Centro Italiano Endometriosi

Rome, Italy

Centro Italiano Endometriosi

Rome, Italy

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Signorile P.G.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi | Baldi A.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2016

Endometriosis is a very common disease, affecting 10% of women in the reproductive age. To date, a significant delay between onset of the symptoms and definitive diagnosis is caused by the lack of a reliable non-invasive diagnostic test. Recently, the potential value as diagnostic markers for endometriosis of three proteins (Zn-alpha2-glycoprotein, serum albumin, and complement C3 precursor), has been showed. In this article, we have defined the experimental conditions for the development of a multiplex bead array assay for rapid and simultaneous quantification of these three biomarkers in the serum of patients with endometriosis. Finally, pivotal experiments on a small cohort of patients have confirmed the diagnostic value of this assay. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 2622–2627, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Signorile P.G.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi | Baldi A.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2015

The anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein member of the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) superfamily, is secreted by Sertoli cells in the embryonic testes and is responsible of the regression of the mullerian duct. The physiological functions of this protein remain largely unknown, and its expression in human tissues has yet to be completely determined. Firstly, we analyzed AMH expression in human tissues by immunohistochemistry. AMH was distributed in many organs, although with different tissue and cell localization and various expression levels; we also demonstrated strong AMH expression in endometriosis tissues. Secondly, we demonstrated the ability of an anti-AMH antibody, labeled with gadiolinium, to be directly detected by magnetic resonance in small endometriosis lesions (5mm in diameter) in vivo in a mouse model. In conclusion, our data suggest that based on its expression pattern, AMH may serve to maintain physiological cellular homeostasis in different human tissues and organs. Moreover, it is strongly expressed in endometriosis lesions as a selective tissue specific contrast agent for in vivo detection of stromal endometriosis lesions. The potential significance of these findings could be further validated in a clinical setting. J. Cell. Physiol. 230: 1270-1275, 2015. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Signorile P.G.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi | Petraglia F.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi | Baldi A.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Background: The anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is a member of the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) superfamily, which is responsible of the regression of the mullerian duct. AMH is expressed in the normal endometrium, where, acting in a paracrine fashion, negatively regulates cellular viability. Our objective was to evaluate the in vitro effects of the treatment with AMH of endometriosic cells. Methods. AMH expression in human endometriosis glands was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RT-PCR has been used to quantify the expression levels of AMH and AMH RII isoforms, as well as of cytochrome P450 in both endometriosis epithelial and stromal cells Effects of AMH and AMH-cleaved treatment in endometriosis cells were evaluated by flow-cytometry analysis. Finally, it has been evaluated the effect of plasmin-digested AMH on cytochrome P450 activity. Results: AMH and AMH RII isoforms, as well as cytochrome P450, were expressed in both endometriosis epithelial and stromal cells. Treatment of endometriosis stromal and epithelial cell growth with AMH was able to induce a decrease in the percentage of cells in S phase and increase percentage of cells in G1 and G2 phase; coherently, decreased cell viability and increased percentage of cells death fraction was observed. The plasmin-digested AMH was able to suppress most of the cytochrome P450 activity, causing an increase of pre-G1 phase and of apoptosis induction treating with plasmin-digested AMH in both cell lines, most marked in the epithelial cells. Conclusions: The data produced suggest a possible use of AMH as therapeutic agents in endometriosis. © 2014 Signorile et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Signorile P.G.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi | Baldi A.,Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2014

Endometriosis is estimated to affect 10% of women during the reproductive years. The lack of a non-invasive diagnostic test significantly contributes to the long delay between onset of the symptoms and definitive diagnosis of endometriosis. This case-control study was conducted to identify specific endometriosis antigens using 2D gel analysis in women with endometriosis (n=5) and without endometriosis (n=5). Differentially expresses spots were analyzed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight/mass spectrometry (nanoLC-ESI-MS/MS) with MASCOT analysis, in order to identify the corresponding proteins. ELISAs were performed on a different cohort of endometriosis (n=120) and healthy patients (n=20) in order to confirm the differential expression of the identified proteins. ROC analysis of ELISA results confirmed the statistical significance of the differential expression for one of these proteins: Zn-alpha2-glycoprotein (P=0.019). We propose the analysis of the expression level of this protein in the serum as a new non-invasive diagnostic test for endometriosis. J. Cell. Physiol. 229: 1731-1735, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cellular physiology | Year: 2016

Endometriosis is a very common disease, affecting 10% of women in the reproductive age. To date, a significant delay between onset of the symptoms and definitive diagnosis is caused by the lack of a reliable non-invasive diagnostic test. Recently, the potential value as diagnostic markers for endometriosis of three proteins (Zn-alpha2-glycoprotein, serum albumin, and complement C3 precursor), has been showed. In this article, we have defined the experimental conditions for the development of a multiplex bead array assay for rapid and simultaneous quantification of these three biomarkers in the serum of patients with endometriosis. Finally, pivotal experiments on a small cohort of patients have confirmed the diagnostic value of this assay. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 2622-2627, 2016. 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | Centro Italiano Endometriosi
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I | Journal: Journal of cellular physiology | Year: 2015

The anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein member of the transforming growth factor (TGF-) superfamily, is secreted by Sertoli cells in the embryonic testes and is responsible of the regression of the mullerian duct. The physiological functions of this protein remain largely unknown, and its expression in human tissues has yet to be completely determined. Firstly, we analyzed AMH expression in human tissues by immunohistochemistry. AMH was distributed in many organs, although with different tissue and cell localization and various expression levels; we also demonstrated strong AMH expression in endometriosis tissues. Secondly, we demonstrated the ability of an anti-AMH antibody, labeled with gadiolinium, to be directly detected by magnetic resonance in small endometriosis lesions (5 mm in diameter) in vivo in a mouse model. In conclusion, our data suggest that based on its expression pattern, AMH may serve to maintain physiological cellular homeostasis in different human tissues and organs. Moreover, it is strongly expressed in endometriosis lesions as a selective tissue specific contrast agent for in vivo detection of stromal endometriosis lesions. The potential significance of these findings could be further validated in a clinical setting.

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