Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University is an academic institution located in Ahmedabad, India offering undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in areas of natural and developed environment of human society and related disciplines. Wikipedia.
McFarlane C.,Durham University |
Desai R.,CEPT University
Environment and Urbanization | Year: 2015
This paper develops a conception of “sites of entitlement” as a basis for better understanding how infrastructure and services are perceived and experienced in informal settlements. While legal and policy frameworks are often viewed as the source of entitlements to infrastructure and services, the complexity of provision, access and negotiation in informal settlements demands a conception of entitlement that exceeds those domains. Based on ethnographic research on sanitation and water in informal settlements in Mumbai, we focus on the ways in which people’s everyday experiences, interactions and practices constitute sites of entitlement. These sites are unevenly produced, contested, often in flux and ambivalent, sometimes made through collective struggle and at other times through quiet individual practice, and always constituted by social relations. Sites of entitlement emerge in close relation to moral economies, and are characterized by often profound and – for research, policy and practice – challenging levels of spatial and temporal variation. We argue that sites of entitlement are vital for thinking through the possibilities of realizing the universal right to sanitation and water. © 2015, © 2015 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).
McFarlane C.,Durham University |
Desai R.,CEPT University |
Graham S.,Newcastle University
Annals of the Association of American Geographers | Year: 2014
The global sanitation crisis is rapidly urbanizing, but how is sanitation produced and sustained in informal settlements? Although there are data available on aggregate statistics, relatively little is known about how sanitation is created, maintained, threatened, and contested within informal settlements. Drawing on an ethnography of two very different informal settlements in Mumbai, this study identifies key ways in which informal sanitation is produced, rendered vulnerable, and politicized. In particular, four informal urban sanitation processes are examined: patronage, self-managed processes, solidarity and exclusion, and open defecation. The article also considers the implications for a research agenda around informal urban sanitation, emphasizing in particular the potential of a comparative approach, and examines the possibilities for better sanitation conditions in Mumbai and beyond. © 2014 © 2014 by Association of American Geographers.
Baindur D.,CEPT University |
Viegas J.M.,University of Lisbon
Logistics Research | Year: 2012
Motorways of the Sea (MoS) projects, that is, the development of integrated maritime-based intermodal transport infrastructure and service networks at European scale, have been the vision of the European Commission (EC) under the European Transport Policy White Paper 2001. Although these projects have been prioritised under the Trans European transport (TEN-T) networks, they have met with limited success. Establishing MoS is complex because of its international scope and involvement of a large number of public and private stakeholders that often have conflicting objectives and goals. Presently, there is a need for EC to set clear, fair and attractive conditions to engage private stakeholders in the realisation of these projects. The paper will attempt to identify these conditions and recommend a way forward. The paper reviews the evolution of the MoS concept and existing barriers in the delivery of intermodal services to understand the expectations and concerns of the important stakeholders. Case studies of European Short Sea Shipping experiences in the different maritime corridors and elsewhere around the world are analysed to identify critical success factors and recommend a suitable framework for the realisation of European MoS projects. © Springer-Verlag 2012.
Jain S.K.,Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar |
Mitra K.,Bengal Engineering and Science University |
Kumar M.,Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur |
Shah M.,CEPT University
Earthquake Spectra | Year: 2010
Poor performance of reinforced concrete (RC) frame buildings in India during past earthquakes has been a matter of serious concern. Hence, it becomes important to identify and strengthen the deficient buildings. When dealing with a large building stock, one needs evaluation methods for quick assessment of the seismic safety of existing buildings so that corrective retrofitting measures may be undertaken on the deficient buildings. This paper presents a review of some of the available methods for rapid visual screening (RVS) of RC-frame buildings and proposes a RVS method for RC-frame buildings in India based on systematic studies on damage data of the 2001 Bhuj earthquake. © 2010, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.
Anjana V.,CEPT University |
Gerhard K.,TU Berlin
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2016
Science and technology are evolving leaps and bounds. The advancements in GI-Science for natural and built environment helps in improving the quality of life. Learning through education and training needs to be at par with those advancements, which plays a vital role in utilization of technology. New technologies that creates new opportunities have enabled Geomatics to broaden the horizon (skills and competencies). Government policies and decisions support the use of geospatial science in various sectors of governance. Mapping, Land management, Urban planning, Environmental planning, Industrialization are some of the areas where the geomatics has become a baseline for decision making at national level. There is a need to bridge the gap between developments in geospatial science and its utilization and implementation. To prepare a framework for standardisation it is important to understand the theories of education and prevailing practices, with articulate goals exploring variety of teaching techniques. E-Learning is an erudition practice shaped for facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources through digital and network-enabled technology. It is a shift from traditional education or training to ICT-based flexible and collaborative learning based on the community of learners, academia, professionals, experts and facilitators. Developments in e-learning is focussed on computer assisted learning which has become popular because of its potential for providing more flexible access to content and instruction at any time, from any place (Means et al, 2009). With the advent of the geo-spatial technology, fast development in the software and hardware, the demand for skilled manpower is increasing and the need is for training, education, research and dissemination. It suggests inter-organisational cooperation between academia, industry, government and international collaboration. There is a nascent need to adopt multi-specialisation approach to examine the issues and challenges of research in such a valued topic of education and training in multi-disciplinary areas. Learning involve a change in an individual's knowledge, ability to perform a skill, participate and communicate. There is considerable variation among the theories about the nature of this change. This paper derives from a scientific research grant received from ISPRS, reveals a summary result from assessing various theories and methods of evaluation of learning through education, system and structure of it for GeoInformatics.
Munshi T.,CEPT University
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment | Year: 2016
Metropolitan areas around the world are looking for sustainable strategies to reduce use of private automobiles, energy consumption and emissions, often achieved by built environment interventions that encourage use of sustainable modes of transport. This study contributes by providing the empirical evidence on the relation between built environment and mode choice in context of Indian city of Rajkot. Using personal interview data and data available from Rajkot Municipal Corporation it is observed that there is a strong tendency among Rajkot residents to preselect their residential location to suit their modal preferences. This is especially true for non-motorized transport users. Among the built environment variables, access to destination and land use related indicators also have significant influence on mode choice. The study Infers that the land use policy should focus on accessibility and mixing of diverse uses, and transport supply will have to be location based to support non-motorized and public transport travel. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Jayswal M.,CEPT University
Energy Procedia | Year: 2012
Energy consumption in the building sector is very high and it is expected to increase further due to increase in standards of living and change in typology of the building. Other major factor which has a significant effect on energy consumption is climate, especially in hot and dry climate. There is vast temperature fluctuation in such type of climate promoting greater use of air conditioning system, thus increasing energy consumption. The Study examines the energy conservation potential of the Passive Downdraft Evaporative Cooling (PDEC) technique for the commercial building sector in hot and dry region of Ahmedabad. The Study examines four different scenarios, 1) Conventional Case, 2) Envelope Design case 3) Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) Envelope Design case and 4) ECBC Envelope Design case with Evaporative Cooler (EC). Performance of all scenarios is measured through simulation software 'eQuest'. Simulation results are compared with actual building observations and comparative analysis is done in terms of Cooling load, Energy consumption, CO2 emissions and other co-benefits. The Research finding proves that Passive Downdraught Evaporative cooling technique offer real opportunity for improving indoor thermal comfort conditions in a building whilst reducing cooling load of air-conditioning systems, thereby reducing energy consumption and provides better indoor environment by providing 100% fresh, cool air into a space. The analysis confirms the advantage of such passive cooling strategy in hot dry climate of Ahmedabad. Further research also identifies the significance of the integrated architectural approach. Result of the each scenario with better envelope design and efficient cooling technique has shown significant energy conservation. The findings clearly suggest that while energy efficiency can be achieved through building regulations/codes and appropriate choice of materials/construction technology, but the potential for energy efficiency is much higher when such measures are integrated into the design philosophy and approach. The results can be used to estimate the energy conservation potential of such technique for wider application and also in developing recommendations to encourage the use of such passive cooling techniques. As commercial building floor area in Ahmadabad is projected to be double by 2035, there is a large potential to conserve the energy. Developing guidelines and action plan to promote such techniques will certainly help to reduce energy consumption, hence reducing GHG emissions. © 2012 The Authors.
Trivedi J.S.,CEPT University |
Nair S.,L and T Institute of Project Management |
Iyyunni C.,CEPT University |
Iyyunni C.,L and T Institute of Project Management
Procedia Engineering | Year: 2013
Sub-grade soil stabilization is one of the primary and major processes in the construction of any highway. The aim of this research paper is to formulate a model based on Genetic Algorithm which can be used to predict variation in the values of CBR of the Sub-grade Soil with the addition of a specific percentage of Fly Ash. The input values for this study were those which directly affect the CBR values i.e., directly proportional to CBR. It includes Liquid Limit (LL), Plasticity Index (PI), Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) & Fraction of Fly Ash added (F.A in %).For analysis of stabilization of soil using fly ash, Evolver 5.7 an add-in software of excel is used. Properties used for analysis are Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, Optimum Moisture Content and California Bearing Ratio. This model will help all types of agencies involved in road construction like NHAI, Infrastructure Developers and Construction Contracting Organizations to pre-determine the soil stabilization achieved due to fly ash for a particular type of sub-grade soil. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Pathak M.,CEPT University |
Shukla P.R.,Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment | Year: 2015
Rising population, income and urbanization are increasing urban passenger transport demand in India. Energy and emissions intensities associated with conventional transport are no longer sustainable vis-a-vis energy security, air quality and climate change. Cities are seeking transport roadmaps that jointly mitigate these risks. Roadmaps vary across cities, but approach to delineate actions is common: (i) 'representative vision' that articulates long-term goals, (ii) methods for comparative scenarios assessment, and (iii) quantification of co-benefits to prioritize actions. This paper illustrates application of quantitative modeling to assess development and environmental co-benefits for Ahmedabad city. The paper constructs two transport scenarios spanning till 2035. The bifurcating themes are: (i) Business-as-Usual (BAU) and Low Carbon Scenario (LCS). The quantitative assessment using Extended Snapshot (ExSS) Model shows that transport activity shall result in four-fold increase in energy demand under BAU from 2010 to 2035. Three key contributors to CO2 mitigation under LCS in merit order are: (i) fuel switch, including decarbonized electricity, (ii) modal shift, and (iii) substitution of travel demand. Scenarios analysis shows that LCS improves energy security by reducing oil demand and also delivers air quality co-benefits - reducing 74% NOx and 83% PM2.5 from the passenger transport sector compared to BAU in 2035. Finally, the paper argues that cities in developing countries can leverage carbon finance to develop sustainable and low carbon mobility plans that prevent adverse infrastructure and behavioral lock-ins and prompt low carbon development. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Vyas A.,CEPT University
International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives | Year: 2014
Education system is divided in to two classes: formal and informal. Formal education establishes the basis of theory and practical learning whereas informal education is largely self-learning, learning from real world projects. Generally science and technology streams require formal method of education. The social and related aspects can be taught through the other methods. Education is a media through which the foundation of the knowledge and skill is built. The statistics reveals the increase in the trend of the literate population. This may be accounted due to the level of urbanization and migration to the cities in search for the 'white-collar jobs'. As a result, a shift in the employment structure is observed from a primary sector to a secondary and tertiary sector. Thomas Friedman in his book 'The World is Flat' quotes the impact of globalization on adaptation of science and technology, the world has become large to tiny. One of the technologies to mention here is geospatial technology. With the advancement in the satellite remote sensing, geographical information system, global positioning system, the database management system has become important subject areas. The countries are accounting hugh budget on the space technology, which includes education, training and research. Today many developing countries do not have base maps, they are lacking in the systemic data and record keeping, which are essential for governance, decision making and other development purpose. There is no trained manpower available. There is no standard hardware and software identified. An imbalance is observed when the government is promoting the use of geospatial technology, there is no trained manpower nor the availability of the experts to review the accurateness of the spatial data developed. There are very few universities which impart the degree level education, there are very few trained faculty members who give standard education, there exists a lack of standard syllabus. On the other hand, the industry requires high skilled manpower, high experienced manpower. This is a low equilibrium situation. Since the need is enhancing day by day, the shortage of the skilled manpower is increasing, the need of the geomatics education emerges. This paper researches on the need assessment of the education in geospatial specialization. It emphasises on the challenges and issues prevail in geospatial education and in the specialized fields of remote sensing and GIS. This paper analyse the need assessment through all the three actors: government, geospatial industry and education institutions.