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Ozbek E.,Bezm i Alem Valide Sultan Vakif Gureba Research and Education Hospital | Tasci A.I.,Bakirkoy Research and Education Hospital | Ilbey Y.O.,Bezm i Alem Valide Sultan Vakif Gureba Research and Education Hospital | Simsek A.,Bezm i Alem Valide Sultan Vakif Gureba Research and Education Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Andrology | Year: 2010

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major public health problem that seriously affects the quality of life of patients and their partners and its prevalence increases significantly with ageing. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that age-associated decrease in penile endothelial (eNOS) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity in aged rats may be increased by regular exercise. A total of 28 young (4 m) and aged (24 m) male rats were divided into four equal groups: group 1 - young control; group 2 - young trained; group 3 - old control and group 4 - old trained group. Groups 2 and 4 rats were trained to swim for 30 min a day and 5 days a week, which lasted 8 weeks. At the end of 8 weeks, rats were sacrificed and penile tissues evaluated for eNOS and nNOS activities. eNOS and nNOS activities were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in paraffinized penile tissues and results assessed semiquantitatively. Results also were compared with healthy age-matched and adult (4 m) controls. Serum level of testosterone (T) was determined using ELISA kits (Beckman Coulter, Fullerton, CA, USA). In penile tissues of aged control rats, eNOS and nNOS staining were weakly positive; however in trained groups, eNOS and nNOS immunoreactivity were increased. In young control group, eNOS and nNOS activities were more intense than aged control. eNOS and nNOS activities were higher in adult trained group than control. Serum T concentrations were significantly higher in young and aged trained group than in control groups. We can suggest that regular exercise upregulates eNOS and nNOS expressions in the aged and young rat penis. Regular exercise may improve penile erection by increasing penile neurotransmitter in both young and aged rats. © 2010 European Academy of Andrology. Source

Kiziltan M.E.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Gunduz A.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Sahin R.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology | Year: 2010

Our goal was to investigate the characteristics of the auditory brainstem reflexes in patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) and postparalytic facial syndrome (PFS).The spasm activities and responses by supraorbital and auditory stimuli were recorded from the orbicularis oculi, the posterior auricular and the mentalis muscles in 27 HFS and 21 PFS patients. The results were compared with those of 20 controls.Blink reflex (BR) was obtained by supraorbital stimulation in normal controls and on both sides of HFS and PFS patients whereas sound evoked bilateral auditory blink reflex (ABR) in 96.3%, 90.5% and 100%, respectively. Both BR and ABR showed synkinetic spread on symptomatic sides in all patients. The posterior auricular muscle response (PAMR) was observed bilaterally in 59.3%, 42.9% and 75.0% of groups, respectively. However, there was no synkinetic spread of PAMR.Since PAMR does not show synkinetic spread even in the presence of synkinetic spread of ABR and BR, we may suggest that a distal origin may be responsible of the synkinetic spread, or PAM is probably governed by a smaller nucleus in the brainstem. Thus it may be speculated that its excitability is insufficient to stimulate the ABR nucleus, whereas the reverse process is possible. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Gunduz A.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Goksan B.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Kocer N.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Karaali-Savrun F.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School
Headache | Year: 2012

Introduction. Carotid angioplasty headache and diagnostic criteria are based on scarce data and small series. Here, we aimed to determine presence, frequency, and characteristics of headache after carotid artery stenting and angiography headache and speculate on possible mechanisms of head and neck pain emerging during or after the carotid artery stenting procedure. Patients and method. The total of 64 patients who were admitted to our Neuroradiology Division of Radiology Department for primary percutaneous transluminal carotid interna stenting were included in the study. They had symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery disease with stenosis more than 70%. All patients were questioned by a neurologist regarding the presence, side, location, quality, severity, duration, and timing of headache after both angiography and stenting procedures. Results. Frequency of headache after carotid interna stenting was 39.1%, it commonly arose in a short period after the procedure and relieved in 10 minutes. This type of headache was mild, ipsilateral, frontotemporal in location, pressing in nature, and arose frequently within 10 minutes after the procedure, whereas angiography headache had a frequency of 21.9% and it was ipsilateral, mild, burning-like headache. Angiography headache also relieved within 10 minutes. Both types of headache were related to severe stenosis. Discussion. Our study clearly demonstrates that headache is seen after carotid artery stenting (39.1%) and angiography (21.9%). Although both types of headache have similar characteristics, they differ in that it is mostly pressing in the group of carotid artery stenting and burning in angiography group. © 2012 American Headache Society. Source

Gunduz A.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Uyank O.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Erturk O.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Sohtaoglu M.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School | Kzltan M.E.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical School
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2016

The mentalis muscle (MM) arises from the incisive fossa of the mandible, raises and protrudes the lower lip. Here, we aim to characterize responses obtained from MM by supraorbital and median electrical as well as auditory stimuli in a group of 16 healthy volunteers who did not have clinical palmomental reflex. Reflex activities were recorded from the MM and orbicularis oculi (O.oc) after supraorbital and median electrical as well as auditory stimuli. Response rates over MM were consistent after each stimulus, however, mean latencies of MM response were longer than O.oc responses by all stimulation modalities. Shapes and amplitudes of responses from O.oc and MM were similar. Based on our findings, we may say that MM motoneurons have connections with trigeminal, vestibulocochlear and lemniscal pathways similar to other facial muscles and electrophysiological recording of MM responses after electrical and auditory stimulation is possible in healthy subjects. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Italia. Source

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