Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-16-2014 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015
The accelerated development of shale gas is accompanied by growing public concern regarding the safety of shale gas extraction and its impact on human health and the environment. For the US, shale gas exploitation proved very successful in changing the energy landscape in terms of security of domestic supply and increased contribution of gas in the energy mix. For Europe, shale gas exploitation could increase our resources and production of natural gas; a critical fuel for the transition to a low carbon energy system. However, there are a number of important gaps in our present understanding of shale gas exploration and exploitation, and a strong need for independent, science-based knowledge of its potential impacts in a European context. The M4ShaleGas program focuses on reviewing and improving existing best practices and innovative technologies for measuring, monitoring, mitigating and managing the environmental impact of shale gas exploration and exploitation in Europe. The technical and social research activities will yield integrated scientific recommendations for 1) how to minimize environmental risks to the subsurface, surface and atmosphere, 2) propose risk reduction and mitigation measures and 3) how to address the public attitude towards shale gas development. The 18 research institutes from 10 European Union Member States that collaborate in the M4ShaleGas consortium cover different geopolitical regions in Europe, including Member States that are at the forefront regarding shale gas exploration and exploitation in Europe as well as Member States where shale gas exploitation is not yet being actively pursued. The project governance ensures proper integration of all research activities. Knowledge and experience on best practices is imbedded by direct collaboration with US and Canadian research partners and input from representatives from the industry. During the project, results will be public and actively disseminated to all stakeholders.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4c-2014 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2015
The ProSUM project will establish a European network of expertise on secondary sources of critical raw materials (CRMs), vital to todays high-tech society. ProSUM directly supports the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Raw Materials and its Strategic Implementation Plan calling for the creation of a European raw materials knowledge base. Data on primary and secondary raw materials are available in Europe, but scattered amongst a variety of institutions including government agencies, universities, NGOs and industry. By establishing a EU Information Network (EUIN), the project will coordinate efforts to collect secondary CRM data and collate maps of stocks and flows for materials and products of the urban mine. The scope is the particularly relevant sources for secondary CRMs: Electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles, batteries and mining tailings. The project will construct a comprehensive inventory identifying, quantifying and mapping CRM stocks and flows at national and regional levels across Europe. Via a user-friendly, open-access Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform (EU-UMKDP), it will communicate the results online and combine them with primary raw materials data from the on-going Minerals4EU project. To maintain and expand the EU-UMKDP in the future, it will provide update protocols, standards and recommendations for additional statistics and improved reporting on CRMs in waste flows required. ProSUM prosum is Latin for I am useful provides a factual basis for policy makers to design appropriate legislation, academia to define research priorities and to identify innovation opportunities in recovering CRMs for the recycling industry. The EUIN enables interdisciplinary collaboration, improves dissemination of knowledge and supports policy dialogues. A consortium of 17 partners, representing research institutes, geological surveys and industry, with excellence in all above domains will deliver this ambitious project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY.2010.5.2-2 | Award Amount: 2.62M | Year: 2010
The EU has made significant progress in CCS as a bridging technology for combating climate change, but this must now accelerate and be spread evenly throughout EU Member States and Associated Countries. In this context, CO2GeoNet, CO2NET EAST and ENeRG are joining forces, pooling their expertise and building on their Networking experience to form CGS Europe, a unique concerted European reference point on CO2 storage. The objective of CGS Europe is to build a credible, independent and representative pan-European scientific body of expertise on CO2 geological storage that will: (i) create a durable networking of research capacity on CO2 storage in Europe, (ii) liaise and coordinate its activities with other stakeholders, including the ZEP Technology Platform, (iii) facilitate the large-scale demonstration and industrial deployment of CCS, (iv) support the implementation of the EU Directive on the geological storage of CO2 and other regulatory regimes. This will be achieved by: (i) setting up coordination and integration mechanisms between the CO2GeoNet Association and the 23 other participants, thus covering most of Europe with 24 EU Member States and 4 Associated Countries, (ii) setting up links and cooperation with other initiatives at national, European and international levels, (iii) preparing a framework enabling the consortium to be independent from EC funding after the end of the project. CGS Europe will strive to compile and structure the existing research results, policy and regulations in a centralised knowledge repository to enable stakeholders to easily find pertinent information. Knowledge development will be ensured by the sharing of good practices, the assessment of research needs and the fostering of new research projects. A major effort will be dedicated to knowledge dissemination and capacity building, aiming at giving impartial and understandable information to the different stakeholders, according to their specific needs in each country.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2011.1.0-1 | Award Amount: 4.48M | Year: 2012
The objective of the R&Dialogue project is to create mechanisms for effectively tackling the scientific and technology related challenges faced by society by proactively bringing together different actors with complementary knowledge and experiences. The Mobilisation and Mutual Learning Action Plan (MMLAP) therefore forges partnerships between research organisations and different societal actors. It develops forms of dialogue and cooperation between science and society at different stages of the research process. The partners pool experiences and knowledge and better focus their respective efforts to develop a common approach to the issues at stake. In doing so the MMLAP contributes to sharing innovation more widely and efficiently and to optimizing the role of research and technology in tackling societal challenges. The objective of this project is to organise a dialogue between R&D organisations (RDOs) and civil society organisations (CSOs) that results in a joint vision of CSOs and RDOs on the development of renewable energies and CCS for a low carbon society and identification of actions to improve the dialogue and associated mutual learning. Our task will thus be to create a mechanism for dialogue between research and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs ) to develop a common approach on issues regarding the low-carbon society. This common approach can be used by international, national and local policy makers, CSOs, industry and research. It will result in an Action Plan signed by all participating organisations.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-CIG | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-CIG | Award Amount: 100.00K | Year: 2013
Many forest ecosystems in Europe and North America have suffered from soil acidification and ecosystem eutrophication as a result of anthropogenic emissions of SO2, NOx and NH3. Sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) deposition are important drivers of the terrestrial carbon (C) and N cycling. While most recent research has focused on the impacts of N deposition on C cycling, there is evidence that acidification (from either S or N deposition) may also impact on a range of key processes, including suppression of litter decomposition. Thus, understanding of soil C and N processes under changing deposition is needed for future prediction whether forest soils will act as a carbon sink or source. In addition, acidity changes in forest ecosystems have a strong confounding influence on ecosystem sensitivity to eutrophication, with acidification accelerating N saturation, and recovery potentially resulting in reversion to N limitation. However, over the last two decades transport of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems has increased throughout much of Europe, with implication for the terrestrial C balance, aquatic ecosystems functioning, water treatment costs and human health. A number of studies have argued that the decline in S deposition has been the main driver of DOM increase. SLAvONIC aims to fill the gap in understanding of the combined effects of S and N deposition on altering C and N cycling in forest soils. In particular, the project will examine whether there has been a shift in the relative balance of soil N and C accumulation, versus soil losses in either (dissolved) organic or (dissolved or gaseous) inorganic forms. A set of replicated acidity/N availability manipulation experiments in beech and spruce forests will be undertaken in an area of formerly high S/N deposition. Obtained results will be used for development of a model of C and N cycling to predict future changes in ecosystem C and N balances.