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Angers, France

Auberlet J.-M.,University Paris Est Creteil | Rosey F.,Normandie Center | Anceaux F.,University of Valenciennes and HainautCambresis | Aubin S.,CER ESEO | And 3 more authors.
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2012

Our study focused on the lateral position of drivers in relation to risk on rural crest vertical curves, using a field site proposed by a local operator of the French road network (Conseil Général de Maine-et-Loire, 49). The final goal was to test one road treatment on this field site. The study consisted of three stages. The first, using driving simulators, selected two perceptual treatments (i.e.; rumble strips on both sides of the centerline and sealed shoulders) from five that were tested in order to help drivers maintain lateral control when driving on crest vertical curves. The rumble strips were installed first on the field site. The second stage was to develop a diagnostic device specifically in order to evaluate, on the field site, the impact of a perceptual treatment on the driver's performance (i.e.; lateral position). This diagnostic device was installed in the field upstream and downstream of the target crest vertical curve. The third stage was to collect the data during two periods, before and after the centerline rumble strips were installed. We then compared the results obtained in the field study with those from the driving simulator studies. The comparison showed that, as in the simulator studies, the centerline rumble strips on the crest vertical curve affected lateral positions, causing the participants to drive closer to the center of the lane. Finally, the results showed the usefulness of driving simulators in the road design process. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Plainchault P.,CER ESEO | Aubin S.,CER ESEO | Briand P.,Cete de lOuest | Auberlet J.-M.,LEPSIS | Bosch T.,ENSEEIHT N
Instrumentation Mesure Metrologie | Year: 2011

This research was carried out as part of the French national multidisciplinary research project, PREDIT-SARI. A theme has been developed to study the visibility of the road on dangerous portions, particularly the crossroads, the bends and the coast summits in a straight line. The aim of our study was to develop a diagnostic tool and a methodology to test the effectiveness of road treatments with these summits. The embedded sensors in the road allow analysis of the trajectories followed by drivers. © 2011 Lavoisier, Paris. Source


Auberlet J.-M.,INRETS | Pacaux M.-P.,University of Lille Nord de France | Pacaux M.-P.,University of Valenciennes and HainautCambresis | Pacaux M.-P.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 5 more authors.
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2010

This research was carried out as part of the French national multidisciplinary research project, PREDIT-SARI. Using a driving simulator, it aimed to test the effectiveness of road treatments intended to inform drivers about the risk of losing control on rural roads with "crest vertical curves" (Landis et al., 2004). [Rosey, F., Auberlet, J.M., Bertrand, J., Plainchault, P., 2008. Impact of perceptual treatments on lateral control during driving on crest vertical curves: a driving simulator study. Accid. Anal. Prev. 40, 1515-1523, Scopus.] used a fixed-base driving simulator to test four perceptual treatments intended to help drivers maintain lateral control when driving on crest vertical curves and found that two of them, rumble strips on both sides of the centerline and sealed shoulders, were more effective than the others. This first study prompted us to ask if non-visual sensory cues (e.g., vestibular or proprioceptive perceptions) could influence driver perception and consequently lateral control. We therefore conducted a second study on a motion-base driving simulator, using the same virtual 3D database. The results showed that: (1) drivers drive closer to the center of their lane when there are rumble strips on both sides of the centerline, or when there are sealed shoulders, than they do with the current marking system (i.e., continuous lines), and (2) the impact of the two tested perceptual treatments was replicated on both types of driving simulator. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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