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Moraes A.C.G.,University of Franca | Bertanha C.S.,University of Franca | Gimenez V.M.M.,Centro Universitario Claretiano | Groppo M.,University of Sao Paulo | And 4 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2012

Styrax camporum Pohl, known in Brazil as 'estoraque do campo' or 'cuia de brejo', has been used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The therapeutic action of S. camporum has been attributed to the ethyl acetate fraction, although the chemical composition of this fraction has not yet been analyzed. In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography photodiode array detection (HPLC-PAD) method for analysis of Brazilian Styrax species has been developed. The compounds egonol (1) and homoegonol (2) were found to be present in all the samples investigated by HPLC. These compounds were isolated by open column chromatography followed by preparative TLC, and were identified by 1H NMR. Compounds 1 and 2 were thus proposed as phytochemical markers for Styrax, owing to their biological properties and presence in other Styrax species. The developed method has been validated and successfully applied for quantification of 1 and 2 in S. camporum dried leaves and crude ethanolic extracts from S. ferrugineus and S. pohlii aerial parts. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Bertanha C.S.,University of Franca | Braguine C.G.,University of Franca | Moraes A.C.G.,University of Franca | Gimenez V.M.M.,Centro Universitario Claretiano | And 5 more authors.
Natural Product Research | Year: 2012

Chemical investigation of the n-hexane and EtOAc fractions of the ethanolic extract from Styrax pohlii (Styracaceae) aerial parts resulted in the isolation of the benzofuran nor-neolignan derivatives egonol (1), homoegonol (2), homoegonol gentiobioside (3), homoegonol glucoside (4) and egonol gentiobioside (5). This is the first report of compounds 1-5 in S. pohlii. Compounds 1-5, the acetyl derivatives 1a and 2a, the ethanolic extract (EE), the n-hexane fraction (HF) and EtOAc fraction (EF) were tested for their inhibitory activities against COX-1 and COX-2. The results showed that EE, HF, EF and compounds 1-5 and 1a-2a shown weak to moderate inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2. Among the assayed nor-neolignans, 4 gave a COX-1 inhibition of 35.7% at 30μM. Compound 5 displayed a COX-2 inhibition of 19.7% at 30μM. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source


Lucarini R.,University of Franca | Tozatti M.G.,University of Franca | Silva M.L.A.,University of Franca | Gimenez V.M.M.,Centro Universitario Claretiano | And 5 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2015

This paper reports on the in vitro antibacterial and in vivo anti-inflammatory properties of a hydroethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Gochnatia pulchra (HEGP). It also describes the antibacterial activity of HEGP fractions and of the isolated compounds genkwanin, scutellarin, apigenin, and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, as evaluated by a broth microdilution method. While HEGP and its fractions did not provide promising results, the isolated compounds exhibited pronounced antibacterial activity. The most sensitive microorganism was Streptococcus pyogenes, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 100, 50 and 25 µg/mL for genkwanin and the flavonoids apigenin and scutellarin, respectively. Genkwanin produced an MIC value of 25 µg/mL against Enterococcus faecalis. A paw edema model in rats and a pleurisy inflammation model in mice aided investigation of the anti-inflammatory effects of HEGP. This study also evaluated the ability of HEGP to modulate carrageenan-induced interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production. Orally administered HEGP (250 and 500 mg/kg) inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema. Regarding carrageenan-induced pleurisy, HEGP at 50, 100, and 250 mg/kg diminished leukocyte migration by 71.43%, 69.24%, and 73.34% (P<0.05), respectively. HEGP suppressed IL-1β and MCP-1 production by 55% and 50% at 50 mg/kg (P<0.05) and 60% and 25% at 100 mg/kg (P<0.05), respectively. HEGP abated TNF-α production by macrophages by 6.6%, 33.3%, and 53.3% at 100, 250, and 500 mg/kg (P<0.05), respectively. HEGP probably exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, and MCP-1. © 2015, Associacao Brasileira de Divulgacao Cientifica. All rights reserved. Source


Cunha N.L.,University of Franca | Uchoa C.J.D.M.,University of Franca | Cintra L.S.,University of Franca | Souza H.C.D.,University of Franca | And 11 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2012

Miconia langsdorffii Cogn. (Melastomataceae), Roupala montana Aubl. (Proteaceae), Struthanthus syringifolius (Mart.) (Loranthaceae), and Schefflera vinosa (Cham. & Schltdl.) Frodin (Araliaceae) are plant species from the Brazilian Cerrado whose schistosomicidal potential has not yet been described. The crude extracts, fractions, the triterpenes betulin, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid and the flavonoids quercetin 3-O-β-D-rhamnoside, quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucoside, quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-α-L- rhamnopyranoside and isorhamnetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-2)-α-L- rhamnopyranoside were evaluated in vitro against Schistosoma mansoni adult worms and the bioactive n-hexane fractions of the mentioned species were also analyzed by GC-MS. Betulin was able to cause worm death percentage values of 25 after 120 h (at 100 μM), and 25 and 50 after 24 and 120 h (at 200 μM), respectively; besides the flavonoid quercetin 3-O-β-D-rhamnoside promoted 25 of death of the parasites at 100 μM. Farther the flavonoids quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucoside and quercetin 3-O-β-D-rhamnoside at 100 μM exhibited significantly reduction in motor activity, 75 and 87.5, respectively. Biological results indicated that crude extracts of R. montana, S. vinosa, and M. langsdorffii and some n-hexane and EtOAc fractions of this species were able to induce worm death to some extent. The results suggest that lupane-type triterpenes and flavonoid monoglycosides should be considered for further antiparasites studies. © 2012 Nayanne Larissa Cunha et al. Source


Parreira R.L.T.,University of Sao Paulo | Parreira R.L.T.,Centro Universitario Claretiano | Caramori G.F.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Morgon N.H.,University of Campinas | Galembeck S.E.,University of Sao Paulo
International Journal of Quantum Chemistry | Year: 2012

The interaction of formamide and the two transition states of its amide group rotation with one, two, or three water molecules was studied in vacuum. Great differences between the electronic structure of formamide in its most stable form and the electronic structure of the transition states were noticed. Intermolecular interactions were intense, especially in the cases where the solvent interacted with the amide and the carbonyl groups simultaneously. In the transition states, the interaction between the lone pair of nitrogen and the water molecule becomes important. With the aid of the natural bond orbitals, natural resonance theory, and electron localization function (ELF) analyses an increase in the resonance of planar formamide with the addition of successive water molecules was observed. Such observation suggests that the hydrogen bonds in the formamide-water complexes may have some covalent character. These results are also supported by the quantitative ELF analyses. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals. Source

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