Oddone N.,Institute Investigaciones Biologicas Clemente Estable |
Oddone N.,Centro Interdisciplinario Of Nanotecnologia |
Rodriguez-Haralambides A.,Instituto Polo Tecnologico Of Pando |
Benech J.C.,Institute Investigaciones Biologicas Clemente Estable
Journal of Nanobiotechnology | Year: 2016
Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Nanotechnology approaches can overcome the side effects of chemotherapy as well as improve the efficacy of drugs. Dendrimers are nanometric size polymers which are suitable as drug delivery systems. To the best of our knowledge, studies on the application of PAMAM G4.5 (polyamidoamine half generation 4) dendrimers as potential drug delivery systems in breast cancer have not been reported. In this work we developed a PAMAM G4.5 dendrimer containing FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate) dye to study their uptake by murine breast cancer cells and BALB/c mice breast tumors. Results: We performed a reaction between FITC and PAMAM G4.5 dendrimers which were previously derivatized with piperazine (linker molecule), characterized them by 1H NMR (proton nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization- time-of-flight) mass spectrometry. The experimental data indicated that 2 FITC molecules could be bound covalently at the PAMAM G4.5 dendrimer surface, with 17 FITC molecules probably occluded in PAMAM dendrimers cavity. PAMAM-FITC dendrimer (PAMAM G4.5-piperazinyl-FITC dendrimer) size distribution was evaluated by DLS (dynamic light scattering) and TEM (transmission electron microscopy). The nanoparticle hydrodynamic size was 96.3 ± 1.4 nm with a PdI (polydispersion index) of 0.0296 ± 0.0171, and the size distribution measured by TEM was 44.2 ± 9.2 nm. PAMAM-FITC dendrimers were neither cytotoxic in 4T1 cells nor hemolytic up to 24 h of incubation. In addition, they were uptaken in vitro by 4T1 cells and in vivo by BALB/c mice breast tumors. PAMAM G4.5-piperazinyl-FITC dendrimer intracellular distribution was observed through histologic analysis of the tumor by laser confocal microscopy. Conclusion: These results indicate that PAMAM G4.5 dendrimers enter tumor tissue cells, being good candidates to be used as antitumor drug delivery systems for breast cancer treatment and diagnosis. © 2016 The Author(s).
Romero M.,Centro Nanomat Cryssmat Laboratory Catedra Of Fisica Detema |
Romero M.,Centro Interdisciplinario Of Nanotecnologia |
Faccio R.,Centro Nanomat Cryssmat Laboratory Catedra Of Fisica Detema |
Faccio R.,Centro Interdisciplinario Of Nanotecnologia |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Solid State Chemistry | Year: 2015
The synthesis of LnMn0.5Fe0.5O3 perovskite nanoparticles by the polymer precursor method showed a strong intrinsic dependence with different lanthanides (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm and Gd). The polymerization level reached in the polymer precursor was proportional to the atomic number of lanthanide with exception of samarium, which showed the formation of a different precursor based in a citrate chelate with ethyleneglycol bonded as adduct. The increasing level of polymerization of the polymer precursors showed the formation of large-size perovskite nanoparticles after its calcination. SAXS and TEM analyses suggested that nanoparticles obtained, using this method, have a squared-like microstructure in connection with the polymer precursor microstructure. Structural analysis showed an orthorhombic structure with a slight decline in the Jahn-Teller distortion when the atomic number of lanthanide increases. Mössbauer spectroscopy showed the presence of a majority site in agreement with the Pbnm orthorhombic structure best fitted with Rietveld refinements and in some cases, a more distorted site attributed to local inhomogeneities and oxygen vacancies. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.