includes all stakeholder and expert groups playing a role in existing and planned FOTs
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRASUPP-03-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2017
The objective of the AENEAS project is to develop a concept and design for a distributed, federated European Science Data Centre (ESDC) to support the astronomical community in achieving the scientific goals of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). The scientific potential of the SKA radio telescope is unprecedented and represents one of the highest priorities for the international scientific community. By the same token, the large scale, rate, and complexity of data the SKA will generate, present challenges in data management, computing, and networking that are similarly world-leading. SKA Regional Centres (SRC) like the ESDC will be a vital resource to enable the community to take advantage of the scientific potential of the SKA. Within the tiered SKA operational model, the SRCs will provide essential functionality which is not currently provisioned within the directly operated SKA facilities. AENEAS brings together all the European member states currently part of the SKA project as well as potential future EU SKA national partners, the SKA Organisation itself, and a larger group of international partners including the two host countries Australia and South Africa.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2010.6-2. | Award Amount: 2.05M | Year: 2011
The Communitys maritime sector must sustain and improve its competitive advantage, with the groundwork for future international competitiveness resting with high quality and innovative education and training. Employees in the maritime transport sector need innovative educational opportunities that focus on their special working conditions. The KNow-ME project addresses this need by engendering a modern image of shipping which attracts young people to maritime careers at sea and ashore and instils an awareness of the industry as a driver of EU development and an attractive employer. This can only be achieved though critical dialogue with industry on potential future developments, current and future strengths and weaknesses, and the support required to ensure a forward thinking sustainable industry. The KNow-ME consortium argues that maritime training and education requires a life-cycle approach, where demand-oriented transnational e-courses and supporting material are developed in line with industry expectations and modern lifestyles. Enhanced education and training for the industrys professions must cater for a multicultural working environment, gender neutrality and maximum accessibility independent from time and space. A modern image, career management and e-training and education will be promoted by establishing an e-portal that integrates with other e-maritime initiative developments. Implementation of the proposed education and training strategies require the support of both industry and proactive national and regional policy and practices that enhance the transparency, transferability and compatibility of training and educations standards. The KNow-ME project will establish a network of excellence in Europe, integrating experience from leading maritime research institutions. The pilot applications of e-courses developed within KNow-ME will allow for CPD, with the outcomes expected to contribute to improved living and working conditions on board vessels.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2008.1.1.6. | Award Amount: 12.92M | Year: 2009
The study of CER, UNIFE, UIC and Euromot of the railway and engine manufacturing industries concluded on a risk of disruptive effect of the NRMM Directive application on the railway diesel vehicle supply market, leading to a possible risk of a partial modal shift from rail to road on regional passenger lines and freight transportation specialized routes, with even foreseeable consequences on the operations of the main electrified system. Such a shift would of course be highly detrimental to the achievement of the general objectives of a sustainable development of the European transport system. The project would also find the best balance between environmental and economical requirements, in order to avoid an always possible shift from rail transport to a less sustainable mode like road, even on electrified main routes would also encourage the engine industry to give rail applications serious consideration in their product development plans and provide the European Commission with proposals for a flexible move to the IIIB objective. The four years project is therefore build on the basis of several application sub-projects, representative of the different engine applications (rail cars, Diesel Multiple Units, shunting locomotives, main line light and heavy-haul locomotives) that will enable the industry to evaluate the different solutions to be applied to rail systems in real operating conditions. The optimum trade-off between the reduction of pollutant emissions by rail vehicles and the fuel energy consumption and CO2 emissions, as well as the overall impact of the applied technologies on the environment through a life cycle assessment approach, will be identified by this experimental part of the project. But the rail manufacturing industry also wishes to foster the development of rail specific applications of innovative solutions so as to even further develop the competitive advantages of rail transport in terms of sustainable development.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: Fission-2011-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 9.69M | Year: 2012
Nuclear power issues have been attracting research interest for decades even since the actual use of power reactors using oxide fuels was considered a mature science. It has mainly been due to one of the great drawbacks of nuclear power, the waste handling. Presently, there is a renaissance in nuclear power research focused on a new generation of reactor concepts utilising more of the inherent energy of the fuels. Additionally, these new concepts will also produce less radioactive waste, which is radiotoxic for a shorter time frame. If such concept succeeds, nuclear power can be considered almost sustainable bearing in mind that the waste we already have generated may be used for next generations. In order to reach these goals, there are several issues to be considered and the future nuclear fuel is one of the most important ones. ASGARD project will conduct crosscutting studies in synergy with the current nuclear fuel and waste research projects in Europe (e.g. ACSEPT and FAIRFUELS projects), but will also extend further into the research on new innovative nuclear concepts (SFR-Prototype, MYRRHA). ASGARD will provide a structured R&D framework for developing compatible techniques for dissolution, reprocessing and manufacturing of new nuclear fuels. The fuels to be considered will mainly consist of the next generation of fuels, e.g. oxides, nitrides and carbides, since the current oxide fuels and their reprocessing is dealt within already existing projects. An educational programme will be implemented to share the knowledge between students, researchers in the fuel manufacturing and the fuel reprocessing communities. The challenging objectives of ASGARD will be addressed by a multi-disciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies and major industrial stakeholders. ASGARD will be an essential contribution to the development of new sustainable nuclear fuel cycle concepts and thus pave the road to more sustainable nuclear future.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.21. | Award Amount: 11.58M | Year: 2012
RadioNet is an I3 that coordinates all of Europes leading radio astronomy facilities in an integrated cooperation to achieve transformational improvement in the quality and quantity of the scientific research of European astronomers. RadioNet3 includes 27 partners operating world-class radio telescopes and/or performing cutting-edge R&D in a wide range of technology fields important for radio astronomy. RadioNet3 proposes a work plan that is structured into 6 NAs, 7 TNAs and 4 JRAs with the aim to integrate and optimise the use and development of European radio astronomy infrastructures. The general goals of RadioNet3 are to: - facilitate, for a growing community of European researchers, access to the complete range of Europes world-leading radio-astronomical facilities, including the ALMA telescope; - secure a long-term perspective on scientific and technical developments in radio astronomy, pooling resources and expertise that exist among the partners; - stimulate new R&D activities for the existing radio infrastructures in synergy with ALMA and the SKA; - contribute to the implementation of the vision of the ASTRONET Strategic Plan for European Astronomy by building a sustainable and world leading radio astronomical research community. RadioNet3 builds on the success of two preceeding I3s under FP6 and FP7, but it also takes a leap forward as it includes facilitation of research with ALMA via a dedicated NA, and 4 pathfinders for the SKA in its TNA Program. It has a transparent and efficient management structure designed to optimally support the implementation of the project. RadioNet is now recognized by funding agencies and international project consortia as the European entity representing radio astronomy and facilitating the access to and exploitation of excellent facilities in this field. This is of paramount importance, as a dedicated, formal European radio astronomy organisation to coordinate and serve the needs of this community does not yet exist.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.7.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.76M | Year: 2010
Electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (EV, PHEV) have the potential to contribute significantly to solving contemporary and future environmental and economic challenges of mobility. Various projects in different EU member states are currently addressing the subject in an isolated manner. The G4V consortium consisting of major European electric utilities and distinguished academic institutions are now adopting a holistic European approach to analyse the impact of a mass introduction in detail in order to optimise the grid infrastructure and make use of the inherent opportunities this represents for the operation of smart grids and energy efficiency. The objective of the project is to develop an analytical framework for the planning of technological developments in the grid infrastructure and the definition of related ICT and policy requirements in order to cope with the mass introduction of EV and PHEV. On the one hand, the aim is to clearly understand the effects of a mass introduction under physically given parameters and taking into account local aspects in different EU member states. On the other hand, the opportunities consisting in active demand and storage possibilities will be extensively explored as these also imply options for managing the possible negative impacts on the grid. The project will deliver recommendations on aspects such as possible ICT solutions, grid services anticipating, RES integration, prediction of mobile customers who are potential energy traders and the impact of dedicated tariffs. To ensure an open and holistic approach, the project will take all stakeholders into account and has established an advisory board consisting of institutions along the whole value chain. The project will generate fast and openly available results within 18 months: An analytical framework to evaluate the impact of a large scale introduction on the grid infrastructure and a visionary road map for the year 2020 and beyond.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2012
Traffic noise pollution in urban areas is a major environmental problem within the European Union. Creating an acceptable acoustic outdoor environment is a big challenge of high need. Creating as well as preserving environments, which are supportive for health and well-being in a sustainable manner is an even bigger but unavoidable task. In order to succeed, specialists are required with a broad research competence covering areas such as acoustic prediction methods, noise control and soundscaping, but also aspects of city and traffic planning. However, specialists equipped with such a competence spectrum are hardly found. Therefore, the goal of SONORUS is to close this gap and bring together universities, enterprises and public organizations that aim to offer training to ESRs in an arena of trans-disciplinary research. The training is designed around real-life urban test sites that are characterized by a poor acoustic environment due to noise from road, rail or air traffic. These test sites are provided by three major European cities (Berlin, Rome and Antwerp). To these test sites, the ESRs will apply their knowledge and skills gained from individual acoustics related research projects, in-depth courses on acoustics as well as on different aspects of spatial planning. The ESRs will, in teams, design a long-term plan for the development of the acoustic environment on the test sites. This activity will also give the opportunity to train complementary skills such as communication and outreach skills. From SONORUS a new generation of researchers will emerge with the profile adapted to the supra-disciplinary approach needed to reverse the negative trend of a deteriorating acoustic outdoor environment in urban areas. SONORUS has been designed with the intension that these researchers will be best prepared to further develop and above all to apply the new integrated concepts into practical urban planning processes and their effective coordination.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IAPP | Award Amount: 1.59M | Year: 2012
Slow time-dependent movements caused by creep of natural geomaterials affect the performance of infrastructure and cause high maintenance and repair costs, and the partial closures of infrastructure networks during the repair work have significant economic and social impact. Although the phenomenon of creep is well-known for being a major design issue, there is currently no accepted consensus on the best way to model creep. Reliable calculation tools are either missing or - due to their scientific nature - out of reach for the engineer in charge. If as a consequence creep is underestimated in design, structures will possibly be damaged so that they will not reach their design life. On the other hand, if creep is overestimated, unnecessary countermeasures such as soil improvement, deep foundations, or additional structural reinforcement will take up additional resources. For sustainable building processes it is therefore imperative to adequately incorporate creep behaviour in analyses and design. The research topic of this Marie Curie action is creep behaviour of geomaterials and its incorporation in geotechnical design; the project aims at establishing a consensus in creep modelling. The project shall supply tools and knowledge needed in creep analysis. Past research in the field of creep behaviour of soils has concentrated mainly on soft silts and clays. Different theoretical frameworks and numerical models were proposed. Yet, creep is likewise observed in geomaterials such as peat, sand, rock fills, and warm permafrost. Key questions formulated by industry and academia are therefore: Can existing creep concepts be adopted equally for those materials? Can different creep concepts be unified? Of the alternatives proposed, which work best at both element level and real geotechnical problem level? This project intends to answer these questions by combining the practical experience gathered by industry with the theoretical concepts worked out by academia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MG-3.6-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016
SaferAfrica project aims at establishing a Dialogue Platform between Africa and Europe focused on road safety and traffic management issues. It will represent a high-level body with the main objective of providing recommendations to update the African Road Safety Action Plan and the African Road Safety Charter, as well as fostering the adoption of specific initiatives, properly funded. The involvement of Development Banks will ensure the identification of available resources and the definition of suitable schemes of funding. The activity of the Platform will also focus on the reinforcement of the endogenous African capabilities through the dissemination of the EU know-how. Twinning Programs will be set up, besides the conduction of different training activities. Local contexts will be duly taken into account and studies on specific risk factors as well as transferability analysis of measures already tested elsewhere will be conducted. The project activities will be oriented to the Safe System approach and grouped in four pillars: Road Safety Knowledge and Data; Road Safety and Traffic management Capacity Review; Capacity Building and Training; Sharing of Good Practices. The platform will work at two levels. A decision making level, run by a Management Board basing its actions on information provided and activities carried out by a technical level, with established Working Groups addressing specific topics. The Management Board will be constituted by prominent institutions like EC, the African Union Commission, Financial Institutions, Regional Economic Communities (UN). The technical level will involve government and research institutions, international and stakeholders organizations (e.g. NGOs), with a fair balance between African and EU partners, even for what concerns responsibilities (e.g. Euro-African work package co-leadership). The Dialogue Platform is intended to constitute a stable body, able to orient road safety policies beyond the project end.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.5-2 | Award Amount: 1.12M | Year: 2011
European cities face many significant challenges, including the current economic crisis, urban sprawl, and the longer-term implications of climate change and resource scarcity. To face up to and overcome these challenges, it has become urgent for all concerned stakeholders to collaborate. URBAN-NEXUS, a coordination action, will develop and use structured dialogues to encourage communication, exchange knowledge and experiences, and build partnerships to promote joint research. The dialogues will involve a wide range of public, private, and civil society organisations from across the EU27; that are involved with urban research. URBAN-NEXUS has 3 main objectives: Firstly, it aims to identify innovative ways for urban policy makers and researchers to collaborate to solve the complex and interrelated problems that confront sustainable urban development. Secondly, it will increase awareness among relevant stakeholders in 5 thematic areas, and allow them to exchange knowledge, collaborate and cooperate. Thirdly, it will make possible partnerships between relevant stakeholders, in particular researchers and those who apply knowledge, for long-term strategic cooperation across scales and disciplines. The 5 themes that frame the URBAN-NEXUS project are: adapting to climate change; increasing health and quality of life; using land sustainably; integrating urban management; integrating information and monitoring. The URBAN-NEXUS consortium, which is led by the Nicis Institute, brings together leading knowledge institutes, research organisations, government agencies and large European-wide networks representing urban interests. Most of the partners participated in URBAN-NET, the European Research Area (ERA) network on urban sustainability formed in 2006. This ERA-Net aimed to strengthen the pan-European approach to urban research, forge links between the Member States urban research, and develop a common framework for policy orientated research and understanding. URBAN-NEXUS builds directly upon the success and efforts of URBAN-NET and will further develop its results and strengthen its partnerships, thereby making a valuable contribution to urban strategic research.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-AG | Phase: ERC-AG-PE4 | Award Amount: 2.49M | Year: 2011
The long-term goal of this research is to establish the chain of molecular events associated with (1) neurotransmitter release at the single cell and subcellular level and (2) with cell differentiation and reprogramming. These are incredibly important goals for which there are few analytical chemistry methods that are available and useful. The immediate goal therefore includes development of three chemical methodologies at the cutting edge of analytical chemistry: 1) the development of arrays of nanometer electrodes that can be used to spatially measure the release of easily oxidized substances across the cell surface; 2) to improve the combination of MALDI and cluster SIMS ion sources on an orthogonal QStar instrument to enable protein and glycoprotein analysis at the single whole cell level, lipid domain analysis at the subcellular level, and importantly, depth profiling; and 3) the application of information discovered at single cells and of the methods developed in goals 1 and 2 to an in vitro model of cell-to-cell communication and regeneration. I intend to build on my expertise in both electrochemistry and SIMS imaging to develop these approaches. The work described here constitutes two new directions of research in my group as well as new analytical chemistry, and, if successful, will lead to researchers being able to gather incredibly important new data about cell-to-cell communication and cell differentiation and reprogramming as well as to a better understanding the role of lipids in exocytosis and endocytosis.
Gust D.,Arizona State University |
Andreasson J.,Chalmers University of Technology |
Pischel U.,University of Huelva |
Moore T.A.,Arizona State University |
Moore A.L.,Arizona State University
Chemical Communications | Year: 2012
Photochromes are chromophores that are reversibly isomerized between two metastable forms using light, or light and heat. When photochromes are covalently linked to other chromophores, they can act as molecular photonic analogues of electronic transistors. As bistable switches, they can be incorporated into the design of molecules capable of binary arithmetic and both combinatorial and sequential digital logic operations. Small ensembles of such molecules can perform analogue signal modulation similar to that carried out by transistor amplifiers. Examples of molecules that perform multiple logic functions, act as control elements for fluorescent reporters, and mimic natural photoregulatory functions are presented. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.2-01 | Award Amount: 3.61M | Year: 2013
New multi-beam Tera-scale capacity satellites will require a disruptive approach to address digital on-board processors that rely on electronics which consume space, power and cost and reach their capacity saturation. The disruptive solution must combine scalability, technical feasibility, power-efficiency and cost-effectiveness. MERLIN aims to provide this solution realizing multi-gigabit optical inter-connectivity with a unique combination of low-power and high-bandwidth multimode (MM) GaAs VCSEL/PDs, low power, radiation-hardened BiCMOS drivers and radiation-hardened multi-core fibers (MCFs). MERLIN will integrate these technologies on a space grade photonic integration capable to provide ruggedized transceiver modules with a record-high 150Gb/s throughput and 6mW/ Gb/s energy consumption which is a 3-fold improvement against state-of-the-art (SOTA) US-based products. MERLIN will fabricate the first >15GHz MCF-matched 850nm VCSELs operating at -40 to \100 oC and will drive energy consumption down to <200 fJ/bit (0.2 mW/Gb/s). MERLIN will demonstrate the first >30 GHz MM MCF-PDs with >0.6A/W responsivity. MERLIN will couple MCF-VCSELs/PDs to the first 6-core radiation-hard MM-MCF to offer the capability for single-feedthrough robust and hermetic module packaging. Fibers will be distributed through a monolithic fan-out avoiding the use and procurement of expensive connectors. MERLIN will develop the first 25 Gb/s 6-channel, driver/TIA ICs with record-low <2pJ/bit energy consumption in a 5-fold decrease against SOTA products. ICs will be fabricated with IHP 0.25m SiGe BiCMOS process which is under ESA qualification. MERLIN will fabricate an opto-electronic 6x25 Gb/s capable ADC/DAC module using MCF optical interfaces and will test it in a full-scale optical interconnect breadboard demonstrator. Finally, MERLIN will perform space assessment tests on all the components to align development towards a European space qualifiable system.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2008.4.2.1. | Award Amount: 7.31M | Year: 2010
Evidenced based approaches lie at the heart of the most successful road safety polices and accident and other road safety data is a key component. No single set of data can support all road safety questions and the European Road Safety Observatory has been developed as a focus for a range of data and information types. One part of the Observatory includes a series of data protocols and collection methodologies for a range of data types including national level and in-depth accident data, exposure data and safety performance indicators. Although it is a substantial step forward the ERSO remains the first stage and further development is needed. This proposal addresses the needs for further improvement of the Observatory by enhancing, structuring and applying the data and information it contains. DaCoTA WP3 aims to continue the efforts made in previous projects by gathering, consolidating and standardizing the available road safety data and information, through the exploitation of all available sources, in a systematic and comprehensive way. New data on road safety management processes will be gathered from a selection of key EU Member States together with data concerning exposure and indicators. This will be assembled and structured using, for example, the approaches developed within the Sunflower project. DaCoTA will identify, train and further support new teams across the Member States to conduct detailed accident investigations for safety purposes. It will develop new approaches to evaluate the casualty reduction effectiveness of new technologies and will develop new innovative approaches to gather routine data on normal driving behaviour. Key factors of the proposal include a highly skilled and experienced team to develop the safety information resources, the involvement of industry stakeholders as partners within the project and the close liaison with Member States through enhanced national experts groups.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2007-3-2-05 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2008
Metabolic engineering is an applied science focusing on developing new cell factories or improving existing ones. Metabolic engineering is an enabling science, and distinguishes itself from applied genetic engineering by the use of advanced analytical tools for identification of appropriate targets for genetic modifications and the use of mathematical models to perform in silico design of optimized cell factories. In recent years, there has been increasing focus on using mathematical models for design. SYSIBIO will coordinate European activities in the field of model driven metabolic engineering and also coordination of activities on other technologies required for state of the art metabolic engineering, e.g. metabolomics and fluxomics. The coordination of activities will involve establishing a database containing metabolic models for different industrially important microorganisms. The database will also contain different simulation tools required for use of these models to identify metabolic engineering targets and use of these models for analysis of omics data. SYSINBIO will also coordinate the further development of techniques required for metabolic engineering, such as metabolomics, fluxomics and identification of mutations in evolved strains. Furthermore, an important part of SYSINBIO will be coordination of education and training in the field of metabolic engineering in Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 14.19M | Year: 2009
RadioNet is an integrating activity that has pulled together ALL of Europes leading radio astronomy facilities to produce a focused, coherent and integrated proposals that will significantly enhance the quality and quantity of science performed by European astronomers. RadioNet FP7 has 25 partners. They range from operators of major radio telescope facilities to laboratories that specialise in micro-electronics. This proposal has brought these institutes together in a unique partnership that builds and extends on RadioNet FP6. The programme of work includes: 7 Networking activities, 4 joint research activities and 9 transnational access projects. The three main objectives are to: (i) provide European astronomers access to world-class radio astronomy facilities; (ii) embark on a research and development plan that will further enhance and improve these facilities, and (iii) nurture and support a rapidly growing community of radio astronomers and engineers, so that can fully exploit the upgraded and next generation radio facilities that will become available over the next few years.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.1 | Award Amount: 2.87M | Year: 2012
The aim of PROMISCE is to provide the foundations for a novel research field: propagating quantum microwave technologies in strongly and ultrastrongly coupled environments. In particular, its potential for scalable quantum information and communication technology (Q-ICT) applications will be demonstrated. PROMISCE is born from a challenging and controversial idea, which is that microwave photons can interact strongly among each other and with their environment even in the absence of confining cavities.PROMISCE combines two major innovative and interdisciplinary components. The first one, propagating quantum microwave photonics, focuses on the generation, control, and detection of quantum microwave beams and photons using superconducting quantum circuits. The second component aims at exploring propagating quantum microwave interactions. Novel paths in engineering strong and ultrastrong controlled interactions between propagating microwave photons and their environment, and among photons themselves, will be pursued. To this end, we will employ superconducting quantum circuits and develop sophisticated quantum metamaterials. We note that both components are intimately connected: technological and conceptual achievements in one component will immediately trigger progress in the other one. Together they will provide, integrated on a chip, the equivalent of optical Q-ICT experiments in the microwave regime.PROMISCE represents a complete paradigm shift beyond the common interest in superconducting qubits for Q-ICT to the concept of encoding quantum information in propagating microwave photons and using an (ultra-)strongly coupled environment as the basic tool for their manipulation. In this context, PROMISCE also introduces a new understanding of the term environment. Instead of being seen as a source of decoherence or noise, it is converted into a powerful tool for control, communication and information processing.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.6.2 | Award Amount: 1.23M | Year: 2008
During the lifetime period of the different FOTs carried out both at the National and European levels, there is a crucial need for a platform of knowledge exchange in order to let these individual FOTs benefit from each others learning experiences as well as giving the European Commission an overview of the activities involved. This networking platform open to all stakeholders from public and private sectors will give a benchmarking overview of the range of successes in reaching societal benefits with ICT based functions and systems for road transport all over Europe. FOT-Nets prime goal is to establish a support action for strategic networking of existing and future National, European and Global FOTs (e.g. US and Japan). The action should include all stakeholder groups that play or will play an active and needed role in existing and future National, European and Global FOTs. The major objectives of FOT-Net are twofold. First FOT-Net will establish a European networking body for National, European and Global FOTs where all stakeholders from public and private sectors are represented. Then FOT-Net will contribute to improve significance, visibility, comparability and transferability of available FOT results at National and European level by promoting the implementation of a common FOT methodology (FESTA results).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2008.1.1.1.;AAT.2008.4.1.1. | Award Amount: 5.65M | Year: 2009
The ATAAC project aims at improvements to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods for aerodynamic flows used in todays aeronautical industry. The accuracy of these is limited by insufficient capabilities of the turbulence modelling / simulation approaches available, especially at the high Reynolds numbers typical of real-life flows. As LES will not be affordable for such flows in the next 4 decades, ATAAC focuses on approaches below the LES level, namely Differential Reynolds Stress Models (DRSM), advanced Unsteady RANS models (URANS), including Scale-Adaptive Simulation (SAS), Wall-Modelled LES, and different hybrid RANS-LES coupling schemes, including the latest versions of DES and Embedded LES. The resources of the project will be concentrated exclusively on flows for which the current models fail to provide sufficient accuracy, e.g. in stalled flows, high lift applications, swirling flows (delta wings, trailing vortices), buffet etc. The assessment and improvement process will follow thoroughly conceived roadmaps linking practical goals with corresponding industrial application challenges and with modelling/simulation issues through stepping stones represented by appropriate generic test cases. The final goals of ATAAC are: to recommend one or at most two best DRSM for conventional RANS and URANS; to provide a small set of hybrid RANS-LES and SAS methods that can be used as reference turbulence-resolving approaches in future CFD design tools; to formulate clear indications of areas of applicability and uncertainty of the proposed approaches for aerodynamic applications in industrial CFD. Contributing to reliable industrial CFD tools, ATAAC will have a direct impact on the predictive capabilities in design and optimisation, and directly contribute to the development of Greener Aircraft.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC.SST.2012.1-4. | Award Amount: 3.11M | Year: 2012
In the next 20 years the number of small and light-weight full electric vehicles will substantially increase especially in urban areas. These Small Electric Vehicles (SEVs) shows distinctive design differences compared to the traditional car (e.g. no bonnets, vertical windscreens, outstanding wheels). Thus the consequences of impacts of SEVs with vulnerable road users (VRU) and other (heavier) vehicles will be different from traditional collisions. These fundamental changes are not adequately addressed by current vehicle safety evaluation methods and regulations. VRU protection, compatibility with heavier opponents and the introduction of active safety systems have to be appropriately taken into account in order to avoid any SEV over-engineering (e.g. heavy or complex vehicle body) by applying current regulations and substantially impair the SEVs (environmental) efficiency. Therefore the project SafeEV aims based on future accident scenarios to define advanced test scenarios and evaluation criteria for VRU, occupant safety and compatibility of SEVs. Moreover, industrial applicable methods for virtual testing of these scenarios and criteria (e.g. a method for active occupant safety assessment) will be developed. These methods are applied in order to derive protection systems for enhanced VRU and occupant safety for SEVs. The evaluation of one developed hardware system will be used to demonstrate the potential and applicability of these new methods. Dedicated best practice guidelines for VRU and occupant safety evaluation of SEVs will ensure a sustainable impact for industry and regulative organisations beyond the project duration. With the new evaluation methods developed, vehicle safety for SEV on urban roads in the next decade will be adequately addressed resulting in less fatalities and injuries without compromising vehicle efficiency. Moreover cost-efficient development of SEVs will be made possible by the new virtual testing methodologies developed.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.27M | Year: 2013
Nuclear power plays a key role in limiting EUs greenhouse gases emissions, and makes an important contribution to improve European Unions independence, security and diversity of energy supply. However, its social acceptance is closely linked to an enhanced safety in the management of long-lived radioactive waste contributing to resource efficiency and cost-effectiveness of this energy and ensuring a robust and socially acceptable system of protection of man and environment. Among the different strategies, partitioning and transmutation (P&T) allows a reduction of the amount, the radiotoxicity and the thermal power of these wastes, leading to an optimal use of geological repository sites. In line with the Strategic Research Agenda of SNE-TP, the SACSESS collaborative project will provide a structured framework to enhance the fuel cycle safety associated to P&T. In addition, safety studies will be performed for each selected process to identify weak points to be studied further. These data will be integrated to optimise flowsheets and process operation conditions. A training and education programme will be implemented in close collaboration with other European initiatives, addressing safety issues of nuclear energy industry. The multidisciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies, TSOs and industrial stakeholders will generate fundamental safety improvements on the future design of an Advanced Processing Unit. SACSESS will thus be an essential contribution to the demonstration of the potential benefits of actinide partitioning to the global safety of the long-lived waste management.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.4-2 | Award Amount: 7.88M | Year: 2012
The main objectives of FUTUREVOLC are to establish an integrated volcanological monitoring procedure through European collaboration, develop new methods to evaluate volcanic crises, increase scientific understanding of magmatic processes and improve delivery of relevant information to civil protection and authorities. To reach these objectives the project combines broad European expertise in seismology, volcano deformation, volcanic gas and geochemistry, infrasound, eruption monitoring, physical volcanology, satellite studies of plumes, meteorology, ash dispersal forecasting, and civil defence. This European consortium leads the way for multi-national volcanological collaboration with the aim of mitigating the effects of major eruptions that pose cross-border hazards. Iceland is selected as a laboratory supersite area for demonstration because of (i) the relatively high rate of large eruptions with potential for long ranging effects, and (ii) Icelands capability to produce the near full spectrum of volcano processes at its many different volcano types. Based on present monitoring networks and ongoing research, the project will bridge gaps and combine efforts for a coherent close-to-real-time evaluation of the state of Icelandic volcanoes and their unrest. The project will provide timely information on magma movements from combined interpretation of earthquake sources relocated in three-dimensional velocity models, magma sources inferred from ground and space geodetic data, and measurements of volcanic volatiles. For better response during eruptions, the project will develop operational models of magma discharge rate, contributing directly to improved forecasts of ash dispersion. They will help to minimise economic disruption on a European scale during eruptions. By integrating a Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre and a civil protection unit into the project, European citizens will benefit directly from the scientific work of FUTUREVOLC.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: HEALTH-2007-2.1.2-6 | Award Amount: 560.75K | Year: 2008
The emerging field of Systems Biology is anticipated to have a major impact on the biosciences, moving biology from a phenomenological to a predictive science. Such predictive ability should allow to accurately foresee the outcome of therapeutic interventions with individual patients or to optimise industrial bioprocesses more precisely than has been possible before. Therefore, the results of Systems Biology are expected to have major impact on treatment and diagnosing diseases, health care and the bio-industries. Developing the research field and ensuring exploitation of its results therefore is of major social and economic interest for the European Union. The overall objective of FutureSysBio is to spur and structure the discussion on the development of Systems Biology and thereby provide guidance to stakeholders and scientists. Specifically, the objectives of this project are: (1) To gather and update the research community on latest developments in Systems Biology. (2) To inform and guide funding organisations. (3) To inform and guide pharmaceutical and bio-industries in Europe on developments and opportunities in Systems Biology and thereby enable well-informed corporate decisions. (4) To inform and guide higher education and education funders of challenges and opportunities in interdisciplinary education and training. (5) To inform the media, policy makers and the general public of opportunities, challenges and facts in Systems Biology. To achieve these goals the consortium will organise the following highly visible events: (1) The International Conference on Systems Biology ICSB2008 in Gothenburg. (2) The International Conference on Systems Biology ICSB2010 in Edinburgh or Barcelona. (3) Six high-level expert workshops. (4) Two high-level topical conferences. Different types of dissemination activities tailored for the target audiences will ensure the significant impact that FutureBioSys plans to make on the future development of Systems Biology.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT.2013.4-6. | Award Amount: 26.47M | Year: 2013
Thermal behaviour of aircraft has recently become a crucial subject due to many factors: increasing number of complex systems required by modern, more electric, commercial aircraft, the introduction of hotter engines with higher by-pass ratios, the increased use of composite material in aircraft structures, or the confinement of highly dissipative equipment and systems in smaller areas to earn space for passengers and cargo. New advanced techniques to manage the aircraft thermal behaviour at the very early stages of development are essential to take the right configuration decisions while meeting market demands. To work efficiently and on emerging innovative solutions, it is essential to perform thermal management at the global aircraft level. Today, thermal studies are performed for sizing and risk analyses. The TOICA project intends to radically change the way thermal studies are performed within aircraft design processes. It will create and manage a thermal aircraft architecture which today does not exist. This will be shared in the extended enterprise with design partners through a collaborative environment supporting new advanced capabilities developed by the project, namely the architect cockpit, which will allow the architects and experts to monitor the thermal assessment of an aircraft and to perform trade-off studies. Super integration will support a holistic view of the aircraft and allow traditional design views and the related simulation cascade to be challenged. Six use cases illustrating new thermal strategies will demonstrate the benefits of the TOICA approach on realistic aircraft configurations. Plateaus will be organised with architects for the definition, selection and evaluation of thermally optimised aircraft configurations. These plateaus will drumbeat the project. In parallel, technology readiness evaluations will assess the maturity of the developed technologies and support the deployment and exploitation of the TOICA results.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.6.5 | Award Amount: 1.77M | Year: 2014
FOT-Net Data is a Support Action for international co-operation that targets efficient sharing and re-use of global data sets. It continues European and international networking activities in the domain of Field Operational Tests (FOT).During the lifetime of the different FOTs carried out both at national and European levels, there is a crucial need for a networking platform allowing individual FOTs to benefit from each others experiences as well as giving a better overview of the scattered activities.While FOT-Net 1&2 were focusing on setting up the FOT network and maintaining the FOT methodology, FOT-Net Data explicitly addresses the need to exploit the collected data. The prime goal of FOT-Net Data is to maintain and increase the momentum achieved in FOT-Net and develop the strategy for sharing and exploiting collected FOT data in National, European and international FOTs (e.g. US and Japan). FOT-Net Data develops and promotes a framework for sharing data. It takes into account the pre-requisites necessary in the FOTs, such as legal agreements, to enable future re-use of collected data. More importantly, it addresses the actual data sharing and the procedures, templates and services needed for successful research on data gathered in earlier projects. It builds a detailed catalogue of available data, enabling organizations to easily assess the value of different data sets for their research purposes.FOT-Net Data will act as a multiplier for the dissemination and awareness of FOT activities especially in terms of inter-activities support and outreach. During 36 months, the FOT Network will meet in 4 FOT data sharing workshops, 5 webinars, one FESTA revision workshop, 3 European concertation meetings and 3 international FOT meetings. The action includes stakeholder and expert groups playing a key data management role in previous and ongoing FOTs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2012-4.2.1 | Award Amount: 5.40M | Year: 2013
Safety issues are of fundamental importance for the acceptance and sustainable application of nuclear energy. Actinides play a central role in the nuclear fuel cycle from mining, fuel fabrication, energy production, up to treatment of used fuel by reprocessing, partitioning and transmutation and/or finally management and disposal of radioactive waste. A fundamental understanding of actinide properties and behaviour in fuel materials, during the separation processes and once in geological repository is an imperative prerequisite to tackle all the related safety issues. Unravelling the complexity of the principal actinide components of used nuclear fuel certainly represents one of the grand challenges in nuclear science. In order to meet the needs of the safe and sustainable management of nuclear energy, it is therefore essential to maintain highest level of expertise in actinide sciences in Europe and to prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers who will contribute to develop safe actinide management strategies. Because actinides are radioactive elements, their study requires specific tools and facilities that are only available to a limited extent in Europe. Only a few academic and research organisations have the capabilities and licenses to work on these elements under safe conditions. It is therefore strategic to coordinate the existing actinide infrastructures in Europe, and to strengthen the community of European scientists working on actinides. In the continuation of ACTINET-6 and ACTINET-I3, TALISMAN will foster the networking between existing European infrastructures in actinide sciences open them widely to any European scientists by offering and supporting transnational access to unique facilities. To meet its objectives, TALISMAN will animate and organize a network of actinide facilities across the EU that will increase our knowledge for a safer management of actinides fostering training and education.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.4.1-1. | Award Amount: 4.21M | Year: 2012
The CyClaDes project is designed to promote the increased impact of the human element in shipping across the design and operational lifecycle. The project brings together a multi-disciplinary team to focus on all the key steps in the lifecycle; the stakeholders; where the barriers to human element integration occur; and how to best locate, produce, disseminate, and apply human element knowledge within the overall context of shipping. The advantage is realized by supporting the integration of the human element in the design and operational life-cycle from appreciation, to concept, to design, to application, to evaluation and approval, to maintenance. The outcome will directly address pressing needs identified in the shipping industry and specifically by this call. The concepts for human element integration are there but the challenge that remains is to develop, apply, and evaluate these concepts in a way that produces tangible results for multiple key stakeholders involved in the design and operation of a variety of shipboard areas and processes. The CyClaDes project plan accepts this challenge by introducing a user-centered perspective for key stakeholders (i.e., designers, operators, authorities, end-users), through a framework that captures, translates, and disseminates usable tools, methods, and information to provide maximum support for the human element across all stages of design and operation. The outcome of the project will help to increase the safety for ship, crew, cargo and consequently the environment by: 1. Increasing researchers understanding of stakeholders, including when human element input can best be applied, in what format, and what the barriers are. 2. Assembling existing applicable knowledge (i.e., guidelines, tools and methodologies) from maritime and other domains into an easy to use format for the end user. 3. Developing and applying selected methodologies in order to demonstrate their use and impact in the shipping context.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-3.5a-2014 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015
Cooperative intelligent transport system (C-ITS) applications rely on knowledge of the geographical positions of vehicles. Unfortunately, satellite-based positioning systems (e.g., GPS and Galileo) are unable to provide sufficiently accurate position information for many important applications and in certain challenging but common environments (e.g., urban canyons and tunnels). This project addresses this problem by combining traditional satellite systems with an innovative use of on-board sensing and infrastructure-based wireless communication technologies (e.g., Wi-Fi, ITS-G5, UWB tracking, Zigbee, Bluetooth, LTE...) to produce advanced, highly-accurate positioning technologies for C-ITS. The results will be integrated into the facilities layer of ETSI C-ITS architecture and will thereby become available for all C-ITS applications, including those targeting the challenging use cases Traffic Safety of Vulnerable Users and Autonomous Driving/platooning. The project will therefore go beyond ego- and infra-structure-based positioning by incorporating them as building blocks to develop an enhanced European-wide positioning service platform based on enhanced Local Dynamic Maps and built on open European standards. Proof-of-concept systems developed in the project will combine infrastructure devices, reference vehicles, communication between road users and offline processing, and will be evaluated under real conditions at TASS test site in Helmond, with the objective of assessing its capabilities to provide high precision positioning to C-ITS applications. When possible, codes and prototypes will be fully open-source and made available to the larger research community as well as to the automotive industry at the end of the project. All achievements will be published in top-tier events further guaranteeing an open-access to all technical publications produced. The project also aims at a strong commitment to bringing the developed solutions to standardization bodies
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 4.02M | Year: 2011
Q-NET will provide initial training in the general field of Quantum Nano-Electronics, in particular spintronics, molecular electronics, single-electronics, quantum dots and nanowires, nano-cooling. The recruited researchers will be trained to state-of-the-art technologies of nanofabrication, near-field microscopies, transport measurement under extreme conditions (low temperatures, magnetic field, radio-frequency irradiation) and theoretical calculations. Ultimate detectors, innovative local probes, new metrological standards, on chip micro-coolers will be developed. 25 key scientists from 8 different institutions will interact as a consistent training staff monitored by the supervisory board by reference to a 8-task detailed program. The 16 trained young researchers will be at the ESR level for 93%. The training will be implemented through systematic secondments of young researchers from one partner to several academic and private partners. The project website will be set-up to support the training strategy and the tracing of results and IPR. It will be animated by the recruited researchers under the supervision of the coordinator. Q-NET will organize sessions of the European School On Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies (ESONN) devoted to Quantum Nano-Electronics, combining both theoretical and practical training. Annual special training sessions will be organized, covering seven complementary domains such as ethics, project management, IPR, communication skills ... The consortium involves most of the leading groups in the domain which contributed these last ten years to the European leadership in Quantum Nano-Electronics. Q-NET will significantly contribute to meet the needs of the industry in terms of highly-skilled and open-minded scientists for leading the competition in Beyond C-MOS Nano-Electronics.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.9 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2013
The ScaleQIT vision is to develop a conceptual platform for potentially disruptive technologies, advance their scope and breadth and speed up the process of bringing them from the lab to the real world. ScaleQIT will address the engineering side of quantum information processing (QIP), analyzing and implementing realistic scenarios for scaling-up superconducting hybrid systems for quantum computing and quantum simulation. The work will be based on proven, well-functioning circuits and components that show great promise for integration into useful QIP systems. ScaleQIT will develop a quantum processor based on microwave resonators and waveguides coupling a small (5-10) number of superconducting qubits of the transmon type. It will achieve most of the functionalities required by DiVincenzos criteria, and will meet many of the challenges defined by the European Quantum Information and Processing Roadmap. For the development of a useful scalable platform, the ScaleQIT project will address a wide range of challenging issues, and take them far beyond the state of the art for multi-qubit platforms, addressing several central issues: feed-back and feed-forward control; error correction; quantum memory; quantum interfaces; algorithms and protocols for computing and simulation; design of scalable architectures for high performance quantum computing.ScaleQIT aims for groundbreaking applications to quantum simulation of physical systems. If successful, it may already in the short term have a disruptive effect on the development of quantum information science. In the longer term, it can be expected to have a disruptive effect on the science of computation: combining functional processor units with, say, 10 qubits, into larger distributed systems will eventually have simulation power that rivals that of powerful digital computers. By really building and testing larger quantum-engineering systems, ScaleQIT will be a path-finder on the road to developing solid-state fault-tolerant quantum architectures.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2007-1.1-01 | Award Amount: 6.20M | Year: 2008
Main objectives of ReCosy are the sound understanding of redox phenomena controlling the long-term release/retention of radionuclides in nuclear waste disposal and providing tools to apply the results to Performance Assessment/Safety Case. Although redox is not a new geochemical problem, different questions are still not resolved and thus raised by implementers and scientists. From a top-down approach, the reliability of redox measurements for site characterization, redox disturbances by the near-field materials, changes induced by glaciation scenarios or the redox buffer capacity of host-rocks and the kinetics of response to redox perturbations are addressed. From a bottom-up approach, questions concerning the interpretation of mixed potentials, surface mediated reactions, redox states of actinides and long-lived fission products, the source term of spent nuclear fuel in the presence of corroding steel as well as the role of microbes and biofilms on the evolution of the redox state are tackled. Radionuclide redox transformations on minerals are decisive scenarios in the NEA FEP list and in the RETROCK project. In the large FP 6 IPs NF-PRO and FUNMIG, redox phenomena controlling the retention of radionuclides were addressed, although not systematically considered. The ReCosy concept is innovative in the scientific approach to the redox phenomena, including i) advanced analytical tools, ii) investigations of processes responsible for redox control iii) required data on redox controlling processes, and iv) response to disturbances in disposal systems. To this aim, the scientific-technical work program is structured along six RTD workpackages, covering near-field and far-field aspects as well as all relevant host-rocks considered in Europe. The 28 partners of ReCosy include the key European Research Institutes and Universities from 12 European countries, and Russia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2010.4.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 1.21M | Year: 2011
In the next future, the number of GNSS will drastically increase. Not only more signals and frequencies will be available, but also the new generation of navigation satellites (GALILEO), will greatly enhance the performance of GNSS based applications, both scientific and mass-market. Current and next generation GNSS can improve and sustain GEEO applications, as well as be the enablers of novel applications. With the scope to support the GEOSS 10-year implementation plan (2005-2015) the 2010 Environment FP7 work program is launching various topics under sub-activity 6.4.1 Earth and ocean observation systems and monitoring methods for the environment and sustainable development. In line with the objectives of sub-activity 6.4.1, a coordination action promoting discipline connection, identity building and integration while defining future research, technology and policy directions is needed. GNSS for GEEO and GEOSS (Gfg2) responds to these needs addressed by work program topic: ENV.2010.4.1.3-1 Exploring GNSS applications for GEEO and GEOSS. The goals of this three-year long initiative are: 1) to consolidate a community of experts with interest to exploit GNSS for GEEO and GEOSS; 2) to explore novel applications derived from GNSS for GEEO and GEOSS while enhancing research-industry collaboration to implement these applications; 3) to identify the research and technological challenges and define the strategic vision, roadmap and policy for GNSS for GEEO and GEOSS available or under development (EU and non-EU); 4) to assess the value (in this context) of the European GNSS independent constellation (EGNOS-GALILEO); 5) to promote the public understanding of GNSS for GEEO and GEOSS research and use within the GEO community, providing support to GEO tasks. Gfg2 will achieve its objectives especially by using a working methodology based on active community interaction and events (2 summer schools, 4 workshops and a socioeconomic impact workshop).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 4.03M | Year: 2012
The global navigation market (products and services) is expected to grow to more than 160 billion EUR revenue by 2015 with significant growth being driven by mobile terminals. The pillars of the future wireless society will be the trustworthiness of the wireless positioning device (e.g., what user can get in terms of location integrity, availability, privacy) and eco-friendliness of the transmission-reception process (e.g., long battery life, energy saving devices, high levels of integration, low interference to others). These are triggered by the user needs, preferences and targeted applications, and by the type of the environment where navigation takes place. A link is still missing between these user needs/environment awareness (or application layer) and the physical layer where the wireless device is actually designed. It is our belief that the missing link can be created by cognitive approaches, borrowed on one hand from cognitive human behavior, and on the other hand from cognitive computing. Building a cognition stage between the application and physical layers would create a myriad of new possibilities for flexible location-based services and positioning-based applications, and possibly a new paradigm in wireless location research. MULTI-POS will bridge the gap between the lower technology layer and upper application layer involved in wireless mobile location. In addition, MULTI-POS will offer comprehensive training to young fellows in the broad field of wireless location, will create novel technologies and business models for the future location-enabled wireless devices, will promote the exchange of fellows in mixed academic-industrial R&D trajectories and in multiple European cultures, and will initiate an educational and research framework that unifies the currently fragmented research activities on technological and applications aspects of wireless navigation. There is strong involvement of industrial partners in the network to accomplish this.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: NMP.2012.2.2-3 | Award Amount: 3.60M | Year: 2013
The aim is to develop a heat resistant steel with a 100000 hour creep strength of 100 MPa at 650C. This allows increasing the thermal efficiency of fossil power plants to over 50%, which is 30% higher than the present standard in most existing power plants. The CO2 emissions are reduced accordingly. The consortium combines the expertise of a steelmaker, two utility companies, an engineering consultant company from Ukraine and eight research organizations and universities from EU and Eastern Partnership countries. The idea is to exploit the Z phase as a thermodynamically stable strengthening agent in martensitic creep resistant steels. Previously the Z phase has been considered as detrimental, since the coarse Z-phase particles that develop during long time service in high-chromium steels hardly contribute to the strength while growing at the expense of the fine, strengthening nitride particles. However, high chromium contents around 12% are needed, since the current 9% chromium steels do not provide sufficient oxidation resistance at 650C. Hence the challenge is to control the precipitation of the Z phase in 12% Cr steels such that fine Z particles are formed, which are stable for long times. An important aspect is that the beneficial microstructure should be established also by the post-weld heat treatment. To achieve the goal, test melts containing different alloying elements are prepared and subjected to different heat treatments. Welding consumables and processes are also tested. Since a purely empirical alloy development is time consuming and costly, the process is supported by microstructural investigations on an atomic scale. Similarly, multiscale modelling methods are developed and applied to Z-phase strengthened steels. Modelling not only enhances the fundamental understanding of the strengthening and degradation mechanisms, but also provides design tools and lifetime estimation methods for the safe and reliable operation of future power plants.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-5 | Award Amount: 8.59M | Year: 2013
In the past, customers invested in high cost, long service-life products. Today, they demand complex product-services capable of adapting to new customer goals and rapidly changing markets. The Use-it-wisely project will enable European manufacturers to operate successfully within this new paradigm. The project will investigate a new business model that implements continuous product-service adaptation through a sequence of small innovative steps. It will demonstrate that product-service agility and extended service life realized in this way is more viable than large and infrequent upgrades in terms of cost, duration and environmental impact. Use-it-wisely will develop and demonstrate the adaptation platform consisting of the following three elements: (1) multi-disciplinary actors-product-service system model; (2) adaptation mechanism based on the knowledge and skills of all actors involved with the system; (3) interactive collaborative distributed environment, where the actors work out the adaptation steps. The scientific breakthrough will be achieved by creating and validating a holistic systems engineering structure that combines human-machine systems, product lifecycle management, business and organizational dynamics and lifecycle assessment. The industry-led consortium is founded on complementary clusters in six key industry sectors: energy, machinery, space, office workplace, vehicles, and ship building. Use-it-wisely will enable new business for the manufacturers and their suppliers, subcontractors and open new opportunities for the customers. It will increase their competitive advantage by means of product-service agility, lower costs, shorter lead times, and reduced environmental impact. Finally, it will help to transform peoples knowledge and skills into product-service value thus strengthening Europes global competitiveness and securing domestic employment. With Use-it-wisely, the more the product-service is used, the better it gets.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH-2007-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 6.85M | Year: 2008
We will develop and validate hybrid magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology that will allow simultaneous structural (MRI) and functional (MEG) imaging of the human brain. MEG is a non-invasive 3D functional imaging with a high temporal resolution compared to other functional imaging but often suffers from a precise structural localization which will be solved by the dual modality approach of the MEGMRI hybrid scanner. In parallel, low field MRI, a new very promising alternative to conventional high field MRI will provide enhanced image contrast in certain applications, improved geometric accuracy, improve safety (for patient with pacemakers and other implants, for pregnant women, for infants), and reduce costs. These new opportunities are based on recent advances in ultra-sensitive magnetic sensors. Superconducting magnetometers based on quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) have been recently used to provide 2D-MRI images at very low fields by two US teams. In parallel, a new type of magnetometer, called mixed sensor, based on spin electronics devices, has been developed within our consortium and used for low-field NMR. The first part of the project will be focused on sensor optimization, and low-field MRI development. This covers the development of field-tolerant SQUIDs and optimized mixed sensors and 3D-MRI low-field hardware and software development. The second part of the project will be devoted to a prototype building with the best kind of sensor and extensive preclinical validation, covering major brain disorders for adults and children. The consortium of MEGMRI has the necessary skills to perform all the tasks: sensor developers, MRI experts, MEG developers and clinical validators. It contains 13 partners from 5 countries including 3 SMEs and one large medical device manufacturer.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-02-2014 | Award Amount: 8.22M | Year: 2014
Smart-MEMPHIS project addresses the increasing demand for low-cost, energy-efficient autonomous systems by focusing on the main challenge for all smart devices - self-powering. The project aims to design, manufacture and test a miniaturized autonomous energy supply based on harvesting vibrational energy with piezo-MEMS energy harvesters. The project will integrate several multi-functional technologies and nanomaterials; lead-zirconate-titanate materials in MEMS-based multi-axis energy harvester, an ultra-low-power ASIC to manage the variations of the frequency and harvested power, a miniaturized carbon-nano material based energy storing supercapacitor, all heterogeneously integrated with new innovative flat panel packaging technologies for cost effective 3D integration verified through manufacturability reviews. The performance of the system will be demonstrated in two demanding applications: leadless bio-compatible cardiac pacemaker and wireless sensor networks (WSN) for structure health monitoring (SHM). For the pacemaker, a smart energy autonomous system will accelerate the paradigm shift from costly, burdensome surgical treatments to cost-effective and patient-friendly minimally invasive operations enabled by leadless pacemakers capable of harvesting energy from the heart beats. The key challenges for the energy harvesting arise from the extremely stringent reliability requirements, the low vibrational energies and frequencies and the small size required for a device implanted inside a heart. With the 2nd demonstrator the consortium consisting of multi-functional value chain will show a wider applicability for the technologies complementing the medical application. A WSN with acoustic sensor nodes will be demonstrated in SHM applications. SHM enables real-time monitoring of complex structures e.g. survey and detection of micro-cracks for example in composite aircraft wings, bridges or rails, or detection of corrosion or leakage in pipes solving.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.2 | Award Amount: 21.57M | Year: 2008
The Intelligent Car Initiative has identified road safety, energy efficiency, and traffic congestion as the main challenges currently being faced by European transportation. Despite their severity, these issues may be improved with the use of new in-vehicle technologies currently not available in the market. However, implementing new technologies implies a risk to manufacturers. Factors such as different markets, user acceptance, and real-world driving conditions are difficult to assess before in-the-field testing. This restricts our capabilities for making the correct business and political decisions for deployment, and for understanding which aspects would benefit from further development the most. The goal of EuroFOT is to identify and coordinate an in-the-field testing of new Intelligent Vehicle Systems with the potential for improving the quality of European road traffic. This permits assessing their effectiveness on actual roads, while determining how they perform towards the intended objectives. In addition, this offers an early publicity of the technologies, and enables the analysis of the user acceptance and its subsequent potential for market penetration. This will be accomplished through a series of discrete steps. First, EuroFOT will specify a test plan identifying proper driving scenarios, factors with maximum safety potential, and expected results. Subsequent steps will involve the recruitment and training of customers, with the necessary installation of data loggers into their vehicles. In this way, customers will drive and collect data under normal driving conditions. During the final section, EuroFOT will analyse both objective and subjective data describing the driver behaviour and adaptation, vehicle dynamics, and system acceptance. This will permit EuroFOT to be considered representative of ordinary driving conditions in European roads, and ultimately evaluate the overall effectiveness and feasibility of Intelligent Vehicle Systems.