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Kotresha D.,Indian Institute of Science | Rama Rao N.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science
Acta Biologica Hungarica | Year: 2011

The present study was to investigate the effect of W. calendulacea on ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury. Cerebral ischemia was induced by occluding right and left common carotid arteries (global cerebral ischemia) for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 1 h and 4 h individually. Various biochemical alterations, produced subsequent to the application of bilateral carotid artery occlusion (BCAO) followed by reperfusion viz. increase in lipid peroxidation (LPO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), level in the brain tissue, Western blot analysis (Cu-Zn-SOD and CAT) and assessment of cerebral infarct size were measured. All those enzymes are markedly reversed and restored to near normal level in the groups pretreated with W. calendulacea (250 and 500 mg/kg given orally in single and double dose/day for 10 days) in dose-dependent way. The effect of W. calendulacea had increased significantly the protein expression of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn-SOD) and CAT in cerebral ischemia. W. claendulacea was markedly decrease cerebral infarct damages but results are not statistically significant. It can be concluded that W. calendulacea possesses a neuroprotective activity against cerebral ischemia in rat. © 2011 Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.

Kotresha D.,Indian Institute of Science | Nedendla R.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2011

Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate the neuroprotective activity of Wedelia calendulacea against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion induced oxidative stress in the rats. Materials and Methods: The global cerebral ischemia was induced in male albino Wistar rats by occluding the bilateral carotid arteries for 30 min followed by 1 h and 4 h reperfusion. At various times of reperfusion, the histopathological changes and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione-s-transferase (GST), and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2) activity and brain water content were measured. Results: The ischemic changes were preceded by increase in concentration of MDA, hydrogen peroxide and followed by decreased GPx, GR, and GST activity. Treatment with W. calendulacea significantly attenuated ischemia-induced oxidative stress. W. calendulacea administration markedly reversed and restored to near normal level in the groups pre-treated with methanolic extract (250 and 500 mg/kg, given orally in single and double dose/day for 10 days) in dose-dependent way. Similarly, W. calendulacea reversed the brain water content in the ischemia reperfusion animals. The neurodegenaration also conformed by the histopathological changes in the cerebral-ischemic animals. Conclusion: The findings from the present investigation reveal that W. calendulacea protects neurons from global cerebral-ischemic injury in rat by attenuating oxidative stress.

Sathish Kumar M.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science | Nadendla R.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014

The study was undertaken to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of Tragia plukenetii R. Smith leaf extracts using eddy's hot plate method, undiluted fresh egg albumin induced rat paw oedema method respectively. The study comprised of four treatment groups (control, standard and test - Tragia plukenetii aqueous and methanolic leaf extract) all with six animals in each group. At the end of the study aqueous leaf extract showed significant analgesic activity when compared with methanolic leaf extract, standard and control treatment groups.

Raju G.N.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science | Nadendla R.R.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2016

Benzothiazole is one of the most important heterocyclic compound, weak base, having varied biological activities and still of great scientific interest now a days. They are widely found in bioorganic and medicinal chemistry with application in drug discovery. In the present study some novel benzothiazole derivatives were synthesized under conventional and parallel synthesizer according to the scheme. All the synthesized benzothiazole derivatives have been characterized by using elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1HNMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy and further supported by mass spectroscopy. Purity of all the compounds has been checked on thin layer chromatographic plate and HPLC technique.

Rama Rao N.,Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical science
E-Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2010

Simple, sensitive, accurate, precise and rapid ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometric method was developed for the estimation of efavirenz in pure form, its formulations and stability samples. For the estimation of efavirenz, solvent system employed was 1% w/v sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and wavelength of detection (λdet) was 247 nm. The developed method was used to estimate the total drug content in two commercially available oral formulations of efavirenz and recovery studies were also carried out. Sample recovery in both the formulations using the above method was in good agreement with their respective labeled claims, thus suggesting the validity of the method and non-interference of formulation excipients in the estimation. The developed method was found to be stability specific and were validated as per ICH guidelines-2005, USP-2000 and statistical methods.

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