Constantinescu G.,ICMA UZ CSIC |
Constantinescu G.,University of Duisburg - Essen |
Rasekh S.,ICMA UZ CSIC |
Torres M.A.,ICMA UZ CSIC |
And 4 more authors.
Ceramics International | Year: 2015
Ca3-x Na x Co4O9 polycrystalline thermoelectric ceramics with small amounts of Na (x=0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07, and 0.10) have been prepared using the classical solid state method. Microstructural characterization has shown that Na has been incorporated into the Ca3Co4O9 phase and that no Na-based secondary phases have been produced. It has also been found that Na addition promotes grain growth and favours sintering due to the formation of a small amount of liquid phase. Electrical resistivity decreases when Na content increases until 0.07Na addition while Seebeck coefficient is maintained practically unchanged. The improvement in electrical resistivity leads to higher power factor values than the usually obtained in samples prepared by more complex and expensive techniques. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.