Cardoso A.,Centro Hospitalar Of Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Epe Portugal |
Coelho G.,Centro Hospitalar Of Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Epe Portugal |
Zenha H.,Centro Hospitalar Of Vila Nova Of Gaia Espinho Epe Portugal |
Sa V.,University of Porto |
And 2 more authors.
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013
Background: Plastic surgery of the breast, particularly breast reduction, is considered difficult. It can become a challenge for a less experienced surgeon to understand exactly what to do when facing a particular type of breast and how to avoid unsatisfactory results. Methods: The goal of this study was to create a computer model of the breast that provides a basis for the simulation of breast surgery, particularly breast reduction. The reconstruction of elastic parameters is based on observations of the breast with the patient in different positions. Results: It is shown that several measurements with the patient in different positions allow one to choose the parameters of the model and determine the elastic coefficients of the breast and the skin. The geometry of the breast before and after surgery is simulated. A qualitative study of the incision parameters' influence on the final geometry of the breast is presented. Conclusion: The developed methodology and software allow one to estimate the form of the breast after the surgery by knowing its form before surgery and taking into consideration the parameters of incision applied by the surgeon at the time of surgery. The described approach can be used for the qualitative and quantitative study of breast reduction surgery with a satisfactory result. Level of Evidence V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors http://www.springer.com/00266. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Source