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Demirkesen C.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty
American Journal of Dermatopathology | Year: 2015

ABSTRACT:: Intravascular/intralymphatic histiocytosis (IV/ILH) is a rare, reactive cutaneous condition, with uncertain pathogenesis. It may be associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Although the clinical presentation is various, the biopsies reveal dilated vessels, mostly lymphatics, containing aggregates of histiocytes within their lumina. We described 3 cases of IV/ILH with different clinical presentations. In the first case, the patient presented with lymphedema in the genital region without any underlying disease. However, the second and third cases had reticular erythematous skin lesions. The second case had common variable immunodeficiency disease, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and a history of a lymphoproliferative lesion. The third case had metal prostheses at both his right and left knees. In all these 3 cases, histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings were similar to each other and to those cases reported in the literature. In addition, the third case was admixed with reactive angioendotheliomatosis. In the second case, the endothelium of the ectatic vessels expressed CD31 and CD34, but not D2-40/podoplanin, pointing out that these vessels were blood vessels rather than lymphatics, differing from the other 2 cases. In conclusion, we believe, the most convincing statement about IV/ILH is that it is not a distinct clinicopathologic entity, but a histopathologic feature found as a part of a constellation of inflammatory changes or many other conditions. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Demirkesen C.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Kiran T.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Leblebici C.,Istanbul Training and Research Hospital | Yucelten D.,Marmara University | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Dermatopathology | Year: 2015

Intravascular/intralymphatic histiocytosis (IV/ILH) is a rare, reactive cutaneous condition, with uncertain pathogenesis. It may be associated with various inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Although the clinical presentation is various, the biopsies reveal dilated vessels, mostly lymphatics, containing aggregates of histiocytes within their lumina. We described 3 cases of IV/ILH with different clinical presentations. In the first case, the patient presented with lymphedema in the genital region without any underlying disease. However, the second and third cases had reticular erythematous skin lesions. The second case had common variable immunodeficiency disease, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and a history of a lymphoproliferative lesion. The third case had metal prostheses at both his right and left knees. In all these 3 cases, histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings were similar to each other and to those cases reported in the literature. In addition, the third case was admixed with reactive angioendotheliomatosis. In the second case, the endothelium of the ectatic vessels expressed CD31 and CD34, but not D2-40/podoplanin, pointing out that these vessels were blood vessels rather than lymphatics, differing from the other 2 cases. In conclusion, we believe, the most convincing statement about IV/ILH is that it is not a distinct clinicopathologic entity, but a histopathologic feature found as a part of a constellation of inflammatory changes or many other conditions. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Source


Comunoglu N.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Kara S.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty | Kepil N.,I.U. Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) can show variant histological patterns in the gastrointestinal system. We present a case of an 11-year-old boy who has been followed up with a diagnosis of CVID since he was 6 months old. He presented with abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Colonoscopic biopsy showed crypt destructive colitis, severe decrease and focal absence of plasma cells. Three months later he suffered from abdominal pain, vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. Macroscopic examination of small intestinal resection material revealed multiple perforation areas, ulcers. Histopathology showed mild-moderate active enteritis with aphthous ulcers, purulent peritonitis, decrease in plasma cells and loss of primary follicles in lymph nodes. Histopathological findings were consistent with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like CVID. Although in 6-10% of patients with CVID an IBD-like presentation is observed, this highly aggressive form is rarely seen. We present this case because of its extraordinary presentation displaying perforating active enteropathy. © Copyright 2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

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