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Mercurio F.A.,University of Naples Federico II | Marasco D.,University of Naples Federico II | Marasco D.,Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca Sui Peptidi Bioattivi Cirpeb | Marasco D.,National Research Council Italy | And 6 more authors.
Biochemistry | Year: 2012

The EphA2 receptor plays key roles in many physiological and pathological events, including cancer. The process of receptor endocytosis and the consequent degradation have attracted attention as possible means of overcoming the negative outcomes of EphA2 in cancer cells and decreasing tumor malignancy. A recent study indicates that Sam (sterile alpha motif) domains of Odin, a member of the ANKS (ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain-containing) family of proteins, are important for the regulation of EphA2 endocytosis. Odin contains two tandem Sam domains (Odin-Sam1 and -Sam2). Herein, we report on the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structure of Odin-Sam1; through a variety of assays (employing NMR, surface plasmon resonance, and isothermal titration calorimetry techniques), we clearly demonstrate that Odin-Sam1 binds to the Sam domain of EphA2 in the low micromolar range. NMR chemical shift perturbation experiments and molecular modeling studies point out that the two Sam domains interact with a head-to-tail topology characteristic of several Sam-Sam complexes. This binding mode is similar to that we have previously proposed for the association between the Sam domains of the lipid phosphatase Ship2 and EphA2. This work further validates structural elements relevant for the heterotypic Sam-Sam interactions of EphA2 and provides novel insights for the design of potential therapeutic compounds that can modulate receptor endocytosis. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Sandomenico A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | Foca A.,CNR Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging | Sanguigno L.,Bioker Multimedica | Caporale A.,Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca Sui Peptidi Bioattivi Cirpeb | And 9 more authors.
mAbs | Year: 2016

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) strongly influence the structure and function of proteins. Lysine side chain acetylation is one of the most widespread PTMs, and it plays a major role in several physiological and pathological mechanisms. Protein acetylation may be detected by mass spectrometry (MS), but the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is a useful and cheaper option. Here, we explored the feasibility of generating mAbs against single or multiple acetylations within the context of a specific sequence. As a model, we used the unstructured N-terminal domain of APE1, which is acetylated on Lys27, Lys31, Lys32 and Lys35. As immunogen, we used a peptide mixture containing all combinations of single or multi-acetylated variants encompassing the 24–39 protein region. Targeted screening of the resulting clones yielded mAbs that bind with high affinity to only the acetylated APE1 peptides and the acetylated protein. No binding was seen with the non-acetylated variant or unrelated acetylated peptides and proteins, suggesting a high specificity for the APE1 acetylated molecules. MAbs could not finely discriminate between the differently acetylated variants; however, they specifically bound the acetylated protein in mammalian cell extracts and in intact cells and tissue slices from both breast cancers and from a patient affected by idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The data suggest that our approach is a rapid and cost-effective method to generate mAbs against specific proteins modified by multiple acetylations or other PTMs. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Mercurio F.A.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Scognamiglio P.L.,University of Naples Federico II | Scognamiglio P.L.,Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca Sui Peptidi Bioattivi Cirpeb | Scognamiglio P.L.,Italian Institute of Technology | And 8 more authors.
Biopolymers | Year: 2014

The lipid phosphatase Ship2 is a protein that intervenes in several diseases such as diabetes, cancer, neurodegeneration, and atherosclerosis. It is made up of a catalytic domain and several protein docking modules such as a C-terminal Sam (Sterile alpha motif) domain. The Sam domain of Ship2 (Ship2-Sam) binds to the Sam domains of the EphA2 receptor (EphA2-Sam) and the PI3K effector protein Arap3 (Arap3-Sam). These heterotypic Sam-Sam interactions occur through formation of dimers presenting the canonical "Mid Loop/End Helix" binding mode. The central region of Ship2-Sam, spanning the C-terminal end of α2, the α3 and α4 helices together with the α2α3 and α3α4 interhelical loops, forms the Mid Loop surface that is needed to bind partners Sam domains. A peptide encompassing most of the Ship2-Sam Mid Loop interface (Shiptide) capable of binding to both EphA2-Sam and Arap3-Sam, was previously identified. Here we investigated the conformational features of this peptide, through solution CD and NMR studies in different conditions. These studies reveal that the peptide is highly flexible in aqueous buffer, while it adopts a helical conformation in presence of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol. The discovered structural insights and in particular the identification of a helical motif, may lead to the design of more constrained and possibly cell permeable Shiptide analogs that could work as efficient antagonists of Ship2-Sam heterotypic interactions and embrace therapeutic applications. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers 101: 1088-1098, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Severino V.,The Second University of Naples | Severino V.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Severino V.,Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca Sui Peptidi Bioattivi Cirpeb | Alessio N.,The Second University of Naples | And 11 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2013

Cellular senescence is the permanent arrest of cell cycle, physiologically related to aging and aging-associated diseases. Senescence is also recognized as a mechanism for limiting the regenerative potential of stem cells and to protect cells from cancer development. The senescence program is realized through autocrine/paracrine pathways based on the activation of a peculiar senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). We show here that conditioned media (CM) of senescent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contain a set of secreted factors that are able to induce a full senescence response in young cells. To delineate a hallmark of stem cells SASP, we have characterized the factors secreted by senescent MSC identifying insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 4 and 7 (IGFBP4 and IGFBP7) as key components needed for triggering senescence in young MSC. The pro-senescent effects of IGFBP4 and IGFBP7 are reversed by single or simultaneous immunodepletion of either proteins from senescent-CM. The blocking of IGFBP4/7 also reduces apoptosis and promotes cell growth, suggesting that they may have a pleiotropic effect on MSC biology. Furthermore, the simultaneous addition of rIGFBP4/7 increased senescence and induced apoptosis in young MSC. Collectively, these results suggest the occurrence of novel-secreted factors regulating MSC cellular senescence of potential importance for regenerative medicine and cancer therapy. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Quero G.,University of Sannio | Consales M.,University of Sannio | Severino R.,University of Sannio | Vaiano P.,University of Sannio | And 16 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2016

We report an innovative fiber optic nano-optrode based on Long Period Gratings (LPGs) working in reflection mode for the detection of human Thyroglobulin (TG), a protein marker of differentiated thyroid cancer.The reflection-type LPG (RT-LPG) biosensor, coated with a single layer of atactic polystyrene (aPS) onto which a specific, high affinity anti-Tg antibody was adsorbed, allowed the label-free detection of Tg in the needle washouts of fine-needle aspiration biopsies, at concentrations useful for pre- and post-operative assessment of the biomarker levels.Analyte recognition and capture were confirmed with a parallel on fiber ELISA-like assay using, in pilot tests, the biotinylated protein and HRP-labeled streptavidin for its detection. Dose-dependent experiments showed that the detection is linearly dependent on concentration within the range between 0 and 4 ng/mL, while antibody saturation occurs for higher protein levels. The system is characterized by a very high sensitivity and specificity allowing the ex-vivo detection of sub ng/ml concentrations of human Tg from needle washouts of fine-needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodule from different patients. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

PubMed | CNR Institute of Neuroscience, University of Perugia, University of Naples Federico II, Arterra Biosciences srl and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Peptides | Year: 2017

The term oxidative stress indicates a set of chemical reactions unleashed by a disparate number of events inducing DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, protein modification and other effects, which are responsible of altering the physiological status of cells or tissues. Excessive Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) levels may accelerate ageing of tissues or induce damage of biomolecules thus promoting cell death or proliferation in dependence of cell status and of targeted molecules. In this context, new antioxidants preventing such effects may have a relevant role as modulators of cell homeostasis and as therapeutic agents. Following an approach of peptide libraries synthesis and screening by an ORAC

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