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Davanzo F.,Centro Antiveleni Milan | Settimi L.,Centro Nazionale Of Epidemiologia | Stefanelli P.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | Bartollini G.,Laboratorio Buzzi | And 4 more authors.
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita | Year: 2010

The present paper describes a case of shoe contact dermatitis from DMF identified by the Poison Control Centre of Milan (PCCM), Italy, in 2009. A 35 year old woman was affected by irritant reactions while wearing shoes contaminated with DMF. Exposure to these shoes was limited to a 8 hour period and was not repeated. In the following days the patient suffered feet blistering and swelling limited to the area in contact with shoe vamp. Topical application of cortisone did not prevent development of bullous eczema. After 20 days from exposure, the lesions were healed but the skin remained red, dry and very sensitive. Chemical analyses of shoes quantified an average concentration of DMF of 383 mg/kg. The patient refused to be patch tested. The observation here reported confirm that DMF should be considered a possible causal agent in shoe contact dermatitis. Documentation of cases exposed to this chemical provide a relevant support to characterize clinical manifestations and to identifying contaminated articles.

Marcucci F.,Centro Nazionale Of Epidemiologia | Bellone M.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | Rumio C.,Humanitas Clinical and Research Center | Corti A.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute
mAbs | Year: 2013

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have become a mainstay in tumor therapy. Clinical responses to mAb therapy, however, are far from optimal, with many patients presenting native or acquired resistance or suboptimal responses to a mAb therapy. MAbs exert antitumor activity through different mechanisms of action and we propose here a classification of these mechanisms. in many cases mAbs need to interact with immune cells to exert antitumor activity. We summarize evidence showing that interactions between mAbs and immune cells may be inadequate for optimal antitumor activity. This may be due to insufficient tumor accumulation of mAbs or immune cells, or to low-affinity interactions between these components. The possibilities to improve tumor accumulation of mAbs and immune cells, and to improve the affinity of the interactions between these components are reviewed. We also discuss future directions of research that might further improve the therapeutic efficacy of antitumor mAbs. © 2013 Landes Bioscience.

Observational outcome studies represent a valid approach to evaluating comparative treatment effectiveness in real populations. The main objective of outcome research is to underline what works and what does not work in the field of health assistance. In 2004 the Italian Ministry of Health launched the Project "Mattone Misura dell'Outcome" aimed at assessing the introduction of procedures and methods for the systematic evaluation of outcomes in the national health system. A new experience, the PROGRESSI program (PROGRamma ESiti per SIVeAS e LEA), started in 2008 with the aim to further develop the methodologies for outcome evaluation. In this Supplement the final results from four clinical studies named "Sperimentazioni dell'area cardiovascolare del Progetto Mattoni" are presented. These studies started between 2005 and 2007 and their main objectives were to evaluate: --the contribution of information from current informative systems and clinical studies in risk-adjustment methodologies; --the advisability of introducing some clinical items in current informative systems to improve outcome estimates; --the goodness of follow-up procedures from current informative systems; and --the role of disease registries in the validation of comparative evaluation measures. The four studies were designed as voluntary prospective multicentre studies. Results concerning the characteristics of the enrolled populations as well as the risk-adjustment models built using information from current informative systems and/or clinical information are presented. As expected, each study produced specific remarks both in terms of clinical findings and contribution of different informative systems to the risk-adjustment models. In general, models built with information from both current informative systems and clinical information show the best performance. Findings from these analyses will provide the public health system with suitable indications to improve statistical methodologies for outcome estimates.

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