Missere D.,CRPV Centro Ricerche Produzioni Vegetali |
Mezzetti B.,Marche Polytechnic University |
Capocasa F.,Marche Polytechnic University |
Pirazzini P.,Astra Innovazione e Sviluppo |
And 4 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010
About ten years ago nurseries began to test several novel apricot stocks developed either to reduce plant vigour and boost early as well as high cropping or as a more suitable replacement for Myrabolan (Prunus cerasifera) and Apricot seedling in water-logged or chlorotic soils. These stocks were the Italian bred selections of Prunus domestica Penta and Tetra, the P. cerasifera Adara and the Prunus insititia Adesoto® 101, both Spanish-bred seedlings, and Plumina®, a Prunus bessey × P. cerasifera hybrid developed in France. Performance testing was carried out under a national project. The trials were set up in 2001 in plots of pilot orchards at Imola in Bologna Province, Ancona, Caserta, Palermo and Cagliari, their soil profiles differing notably from each other. They were tested against Apricot seedling and Myrabolan 29C controls grafted to cv. San Castrese. The experimental layout was split-plot with 15 replicates per plant and the trees were trained to delayed vase. Performance results after the first seven years indicate the viability of Penta and Tetra and, contrary to expectations, that Adesoto® 101 is incompatible with apricot and Adara is too weak in heavy soils.