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Gonzalez-Diaz S.,Sede Universitaria Municipal Hermanos Saiz Montes de Oca | Rivera-Cervantes L.E.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Cuevas-Guzman R.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Solis-Magallanes J.A.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Santana-Michel F.J.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur
Revista Chapingo, Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente | Year: 2012

The incidence of insect predators on orchids was evaluated in seven plots located at the Las Joyas Research Station (LJRS), Jalisco, Mexico. This research was conducted between September 2009 and February 2010. A total of 130 species from 16 orchid genera were identified. S. martiniana, C. pendula, O. tigrinum and R. splendens were the main host orchid species. All of them showed significant damages in their organs due to the incidence of phytophagous Hemiptera. M. lutem and A. spiraecola (Patch) were the phytophagous insect species that provoked major damage in orchids. Insects caused significant damages in species located in anthropised areas. This assessment would improve the current conservation strategy of Orchidaceae in Jalisco.

Cabrera Y.,Ministerio de la Industria Alimentaria | Aguilar C.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Gonzalez-Sanson G.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Marquez-Farias J.F.,Autonomous University of Sinaloa
Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research | Year: 2016

Isurus oxyrinchus is a species mostly caught on pelagic longline fisheries. In this study, the occurrence of I. oxyrinchus pregnant female caught to northwest of Cuba is reported; we describe for the first time the development stage of the embryos for this region and compare its development phase with previous surveys carried out in other regions. The adult specimen measured 365 cm TL and had 12 embryos. Regarding the whole litter only a male of 39.3 cm (TL) and a female of 39.2 cm (TL) could be examined. The most evident feature about the embryos was the development of a big abdomen full of small follicles with yolk, corresponding to the oophagic phase. This provides enough energy for their growth and development during the gestation period. This current paper is the first record about second phase or half-term litter of embryonic development for I. oxyrinchus in Cuban waters and it complements the information concerning the knowledge of the reproductive biology of this species. © 2016, Escuela de Ciencias del Mar. All rights reserved.

Macias-Macias J.O.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Quezada-Euan J.J.G.,Autonomous University of Yucatán | Contreras-Escareno F.,Centro Universitario Of La Costa Sur | Tapia-Gonzalez J.M.,University of Guadalajara | And 2 more authors.
Apidologie | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to evaluate the temperature sensitivity of three stingless bee species, one from the tropical highland transition Neartic-Neotropical region (Melipona colimana) and two from the tropical lowland regions (Melipona beecheii and Scaptotrigona hellwegeri) of Mexico. The changes in thoracic temperature, behavior, and mortality rate of workers and pupae of the three species submitted to control high and low temperatures were assessed. Workers of highland M. colimana regurgitated water and fanned their wings when submitted to high temperatures, a behavior reported here for the first time in a stingless bee. M. colimana consumed syrup and increased its thoracic temperature in response to cold environment. Workers and pupae of M. colimana experienced lower mortality rates than M. beecheii and S. hellwegeri. The results of this study showed the tolerance of M. colimana to a wider temperature range, possibly as a response to extreme conditions in its native environment. The implications of thermal susceptibility differences for the conservation of highland and lowland stingless bees are discussed. © 2011 INRA, DIB-AGIB and Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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