Curbelo A.,CETEX CENPALAB |
Mancebo A.,CETEX CENPALAB |
Molier T.,LABIOFAM |
Arteaga M.E.,CETEX CENPALAB |
And 12 more authors.
Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2011
Biological control agents have become a useful alternative for the reduction of the use of chemical insecticides. LABIOFAM (Cuba) is developing a new formulation of a biolarvicide that possesses as active biological agent Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14. In order to evaluate the genotoxicity of this new formulation, an in vivo battery test was used: micronucleus (MN), chromosome aberrations (CAs), and sperm morphology (SM) assays. A dose of 6.45×108 spores was administered per animal via oral administration. Bone marrow cells were collected 24 h after a two day treatment for the MN assay, and 24 h after a unique treatment for the CA assay, using cyclophosphamide as the positive control. Sperm cells were collected at 5 weeks from the first of five administrations for the SM test, using acrylamide as positive control. Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14 failed to show either a significative increase of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes, chromosomal aberrations, or sperm abnormalities. Acute oral administration of a high dose of Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14 did not produce mutagenic effects in bone marrow or sperm cells. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
PubMed | CETEX CENPALAB
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP | Year: 2011
During the last decades, efforts are being made to develop microbial insecticides as biological control agents. Bacillus thuringiensis has been one of the most consistent and significant biopesticides for using on crops as an insecticidal spray. The aim of this study was to assess and to compare the pathogenicity of a new formulation of B.thuringiensis var israelensis SH-14 in rats through oral, intranasal and intravenous single dosing. Through 21 days after administration, clinical examinations were performed daily, and body weight gain was evaluated. Clearance was estimated by means of collection of feces or examination of lungs and blood, and infectivity was evaluated enumerating microorganisms from organs of Bti SH-14 treated animals sacrificed at intervals. Gross necropsy of animals was performed at interim or final sacrifice. There were no treatment-related mortalities, and no evidence of pathogenicity or treatment related toxicity, although in the intravenous study, the microorganism was capable of achieving persistence in organs after administration, and the Bti SH-14 treated animals developed skin ulcerations and hemorrhages at the injection site. It could be concluded that the tested microorganism was not toxic or pathogenic to rats via oral or intranasal route, although it was capable of achieving persistence in organs after intravenous administration, eliciting local effects at the injection site.
PubMed | CETEX CENPALAB
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP | Year: 2012
Allergen extracts are used for hyposensitivity and immunotherapy treatments, reducing significantly clinical symptoms of allergic diseases. Because of its wide use in immunoallergen therapy, we evaluated the Dermatophagoides siboney allergen extract to establish the potential toxicity following repeated subcutaneous dosing in Cenp:NMRI mice. Animals were randomly distributed into two groups, control (vehicle) and treated (166.6 UB/animal), and they were observed daily for clinical signs of toxicity following treatment. Body weight was weekly measured. At the end of the study, blood samples were collected for hematology and serum chemistry analysis and animals were euthanized for gross necropsy and histological examination of tissues. There were not significant differences in body weight or hematology parameters between control and treated animals. Differences were noted in uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and glucose; however, these alterations were not considered to be of biologic relevance. Pathology evaluations demonstrated hemorrhagic and inflammatory lesions at the administration site in both experimental groups. We conclude that repeated dosing of 166.6 UB did not cause significant toxic effects in the mouse model.