Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Mascolo M.,University of Naples Federico II | Siano M.,University of Naples Federico II | Ilardi G.,University of Naples Federico II | Russo D.,University of Naples Federico II | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2012

Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral region (OSCC) is one of the most common and highly aggressive malignancies worldwide, despite the fact that significant results have been achieved during the last decades in its detection, prevention and treatment. Although many efforts have been made to define the molecular signatures that identify the clinical outcome of oral cancers, OSCC still lacks reliable prognostic molecular markers. Scientific evidence indicates that transition from normal epithelium to pre-malignancy, and finally to oral carcinoma, depends on the accumulation of genetic and epigenetic alterations in a multistep process. Unlike genetic alterations, epigenetic changes are heritable and potentially reversible. The most common examples of such changes are DNA methylation, histone modification, and small non-coding RNAs. Although several epigenetic changes have been currently linked to OSCC initiation and progression, they have been only partially characterized. Over the last decade, it has been demonstrated that especially aberrant DNA methylation plays a critical role in oral cancer. The major goal of the present paper is to review the recent literature about the epigenetic modifications contribution in early and later phases of OSCC malignant transformation; in particular we point out the current evidence of epigenetic marks as novel markers for early diagnosis and prognosis as well as potential therapeutic targets in oral cancer.© 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Gallicchio R.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Mansueto G.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Simeon V.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Nardelli A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2014

Aim: We evaluated the prognostic significance of standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) obtained by F-18 FDG PET/CT (PET/CT) in patients with diffuse large B-cell Lymphomas (DLBCL) presenting intermediate IPI score. Material and Methods: Fifty-two patients (61 ± 13 yr) underwent PET/CT before the first-line chemotherapy. The mean SUVmax value, the summed MTV (cm3; 42% threshold), and the cumulative TLG (g) were registered. The patients were followed up 18 months thereafter (range 3-41 months). The PET/CT results were compared to the event-free survival (EFS). Results: At univariate analysis, SUVmax and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were predictive, but discordantly. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for SUVmax showed a significant better EFS in patients presenting higher values as compared to those having lesser (P = 0.0002, HR 0.13). Summed MTV and cumulative TLG were not suitable for predicting EFS. Conclusion: Despite the availability of new tools for the quantitative assessment of disease activity on PET/CT, the SUVmax rather than MTV and TLG remains the only predictor for EFS in DLBCL patients. The magnitude of glycolytic activity rather than the amount of metabolically active burden holds a predominant value for determining the response to chemotherapy in DLBCL. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Giacomobono S.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Gallicchio R.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Capacchione D.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Nardelli A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease | Year: 2013

Purpose: We evaluated the role of quantitative assessment by maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) on F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose [F-18]FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in stratifying colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with unexplained carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) rise after surgical curative resection. Material and methods: Forty asymptomatic patients (mean age, 64 ± 12 years) with previous CRC and current serum CEA levels >5 ng/ml underwent [F-18] FDG PET/CT 13 ± 3 months after complete surgical resection. The SUVmax was registered on anastomosis and peri-anastomotic tissue lesions, if present. The patients were followed for 24 ± 9 months thereafter. Re-intervention, evidence of newly discovered distant metastases, and death were recognized as main events and constituted surrogate end points. The receiver-operator-curve (ROC) analysis was performed to estimate the optimal SUVmax cut-off to predict patients at high risk of main events. PET/CT results were then related to disease outcome (overall survival; OS). Results: The mean SUVmax at the anastomotic site was 6.2 ± 3 (range 2.6-15). At multivariate logistic regression analysis, the anastomotic SUVmax remained as the only significant contributor to the prediction of the events (p = 0.004; OR 1.97). The ROC analysis recognized that the optimal threshold of SUVmax to differentiate patients was 5.7. A worse OS was observed in patients presenting with a SUVmax greater than 5.7 as compared to those having lesser (median survival: 16 vs. 31 months; p = 0.002). Conclusions: The quantitative assessment by SUVmax on [F-18]FDG PET/CT may be helpful in patients presenting with unexplained CEA rise after curative resection of CRC, by identifying those at risk of main events. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Nappi A.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Gallicchio R.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Simeon V.,Research Laboratories | Nardelli A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | And 7 more authors.
Radiology and Oncology | Year: 2015

Background. We evaluated the prognostic significance of standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumour volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in [F-18] FDG PET/CT findings in patients with inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods. One hundred and three patients (mean age, 65.6 ± 16 years) underwent [F-18] FDG PET/CT before the chemotherapy. The SUVmax value, the MTV (cm3; 42% threshold) and the TLG (g) were registered. The patients were followed up to 18 months thereafter (range 12-55 months). Failure to respond without progression, progression and/or disease-related death constituted surrogate end-points. The optimal SUVmax, MTV and TLG cut-off to predict the patients' outcome were estimated. PET/CT results were then related to disease outcome (progression free survival; PFS). Results. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for SUVmax showed a significant shorter PFS in patients presenting with lower values as compared to those with higher (p < 0.05, log-rank test). MTV and TLG were not suitable for predicting PFS apart from the subset of patients with mediastinal nodal involvement. Conclusions. Despite the availability of new tools for the quantitative assessment of disease activity on PET/CT, the SUVmax rather than MTV and TLG remains the only predictor for PFS in NSCLC patients. MTV holds a value only when concomitant nodal involvement occurs. © 2015 Antonio Nappi et al., published by De Gruyter Open.


Gallicchio R.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Giacomobono S.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Capacchione D.,Centro Of Riferimento Oncologico Of Basilicata Crob | Nardelli A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | And 4 more authors.
Endocrine | Year: 2013

Remnant ablation by radioiodine is generally not recommended in patients presenting uni- or multifocal cancer <1 cm, in the absence of other higher risk features. We retrospectively studied low-risk patients (pts) with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) less than 1 cm recruited for radioiodine therapy (RAI). Methods: 91 pts (79 women, age 48.4 ± 12 yrs) with DTC were enrolled for RAI. Patients underwent pre-therapy ultrasonography (US), those with suspected/ambiguous lymph-nodes were excluded and proposed for cytology. Treated pts underwent post-therapeutic whole body scan (WBSt) completed by neck/chest SPECT/CT, when necessary (e.g. evidence of uptake outside of thyroid bed). A target lesion on SPECT/CT was defined as an identifiable lymph-nodal site presenting a matched significant iodine uptake. The patients were followed up for 14 ± 2 months thereafter. Results: All pts/cancers were pT1. The mean histological diameter was 0.68 ± 0.23 cm. Six patients were excluded because of suspected nodal involvement at US. Thirty (35 %) out of 85 pts had suspicious WBSt as per lymph-nodal involvement which was confirmed at the subsequent SPECT/CT acquisition in most part of pts (26/30; 86 %). Overall detected target lesions was 34, and nine (26 %) had interim positive fine needle cytology. Conclusions: a significant part of low risk DTC patients, for whom RAI is not recommended, presents an incidental suspicion of lymph-nodal involvement at WBSt confirmed by subsequent SPECT/CT. Such setting would have not been treated by I-131. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Discover hidden collaborations