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Yanggu, South Korea

Park J.S.,Dong - A University | Yang H.N.,Dong - A University | Jeon S.Y.,Dong - A University | Woo D.G.,Chabiotech Co. | And 2 more authors.

In drug delivery systems, some genes have the potential to interrupt unnecessary gene expression in specific target cells. In this study, two types of drug, glucocorticoids and siRNA, were co-delivered into conditioned cells to inhibit the expression of unnecessary genes and proteins involved in arthritis. To deliver the two factors into a human chondrocyte cell line (C28/I2), dexamethasone was first loaded into PLGA nanoparticles, and then drug-loaded PLGA nanoparticles were complexed with poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI)/siRNA. To test the co-delivery of siRNA and dexamethasone into chondrocytes, cells were transfected with green fluorescence protein siRNA (GFP siRNA) and drugs. After transfection with GFP siRNA, 70% reduction of C28/I2 cells demonstrated GFP expression, whereas MOCK carrying PLGA nanoparticles and PLGA nanoparticles without siRNA showed no differences of GFP expressions. COX-2 and iNOS productions in C28/I2 cells were examined after TNF-α pre-treatment to induce expression of arthritis-related molecules in vitro. The reduction of gene and protein expression associated with arthritis by transfection with dexamethasone-loaded and COX-2 siRNA-complexed PLGA nanoparticles was evaluated by RT-PCR, real time-qPCR, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence imaging. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Park J.S.,Dong - A University | Yang H.N.,Dong - A University | Woo D.G.,Chabiotech Co. | Jeon S.Y.,Dong - A University | Park K.-H.,Dong - A University

Wounded tissues and cells may be treated with growth factors and specific genes for the purpose of tissue repair and regeneration. To deliver specific genes into tissues and cells, this study presents the use of fabricated poly (dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) complexed with the cationic polymer poly (ethleneimine) (PEI). Through complexation with PEI, several types of genes (SOX9, Cbfa1, and C/EBP-α) were coated into PLGA NPs, which enhanced gene uptake into normal human-derived dermal fibroblast cells (NFDHCs) in vitro and in vivo. Several cell types (293T, HeLa, and fibroblast cells) were transfected with fluorescence-tagged PEI/SOX9, PEI/Cbfa1, and PEI/C/EBP-α gene-complexed PLGA NPs. The gene and protein expression levels in the cells were evaluated by RT-PCR, real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting, and confocal laser microscopy. Fibroblast cells encapsulated in fibrin gels were transfected with the gene-complexed NPs plus specific growth factors (TGF-β3, BMP-2, or IGF/bFGF), which induced chondrogenesis, osteogenesis, or adipogenesis both in vitro and after transplantation into nude mouse. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Shin K.S.,CHA Medical University | Lee H.J.,Chabiotech Co. | Jung J.,CHA Medical University | Cha D.H.,CHA Medical University | Kim G.J.,CHA Medical University
Cell Proliferation

Objectives: Translational research using adult stem cells derived from various tissues has been highlighted in cell-based therapy. However, there are many limitations to using conventional culture systems of adult stem cells for clinically applicability, including limited combinations of cytokines and use of nutrients derived from animals. Here, we have investigated the effects of placental extract (PE) for culture of placenta-derived stem cells (PDSCs) as well as their potential for hepatogenic differentiation. Materials and methods: Placental extract, extracted using water-soluble methods, was used as a supplement for culture of PDSCs. Cell viability was determined using the MTT assay, and cytokine assay was performed using Luminex assay kit. Gene expression, indocyanine green (ICG) up-take, PAS (Periodic Acid-Schiff) staining and urea production were also analysed. Results: The placental extract contained several types of cytokine and chemokine essential for maintenance and differentiation of stem cells. Expression of stemness markers in PDSCs cultured with PE is no different from that of PDSCs cultured with foetal bovine serum (FBS). After hepatogenic differentiation, expression patterns for hepatocyte-specific markers in PDSCs cultured with PE were consistent and potential for hepatogenic differentiation of PDSCs cultured with PE was similar to that of PDSCs cultured with FBS, as shown by PAS staining and urea production assays. Conclusions: Our findings revealed that placental extract could be used as a new component for culture of adult stem cells, as well as for development of human-based medium, in translational research for regenerative medicine. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Jeon S.Y.,Dong - A University | Park J.S.,Dong - A University | Yang H.N.,Dong - A University | Woo D.G.,Chabiotech Co. | Park K.-H.,Dong - A University
Stem Cells and Development

During embryogenesis, specific proteins expressed in cells have key roles in the formation of differentiated cells and tissues. Delivery of specific proteins into specific cells, both in vitro and in vivo, has proved to be exceedingly difficult. In this study, we developed a safe and efficient protein delivery system using encapsulation of proteins into biodegradable poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs). The PLGA NPs were used to deliver proteins into human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Fluorescent markers loaded into the PLGA NPs were used to verify the internalization of NPs into hMSCs using FACS analysis and confocal microscopy. With these methods, we demonstrated that the encapsulated model proteins are readily delivered into hMSCs, released from the NP vehicles, and, finally, moved into the cytosols. Using chondrogenesis-related proteins such as aggrecan and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), chondrogenic differentiation of hMSCs treated with aggrecan and COMP encapsulated PLGA NPs was clearly observed and caused to differentiate into chondrocytes. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Park J.S.,Dong - A University | Yang H.N.,Dong - A University | Woo D.G.,Chabiotech Co. | Jeon S.Y.,Dong - A University | And 5 more authors.

In this study, synergistic effects of electrical stimulation and exogenous Nurr1 gene expression were examined to induce the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) into nerve cells in in vitro culture system. A two-step procedure was designed to evaluate the effects of electrical stimulus and exogenous gene delivery for inducing neurogenesis. First, an electrical stimulation device was designed using gold nanoparticles adsorbed to the surface of a cover glass. Gold nanoparticles, as an electrical conductor for stem cells, are well-defined particles adsorbed to a polyethyleneimine (PEI)-coated cover glass. The nanoparticle morphology was examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Second, a plasmid carrying Nurr1 cDNA was complexed with biodegradable poly-(dl)-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles to support neurogenesis. To evaluate the neuronal differentiation of stem cells mediated by the treatment with either electrical stimulation and exogenous Nurr1 gene delivery, or both, the expression of neuron-specific genes and proteins was examined by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Cells transfected with exogenous Nurr1 genes plus electrical stimulation (250 mV for 1000 s) showed the greatest level of neurite outgrowth with a mean neurite length of 150 μm. Neurite length in cells treated with only one stimulus was not significant, approximately 10-20 μm. These results indicate that electrical stimulation and exogenous Nurr1 gene expression together may be adequate to induce nerve regeneration using stem cells. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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