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Mauro-Martin I.S.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Garicano-Vilar E.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud
Revista Espanola de Nutricion Humana y Dietetica | Year: 2015

There is growing interest in meeting nutritional tools available to professionals to manage the modulation of the human immune system. This literature review focuses on the potential beneficial effects on the immune system attributed to β-glucans composed of Pleurotus ostreatus products and/or vitamin C. It shows the results obtained in different studies with the intake of these components on the immune system and the specific effect on immune markers as interleukins, lymphocytes, Natural Killer cells, and leukocytes. Serving not only the mechanisms but to experiences in in vitro and in vivo models (animal and human). Both vitamin C and β-glucans appear to show efficacy on the immune system in several studies, especially administered together, but more research is needed. Source


Mauro-Martin I.S.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | La Aleja J.O.-G.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Garicano-Vilar E.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Cadenato-Ruiz C.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | And 10 more authors.
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2016

Introduction. Intellectual disability refers to substantial limitations in intellectual functioning, affecting 0.7-1.5% of the population. People with intellectual disability have higher rates of obesity, since caloric values and nutritional status, are deficient. Aims. To determine the nutritional habits, analyze the effectiveness of nutritional education and evaluate the possible effect of improvement introducing exercise and nutrition workshops, in a group of people with intellectual disability. Patients and methods. Clinical, nutritional and anthropometric (weight, height, body mass index, body fat, waist circumference) assessment was conducted in 47 patients. An ad hoc survey was designed in which exercise habits, medical and dietary history, record of 72 hours (including 2 weekdays and 1 weekend) and the adherence to Mediterranean diet data were collected. The workshops of exercise and nutrition counted with a structure of theoretical-practical explanation and games. Results. 76.1% presented weight excess at baseline. After the intervention values of total body fat (–0.94 ± 4.4%) and visceral fat (–0.86 ± 2%), weight (–0.4 ± 3.3 kg) and body mass index (–0.2 ± 1.6 kg/m2) decreased, more in women than in men. 60.5% of subjects did not meet a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet. After nutritional intervention, a significant difference (p ≤ 0,001) was observed in the KidMed score. The workshop of physical activity had positive effects on the anthropometry of subjects. Conclusions. Both the intake and the prevalence of obesity in this group of people are inadequate. Nutritional education and physical exercise workshops are useful for working with this group, achieving significant changes to prevent obesity and improve their health. © 2016 Revista de Neurología. Source


Mauro-Martin I.S.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Garcia-Angulo B.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Fajardo D.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud | Garicano-Vilar E.,Centros de Investigacion en Nutricion y Salud
Revista Espanola de Nutricion Humana y Dietetica | Year: 2015

Introduction: In women's soccer, meeting the nutritional requirements could have a positive impact on athletic performance. The aim of this study was to analyze dietary intake and body composition (CC), proving their relationship with athletic performance. Material and Methods: Observational, descriptive, prospective, and correlational study performed on 17 players from Torrelodones C.F., a semi-professional team in Madrid. Weight and height were measured and the body mass index (IMC) was calculated. The CC was determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Dietary intake was analyzed through a weekly food registry (assessed with the program DIAL) and the KIDMED test. The maximum volume of oxygen (VO2 max) was determined by the Course-Navette test and the rating of perceived effort test (PSE) was also taken. Results: IMC was 22.80±2.9kg/m2, fat mass was 24.51±5.5% and lean mass 43.6±2.9kg. Energy intake was 1901±388 kcal. The contribution of carbohydrates accounted for 40.3±5.6%, protein 15.9±3.29%, and fat 41.8±4.1% of total kcal. There was an inverse relationship between IMC and weight, and VO2 max values. There was a significant weight loss after training (p=0.003) and after the match (p=0.008). Conclusions: Player's diet was inadequate, not corresponding nutrient intake with their requirements, despite training in a semi-professional team. Because of the importance that nutrition plays in competition and athletic performance, investigations should continue working on an appropriate recommendation for this collective. Source

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