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Bejucal, Cuba

Curbelo A.,CETEX CENPALAB | Mancebo A.,CETEX CENPALAB | Molier T.,Labiofam | Arteaga M.E.,CETEX CENPALAB | And 12 more authors.
Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry | Year: 2011

Biological control agents have become a useful alternative for the reduction of the use of chemical insecticides. LABIOFAM (Cuba) is developing a new formulation of a biolarvicide that possesses as active biological agent Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14. In order to evaluate the genotoxicity of this new formulation, an in vivo battery test was used: micronucleus (MN), chromosome aberrations (CAs), and sperm morphology (SM) assays. A dose of 6.45×108 spores was administered per animal via oral administration. Bone marrow cells were collected 24 h after a two day treatment for the MN assay, and 24 h after a unique treatment for the CA assay, using cyclophosphamide as the positive control. Sperm cells were collected at 5 weeks from the first of five administrations for the SM test, using acrylamide as positive control. Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14 failed to show either a significative increase of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes, chromosomal aberrations, or sperm abnormalities. Acute oral administration of a high dose of Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis serotype H14 did not produce mutagenic effects in bone marrow or sperm cells. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

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