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Togni P.H.B.,Paulista University | Togni P.H.B.,Federal University of Vicosa | Togni P.H.B.,University of Brasilia | Souza L.M.,Embrapa Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia | And 6 more authors.
Neotropical Entomology | Year: 2015

Current knowledge on coccinellids is primarily focused on their role as natural enemies of soft-bodied insects. However, there is a great diversity of coccinellid parasitoid species that are less studied. Here, we describe new records of coccinellid parasitoids with emphasis on new host–parasitoid interactions in 11 sample sites in Brazil. We collected 122 coccinellid individuals parasitized by six species of parasitoids in the Cerrado and in the Atlantic Rainforest biomes. New records of coccinellid parasitoids and host associations, expansion of habitat ranges and interactions are discussed focusing on the lack of basic information on these interactions in Brazil. © 2015, Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil.

The objectives of this research were evaluate the population dynamic and diversity of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritoidea) on peach cultivars Tropical, Talisma, Aurora 2, Aurora 1, Dourado 2 and Doçura 2, under the rootstocks 'Okinawa' and Umê, in Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil. The dynamic population of fruit flies was correlated with temperature and precipitation. The fruit fly infestation was correlated with chemical characteristics of fruits. During July 2004 to December 2006, the fruit fly population was monitored weekly using McPhail traps. The natural infestation was estimated from 30 fruits of each cultivar collected per year. The experiment was conducted under randomized design with five replications. Ceratitis capitata was dominant on peach cultivars for the both rootstocks. No significant correlations were detected between the fruit fly densities and the temperature and precipitation, and the variables soluble solids and titratable acidity. Among peach cultivars, Aurora 2 presented the highest infestation by C. capitata, reaching 22% and 23%, in 2004 and 2006, respectively. Neosilba spp. (Lonchaeidae) was also recovered from peaches. Doryctobracon areolatus (Braconidae), Tetrastichus giffardianus (Eulophidae) and Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Pteromalidae) were recovered from Tephritidae pulparium.

Boro M.C.,Instituto Biologico | Beriam L.O.S.,Centro Experimental do Instituto Biologico | Guzzo S.D.,Instituto Biologico
Tropical Plant Pathology | Year: 2011

Control of bacterial leaf spot of yellow passion fruit using the abiotic resistance inducer, acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM), and the biotic agents, harpin protein and glycoproteins extracted from two Xanthomonas species, was evaluated. The inducers were applied by spraying the leaves 72 h before the inoculation with Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiforae. The inducers were also applied by seed immersion and the inoculation was performed when the seedlings had four true leaves. The results showed that ASM conferred a protection up to 70% at the concentration of 12.5 μg a.i. mL-1, while harpin led to an increase in bacterial symptoms. The glycoproteins from Xanthomonas spp. conferred up to 72% protection in plants against the bacterium. ASM or harpin provided up to 90% and 47% protection, respectively, in yellow passion fruit seedlings raised from treated seeds. Thus, leaf treatment with ASM or the glycoproteins from Xanthomonas spp. and seed treatment with ASM or harpin are potent inducers of resistance in passion fruit plants against X. axonopodis pv. passiforae.© by the Brazilian Phytopathological Society.

Alvarenga T.M.,Federal University of Lavras | Costa V.A.,Centro Experimental do Instituto Biologico | Hansson C.,Natural History Museum in London | Carvalho C.F.,Federal University of Lavras
Zoologia | Year: 2015

Emersonella Girault, 1916 is a wasp genus including species that parasitize Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) eggs, mainly Cassidinae. It occurs only in the Americas, and is primarily distributed in the Neotropical Region. In this paper two new species of Emersonella from the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil are described and compared to similar species. Emersonella appendigaster sp. nov. is characterized by an elongate last gastral tergite in female, thoracic dorsum flat, femora and tibiae yellowish in female, malar sulcus absent, frontal suture slightly down-curved laterally, eyes with scattered hairs, frons and vertex smooth, and propodeum smooth with small anteromedian foveae. Emersonella frieirocostai sp. nov. is characterized by an elongate gaster in the female, at most 1.3 times as long as mesosoma and pointed at apex, propodeum with two large anterolateral foveae, pronotum hardly visible in dorsal view, with posterior part smooth, transverse pronotal carina present and malar sulcus absent. Both species are egg parasitoids of Metriona elatior (Klug, 1820) (Chrysomelidae) which feeds on Solanum viarum Dunal (Solanaceae). © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia. All rights reserved.

Mineiro J.L.C.,Centro Experimental do Instituto Biologico | Ochoa R.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | de Sousa M.S.M.,University do Estado do Amapa | Gondim M.G.C.,University of Pernambuco | And 2 more authors.
Check List | Year: 2014

This is the first record of Tenuipalpus uvae De Leon (Tenuipalpidae) in Brazil. Specimens were collected from Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae) in the states of Amapá (northern Brazil) and Pernambuco (northeast). © 2014 Check List and Authors.

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