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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2.3;INFRA-2007-1.2-03 | Award Amount: 5.11M | Year: 2008

EELA-2 aims to build, on the current EELA e-Infrastructure, a high capacity, production-quality, scalable Grid Facility providing round-the-clock, worldwide access to distributed computing, storage and network resources for a wide spectrum of applications from European and Latin American scientific communities. The project will provide an empowered Grid Facility with versatile services fulfilling application requirements and ensure the long-term sustainability of the e-Infrastructure beyond the term of the project. The specific EELA-2 objectives are: - Build a Grid Facility by: Expanding the current EELA e-Infrastructure to consist of more production sites mobilising more computing nodes and more storage space, at start of the project and to further grow storage over the duration of the project; Providing, in collaboration with related projects (e.g. EGEE), the full set of Grid Services needed by all types of scientific applications; Supporting applications various types (from classical off-line data processing up to control and data acquisition of scientific instruments), selected against well defined criteria (including grid added value, suitability for Grid deployment, outreach/potential impact); - Ensure the Grid Facility sustainability: Through the already established and new contacts with policy/decision makers, collaborating with RedCLARA and NRENs and supporting the ongoing creation of e-Science Initiatives and/or National Grid initiatives (NGI). Building the support of the e-Infrastructure to provide a complete set of Global Services from a Central Operation Centre and to pave the way for the creation of Regional Operation Centres in Latin America: Attracting new applications; Making available knowledge of EELA-2 Grid Facility to all potential users, developers, and decision makers through an extensive Training and Dissemination program; Creating knowledge repositories federated with the EGEE ones.

Marinho K.F.,Centro Universitario Metodista do | Ratto C.G.,Centro Universitario La Salle
Saude e Sociedade | Year: 2016

Assuming that the borderline case seems to be a new “normality” today, this article discusses the contemporary society in its ways of life and the impact on the working world. The constant search for success and achievement consequently go through labor relations, which constitute the subject. No time for leisure! We have to produce. For the discussion we considered what we call “borderline case”, elaborated from its phenomenological and non-structural dimension, and from the paradigm of individual psychopathology, but as a symptom of the culture in a society marked by impulsiveness, fragility of social bonds and the so-called “culture of narcissism”. Through a psychoanalytic approach and brief description of the development of working methods and production over the years, we proposed a discussion of these new life dynamics involved in the working world, thinking, above all, in how this relationship is constructed in contemporaneity, in the context of a flexible capitalism. © 2016, UNIV SAOPAULO. All rights reserved.

Ribeiro V.L.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | dos Santos J.C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Bordignon S.A.L.,Centro Universitario La Salle | Apel M.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | And 2 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2010

Hesperozygis ringens (Benth.) Epling (Lamiaceae) is a strongly aromatic plant employed popularly for its antiparasitic properties. The leaves afforded 4% of essential oil constituted mainly by pulegone (86%). Laboratory tests were carried out to determine the toxicity of the essential oil species on engorged females and larvae of the cattle tick Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus using the adult immersion test (AIT) and the larval immersion test (LIT). It was observed that the essential oil at the concentration of 50 μL/mL and 25 μL/mL inhibited the egg laying significatively in relation to the controls and the eggs from these treated females were affected by the oil; the hatching was inhibited in 95% and 30%, respectively. In the LIT it was verified that the LC99.9, LC50 and LC1 was 0.541 μL/mL, 0.260 μL/mL and 0.015 μL/mL, respectively. Pulegone, isolated from the oil, showed similar effect on the females and on the larvae, indicating that it is responsible for the oil activity. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kahl V.F.S.,Lutheran University of Brazil | da Silva J.,Lutheran University of Brazil | da Silva F.R.,Centro Universitario La Salle
Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis | Year: 2016

Various pesticides in the form of mixtures must be used to keep tobacco crops pest-free. Recent studies have shown a link between occupational exposure to pesticides in tobacco crops and increased damage to the DNA, mononuclei, nuclear buds and binucleated cells in buccal cells as well as micronuclei in lymphocytes. Furthermore, pesticides used specifically for tobacco crops shorten telomere length (TL) significantly. However, the molecular mechanism of pesticide action on telomere length is not fully understood. Our study evaluated the interaction between a complex mixture of chemical compounds (tobacco cultivation pesticides plus nicotine) and proteins associated with maintaining TL, as well as the biological processes involved in this exposure by System Biology tools to provide insight regarding the influence of pesticide exposure on TL maintenance in tobacco farmers. Our analysis showed that one cluster was associated with TL proteins that act in bioprocesses such as (i) telomere maintenance via telomere lengthening; (ii) senescence; (iii) age-dependent telomere shortening; (iv) DNA repair (v) cellular response to stress and (vi) regulation of proteasome ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process. We also describe how pesticides and nicotine regulate telomere length. In addition, pesticides inhibit the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) and consequently increase proteins of the shelterin complex, avoiding the access of telomerase in telomere and, nicotine activates UPS mechanisms and promotes the degradation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), decreasing telomerase activity. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

We studied the avifauna composition and its abundance in a rural area of the city of Viamão, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The study area was composed of fields used for cattle breeding and for agricultural activities (20 ha), secondary forest (7 ha), eucalypt plantation (6 ha) and Pinus sp. plantation (1 ha). Quantitative and qualitative surveys (using line transects) were carried out from May 5 to November 20, 2006. Every detected bird (heard or seen) was considered in the analysis. The survey comprised a total of 80 hours. We recorded 92 species of birds in the study area. Some species were recorded only at the secondary forest, such as Crypturellus obsoletus, Piculus aurulentus, Sclerurus scansor, Dendrocolaptes platyrostris, Conopophaga lineata, Myiarchus swainsoni, Chiroxiphia caudata and Euphonia pectoralis, which indicate more selectivity in certain habitats. We emphasize the occurrences of Piculus aurulentus, an almost endangered species worldwide, and Dendrocolaptes platyrostris, which has no previous record in the region studied. The results show the importance of native forests for the maintenance of more selective bird species and indicate that new studies are necessary in the area and in adjacent forest fragments, in order to improve the knowledge about the composition and the abundance of bird species in degraded environments. © 2015, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. All rights reserved.

Garcia K.O.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Teixeira E.C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Agudelo-Castaneda D.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Braga M.,Centro Universitario La Salle | And 4 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2014

The objective of this research was to evaluate nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) associated with ultrafine airborne particles (PM1) in areas affected by vehicles in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre (MAPA), RS, Brazil. Extraction, isolation/derivatization, and subsequently gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC/ECD) were the techniques used to extract and determine NPAHs (1-nitronaphthalene, 2-nitrofluorene,3-nitrofluoranthene,1-nitropyrene, and 6-nitrochrysene) associated with PM1 Airborne particles (PM1) were collected using PTFE filters in a PM162M automatic sampler. The analytical method was validated by the Standard Reference Material - SRM 1649b - from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA). The results were consistent with the certified values. 3-NFlt and 6-NChr reached highest concentrations of 0.047ng·m-3 and 0.0284ng·m-3, respectively, in Sapucaia do Sul and Canoas. Seasonal variation showed higher NPAH concentrations in cold days. The NPAHs associated with PM1 were correlated with the pollutants nitrogen oxides and NPAHs with meteorological variables: temperature and wind speed. The results indicated that vehicles with diesel engines were influential. This was confirmed by the study of the ratios NPAHs/PAHs, 1-NPyr/Pyr, and 6-NChr/Chr. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Rampon D.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Rodembusch F.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Schneider J.M.F.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Bechtold I.H.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Materials Chemistry | Year: 2010

A simple and efficient procedure for the synthesis of a new class of selenoesters 4a and 4b was developed. Polarized-light optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and X-ray diffraction showed that the selenoester 4a with a shorter alkyl chain displayed a wide nematic range (ΔT = 110.7 °C), while 4b with a longer alkyl chain possesses a rich phase polymorphism: Cr → SmI → SmC → N → I mesophase sequence during heating cycle and I → N → SmC → SmI → SmX → Cr transition on cooling. For 4b, a large temperature range (135.7 °C) from crystal to isotropic phase can be observed. In addition, UV-Vis, steady-state fluorescence emission and excitation spectra in solution were also applied in order to characterize their photophysical behaviour. Compounds 4a and 4b are fluorescent in the blue region and present a Stokes shift at around 80 nm and 39 nm in dichloromethane and dioxane, respectively. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Ribeiro J.,University of Porto | DaBoit K.,Institute of Environmental Research and Human Development | Flores D.,University of Porto | Kronbauer M.A.,Centro Universitario La Salle | And 2 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2013

The generation of anthropogenic carbonaceous matter and mixed crystalline/amorphous mineral ultrafine/nano-particles in the 1 to 100. nm size range by worldwide coal power plants represents serious environmental problems due to their potential hazards. Coal fly ash (CFA) that resulted from anthracite combustion in a Portuguese thermal power plant was studied in this work. The physico-chemical characterization of ultrafine/nano-particles present in the CFA samples and their interaction with environment are the aim of this study. The methodologies applied for this work were field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (HR-TEM/EDS) and time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Some hazardous volatile elements, C, N, S and Hg contents were also determined in the studied samples.Generally, the CFA samples comprise carbonaceous, glassy and metallic solid spheres with some containing mixed amorphous/crystalline phases. The EDS analysis coupled with the FE-SEM and HR-TEM observations of the fly ash particles with 100 to 0.1. nm demonstrates that these materials contain a small but significant proportion of encapsulated HVEs. In addition, the presence of abundant multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and amorphous carbon particles, both containing hazardous volatile elements (HVEs), was also evidenced by the FE-SEM/EDS and HR-TEM/EDS analysis. A wide range of organic and inorganic compounds was determined by chemical maps obtained in ToF-SIMS analysis. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Sanchis J.,CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research | Oliveira L.F.S.,Centro Universitario La Salle | de Leao F.B.,Centro Universitario La Salle | Farre M.,CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research | And 2 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2015

In the present work, a new analytical approach is proposed for the analysis of seven fullerenes (C60, C70, N-methylfulleropyrrolidine, [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester, [6,6]-thienyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester, C60 pyrrolidine tris-acid ethyl ester and [6,6]-phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester fullerenes) in soils and sediments.This procedure combines an ultrasound-assisted solvent extraction (UAE) with toluene followed by liquid chromatography (LC), using a pyrenylpropyl group bonded silica based column, coupled to a high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRMS) using atmospheric pressure photoionisation (APPI) in negative ion mode. The analytical performance for fullerene separation of the pyrenylpropyl group bonded silica column was compared to the C18 column. For the ultra-trace analysis of fullerenes in complex environmental samples, the use of the APPI source and the use of the electrospray ionisation (ESI) source were compared.Using this approach for the analysis of fullerenes in complex matrices, a series of advantages, in terms of sensitivity and specificity, have been demonstrated. The method limits of detection (MLOD) and the method limits of quantification (MLOQ) in soils and sediments ranged from 0.022 to 0.39. pg/g and from 0.072 to 1.3. pg/g, respectively. Recoveries were between 68 and 106%.The analytical method was applied in order to assess the occurrence of selected fullerenes in 45 soils of Sul Catarinense (Santa Catalina State, Brazil) and 15 sediments from the Tubarão River, presenting different pressures of contamination: a coal-combustion power plant, car exhaust, coal mining industry and wastewater effluents. C60 and C70 fullerenes have been detected at concentrations ranging from the MLOD to 0.150ng/g. None of the functionalised fullerenes were detected in any of the samples.Combustion processes, in particular car exhaust, were identified as the main source of fullerenes. However, the potential degradation of residual concentrations of engineered fullerenes to more stable forms, such as C60 and C70, should also be considered. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Martinello K.,Institute of Environmental Research and Human Development | Oliveira M.L.S.,Institute of Environmental Research and Human Development | Oliveira M.L.S.,Centro Universitario La Salle | Molossi F.A.,Centro Universitario La Salle | And 5 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2014

This study has provided an initial assessment of the environmental impacts and potential health effects associated with coal fly ash produced during diesel co-firing. Many hazardous elements that are typically detected by multifaceted chemical characterization by XRD, petrology, FE-SEM/EDS, and HR-TEM/SEAD/FFT/EDS in ultra-fine compounds and nanominerals from the co-fired coal fly ashes (CFAs). It provided an in-depth understanding of coal ash produced during diesel co-firing. Several of the neoformed ultra-fine compounds and nano-minerals found in the coal ashes are the same as those commonly associated with oxidation/transformation of aluminosilicates, carbonates, sulphides and phosphates. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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