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São José do Rio Preto, Brazil

Galvao A.L.B.,Centro Universitario Of Rio Preto | Carvalho M.B.,Sao Paulo State University
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2014

Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical gas, inorganic, which has seven electrons of nitrogen and oxygen eight, possessing an unpaired electron. This radical is produced from L-arginine by a reaction mediated by the enzyme NO synthase. NO it is about a radical of who acts abundant on a variety of biological processes, particularly when produced by endothelial cells plays a significant role in cardiovascular control, as a modulator of peripheral vascular resistance and platelet aggregation. This free radical has also a neurotransmitter and mediator of the immune system. NO kidney function has been considered in many physiological functions such as: (a) regulation of hemodynamics and glomerular function tubuloglomerular, (b) participation in pressure natriuresis (c) maintaining medullar perfusion (d) inhibiting sodium reabsorption tubular, and (e) acting as a modulator of the activity of the sympathetic nervous system. Given these functions, the occurrence of its deficiency is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in vasoconstriction and consequently glomerular hypertension, high blood pressure (HBP), proteinuria and progression of renal dysfunction. This work has the scope to describe the role of NO in renal physiology and pathophysiology of CKD. Source


Davanso T.M.,Sao Paulo State University | Taddei F.G.,Centro Universitario Of Rio Preto | Simoes S.M.,Sao Paulo State University | Fransozo A.,Sao Paulo State University | Da Costa R.C.,Sao Paulo State University
Journal of Crustacean Biology | Year: 2013

In the northwestern region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, the freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei Stimpson, 1861 is usually sold as bait for several fish species for sport fishing. Thus, knowledge of the reproductive biology of this species is essential to provide information for maintaining natural stocks and implementing future farming initiatives. The objective of this study was to investigate the population dynamics of the red freshwater crab D. pagei, focusing on reproductive and juvenile recruitment periods, sex ratio, and individual growth. Sampling was performed monthly from October 2005 to September 2007 in the Marimbondo-Fumas Hydroelectric Plant reservoir, Rio Grande, municipality of Icém in northwestern São Paulo state. The individuals were sexed, carapace widths were measured, and the gonads were examined macroscopically. In total, 1002 individuals were analyzed, consisting of 568 males and 434 females, of which 4 were ovigerous and 35 carried early juveniles in the incubatory chamber. The largest numbers of reproductive individuals of both sexes were recorded during the winter and spring months before spawning, which occurred in the spring. Intense juvenile recruitment and the highest rainfall levels were observed during the Southern Hemisphere summer. The results indicate that spawning can be considered seasonal, and the simultaneous emergence of juveniles with high rainfall levels is probably the result of the higher availability of food and potential sites for protection against predators. The skewed sex ratio (♂ 1:0.76 ♀) may be associated with growth rates, mortality, food restriction, behavioral differences, migration, and differential habitat use between the sexes. The similar maximum size (CW∞) and growth constant (k) for males (k = 1.78 y-1, CW = 61.43 mm) and females (k = 1.67 y-1, CW = 60.66 mm) may be associated with different energy investment strategies between the sexes. Additionally, a closed season is proposed for the species. © The Crustacean Society, 2013. Published by Brill NV, Leiden. Source


Dorea Neto F.A.,Uniao Metropolitana para o Desenvolvimento da Educacao e Cultura | Oria A.P.,Federal University of Bahia | Padilha Filho J.G.,Sao Paulo State University | Regonato E.,Centro Universitario Of Rio Preto | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Saude e Producao Animal | Year: 2012

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of type IIb external skeletal fixators with a transarticular pin in experimental tarsocrural arthrodesis. Twelve adult mongrel dogs of both sexes, ranging in age from two to five years and weighing 12 to 25kg, were used. The configuration of the fixator consisted in the application of a transarticular Steinmann pin and of centrally threaded pins to the proximal portion of the tibia and calcaneus and to the distal portion of the metatarsal bones. In addition, Schanz pins were inserted into the medial and lateral side of the tibia and into the medial side of the metatarsal bones. Radiographs were taken 15; 30 and 45 days after surgery. Bone fusion of the treated joints were observed at 30 days in all animals, and the implants were removed after 45 days. Loosening of the centrally threaded pins was observed in all groups, especially for those applied to the calcaneus. The configuration of the external fixator proposed here was found to be satisfactory in terms of bone union for all joints during the same period, irrespective of the weight of the animal. Source


Gomes A.F.,Fundacao Educacional de Barretos | Gomes A.F.,Centro Universitario Of Rio Preto | Vidiella-Barranco A.,University of Campinas
Applied Mathematics and Information Sciences | Year: 2014

We investigate the transfer of coherence from atoms to a cavity field initially in a statistical mixture within a two-photon micromaser arrangement. The field is progressively modified from a maximum entropy state (thermal state) towards an almost pure state (entropy close to zero) due to its interaction with atoms sent across the cavity. We trace over the atomic variables, i.e., the atomic states are not measured and recorded by a detector after they leave the cavity. We show that by applying an external classical driving field it is possible to substantially increase the field purity without the need of previously preparing the atoms in a superposition of their energy eigenstates. We also discuss some of the nonclassical statistical properties of the resulting field. © 2014 NSP Natural Sciences Publishing Cor. Source


Bonine B.M.,Paulista University | Polizelli P.P.,Centro Universitario Of Rio Preto | Bonilla-Rodriguez G.O.,Paulista University
Enzyme Research | Year: 2014

This study reports the immobilization of a new lipase isolated from oleaginous seeds of Pachira aquatica, using beads of calcium alginate (Alg) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). We evaluated the morphology, number of cycles of reuse, optimum temperature, and temperature stability of both immobilization methods compared to the free enzyme. The immobilized enzymes were more stable than the free enzyme, keeping 60% of the original activity after 4 h at 50°C. The immobilized lipase was reused several times, with activity decreasing to approximately 50% after 5 cycles. Both the free and immobilized enzymes were found to be optimally active between 30 and 40°C. © 2014 Bárbara M. Bonine et al. Source

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