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Cavicchioli M.,São Paulo State University | Massabni A.C.,São Paulo State University | Heinrich T.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Costa-Neto C.M.,University of Sao Paulo | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Two new complexes of platinum(II) and silver(I) with acesulfame were synthesized. Acesulfame is in the anionic form acesulfamate (ace). The structures of both complexes were determined by X-ray crystallography. For K2[PtCl2(ace)2] the platinum atom is coordinated to two Cl- and two N-acesulfamate atoms forming a trans-square planar geometry. Each K+ ion interacts with two oxygen atoms of the S(O)2 group of each acesulfamate. For the polymeric complex [Ag(ace)]n the water molecule bridges between two crystallographic equivalent Ag1 atoms which are related each other by a twofold symmetry axis. Two Ag1 atoms, related to each other by a symmetry centre, make bond contact with two equivalent oxygen atoms. These bonds give rise to infinite chains along the unit cell diagonal in the ac plane. The in vitro cytotoxic analyses for the platinum complex using HeLa (human cervix cancer) cells show its low activity when compared to the vehicle-treated cells. The Ag(I) complex submitted to in vitro antimycobacterial tests, using the Microplate Alamar Blue (MABA) method, showed a good activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, responsible for tuberculosis, with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 11.6μM. The Ag(I) complex also presented a promising activity against Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram positive (Enterococcus faecalis) microorganisms. The complex K2[PtCl2(ace)2] was also evaluated for antiviral properties against dengue virus type 2 (New Guinea C strain) in Vero cells and showed a good inhibition of dengue virus type 2 (New Guinea C strain) replication at 200μM, when compared to vehicle-treated cells. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.


Figueiredo R.V.,University of Sao Paulo | Amaral A.C.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Shimano A.C.,University of Sao Paulo
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy | Year: 2012

Objective: To identify whether flight training activities cause postural changes in cadets and pilots of the Brazilian Air Force Academy (AFA). Methods: Eighty subjects were assessed through photographic images in anterior and right side views. Four groups of cadets (n=20 per group) divided according to the year since enlistment and a fifth group of fifteen pilots from the Air Demonstration Squadron (ADS) were included. Pictures were analyzed using the Postural Analysis Program (SAPO) and angles related to head vertical alignment (HVA), head horizontal alignment (HHA), acromion horizontal alignment (AHA) and anterior-superior iliac spine horizontal alignment (HAS) were plotted. Results: We did not find statistical significant differences in the angles: HVA, HHA and AHA. However, a significant difference was found for the HAS angle with pilots having lower values than cadets, suggesting greater postural stability for this variable in pilots. Conclusion: The horizontal alignment of the anterior-superior iliac spine was the only measure that showed significant difference in the comparison between pilots and cadets. The remaining alignments were not different, possibility because of the strict criteria used for admission of cadets at the AFA and the efficiency of the physical training that is performed periodically. © Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia.


Abbehausen C.,University of Campinas | Heinrich T.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Abrao E.P.,University of Sao Paulo | Costa-Neto C.M.,University of Sao Paulo | And 3 more authors.
Polyhedron | Year: 2011

A new silver(I) complex with N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) of composition AgC5H8NO3S·H2O was synthesized and characterized by a set of chemical and spectroscopic measurements. Solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) and infrared (IR) analyses indicate the coordination of the ligand to Ag(I) through the sulfur atom. The Ag-NAC complex is slightly soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide. It is insoluble in water, methanol, ethanol, acetone and hexane. Antibacterial activity of the silver complex with N-acetyl-l-cysteine (Ag-NAC) was evaluated by antibiogram assays using the disc diffusion method. The compound showed an effective antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative) bacterial cells. Biological analysis for evaluation of a potential cytotoxic effect of Ag-NAC was performed using HeLa cells derived from human cervical adenocarcinoma. The complex presented a significant cytotoxic activity, inducing 80% of cell death at a concentration of 200 μmol L-1. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Lustosa G.M.M.M.,São Paulo State University | da Costa J.P.C.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Perazolli L.A.,São Paulo State University | Stojanovic B.D.,University of Belgrade | Zaghete M.A.,São Paulo State University
Journal of the European Ceramic Society | Year: 2015

Recently, there has been an important rise in the research and development aimed to improve the properties of SnO2-based varistors. Meanwhile, due to fact that ZnO-based varistors possess better electrical properties compared to SnO2-based varistors, it is shown that it is needful to add additives to improve their properties. In our study, the SnO2-powder was prepared by the chemical route (Pechini method) with addition of ZnO (1mol%) and Nb2O5 (0.05mol%). Films were obtained by the electrophoretic deposition of SnO2-based powder, following by microwave oven sintering. Cr3+ was deposited by EPD on the films surface and thermal treatment was carried out in a microwave oven. After electrical characterization the films showed nonlinear coefficient over 10, breakdown voltage around 60V, low leakage current (Ω10-6A) and resistance over 200kΩcm. This indicates the efficiency of the used techniques to prepare varistor films with improved electrical properties after Cr3+ diffusion. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


De Araujo Junior A.M.,São Paulo State University | Braido G.,São Paulo State University | Saska S.,São Paulo State University | Barud H.S.,São Paulo State University | And 7 more authors.
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2016

Regenerated cellulose scaffolds (RCS) may be used as alloplastic materials for tissue repair. In this work, the RCS were obtained by viscose process and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetry analysis (TG). In vitro enzymatic degradation assay and toxicological assays were also evaluated. The physicochemical characterizations revealed the formation of a porous material with distinct thermal profile and crystallinity compared to pristine cellulose pulp. Enzymatic degradation assay revealed that lysozyme showed a mildest catalytic action when compared to cellulase, Tricoderma reesei (Tr). Nevertheless, both enzymes were efficient for degrading the RCS. RCS did not show cytotoxicity, mutagenic or genotoxic effects. The systematically characterization of this work suggests that RCS presented distinct features that make it a viable material for future studies related to the development of scaffolds for biological applications. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Spera M.B.M.,University of Campinas | Quintao F.A.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Ferraresi D.K.D.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Lustri W.R.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | And 3 more authors.
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2011

Nuclear magnetic resonance studies, molecular modeling and antibacterial assays of the palladium(II) complex with S-allyl-l-cysteine (deoxyalliin) are presented. Studies based on solid and solution 13C and 15N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy confirmed that the palladium(II) complex preserved the same structural arrangement in both states, with no modifications on coordination sphere when dissolved in water. Density functional theory (DFT) studies stated that the trans isomer is the most stable one. Antibacterial activities of S-allyl-l-cysteine and its palladium(II) complex were evaluated by antibiogram assays using the disc diffusion method. The palladium(II) complex showed an effective antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive), Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram-negative) bacterial cells. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Gorni G.R.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Alves R.G.,Federal University of Juiz de fora
Iheringia - Serie Zoologia | Year: 2012

This paper analyses the relationship among mesohabitat and aquatic oligochaete species in the Galharada Stream (Campos do Jordão State Park, state of São Paulo, Brazil). Between August 2005 and May 2006 a total of 192 samples were obtained in areas of four different mesohabitats: riffle leaf litter (RL), pool leaf litter (PL), pool sediment (PS) and interstitial sediment from rocky beds in riffle areas (IS). In the mesohabitats sampled, 2007 specimens were identified, belonging to two families (Naididae and Enchytraeidae). Among the oligochaetes identified Naididae was represented by six genera (Allonais, Chaetogaster, Nais, Pristina, Aulodrilus and Limnodrilus). Principal components analysis (PCA) revealed the first two axes explained 85.1% of the total variance of the data. Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparede, 1862 and Aulodrilus limnobius Bretscher, 1899 were associated with the pool areas (PL and PS). Most species of genera Pristina and Nais demonstrated apparent affinity with the riffle mesohabitats. The Indicator Species Analysis (IndVal) revealed that Nais communis Piguet, 1906, Pristina leidyi Smith, 1896 and Pristina (Pristinella) jenkinae (Stephenson, 1931) are indicative of RL mesohabitat, while family Enchytraeidae was considered indicative of PL mesohabitat.


Based on a study conducted in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil in extra-hospital mental health services that addressed the organization of these services, therapeutic projects and the inclusion of psychosocial rehabilitation in health actions available, a theoretical-critical reflection concerning the development process of the therapeutic projects by the services' teams is presented. The qualitative study was conducted in an outpatient clinic and a Psychosocial Care Center. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and focal groups. Data analysis was based on the hermeneutic dialectic philosophy of Jürgen Habermas according to the techniques of reconstruction and interpretation. Data analysis revealed that professionals have difficulty developing and managing therapeutic projects. Health actions are made available without being concretely supported by a proposal guiding the service's practical activities. The therapeutic projects are referred by professionals as the result of guidelines provided by management levels or technical orientations inherent to each profession but not as an activity that represents a philosophy of work of the health team. When the therapeutic project is focused on as a type of consensus that results from a communicative action directed to a mutual and intersubjective understanding among the members of the mental health extra-hospital team, the difficulties of the services' team dialogically organizing themselves to collectively construct the therapeutic project is evidenced.


Gorni G.R.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Goitein R.,Claro | de Amorim A.F.,Institute Pesca
Biota Neotropica | Year: 2013

This study reveals the food composition of pelagic fishes living in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. As such more common pelagic species are considered to be top predators, the study proposes to know what constitutes their main food. Fish are not commonly found within their stomach contents, but instead, cephalopods are their most common food. As can be observed, Teuthida cephalopods compose their principal diet. The stomach contents of specimens of Xiphias gladius, Thunnus albacares, T. obesus, T. alalunga, Isurus oxyrinchus and Alopias superciliosus caught during July 2007 to June 2009 by using tuna longliners were studied. Teuthida cephalopods constitute the main food item for the three tuna species, while X. gladius feeds mainly on Ommastrephidae cephalopods. Though the differences among the kinds of cephalopods exist, they constitute the principal resource these fish use to live at least in the southern Atlantic Ocean.


Piratelli C.M.,Centro Universitario Of Araraquara Uniara | Telarolli Junior R.,São Paulo State University
Sao Paulo Medical Journal | Year: 2012

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic kidney failure undergoing dialysis have high prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition. There is still no uniform method for assessing these patients' nutritional status. It is recommended that a set of subjective and objective methods should be applied so that an adequate nutritional diagnosis can be reached. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile of patients undergoing hemodialysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in the Dialysis Treatment Unit, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008. METHODS: Anthropometric and biochemical indicators were characterized for 48 patients who also gave responses to the modified Subjective Global Assessment questionnaire (SGAm), and possible correlations between these indicators were investigated. RESULTS: The frequency of moderate or severe malnutrition ranged from 22% to 54%, according to the parameter used. Regarding the patients' conformity with the ideal weight, 29% of them weighed less than 75% of the ideal, and thus were classified as having moderate or severe malnutrition. The most significant correlations were observed between body mass index (BMI) and the idealness of triceps skinfold (TSF), upper arm circumference (UAC) and upper arm muscle circumference (UAMC); and between SGAm and the idealness of UAC and UAMC. CONCLUSION: The frequency of malnutrition showed great variability among the patients, according to the evaluation criterion chosen. Routine nutritional monitoring and validation of methods for assessing body composition among such patients are extremely important for diagnosing malnutrition early on, thus preventing complications and reducing the morbidity and mortality rates in this population.

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