Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France
Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France
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Peyronnet C.,University Paris Est Creteil | Pressenda F.,CEREOPA | Alibert L.,IFIP Institute du Porc | Bouvarel I.,ITAVI UMT BIRD
OCL - Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipides | Year: 2010

Pea and rapeseed meal are protein rich feedstuffs. Despite their differences regarding composition their amino acid profiles are quite complementary. For growing and finishing pigs it is easy to formulate diets with pea and rapeseed meal all together without any soybean meal. Prices of feed are not increased. For poultry diets, peas and rapeseed meal can replace soybean meal in diets for slow growing birds but price of feed increases. Prices ratio of pea and wheat and rapeseed and soybean meals have to decrease to make pea and rapeseed meal more competitive for poultry nutrition.

Sunflower meal is an alternative source of proteins for feedstuff but its high fiber content reduces the nutritional value. Different dehulling processes can improve the protein content and the nutritional value of meal. Partially dehulled sunflower meals with 32% and 36% of proteins produced in different crushing plants in France had been compared to non-dehulled sunflower meal (29% of proteins). The total French feedstuff production was simulated with a model including prices of raw materials observed during 2010-2011 campaign. The interest prices of the different qualities of sunflower meal compared to soybean meal varied from 0.43, 0.50 to 0.70 for 29, 32 and 36% of proteins content respectively. The 36% protein sunflower meal seems very well adapted to laying hens and ducks diets where 29% type should be more adapted to meat cows, sows and rabbits who need less concentrated diets. The new market for the 36 % protein sunflower meal type could notably help to provide local sources of proteins for high quality poultry production.

Le Cadre P.,CEREOPA | Pressenda F.,CEREOPA | Labalette F.,Terres Univia | Peyronnet C.,Terres Univia
OCL - Oilseeds and fats | Year: 2015

The opportunity to set up a French integrated value chain from the production of soybean to the use of soybean meal is linked to its economic feasibility and in particular to the valorization of co-products. The study at the regional level (Southwest and Rhône Alpes) shows that a local partially defatted soybean meal has many lucrative opportunities related or not, to its non GMO character and its image "terroir". This gives it an economic interest against an imported soybean meal (standard or non GMO), which can however vary depending on the context of price, but also on the basis of the decisions of last market which will be made by the operators concerned (contracting or not for high quality markets). © P. Le Cadre et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015.

Peyronnet C.,ONIDOL | Lacampagne J.-P.,ONIDOL | Le Cadre P.,CEREOPA | Pressenda F.,CEREOPA
OCL - Oilseeds and fats, crops and lipids | Year: 2014

Thirty million tons of raw materials are used for animal feeds each year in France, among them 64% of cereals and 22% of oilseed meals. The French deficit of local protein rich raw materials (more than 15% CP) was about 70% before the 80's and it has been reduced to less than 40%; successively through the crop development of peas during the 90's and of rapeseed and sunflower since 2010 with a total area of 2.5 million hectares. Soybean meal remains the first meal used for feed in France. Imports have decreased since 2009 to reach 3.3 million tons in 2012/2013. GMO free soybean meal has decreased from 1.2 million tons in 2002 to less than 0.6 million in 2012. Rapeseed and sunflower meals have reached 2.3 and 1.4 million tons in 2012/2013. 700≠000 tons of High pro (36% CP) sunflower meals were imported from Black Sea area while 600≠000 tons of different types of sunflower meals were produced in France. Since 2013, High pro sunflower meals are also produced in France in Bassens. Prices of the different protein rich raw materials are following the international soybean meal market but the French demand for GMO free feedstuffs allows a better valorization for local protein sources. © 2014 C. Peyronnet et al., published by EDP Sciences.

French feedstuff manufacturers remain reticent about using animal fats. However, it is a valuable raw material providing energy and improving animal productions performances. Mixing animal fats into feed should decrease the processing cost. Concerning the environmental issue, it is an efficient way to reduce animal productions carbon footprint. The use of animal fats as a raw material for feedstuff formulation would also put less pressure on food and feed resources.

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